Lorenzo dei Medici, II
|Also Known As:||"Lorenzo II de' Medici", "Duke of Urbino"|
|Birthplace:||Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy|
|Death:||Died in Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy|
|Cause of death:||syphilis|
|Place of Burial:||tomb in the Medici Chapel in the Church of San Lorenzo is ornamented with the Twilight and Dawn of Michelangelo, along with Michelangelo's statue, the Pensieroso, of Lorenzo|
Son of Piero de' Medici, 'il Fatuo' and Alfonsina Orsini
|Occupation:||Duke of Urbino, Lorenzo II de' Medici, duca di Urbino, also show bd as May 4 1519???, duke of urbino|
|Managed by:||Flemming Allan Funch|
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About Lorenzo II de' Medici, duca di Urbino
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
Spouse Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne
Catherine de' Medici
Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (illegitimate)
Father Piero the Unfortunate
Mother Alfonsina Orsini
Born 12 September 1492(1492-09-12)
Died 5 April 1519 (aged 26)
Lorenzo di Piero de' Medici (September 12, 1492 – May 4, 1519) was the ruler of Florence from 1513 to his death from syphilis in 1519. He was also Duke of Urbino from 1516 to 1519. Born in Florence, he was a son of Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici and Alfonsina Orsini. His paternal grandparents were Lorenzo the Magnificent and Clarice Orsini. His maternal grandparents were Roberto Orsini, Conte Tagliacozzo and Catherine San Severino. Niccolò Machiavelli dedicated The Prince to Lorenzo to inform him of tactics to use in unifying Italy, though the entire intent behind this dedication is shrouded in mystery.
His uncle, the Medici, Pope Leo X, made "Lorenzino" duke of Urbino in 1516 at the age of 24. After the short reconquest by the former duke, Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Lorenzo was named commander of the 10,000 men sent to recapture it, but was wounded and retired to Tuscany. Lorenzo regained the duchy by a treaty short in the September of the same year (see also War of Urbino). The territory reverted to the Della Rovere family after Lorenzo's death.
As Duke of Urbino, he married Madeleine de la Tour, daughter of the Count of Auvergne, on June 13, 1518; the marriage produced a daughter, Caterina, who was born 21 days before his death. She went on to become Catherine de' Medici, the famous queen of Henry II of France, in a marriage arranged by her distant cousin, the Medici pope Pope Clement VII, in his last successful move.
His tomb in the Medici Chapel in the Church of San Lorenzo is ornamented with the Twilight and Dawn of Michelangelo, along with Michelangelo's statue, the Pensieroso, of Lorenzo. Due to the identical name he shares with his grandfather (they are both Lorenzo di Piero de' Medici), whose tomb is also in the Medici chapel, this tomb is often mistaken for that of his grandfather.
Forrás / Source
- Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino (1)
- M, #113660, b. 9 September 1492, d. 4 May 1519
- Last Edited=4 Jun 2010
- Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino was born on 9 September 1492. He was the son of Piero II de Medici and Alfonsina Orsini. He married Madeleine de la Tour, daughter of Jean III de la Tour, Comte d'Auvergne and Jeanne de Bourbon, on 2 May 1518. A contract for the marriage of Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino and Madeleine de la Tour was signed on 16 January 1517/18.3 He died on 4 May 1519 at age 26.
- He gained the title of Duca di Urbino.1 He held the office of Governor of Florence in 1513.4
- Child of Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino and Madeleine de la Tour
- 1. Catherine de Medici+ (1) b. 13 Apr 1519, d. 5 Jan 1589
- 1.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 67. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.
- 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
- 3.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 82. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 4.[S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 108. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World.
- From: http://thepeerage.com/p11366.htm#i113660
- Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke d'Urbino1
- M, #80959, b. 12 September 1492, d. 4 May 1519
- Father Piero 'the Unfortunate' di Lorenzo de Medici, Lord of Florence2 b. 15 Feb 1471, d. 28 Dec 1503
- Mother Alfonsina d' Orsini2
- Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke d'Urbino was born on 12 September 1492 at Florence, Tuscany, Italy.2 A contract for the marriage of Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke d'Urbino and Madeleine de la Tour was signed on 16 January 1518.3,4 Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke d'Urbino died on 4 May 1519 at age 26; Died of syphilis.3
- Family Madeleine de la Tour b. c 1498, d. 28 Apr 1519
- Catherine d' Medici+1 b. 13 Apr 1519, d. 5 Jan 1589
- 1.[S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. II, Tafel 25.
- 2.[S13] Worldroots.com.
- 3.[S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. X, Tafel 95.
- 4.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. I, p. 82, notes.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2694.htm#i80959
Lorenzo II de' Medici, duca di Urbino's Timeline
September 12, 1492
Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
May 5, 1518
Paris City, Paris, ille-de-France, France
June 13, 1518
April 13, 1519
Firenze, Toscana, Italia
May 4, 1519
Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
May 7, 1519
tomb in the Medici Chapel in the Church of San Lorenzo is ornamented with the Twilight and Dawn of Michelangelo, along with Michelangelo's statue, the Pensieroso, of Lorenzo