Charlotte Reinhaus

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Charlotte Reinhaus

Hebrew: שרלוטה ריינהאוס
Also Known As: "Lotte"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Burgsteinfurt, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Death: Died in Nahariya, Israel
Cause of death: drowning in the sea
Place of Burial: Ramat Hasharon, Israel
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Max Reinhaus and Clara Reinhaus
Wife of Robert Leonhard Pollack
Ex-wife of Fritz Klaber
Mother of Jack Marcel Klaber
Sister of Edith Stein

Managed by: Jack Marcel Klaber
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

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Charlotte Reinhaus's Timeline

1912
September 2, 1912
Burgsteinfurt, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
1926
1926
Age 13
Dortmund, Arnsberg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
1935
1935
- 1938
Age 22
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

It is probable that Lotte moved here after staying a while at her aunt's place in Utrecht.
This was very likely her residence while she worked as the owner of a hair-salon on the Elandsgracht, not far from the Jordaan neighborhood.

1938
1938
- 1942
Age 25
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

It is possible that after being engaged to Robert Pollack, Lotte moved in with the family Pollack who all lived above the lunchroom and ice-salon "Delicia".

1942
April 16, 1942
Age 29
Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

According to the registration cards of their respective husbands, Charlotte married on the same date in Amsterdam as her sister Edith.

April 16, 1942
Age 29
Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands

According to the registration cards of their respective husbands, Edith married on the same date in Amsterdam as her sister Charlotte.

1943
November 24, 1943
Age 31
Westerbork, Midden-Drenthe, Drenthe, The Netherlands

The family Pollack was initially "sperred" (exempted) from deportation due to the fact that their lunchroom "Delicia" was ordered to provide food for the rounded up people that were being held at the "Hollandsche Schouwburg".

However, as soon as all people were put on the trains to Westerbork, the Pollack family was also put on transport to Westerbork.

1944
September 4, 1944
- September 6, 1944
Age 32
Terezín, Litoměřice District, Ústí nad Labem Region, Czech Republic

Transport XXIV/7, in total 2087 people; the 2rd. last transport from Westerbork.
After two days only 2049 people arrived in Theresienstadt.
Source: http://www.holocaust-lestweforget.com/westerbork-transport-schedule...

September 4, 1944
Age 32
Terezín, Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic

After a short while in Westerbork, Charlotte was put on transport XXIV/7 -540 on September 4, 1944 to Theresienstadt, the transit-camp for German elderly Jews, German prominent Jews and also Jews from Holland and Denmark. She arrived after 2 days, on September 6, in Theresienstadt.

Upon arrival in Theresienstadt, the women and men were separated.
This was the last time she saw her first husband Robert Pollack.
A friend of Robert ordered his wife, Nanny (nee Leefsma) to stay close to Charlotte. If anyone can survive this ordeal, it must be Charlotte, he argued.
You stay close to Lotte and do exactly what she tells you to do. Then you have a chance to stay alive. He was so right.
Both husbands perished in the Shoah, but Charlotte and Nanny stayed together and notwithstanding the shear impossible situations and hardship, both women survived.
At this point it should be noted that during the first week Charlotte was in Theresienstadt, the Germans were filming the notorious propaganda film about Theresienstadt, showing how nice and quite comfortable the Jews were living in this "model settlement". Clips from this movie can be seen on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OlIMAJF3kic .
Due to severe hunger and appalling sanitary conditions after the movie was shot, Charlotte fell ill to hunger edema, causing her belly to swell.
After the second transport left on Sept. 29, 1944 , the Germans during roll call asked women to step forward if they wanted to join their husbands, Charlotte had to grab Nanny and told her to stay put. She told her that only G'd would decide if they should see their husbands ever again, not the Germans! All women who stepped forward were put on transport directly to the gas chambers including Charlotte, who was put on the third transport Em-1388 because her serious health situation.
Because Charlotte was only very short in Theresienstadt and fell ill soon after the movie was shot, it was decided to send her to Auschwitz as soon as possible and therefore, she did not receive a number tatoo on her arm, as the Germans knew she would be killed upon arriving in Auschwitz!.

October 1, 1944
Age 32
Oswiecim, Poland

Most probably because of her deteriorating health (severe hunger edema with swollen belly) Charlotte was put on transport Em-1388 to Auschwitz for extermination only 3 weeks after arriving at the camp.
For that reason she has never received a number tattooed in her arm.
Upon arrival at Auschwitz she had to stand in front of Dr. Mengele who whisked her to the left to where all the old and sick people were ordered by him.
But a second after he ordered her to move out to the left row, Mengele was called to the phone behind him. He turned around and Charlotte, who immediately understood the meaning of his order, went the other way and joined the group of young and healthy people standing at the right hand side of the train platform which was the arrival and selection area of Auschwitz II (Birkenau). No one saw apparently which direction Mengele wanted Charlotte to go and therefore, no one interfered in her "walk to life" direction.
She was immediately hidden by the other women and brought to the sick bay of the camp where she stayed under a false identity until her hunger edema got better and the swelling disappeared.
As soon as she could take the place of a dead inmate at roll call, she left the sick bay and became an "ordinary" inmate of Auschwitz II..
Because the daily life in the camp was highly organized and she did not experienced personal maltreatment (except the daily routine in freezing winter weather having to stand naked for hours during roll call), Charlotte had no very bad memories of the several weeks she stayed in Auschwitz II.
Looking back to the mistreatment and abuse she had to undergo in the next camp for months, she saw Auschwitz -Birkenau as a relative "summer-camp"......