Louis I de Valois, duc d'Orléans

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Louis I de Valois, duc d'Orléans

Also Known As: "Louis Prince Of /France/", "/Louis/", "L France (Duke Of /Orleans)/", "Duke of Orléans", "Louis I /de Valois-Angoulême"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Paris, 75000, Paris, Ile de France, France
Death: Died in Paris, 75000, Paris, Ile de France, France, rue Vieille du Temple
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles V le Sage, roi de France and Jeanne de Bourbon, reine de France
Husband of Marie d'Enghien and Valentina Visconti
Father of Jean d'Orléans, comte de Dunois; Jean (Philippe) D' Orleans; Charles I de Valois, duc d'Orléans; Philippe d'Orléans, comte de Vertus; Louis D' Orleans and 5 others
Brother of Jeanne de Valois; Bonne de Valois; Jean de Valois; Jeanne de Valois; Charles VI de Valois, roi de France and 3 others
Half brother of Jean I de Montagu, seigneur de Montagu-en-Laye et de Marcoussis

Occupation: Duc d'Orleans, Duke of Orleans, Hertig i Orleans 1392-1407
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Louis I de Valois, duc d'Orléans

Louis I de Valois, Duke of Orléans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Louis of Valois (March 13, 1372 – November 23, 1407) was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also Count of Valois, Duke of Touraine (1386–1392), Count of Blois (1397–1407), Angoulême (1404–1407), Périgord, Dreux and Soissons. Louis was son of King Charles V of France and Joanna of Bourbon and younger brother of Charles VI. In 1389, Louis married Valentina Visconti, daughter of Gian Galeazzo, Duke of Milan.

[edit]History

Louis had an important political role during the Hundred Years' War. With the increasing insanity of his elder brother Charles the Mad (who suffered from either schizophrenia, porphyria or bipolar disorder), Louis disputed the regency and guardianship of the royal children with John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy. The enmity between the two was public and a source of political unrest in the already troubled France. Louis had the initial advantage, being of royal blood, but his character and rumour of an affair with consort queen Isabeau of Bavaria made him extremely unpopular. For the following years, the children of Charles VI were successively kidnapped and recovered by both parties, until the Duke of Burgundy managed to be appointed by royal decree guardian of the Dauphin and regent of France.

Louis did not give up and took every effort to sabotage John's rule, including squandering the money raised for the relief of Calais, then occupied by the English. After this episode, John and Louis broke into open threats and only the intervention of John of Valois, Duke of Berry and uncle of both men, avoided a civil war. On November 20, 1407 a solemn reconciliation was vowed in front of the court of France, but only three days later, Louis was brutally assassinated in the streets of Paris, when armed men under the orders of John the Fearless, attacked him while he was mounting his horse, and literally amputated his arms, leaving him defenceless.

Louis' murder would spark a bloody feud and civil war between Burgundy and the French Royal family which would divide France for the next seventy years and only end with the death of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1477.

[edit]Louis' descendants

By his marriage with Valentina Visconti:

a daughter (b. and d. 1390)

Louis (b. 1391, d. 1395)

a son (b. and d. 1392)

John Philip (b. Paris, 1393, d. Château de Vincennes, 1393)

Charles, Duke of Orléans (b. 1394– d. 1465), father of King Louis XII of France

Philip (b. Paris, 1396–1420), Count of Vertus

John, Count of Angoulême (1404–1467), grandfather of King Francis I of France

Marie (b. and d. Château de Coucy, 1401)

Margaret (b. 1406– d. 1466, Abbaye-la-Guiche), Countess of Vertus, married in 1423 Richard of Brittany, Count of Étampes

His illegitimate son by Mariette of Enghien, John of Dunois, is the ancestor of the Dukes of Longueville.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_I,_Duke_of_Orl%C3%A9ans

Louis I, Duke of Orléans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

For other people named Louis d'Orléans, see Louis d'Orléans (disambiguation).

For other people named Louis, Duke of Orléans, see Louis, Duke of Orléans (disambiguation).

Louis I

Duke of Orléans

Reign 1392–1407

Successor Charles

Spouse Valentina Visconti

Issue

Charles, Duke of Orléans

John, Count of Angoulême

Philip, Count of Vertus

Margaret, Countess of Vertus

House House of Valois

Father Charles V of France

Mother Joanna of Bourbon

Born 13 March 1372(1372-03-13)

Died 23 November 1407 (aged 35)

Paris, France

Burial Saint Denis Basilica, France

Louis I (13 March 1372 – 23 November 1407) was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also Count of Valois, Duke of Touraine (1386–1392), Count of Blois (1397–1407), Angoulême (1404–1407), Périgord, Dreux and Soissons.

Louis was son of King Charles V of France and Joanna of Bourbon and younger brother of Charles VI.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Succession in Hungary, Poland and Naples
   * 2 Hundred Years' War
   * 3 Family
   * 4 Notes

[edit] Succession in Hungary, Poland and Naples

In 1374, Louis was betrothed to Catherine, heiress presumptive to the throne of Hungary.

Louis in the camp in front; in the background, Sigismund marries Mary

Louis and Catherine were expected to reign either over Hungary or over Poland, as Catherine's father Louis had no sons. Catherine's father also planned to leave them his claim to the Crown of Naples and the County of Provence, which were then held by his ailing and childless cousin Joanna I.[1][2] However, Catherine died in 1378 and the marriage negotiations were stopped.

In 1384, Elizabeth of Bosnia started negotiating with Louis' father about the possibility of Louis marrying her daughter Mary, notwithstanding Mary's engagement to Sigismund of Luxembourg. If Elizabeth had made this proposal in 1378, after Catherine's death, the fact that the French king and the Hungarian king did not recognize the same pope would have represented a problem. However, Elizabeth was desperate in 1384 and was not willing to let the schism stand in the way of the negotiations. Pope Clement VII issued a dispensation which annulled Mary's betrothal to Sigismund and the proxy marriage between Louis and Mary was celebrated in April 1385. Nonetheless, the marriage was not recognized by the Hungarian noblemen who adhered to Pope Urban VI. Four months after the proxy marriage, Sigismund invaded Hungary and married Mary, which ultimately destroyed Louis' chances to reign as King of Hungary.[3][4]

[edit] Hundred Years' War

Louis had an important political role during the Hundred Years' War. With the increasing insanity of his elder brother Charles the Mad (who suffered from either schizophrenia, porphyria or bipolar disorder), Louis disputed the regency and guardianship of the royal children with John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy. The enmity between the two was public and a source of political unrest in the already troubled France. Louis had the initial advantage, being the brother rather than the first cousin of the king, but his character and rumour of an affair with the queen consort Isabeau of Bavaria made him extremely unpopular. For the following years, the children of Charles VI were successively kidnapped and recovered by both parties, until the Duke of Burgundy managed to be appointed by royal decree guardian of the Dauphin and regent of France.

Louis's assassination on the rue Vieille du Temple

Louis did not give up and took every effort to sabotage John's rule, including squandering the money raised for the relief of Calais, then occupied by the English. After this episode, John and Louis broke into open threats and only the intervention of John of Valois, Duke of Berry and uncle of both men, avoided a civil war. On 20 November 1407 a solemn reconciliation was vowed in front of the court of France, but only three days later, Louis was brutally assassinated in the streets of Paris, when armed men under the orders of John the Fearless attacked him while he was mounting his horse and amputated his arms, leaving him defenceless.

Louis' murder would spark a bloody feud and civil war between Burgundy and the French Royal family which would divide France for the next seventy years and only end with the death of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy in 1477.

[edit] Family

Funerals of Louis. Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII

In 1389, Louis married Valentina Visconti, daughter of Gian Galeazzo, Duke of Milan, with whom he had:

   * a daughter (1390)
   * Louis (1391–1395)
   * a son (1392)
   * John Philip (1393)
   * Charles, Duke of Orléans (1394–1465), father of King Louis XII of France
   * Philip (1396–1420), Count of Vertus
   * John, Count of Angoulême (1404–1467), grandfather of King Francis I of France
   * Marie (1401)
   * Margaret (1406–1466), Countess of Vertus, married in 1423 Richard of Brittany, Count of Étampes. Their son was Francis II, Duke of Brittany.

His illegitimate son by Mariette of Enghien, John of Dunois (1402–1468), is the ancestor of the Dukes of Longueville.

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Engel, Pal; Ayton, Andrew; Pálosfalvi, Tamás (1999). The realm of St. Stephen: a history of medieval Hungary, 895-1526 Volume 19 of International Library of Historical Studies. Penn State Press. ISBN 0271017589. [page needed]
  2. ^ Halecki, Oskar (1978). A history of Poland. Routledge. ISBN 0710086474. [page needed]
  3. ^ Parsons, John Carmi (1997). Medieval Queenship. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0312172982. [page needed]
  4. ^ Richard II: The Art of Kingship. Oxford University Press. 2003. ISBN 0199262209. [page needed]

This page was last modified on 24 July 2010 at 11:29.

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Louis I de Valois, duc d'Orléans's Timeline

1372
March 13, 1372
Paris, 75000, Paris, Ile de France, France
March 23, 1372
St-Paul, Seine, France, France
1384
1384
Age 11
France
1390
May 1390
Age 18
France
1392
1392
Age 19
France
1393
September 1393
Age 21
St Paul, Paris, France
1394
November 24, 1394
Age 22
Paris, Île-de-France, France
1396
1396
Age 23
1398
1398
Age 25
France
1399
June 26, 1399
Age 27
Paris,Seine,,France