Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

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Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten (Battenberg), Lord

Also Known As: "Prince Louis of Battenberg", "Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten"
Birthplace: Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Death: Died in Donegal Bay, County Sligo, Ireland
Cause of death: assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), who planted a bomb in his boat
Place of Burial: Plot: South Transept, Romsey Abbey, Romsey, Hampshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven and Viktoria von Hessen Darmstadt
Husband of Edwina Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma
Father of Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma and Lady Pamela Carmen Louise Hicks
Brother of Louise Mountbatten, Queen consort of Sweden; Princess Alice of Battenberg, Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark and George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven
Half brother of Jeanne Marie Malcolm

Occupation: Naval Officer
Managed by: Jack Hynes
Last Updated:

About Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma

Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC

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Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma's Timeline

June 25, 1900
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
July 18, 1922
Age 22
St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, London, England
February 14, 1924
Age 23
Brook House, Park Lane, London, England
April 19, 1929
Age 28
Barcelona, CT, Spain
February 12, 1947
- August 15, 1947
Age 46
August 15, 1947
- June 21, 1948
Age 47
October 26, 1947
Age 47
Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

My dear Lord Mountbatten,

Maharaja Hari SinghI have to inform Your Excellency that a grave emergency has arisen in my State and request the immediate assistance of your Government. As Your Excellency is aware, the State of Jammu and Kashmir has not acceded to either the Dominion of India or Pakistan. Geographically my State is contiguous wit h both of them. Besides, my State has a common boundary with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and with China. In their external relations the Dominion of India and Pakistan cannot ignore this fact. I wanted to take time to decide to which Dominion I should accede or whether it is not in the best interests of both the Dominions and of my State to stand independent, of course with friendly and cordial relations with both. I accordingly approached the Dominions of India and Pakistan to enter into standstill agreement with my State. The Pakistan Government accepted this arrangement. The Dominion of India desired further discussion with representatives of my Government. I could not arrange this in view of the developments indicated below. In fact the Pakistan Government under the standstill agreement is operating the post and telegraph system inside the State. Though we have got a standstill agreement with the Pakistan Government, the Government permitted a steady and increasing strangulation of supplies like food, salt and petrol to my State.

Afridis, soldiers in plain clothes, and desperadoes with modern weapons have been allowed to infiltrate into the State, at first in the Poonch area, then from Sia1kot and finally in a mass in the area adjoining-Hazara district on the Ramkote side. The result has been that the limited number of troops at the disposal of the State had to be dispersed and thus had to face the enemy at several points simultaneously, so that it has become difficult to stop the wanton destruction of life ad property and the looting of the Mahura power house, which supplies electric current to the whole of Srinagar and which has been burnt. The number of women who have been kidnapped and raped makes my heart bleed. The wild forces thus let loose on the State are marching on with the aim of capturing Srinagar, the summer capital of my government, as a first step to overrunning the whole State.The mass infiltration of tribesman drawn from distant areas of the North-West Frontier Province, coming regularly in motortrucks, using the Manwehra-Mazaffarabad road and fully armed with up-to-date weapons, cannot possibly be done without the knowledge of the Provincial Government of the North-West Frontier Province and the Government of Pakistan. Inspite of repeated appeals made by my Government no attempt has been made to check these raiders or to stop them from coming into my State. In fact, both radio and the Press of Pakistan have reported these occurrences. The Pakistan radio even put out the story that a provisional government has been set up in Kashmir. The people of my State, both Muslims and non-Muslims, generally have taken no part at all.

With the conditions obtaining at present in my State and the great emergency of the situation as it exists, I have no option but to ask for help from the Indian Dominion. Naturally they cannot send the help asked for by me without my State acceding to the Dominion of India. I have accordingly decided to do so, and I attach the instrument of accession for acceptance by your Government. The other alternative is to leave my state and people to free booters. On this basis no civilised government can exist or be maintained.

This alternative I will never allow to happen so long as I am the ruler of the State and I have life to defend my country. I may also inform your Excellency's Government that it is my intention at once to set up an interim government and to ask Sheikh Abdullah to carry the responsibilities in this emergency with my Prime Minister.

If my State is to be saved, immediate assistance must be available at Srinagar. Mr. V.P. Menon is fully aware of the gravity of the situation and will explain it to you, if further explanation is needed.

In haste and with kindest regards,

Yours sincerely,

Hari Singh
October 26, 1947

October 27, 1947
Age 47
New Delhi, Delhi, India

My dear Maharaja Sahib,
Your Highness' letter dated 26 October 1947 has been delivered to me by Mr. V.P. Menon. In the circumstances mentioned by Your Highness, my Government have decided to accept the accession of Kashmir State to the Dominion of India. In consistence with their policy that in the case of any State where the issue of accession has been the subject of dispute, the question of accession should be decided in accordance with the wishes of the people of the State, it is my Government's wish that, as soon as law and order have been restored in Kashmir and its soil cleared of the invader, the question of the State's accession should be settled by a reference to the people.

Meanwhile, in response to Your Highness' appeal for military aid, action has been taken today to send troops of the Indian Army to Kashmir, to help your own forces to defend your territory and to protect the lives, property, and honour of your people. My Government and I note with satisfaction that Your Highness has decided to invite Sheikh Abdullah to form an interim Government to work with your Prime Minister.

Mountbatten of Burma
October 27, 1947

August 27, 1979
Age 79
Donegal Bay, County Sligo, Ireland
September 1, 1979
Age 79
Plot: South Transept, Romsey Abbey, Romsey, Hampshire, England