Thomas Fitzharding de Berkeley, Lord of Berkeley (c.1170 - 1243) MP

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Nicknames: "The Observer", "The Observer Or Temporiser"
Birthplace: Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Death: Died in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Occupation: Lord of Berkeley, Lord Berkeley
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Thomas Fitzharding de Berkeley, Lord of Berkeley

Thomas "The Observer" de BERKELEY Lord of Berkeley (1170-1243) [Pedigree]

Son of Maurice Fitzrobert Lord of BERKELEY (1120-1190) and Alice de BERKELEY (1133-)

   b. 1170
   b. ABT 1170, Berkeley, Gloucester, Eng.
   d. 1243

Married Joan de SOMERY (1191-1276)

Children:

  1. Maurice "The Resolute" de BERKELEY Lord of Berkeley (1218-1281) m. Isabel (-1276).

Sources:

1. "Ancestral roots of certain American colonists who came

        to America before 1700",
        Frederick Lewis Weis, 1992, seventh edition.
        The earlier editions were called: "Ancestral roots of
        sixty colonists who came to New England 1623-1650"

2. "Genealogical Server, www.genserv.com",

        Cliff Manis.

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Thomas de Berkeley1

M, #129621, b. circa 1170, d. 29 November 1243

Last Edited=18 Sep 2004

    Thomas de Berkeley was born circa 1170.1 He was the son of Maurice FitzRobert FitzHarding de Berkeley and Alice de Berkeley.1 He married Joan de Somery, daughter of Sir Ralph de Somery and Margaret Marshal, circa 1217.1 He died on 29 November 1243.2 He was buried at St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.2
    Thomas de Berkeley also went by the nick-name of Thomas 'the Observer'.1 In 1222 he obtained livery of the Castle of Berkeley.1 He gained the title of Lord de Berkeley [feudal baron] in 1222.1

Child of Thomas de Berkeley and Joan de Somery

Sir Maurice de Berkeley+2 b. 1218, d. 4 Apr 1281

Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 126. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 127.

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Thomas I de BERKELEY Lord Berkeley was born 1170 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He died 29 Nov 1243 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Thomas married Joan de SOMERY on 1217 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.

Joan de SOMERY [was born 1193 in Dudley, Staffordshire, England. She died 22 May 1276 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Joan married Thomas I de BERKELEY Lord Berkeley on 1217 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England.

They had the following children:

  M i Sir Maurice II de BERKELEY Lord Berkeley was born 1218 and died 4 Apr 1281. 
  M ii Thomas de BERKELEY 1 was born 1220 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He died 1248 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. 
  M iii Robert de BERKELEY 1 was born 1222 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. 
  M iv Henry de BERKELEY 1 was born 1224 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. 
  M v William de BERKELEY was born 1226. 
  M vi Richard de BERKELEY 1 was born 1228 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. 
  F vii Margaret de BERKELEY was born 1231. 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thomas I. Fourth Lord. 1220 to 1243.

Thomas, the fourth lord de Berkeley, like his predecessors, gave largely to the church, and was an especial benefactor to the Abbey of Kingswood, and the church of Slimbridge, of which latter he was probably the builder.

King Henry III was at Berkeley Castle for three days in August 1220, being then on his way to be present at a great council at Bristol.

In 1242 war broke out with France, but was by no means popular with the English people, and Parliament refused to grant the king supplies for the purpose. Many of the royal vassals refused to go when summoned, amongst whom was Thomas lord de Berkeley, who was fined 60 marks in consequence. He afterwards however sent Maurice his eldest son, with three knights and a proportionate retinue, and his services were so acceptable that the king rewarded them by ordering the sheriff of Gloucestershire not to levy the interest due from lord de Berkeley on 100 marks which he had borrowed from David the Jew of Exeter, to fit out Maurice with for the wars, and that the unfortunate Jew should give up the bond on payment of the principal only.

Thomas de Berkeley died in 1243, aged 76, and was buried in St. Augustine's. His widow survived him many years, and obtained from her son, the next lord, a grant of a market and fair to the town of Wotton-under-Edge, where she resided, with many other privileges to the inhabitants, which were the foundation of the present Borough of Wotton, the old town having been destroyed by a fire in the reign of King John.

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Thomas I, "the Observer," Lord of Berkeley, also went by the name of Thomas "the Temporizer."

Thomas obtained livery of his brother's lands, except for Berkeley, after 13 May 1220. He recovered the Castle of Berkeley in 1223. He was feudal Lord of Berkeley at Gloucestershire between 1223 and 29 November 1243. He gave his two nephews as pledges for his fidelity and gained restitution of Berkeley Castle in 1223/24.

Thomas was 73 when he died.

See "My Lines"

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p403.htm#i23354 )

from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA

( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) --------------------

  1. ID: I30332
  2. Name: Joan Somery
  3. Surname: Somery
  4. Given Name: Joan
  5. Sex: F
  6. Birth: ABT 1195 in Of, , Gloucestershire, England
  7. Death: 22 May 1276
  8. Burial: Monastery, St Augustines, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England

Father: Ralph De Somery Lord of Campden b: ABT 1172 in Dudley, Worcestershire, England

Mother: Margaret Fitz Gilbert Lady Dudley b: ABT 1160 in Wiltshire, England c: in V9v4-M1

Father: Ralph Somery b: 1151 in Dudley, Worcester, England

Mother: Margaret Fitz Gilbert Lady Dudley b: ABT 1160 in Wiltshire, England c: in V9v4-M1

Marriage 1 Thomas Berkeley b: 1170 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England c: in (Abt 73-1243)

Children

  1. Has Children Maurice Berkeley b: ABT 1218 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England
  2. Has No Children Thomas Berkeley b: ABT 1220 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England
  3. Has No Children Robert Berkeley b: ABT 1222 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England
  4. Has No Children Henry Berkeley b: ABT 1224 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England
  5. Has No Children William Berkeley b: ABT 1226 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England
  6. Has No Children Richard Berkeley b: ABT 1228 in Berkeley, Gloucester, England
  7. Has No Children Margaret Berkeley Lady Basset b: ABT 1224 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucester, England

Marriage 2 Spouse Unknown

   * Married: ABT 1217 in Of, , Worcestershire, England

Marriage 3 Spouse Unknown

   * Married: ABT 1217 in Of, , Worcestershire, England

Sources:

  1. Title: #677
     Text: Date of Import: Apr 20, 2001 
view all 26

Thomas Fizharding de Berkeley's Timeline

1136
1136
1170
1170
Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
1217
1217
Age 47
Of Berkly Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
1217
Age 47
(Gloucestershire) England
1218
April 4, 1218
Age 48
Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England
1219
1219
Age 49
Berkeley (Gloucestershire) England
1220
1220
Age 50
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
1222
1222
Age 52
Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
1226
1226
Age 56
Of Berkly Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
1230
1230
Age 60
Of Berkly Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England