Loammi Baldwin (1780 - 1838) MP

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Birthplace: Woburn, Ma, USA
Death: Died in Charlestown, MA, USA
Occupation: civil engineer
Managed by: Fay Baldwin
Last Updated:

About Loammi Baldwin

KNOWN AS "THE FATHER OF AMERICAN CIVIL ENGINEERING", part of the Loammi Baldwin family of civil engineers.

Loammi Baldwin, son of Loammi Baldwin and Mary Fowle, was b. May 18,1778 [correct to May 16,1780].He graduated at Harvard College in 1800. After graduation he entered a law office in Groton, Mass.,where he constructed a fire engine, which the town sorely needed. He then rem. to Cambridge for law, but abandoned his practice in favor of engineering. He traveled to England to inspect public works and planned to do the same in Paris, but was barred by the difficulty in entering the country. Upon his return he bagan, in earnest, his engineering career.

One of his earliest works was the construction of FORT STRONG (1814), a fort in Boston Harbor, for defense against the British. He served as chief engineer and attained the rank of Colonel. In 1819 he was asked to complete the construction of the MILLDAM, now that stretch of Beacon Street beyond the Boston Common. From 1817 to 1820, he worked in Virginia, and in 1821 was made engineer of the UNION CANAL in Pennsylvania.

In 1825 he joined a small committee planning the BUNKER HILL MONUMENT and recommended the obelisk now seen there.. In 1827 he accepted the commission of the US Government to work on the naval dry docks at the BOSTON NAVAL YARD in Charlestown and at Norfolk. His projects included a marine railway at PENSACOLA, construction of buildings at HARVARD COLLEGE, a canal around the Ohio River falls, a stone bridge called the WARREN BRIDGE at Charlestown, ad the HARRISBURG CANAL in Pennsylvania; water power products, and city water supplies.His brothers, James Fowle Baldwin and George Rumford Baldwin concentrated on railway and hydraulic engineering pursuits.

He was a strong advocate of engineering education and took students into his office in Charlestown, where they had the use of his vast library of engineering books. Papers concerning his various projects are now housed at MIT, Mass.

He married twice. First to ANN WILLIAMS, dau. of George Williams, of Salem, and a sister of Samuel Williams, an emminent American banker in London; and (2nd) to widow CATHERINE BECKFORD (widow of Capt. Thomas Beckford, of Charlestown). She d. May 3, 1864.

Child by 1st marriage: Samuel Williams Baldwin (1817-1822).

Author: Baldwin, C. C. (Charles Candee), 1834-1895
Subject: Baldwin family
Publisher: Cleveland, O, [Leader printing company]
Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT

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Loammi Baldwin's Timeline

1780
May 16, 1780
Woburn, Ma, USA
1816
May 16, 1816
Age 36
Boston, MA, USA
1817
1817
Age 36
1828
June 22, 1828
Age 48
1838
June 30, 1838
Age 58
Charlestown, MA, USA
????
- 1800
Harvard
????
Woburn, Middlesex county, Ma, USA