Liutgard von Sachsen

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Liutgard von Sachsen

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sachsen, Ostfrankenreich (Present Germany)
Death: Died in Ostfrankenreich (Present Germany)
Place of Burial: Aschaffenburg, Unterfranken, Bayern, Deutschland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Liudolf I "the Great", Herzog von Sachsen and Oda Billung
Wife of Louis III, Roi de France and Burchard I, duke of Swabia
Mother of Louis von East-Franks, prins; Princess Hildegard of the East-Franks; Oton I "El Ilustre" 1er duque de Sajonia; Dietbirg (Theoberga) von Räthien; Burchard II, duke of Swabia and 1 other
Sister of Hatumoda; Waldrada of Worms; Bruno; Oda von Sachsen; Otto I the Illustrious, Duke of Saxony and 11 others

Occupation: Ex Queen Consort of Saxony, Duchess Consort of Swabia Alamannia, Abbess of Gandersheim, królowa Franków Wschodnich
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Liutgard von Sachsen

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Saxony (covering her birth family):

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Liudolfdied866B

LIUDOLF, son of BRUNO & his wife --- (-11 Mar 866, bur Brunshausen).

  • Brun was named as father of Liudolf in the early 13th century Gandersheimer Reimchronik[105], but no earlier source has so far been found which confirms the relationship. The Chronicon Hildesheimense records that Liudolf founded the abbey of Gandersheim in 852, first at Brunshausen[106]. Widukind records that "Liudulfus" transferred relics of Pope Innocent to Rome[107]. The Annales Alamannicorum record "Ludolfus dux Saxoniæ avus Heinrici" among those who swore allegiance in 864[108]. The Annales Xantenses record the death in 866 of "Liudolfus comes a septentrione"[109].

m ODA, daughter of BILLUNG princeps & his wife Aeda (-17 May 913).

  • The Carmen de Primordiis Cœnobii Gandersheimensis names the wife of "Liudulfus" as "Oda…Francorum…de stirpe potentum, filia Billungi…atque Aedæ"[110]. "Oda comitissa, Pipini regis Italiæ ex filia neptis, Hliudolfi Ducis vidua" founded Kloster Calbe an der Milde, by charter dated 885[111]. "Arnolfus…rex" confirmed donations of his predecessor of land "in pago Nordthuringa dicto in comitatu Liudulfi in loco Uuanzleua" to Kloster Gandersheim naming "fideli costræ in sanctimoniali habitu constitutæ…Odæ" by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92], which names "filia eius Gerberga abbatissa"[112]. "Otto…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Gandersheim "avo illius Sigihardo comiti in pago Chiemihgovue in comitatu Sigihardi" to "comiti nostro Eberhart" by charter dated 4 May 947 in which he names "proavo nostro Liutulfo…et eius coniuge Oda…et avo nostro Ottone" recalling their involvement in the foundation of the monastery[113].

Liudolf & his wife had [twelve] children:

1. BRUNO (-killed in battle in Saxony 2 Feb 880).

  • The Annalista Saxo records "Brunonis ducis" as brother of "Otto filius Liudolfi ducis"[114]. "Hludowicus…rex" granted immunities to Kloster Gandersheim, naming "Brun et Otto nostri fideles comites…[et] Liutolf genitor eorum…[et]…Gerbirg soror eorundem comitum" by charter dated 26 Jan 877[115]. The Annales Fuldenses name "Brun ducem et fratrem reinæ, Wicmannum, Bardonem, alterum Bardonem et tertium Bardonem, Thiotherium, Gerrichum, Liutolfum, Folcwartum, Avan, Thiotricum, Liutharium" as those killed in battle in 880 in Saxony against "Nordmannis"[116]. The Gesta Francorum lists "Brun ducem et fratrem reginæ" as one of the twelve counts who were killed fighting the Danes in 880[117]. Thietmar records that "Duke Bruno…great uncle" of Bruno Archbishop of Köln, was drowned in a flooded river on 2 Feb while on an expedition against the Danes[118]. The Erchanberti Breviarum records that "Ludovicus rex Franciæ" had one son "Hug…de concubina" who [in 880] fought the Vikings "cum Theoderico et Marcwardo…episcopis et Bardone fratre Liutkardæ reginæ"[119], "Bardone" presumably being an error for "Brunone", although this version appears to conflate two battles (one at the river Scheldt and one in Saxony) which are reported separately in the Annales Fuldenses. The Gesta Francorum lists "Bardonum…alterum Bardonum [et] tertium Bardonum" as three of the twelve counts who were killed fighting the Danes in 880[120]. The other two counts named "Bardo" or "Bruno" have not been identified.

2. OTTO "der Erlauchte" (-30 Nov 912[121], bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).

  • The Annalista Saxo records "Otto" as "filius Liudolfi ducis"[122].
  • Graf im Südthüringau.
  • Graf im Eichsfeld 888.

3. THANKMAR .

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[123] names Thankmar as a son of Liudolf & his wife but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.
  • [Abbot of Corvey 877/79]. “Ludolphus comes” donated property “in Daelhem et in Adonhusen” to Corvey monastery “pro filio suo Tancmaro”[124].

---

4. LIUTGARD (-17 or 30 Nov 885, bur Aschaffenburg).

Widukind names "Liudgardam sororem Brunonis ac magni ducis Oddonis" as wife of "orientales Francos imperantium Hluthowicus"[125]. "Hludowicus…rex" made a donation of property in "villa…Winenheim" to Kloster Lorsch in the name of "comiti…Werinhario" by charter dated 4 Jan 877, naming "coniuge nostra Liutgarda"[126].

The necrology of Fulda records the death in 885 of "Liutgart regina"[127]. The death and burial place of "Liudgardis regina" are recorded in the Annalista Saxo[128].

---

m (before 29 Nov 874) LUDWIG, son of LUDWIG II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks & his wife Emma [Welf] ([835]-Frankfurt-am-Main 20 Jan 882, bur Kloster Lorsch).

He succeeded his father in 876 as LUDWIG III "der Jüngere" King of the East Franks, Saxony and ½ Lotharingia.

King of Bavaria 879.

King of Lotharingia 880.

---

5. ENDA .

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[129] names Enda as a daughter of Liudolf & his wife, and her marriage, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.
  • m ---.

6. HATHUMOD (840-29 Sep 874, bur Brunnshausen).

  • The Chronicon Hildesheimense records that "Hathamodam eius ducis [Liudolfi] filiam" was was installed as first abbess of Gandersheim in 852, and that she died 18 years later[130]. Her life and death are recounted in the Vita et Obitus Hathamodæ[131]. Her death is recorded in the Annalista Saxo[132].

7. GERBERGA (-5 Sep [896/97]).

  • The Chronicon Hildesheimense records that "Gerbergam sororem [Hathamodæ]" succeeded her sister as second abbess of Gandersheim[133]. "Gerburgis" is named sister of "Hathumod"[134], whom she succeeded as Abbess of Gandersheim in 874[135]. "Hludowicus…rex" granted immunities to Kloster Gandersheim, naming "Brun et Otto nostril fideles comites…[et] Liutolf genitor eorum…[et]…Gerbirg soror eorundem comitum" by charter dated 26 Jan 877[136].

8. CHRISTINA (-1 Apr [919/20], bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).

  • Thankmar records that "Sororem autem eius [=Gerburgis [et] Hathumod] Cristinam" entered Gandersheim, specifying that they were all daughters of "Oda"[137].
  • Abbess of Gandersheim 897-897.

9. daughter (-young).

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[138] refers to an unnamed daughter of Liudolf & his wife who died young, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.

10. son (-young).

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[139] refers to two or three unnamed sons of Liudolf & his wife who died young, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.

11. son (-young).

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[140] refers to two or three unnamed sons of Liudolf & his wife who died young, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.

12. [son (-young).

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[141] refers to two or three unnamed sons of Liudolf & his wife who died young, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.]

References:

  • [106] Chronicon Hildesheimense 4, MGH SS VII, p. 851.
  • [107] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ I.16, MGH SS III, p. 425.
  • [108] Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1.
  • [109] Annales Xantenses 866, MGH SS II, p. 231.
  • [110] Carmen de Primordiis Cœnobii Gandersheimensis, MGH SS IV, p. 306.
  • [111] Riedel Mark 1 [the full reference is not given], p. 25, quoted in Raumer, G. W. von (1836) Regesta Historiæ Brandenburgensis Tome I (Berlin) (“Regesta Historiæ Brandenburgensis”), p. 24.
  • [112] D Arn 107, p. 157.
  • [113] D O I 89, p. 171.
  • [114] Annalista Saxo 907.
  • [115] D LJ 3, p. 335.
  • [116] Annales Fuldensium Pars Tertia, auctore incerto 880, MGH SS I, p. 393.
  • [117] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 880, MGH SS I, p. 393.
  • [118] Thietmar 2.23, p. 108.
  • [119] Erchanberti Breviarum, MGH SS II, p. 330.
  • [120] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 880, MGH SS I, p. 393.
  • [121] Thietmar 1.7.
  • [122] Annalista Saxo 907.
  • [123] ES I.1 10.
  • [124] Traditiones Corbeienses 235, p. 96.
  • [125] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ I.16, MGH SS III, p. 425.
  • [126] D LJ 2, p. 334.
  • [127] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123.
  • [128] Annalista Saxo 885, which gives the exact date.
  • [129] ES I.1 10.
  • [130] Chronicon Hildesheimense 4, MGH SS VII, p. 851.
  • [131] Agii, Vita et Obitus Hathamodæ, MGH SS IV, p. 166 et seq.
  • [132] Annalista Saxo 870.
  • [133] Chronicon Hildesheimense 4, MGH SS VII, p. 851.
  • [134] Thangmari, Vita Bernwaldi Episcopi Hildesheimensis 12, MGH SS IV, p. 763.
  • [135] Annalista Saxo 870.
  • [136] D LJ 3, p. 335.
  • [137] Thangmari, Vita Bernwaldi Episcopi Hildesheimensis 12, MGH SS IV, p. 763.
  • [138] ES I.1 10.
  • [139] ES I.1 10.
  • [140] ES I.1 10.
  • [141] ES I.1 10.

----------------------

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Germany, Kings:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/GERMANY,%20Kings.htm#LudwigIIIEastFranks

LUDWIG ([835]-Frankfurt-am-Main 20 Jan or Sep 882, bur Kloster Lorsch).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karlomannum Hludovicum et Karolum" as children of "Hludovicus rex…ex Emma regina"[43].
  • He occupied Lotharingia with his brother Charles in 876.
  • On the death of his father, he defeated the invading forces of Charles II "le Chauve" at Andernach 7/8 Oct 876.
  • He succeeded his father as LUDWIG III King of the East Franks, agreeing a division of territories with his brothers in Nov 876, under which Ludwig received Franconia, Thuringia, Saxony and Frisia, as well as those parts of Lotharingia which had been annexed by his father, succeeding as LUDWIG II King of East Lotharingia.
  • He obliged his brother Karloman to abandon the government of Bavaria to him in 879.
  • He gained western Lotharingia under the Treaty of Ribémont in 880, in settlement of the dispute which arose on the death of King Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, succeeding as sole King of Lotharingia[44].
  • The Annales Fuldenses records the death in "882 XIII Kal Feb" of "Hludowicus"[45]. Regino records the death "882 XIII Kal Sep" at Frankfurt of "Hludowicum rex" and his burial "iuxta patrem in Lorasham cœnobio"[46].
  • Betrothed (865) to ---, daughter of ADELHARD [I] & his wife ---. The Annales Bertiniani record that the son of Ludwig II King of Germany became betrothed to "filiam Adelardi" against his father's will but did not marry her[47]. This could only refer to Ludwig as his brothers Karloman and Karl are recorded in other sources as already having been married at that date.

---

m (before 29 Nov 874) LIUTGARD, daughter of Graf LIUDOLF & his wife Oda (-30 Nov 885, bur Aschaffenburg).

"Hludowicus…rex" made a donation of property in "villa…Winenheim" to Kloster Lorsch in the name of "comiti…Werinhario" by charter dated 4 Jan 877, naming "coniuge nostra Liutgarda"[48]. Widukind names "Liudgardam sororem Brunonis ac magni ducis Oddonis" as wife of "orientales Francos imperantium Hluthowicus"[49].

The exact date of death and burial place of "Liudgardis regina" are recorded in the Annalista Saxo[50].

---

Mistress (1): ---. The name of King Ludwig III's mistress is not known.

King Ludwig III & his wife had two children:

a) HILDEGARD ([875/76]-after 899).

  • Her parentage is proved by the Annales Fuldenses which record that "Hildigardis filia Hludowici Francorum regis" was accused of treason in 895 and confined to "Baioaria quadam insula palude Chiemiese"[51]. It is assumed that she was adult at the time, which suggests that Hildegard must have been her parents' older child.
  • Hildegard is named in three charters which all state that she was "neptis" of Emperor Arnulf but which do not name her parents. "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in Franciæ…quas…homines Deotrih…et Gozuuin antea…habuerunt [et] in pago Puohunna…in comitatu filiorum Heimrici comitis in loco Toftaha" to Wigand vassal of "neptis nostræ Hiltigardæ" by charter dated 9 Feb 888[52]. "Arnolfus rex" donated land "in Cruft et in Claechheim et in Hliurithi in comitatu Irmenfredi" to Kloster Gandersheim on the intervention of "coniugis sue Otæ…et Hildigarde…neptis eius" by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92][53].
  • "Arnolfus…rex" returned land in "pago Nortgowe in comitatu Cheldionis", previously taken by "Hildigardis neptis nostra et Engeldichd comes…et Sigo vicarius eius", to "Megingozo vasallo…Erkenboldi episcopi" by charter dated 5 May 895[54]. The close connection with Graf Engildeo, shown by this last charter, is curious. In addition, the Annales Fuldensis record the confiscation of the properties of both Engildeo and Hildegard in the same paragraph, but give no explanation or reason for the punishment. The connection is best explained by a close family relationship, but this has not been identified. A love affair between the two appears less likely, although not impossible, in view of the considerable age difference: Graf Engildeo was presumably already adult in 878, the date of the first of the charters in which he is named.
  • Hildegard's properties were restored to her in 899[55].

b) LUDWIG ([877/78]-Frankfurt-am-Main [Nov] 879).

  • Regino names "Hludowicum" as the only son of "Hludowicum rex" & his wife Liutgard when recording his death at the palace of Frankfurt after accidentally falling from a window[56].

King Ludwig III had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

c) HUGO ([855/60]-killed in battle Thun 2 Feb 880, or Scheldt River 880, bur Abbey of Lorsch).

References:

  • [43] Genealogiæ Comitum Flandriæ, Witgeri Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis MGH SS IX, p. 303.
  • [44] Settipani (1993), pp. 287-8.
  • [45] Annales Fuldenses, pars tertia 882, MGH SS I, p. 395.
  • [46] Reginonis Chronicon 882, MGH SS I, p. 592.
  • [47] Annales Bertiniani 865.
  • [48] D LJ 2, p. 334.
  • [49] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ I.16, MGH SS III, p. 425.
  • [50] Annalista Saxo 885.
  • [51] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 895, MGH SS I, p. 410.
  • [52] D Arn 14, p. 22.
  • [53] D Arn 107a, p. 159.
  • [54] D Arn 132, p. 197.
  • [55] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 289.
  • [56] Reginonis Chronicon 882, MGH SS I, p. 592.

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From the Dutch Wikipedia page on Liutgard:

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liutgard

Liutgard (845 - 17 november 885) was een dochter van Luitdolf van Oost-Saksen en van Oda Billung. Zij huwde in 874 met Lodewijk III van Oost-Francië. Zij kregen twee kinderen:

Lodewijk (877-879)

Hildegard (circa 878 - 895).

Na de dood van Lodewijk huwde Liutgard nog met Burchard I van Zwaben, met wie zij nog volgende kinderen had:

Burchard II van Zwaben (-926)

Udalrich (-885).

Liutgard stond bekend om haar sterke wil en haar politiek ambities, die zij aan haar echtgenotes doorgaf.

--------------------

From the English Wikipedia page on Liutgard:

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Liutgard of Saxony (c. 845–17 November 885) was the wife and Queen of Louis the Younger, the Frankish King of Saxony and East Francia.

She was born between 840 and 850, the daughter of Liudolf, Duke of the Eastern Saxons (b. 805–820, d. 12 March 866), and of Oda Billung (b. 805–806, d.17 May 913).

Her paternal grandparents were Bruno, Count of Saxony and Lord of Herzfeld (c. 786–before 844), and Oda (born c. 788). Her maternal grandparents were Billung of Thuringia (born c. 780) and Aeda of the Franks (born c. 784).

She married Louis the Younger - who had already been betrothed to a daughter of Count Adalhard - on 29 November 874 at Aschaffenburg. They had two children: Louis (877–879) and Hildegard (c. 879–after 899), who became a nun in Chiemsee, Bavaria.

After her husband's death, she married in 882 Burchard I, Duke of Swabia (b. between 855 and 860, d. 5 November 911). They had two children: Burchard II, Duke of Swabia (born 883–884, d. 28 April 926) and Udalrich von Schwaben (born between 884 and 885, died 30 September 885).

Liutgard was especially noted for her strong will and political ambition. She was responsible for encouraging her husband to pursue notable goals.

Queen consort of Lotharingia (876 – 882)

  • Preceded by Adelaide of Paris
  • Succeeded by Richardis

Queen consort of East Francia (Germany), Queen consort of Saxony (879 – 882)

  • Preceded by Emma of Altdorf

Queen consort of Bavaria (880 – 882)

  • Preceded by Emma of Altdorf

References

1. ^ R. B. Stewart, "My Lines:Liutgard von Sachsen"

2. ^ Profile of Burchard I and his children in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley

3. ^ Profile of Hupald and his children in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley -------------------- Liutgard of Saxony (c. 845–17 November 885) was the wife and Queen of Louis the Younger, the Frankish King of Saxony and East Francia.

She was born between 840 and 850, the daughter of Liudolf, Duke of the Eastern Saxons (b. 805–820, d. 12 March 866), and of Oda Billung (b. 805–806, d.17 May 913).

She married Louis the Younger - who had already been betrothed to a daughter of Count Adalhard - on 29 November 874 at Aschaffenburg. They had two children: Louis (877–879) and Hildegard (c. 879–after 899), who became a nun in Chiemsee, Bavaria.

After her husband's death, she married in 882 Burchard I, Duke of Swabia (b. between 855 and 860, d. 5 November 911). They had two children: Burchard II, Duke of Swabia (born 883–884, d. 28 April 926) and Udalrich von Schwaben (born between 884 and 885, died 30 September 885). [1] Her daughter Dietpirch of Swabia (also known as Theoberga) married Hupald, Count of Dillingen (d. 909). [2] Their children included Ulrich of Augsburg. [3]

Liutgard was especially noted for her strong will and political ambition.

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Liutgard von Sachsen's Timeline

828
828
845
845
Sachsen, Ostfrankenreich (Present Germany)
874
November 29, 874
Age 29
Aschaffenburg, (Present Unterfranken), (Present Bayern), Ostfrankenreich (Present Germany)
877
877
Age 32
Germany
879
879
Age 34
Germany
880
880
Age 35
Ratien
882
882
Age 37
883
883
Age 38
Swabia, Germany
885
January 25, 885
Age 40
Ostfrankenreich (Present Germany)
November 17, 885
Age 40
Aschaffenburg, Unterfranken, Bayern, Deutschland