About Lovisa Ulrika von Preußen (Hohenzollern), Drottning av Sverige
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Änkedrottning Lovisa Ulrika (av Alexander Roslin 1775)
Lovisa Ulrika, (ty. Luise Ulrike) född 24 juli 1720, död 16 juli 1782, var svensk drottning 1751-1771, dotter till Fredrik Vilhelm I av Preussen och Sophie Dorothea av Hannover och syster till Fredrik II av Preussen. Hon var gift med kung Adolf Fredrik. I vissa samtida källor kallas hon även Ludvika Ulrika.
* 1 Bakgrund
* 2 Kronprinsessa
* 3 Drottning
* 4 Änkedrottning
* 5 Barn
* 6 Anfäder
* 7 Se även
* 8 Källor
* 9 Vidare läsning
Lovisa Ulrika var guddotter till drottning Ulrika Eleonora och utväxlade brev med sin gudmor som barn. Vid broderns tronbestigning 1740 utnämndes hon till koadjutris i Quedlinburg. Då det bestämdes att antingen Lovisa Ulrika eller hennes syster Amalie skulle utses till svensk kronprinsessa beskrev hennes bror henne som högdragen, häftig och intrigant och rekommenderade Amalie som mildare och mer lämplig för Sverige. Den reella orsaken var att han trodde att Amalie skulle bli en mer lättpåverkad agent för Preussen.
Kronprinsessan Lovisa Ulrika av Sverige (av Antoine Pesne c. 1744)
Hon mottogs med entusiasm då hon anlände till Sverige för att lösa tronföljdsfrågan, och hon revitaliserade snabbt det svenska hovet då hon blev drottning. Lovisa Ulrika ansågs vacker, begåvad, kvick och hon hade omfattande kulturella intressen - Carl Gustaf Tessin kallade henne "Gudavett i änglabild" - men hon beskrivs också som mycket stolt, arrogant och högfärdig.
Kronprinshovet ägnade sig under hennes ledning åt fransk amatörteater, ibland utomhus, utflykter i naturen och maskerader. Hennes favorithovdam var i början Henrika Juliana von Liewen (anställd 1744-48), Ulrika Strömfelt (anställd 1744), som skulle spela en stor roll i kuppförsöket 1756, och sedan Ulrika Eleonora von Düben, dotter till Joachim von Düben och brorsdotter till Emerentia von Düben, som anställdes 1748, avlöste Ulrika Strömfelt som kammarfru 1756 och betraktades som en typisk representant för lismande och inställsamma hovfunktionärer. Övriga hovdamer var kortvariga. Carl Gustaf Tessin hade eskorterat henne till Sverige och han och hans fru Ulla Tessin utövade ett stort inflytande över Lovisa under hennes första tio år i landet. Adolf Fredrik tyckte inte om Tessin, men Lovisa Ulrika fick honom utnämnd till överstemarsalk 1745.
Redan som kronprinsessa var hon politisk aktiv. Hennes mål var att avskaffa parlamentet och införa en fullständig monarki, ett envälde. Julen 1744 överlämnade hon utklädd till gudinnan Diana en lykta till Tessin med inskriptionen: "Gjord enkom för att lysa upp dagens politiska system". Medlemmarna i hennes hov var hattpartister, och hon lierade sig i början med hattpartiet i sina rojalistiska strävanden. Hennes metod var att påverka omröstningarna i riksdagen genom att muta ledamöterna, något hon skulle fortsätta med som drottning. 1746 inledde hon även en offensiv för att skaffa sig agenter inom mösspartiet; hon framträdde offentligt på det svenska språket, hon besökte mösspartister och mutade dem, bland annat ledamoten Kalsenius, om vilken hon skrev; "Den störste skurken i världen, men jag reser icke härifrån utan att ha mutat honom. Det är det enda medel man har för att nå det mål man föresatt sig". Hon ogillade den svenska grundlagen; vid ett tillfälle, då hon misstänkte en intrig mot sig, skrev hon; "Lagen är så egendomlig, att man icke vågar häkta någon på blotta misstanken utan övriga bevis, vilket är mer till förmån för de enskildes säkerhet än till rikets." Hon var emot den svensk-ryska alliansen, och 1747 lyckades hon genom mutor påverka omröstningen för att ingå en allians mellan Sverige, Frankrike och Preussen istället. Tessin sade en gång, att "vår drottning skulle ha varit den mest orubbliga republikan, om hon varit undersåte", men att hon var född i en klass, som försvarade sin makt.
Hon ägnade sig mycket åt sina kulturella intressen; hon uppmuntrade vetenskap, grundade Vitterhetsakademien år 1753 och beskyddade Carl von Linnés karriär, men hon försenade också den svenska teaterutveckligen genom att avskeda den svenska skådespelartruppen i Bollhuset vid Slottsbacken och anställa en fransk trupp. Hon gav Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht en pension på 600 koppardaler fram till 1752, då Nordenflycht fick samma belopp i silver som pension av staten.
1754 inträffade en brytning med Tessin. Tessin hade blivit förälskad i henne och kunde vid denna tid inte längre kontrollera sin känslor. Gustav III skrev 1769 att Tessin gett henne "förslag fjärran från den aktning man är skyldig sin härskarinna". Lovisa Ulrika kände sin stolthet kränkt av hans närmande och talade om det för maken, som överraskade Tessin på knä framför Ulrika. Adolf Fredrik ska då ha "tagit sinne emot" honom. Tessin och hans fru avskedades då med någon förevändning.
Hon var intresserad av politik. Hon försökte störta ständerväldet och återinföra reell monarki genom en statskupp 1756. Hon pantsatte kronjuvelerna för att finansiera den, men planen avslöjades efter att den hatt-trogna Ulrika Strömfelt informerat regeringen om att delar av kronjuvelerna saknades. En av de sammansvurna avslöjade planerna efter att ha druckit sig berusad och blivit arresterad. Hon fick en skriftlig erinran framförd av en präst, där det sades att: "hon förgätit (glömt) sin plikt mot Gud, sin gemål och Sveriges rike och att hon bar skulden för de nyligen avlivades blod". De blev också varnade av ständerna: om detta upprepades skulle de bli avsatta.
Den enda politiska betydelse hon fick, till sin egen besvikelse, var då hon skrev till sin bror, kungen av Preussen, 1763 och lyckades åstadkomma att Sverige fick behålla Pommern efter sjuårskriget. Som erkänsla för detta betalade regeringen hennes skulder, och hon använde då sina pengar till att påverka omröstningarna i riksdagen till förmån för en ändring av konstitutionen. Detta misslyckades genom valet 1766, då hon miste allt inflytande. Under kungastrejken 1768, då kungen vägrade samarbeta med riksdagen, vände sig kuppmakarna till hennes son istället för till henne.
Lovisa Ulrika som änkedrottning (av Lorens Pasch d.y.)
År 1772 reste hon till Berlin i sällskap med sin dotter. Medan hon var där utbröt statskuppen i Sverige. Hon var förtjust över statskuppen, och då Svenska Pommern avlade trohetseden till den nya konstitutionen var hon närvarande. Hon tänkte sig att vara makten bakom tronen under sin sons regeringstid, men sonen gjorde klart att han ville regera själv. Hon blev bitter som änkedrottning. 1772 förhindrade Gustav att Karl giftes bort med hennes kandidat Philippine av Brandenburg-Schwedt. 1774 betalade Gustav hennes skulder mot att hon flyttade ut och fick ett eget hov vid Fredrikshov.
1777 talade sönerna Karl och Fredrik Adolf om för henne att alla kvinnor vid hovet hade en älskare, utom hon; hon invände, att de måste undanta även drottningen. De talade då om för henne skvallret att Adolf Fredrik Munck var Sofia Magdalenas älskare. Hon sade till Karl att han måste handla, eftersom en "oäkting" skulle gå ut över hans arvsrätt som tronarvinge. Karl förhörde Munck, Munck talade med Gustav, Gustav med Karl, som sade att Lovisa Ulrika låg bakom ryktet.
1778 tvingades hon avge en offentlig ursäkt och förneka de rykten hon spritt om att Gustav inte var far till sina barn. Dokumentet undertecknades av alla medlemmar i kungafamiljen utom kungaparet samt sex riksråd. Hon levde sedan ensam till sin död. De båda försonades dock på hennes dödsbädd.
Ett märkligt minnesmärke efter hennes hovliv är Kina slott i Drottningholmsparken. Denna byggnad var ursprungligen en gåva från hennes make Adolf Fredrik (1753) men blev senare utvidgad och permanentad.
1. Barn av okänt kön och namn (dödfött 1745)
2. Gustav III (1746-1792), kung av Sverige 1771-1792
3. Karl XIII (1748-1818), kung av Sverige 1809-1818
4. Fredrik Adolf (1750-1803)
5. Sofia Albertina (1753-1829)
Kurfurst Friedrich Wilhelm "den store" av Brandenburg
Kung Friedrich I av Preussen
Grevinnan Luise Henriette av Nassau
Kung Friedrich Wilhelm I av Preussen
Kurfurst Ernst August av Hannover
Prinsessan Sophie Charlotte av Hannover
Prinsessan Sophie av Pfalz
Drottning Lovisa Ulrika av Sverige
Kurfurst Ernst August av Hannover
Kung George I av Storbritannien-Irland och Hannover
Prinsessan Sophie av Pfalz
Prinsessan Sophie Dorothea av Storbritannien-Irland och Hannover
Hertig Georg Wilhelm av Braunschweig-Celle
Hertiginnan Sophie Dorothea av Braunschweig-Celle
Eleonore Desmier d'Olbreuse
Se även [redigera]
* Lista över Sveriges regenter
1. ^ Carl A:son Sege i Ludvika kyrka Ludvika kyrkoråd 1952 s. 14
* Herman Lindqvist (2006). Historien om alla Sveriges drottningar. Norstedts Förlag. ISBN 9113015249.
* Olof Jägerskiöld: Lovisa Ulrika, drottning av Sverige (1945)
* Valborg Lindgårde, Elisabeth Mansén, Ljuva möten och ömma samtal Atlantis (1999)
* Sveriges regenter - Lars O. Lagerqvist
* Kungliga släktband - Ulf Sundberg
Vidare läsning [redigera]
* Blom, Tomas (2009). "Frustrerad drottning". Populär historia (nr. 8): s. 40-44. ISSN 1102-0822 ISSN 1102-0822.
Ulrika Eleonora Drottning av Sverige (ej regent)
Sofia Magdalena av Danmark
Sidan ändrades senast den 10 maj 2010 kl. 08.57
Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Louisa Ulrika of Prussia (Swedish: Lovisa Ulrika; German: Luise Ulrike) (Berlin, 24 July 1720 - Svartsjö, 16 July 1782) was a Swedish Queen, Queen consort of Sweden between 1751 and 1771 as wife of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden, and queen mother of King Gustav III of Sweden and King Charles XIII of Sweden
Louisa Ulrika was the daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his wife Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, and was thus a younger sister of both Wilhelmine of Bayreuth and Frederick the Great. She was given the Swedish name Ulrika because Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden had been her god mother; she exchanged letters with her godmother, and it was thought that she would marry a future son by Ulrika Eleonora, as Ulrika Eleonora herself had once been considered as a consort for her father. However, Ulrika Eleonora remained childless. Other matches were considered, such as the Prince of Wales. Upon the accession of her brother to the throne in 1740, she was appointed koadjutris of Quedlinburg Abbey with the prospect of being Princess-Abbess.
In Drottningholm on 18 August/29 August 1744, Ulrika married Adolf Friedrich von Holstein-Gottorp, who had been elected crown prince of Sweden in 1743 and after his succession to the throne in 1751 reigned as King Adolf Frederick of Sweden. She was recommended as a bride by Empress Elizabeth of Russia, just as her spouse was recommended as an heir to the throne by Russia. At first, however, it was her sister Princess Anna Amalia of Prussia who was considered, as her brother warned that Louisa Ulrika was perhaps too ambitious to be a good queen in a monarchy without power, as Sweden was during the Age of Liberty. Her brother king Frederick said that Louisa Ulrika was "arrogant, temperamental and an intriguer", and that they should not let themselves be fooled by her friendliness towards them, while Amalia was mild and "more suitable"; it has been suggested, that Fredrick's judgment was given because he believed that Amalia would be easier to control as a Prussian agent than the more dominant Louisa Ulrika. But the Swedish representatives preferred Louisa Ulrika.
Louisa Ulrika was received with great enthusiasm in Sweden when she arrived in 1744 as a hope of solving the country's succession problems, and gained popularity with her beauty and by the birth of her children; no children had been born in the Swedish royal house in over fifty years at the birth of her first child.
At her arrival, she was given Drottningholm Palace as a gift, where she resided with her young court. She was described as beautiful, cultivated - entirely according to the French tradition - and interested in science and culture. Count Carl Gustaf Tessin called her: "A mind of a god in the Image of an angel", but also as extremely proud and arrogant, which made her less and less liked outside of the aristocracy over the years.
The court of the crown prince couple, called "The young court", amused themselwes with picnics, masquerades and French amateur theatre. Her first favorite among her ladies-in-waiting was Henrika Juliana von Liewen, who was an eager follower of the Hat's Party, another well known lady-in-waiting were Cathérine Charlotte De la Gardie. The young court was also strongly affected by count Tessin. Count Carl Tessin had escorted Louisa Ulrika to Sweden, and he and his wife had a strong influence on her the first years. Prince Adolf Frederick never cared much for Tessin, but in 1745, Count Tessin was appointed royal court marshal and later governor of their son, and Countess Ulla Tessin as first lady-in-waiting. Tessin was behind many happy surprises and arrangements for amusements in the young court; some said he was only too eager to please her in any way possible.
During her time as a crown princess, there were rumors that she had an affair with count Tessin. This was with all certainty not true: her son Gustav III later replied to these rumors, that although Count Tessin had been in love with her, his feelings were one-sided and not anwered by his mother, as a love affair with a noble, was in opposition to the "natural contempt" which Louisa Ulrika herself felt for every subject, noble or not.
Already as a crown princess, she was politically active. In the Christmas of 1744, she visited Tessin and gave him a lantern in the guise of the goddess Diana with the inscription: "Made only to shed light on the political system of the day". "Her political ideal was absolute monarchy, and she disliked the Swedish constitution from the moment it was explained for her. She also disliked the legal system; when she at one point thought herself exposed to a plot, she wrote: "The laws are so strange, and one does not dare to arrest someone on mere suspicion without proof, which benefit the individual more than the kingdom." At her own court, she was surrounded by nobles loyal to the Hats (party), and initially she allied herself with them in her ambition to restore the power of the royal throne, but over the years she soon begun to gather followers from all parties to establish a "royal court party". After the birth of her son in 1746 she and the crown prince gathered followers also from the Caps (party). She learned Swedish and visited several of the Cap's most prominent members. At the visit of the Cap's parliamentary Kalsenius, she wrote that he was: "The biggest villain in the world, but I will not leave until I have bribed him. That is the only means by which one can reach the goal one has in mind." She disliked the alliance between Sweden and Russia, and in 1747, she affected the votes in the parliament by bribing. Whether it was because of this or not, the parliament voted for an alliance between Sweden, Prussia and France that year.
In 1751, she became queen. When she became queen, Louisa Ulrika revitalized the royal court, which had been neglected during the reign of King Frederick I, and founded a theater at Drottningholm Palace. Her interest for theater was, however, entirely French-influenced, and she interrupted the development of a native Swedish national theatre at Bollhuset by replacing it with a French Theatre, the Du Londel Troupe, which was only a benefit for those who could speak French.
In Sweden, she is mainly remembered for the founding of the Witterhetsakademin (in 1753), an academy which counted Carl von Linné among its members. She was a great patron of science and art, a protector of the work of scientists such as Carl von Linné and artists such as the painter Ulrika Pasch and the poet Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht. Nordenflycht was given a pension of 600§ until she was given the same pension from the state in 1752. Her "adoption" of Gustav Badin in 1757 was intended as a form of scientific experiment.
1754 was the year of the alienation of Count Tessin. In 1751, he seemed to have fallen from grace and Tessin wrote that she no longer discussed politics with him and "claimed that she took no part in politics". The year before, he had convinced her to agree on the engagement between her eldest son and a Danish princess, when she herself had preferred another bride. At this point, count Tessin was reported to no longer be in control of his infatuation of her, and it was noted in court that the king had "taken against" Tessin. Crown prince Gustav wrote in 1769, that Tessin had made Louisa Ulrika "suggestions far from the reverence one is expected towards a sovereign"; Louisa Ulrika had told the king, who had surprised Tessin on his knees before the queen, and the count and the countess Tessin had lost their positions- the queen only remarked that she missed countess Tessin. Her favourite was her lady-in-waiting Ulrika von Düben, who replaced Henrika von Liewen in 1748 and was appointed first lady-in-waiting in 1756 after Ulrika Strömfelt. Düben was the niece of Emerentia von Düben, who had been the favorite lady-in-waiting of queen Ulrika Eleonora, and her critics in the court described her as a typical representative of an ingratiating court-noble.
As soon as she became queen in 1751, she made preparations to overthrow the parliament. The vow to respect the constitution which her husband made upon his accession to the throne was a great sorrow for her. Her attempt of a royalistic revolution was prevented in 1756. The same year, Sweden went to war against her brother, which she opposed. Nevertheless, she remained a dominant figure, with numerous quarrels with the government over the years. In 1763, the government asked her to write to her brother, the King of Prussia, in order to prevent the Swedish province of Pommerania in Germany from being annexed by Prussia after the Seven Years War, which she did after great persuasion. She succeeded in the negotiations, which for her was a form of triumph over the parliament. As a sign of gratitude for this act, the government paid her debts, which made it possible for her to use her money to affect the voting in the parliament through bribes; her plan was now to change the constitution through this method.
After 1766, her attempts had failed, and her political activity was now over; in 1766-1771, the anti-parliamentaristic opposition looked to her son Crown Prince Gustav instead of her. Her relationship with her son became tense after this. She had wanted Gustav to marry her niece Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt, the daughter of her favorite sister, and had to agree to the engagement to Sophia Magdalena of Denmark against her will. She was much displeased when Gustav himself agreed to go through with the marriage in 1766. During the affair of 1768, when the king threatened to abdicate if he was not granted more power, and the country was on the verge of a coup, the royalists, for the first time, turned to her son instead of her.
Her arrogance, her political views and her conflicts with the parliament made her less and less liked during her husband's reign. Tessin once said about her, that: "Our queen would have been the most staunch republican if she had been born a subject", but she was born within a class which fought to keep their privileges and power.
The Failed Royal Revolution of 1756
Queen Louisa Ulrika strongly dominated her husband and the court, and she would also had been the real ruler during her husband's reign if the Swedish monarchy had not been stripped of its power in 1718 and 1720; at this point, the king was a mere decoration and Sweden was a monarchy only in name. This greatly displeased the queen, herself born in an absolute monarchy. She could not understand nor condone the parliament; for her, it was not acceptable for a royal person to have to receive peasants in the royal salons, as she was forced to do with the peasant's representatives from the parliament. She was further enraged when the parliament forced the king to give up his claims on the throne of Holstein, and arranged the marriage between her son Gustav to Sofia Magdalena of Denmark, when she herself had preferred a German princess. She was enraged when the parliamentaristic C.F.Scheffer was appointed her son's educator. In 1755, the parliament decided that, if the king refused to sign the laws issued by the government, a stamp would be used instead.
To display her contempt, she humiliated the parliament's representatives by the etiquette of the royal court; she stopped their carriages at the Palace gates, let forced them to wait for hours, while she let those who arrived before them be received and let them sit on small little, low stools before her to make them lose their dignity.
In the three months following her coronation, Louisa Ulrika removed the diamonds from the crown and replaced them with glass. She gathered followers among the aristocracy to plan a coup d'état to overthrow the government, dissolve the parliament, and reinstate absolute monarchy in Sweden. Her followers where called the hov-partiet (The royal court party), and they were men form the nobility in opposition to the parliament for personal reasons, wanting rewards from the queen after a successful coup. In the court theatre, the French and Italian troupes performed plays hinting that the king should taken control over his kingdom.
To finance the coup, the Queen pawned the jewelry she had been given as a wedding gift by the state, as well as some of the crown jewels belonging to the state, among them 44 diamonds she had placed in the Queen's Crown, which she pawned in Berlin to borrow money. The lady-in-waiting of the Queen, Ulrika Strömfelt, informed the government that parts of the crown jewels were missing. For this act, she was later to receive the honorary title "Ständernas dotter" ("Daughter of the Parliament") and a pension of §2000. The government demanded to inspect the crown jewels, as it was the property of the state. The Queen refused, as she did not recognise any right of the government to inspect anything. At the same time, the king was taken ill, and the government retreated to allow him to recover, giving the queen time the get the diamonds back to the inspection. At the same time, weapons and bullets were being made. The plan was to hire criminals to cause chaos on the streets; the royalistic officers would then block the streets, the royalists would be armed and the King would enter the square to "resume control", after which the public would "celebrate him as the saviour from the parliament".
The plans were often discussed at the pub of the royalistic Ernst Angel. Angel was the illegitimate son of Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), the brother of king Frederick I of Sweden, which he often pointed out. The 21 June 1756, the police heard Angel talk about the plans of a royal revolution while he was drunk. He was arrested and interrogated, and the next day, the arrests of the noblemen begun. When the royal couple entered Stockholm after a stay at from Drottninghom Palace that night the streets where filled with the military. The whole conspiracy against the parliament was discovered. The parliament voted for a death sentence for four of the involved noblemen, who were decapitated on Riddarholmstorget in Stockholm in front of thousands of specators, outside the royal palace, and three days later, Ernst Angel and three more was decapitated. Several others where sentenced to prison, whipping, exile, pilloring and by being banned from seats in the parliament.
The Queen, who was the instigator behind all this, received a strong note from the parliament communicated by the archbishop, who forced her to write a letter of confession and regret. He afterwards said, that he thought he had seen "tears of rage and sorrow" in her eyes: she herself wrote that she had tried to display: "all the coldness, all the contempt possible to make in a demonstration": she regretted nothing but that her revolution had failed. The king had a statement read to him saying that he would be deposed if she ever attempted something similar again.
In 1771, the king died and she became a Dowager Queen. Louisa Ulrika was at the death of the king immensely unpopular in Sweden: when the news of the king's death reached her son, the new king, who was then in Paris, he wrote that the Queen Dowager be protected, as "I know how little loved my mother is".
In 1772, her son the new king succeeded where she had failed in 1756 by overthrowing the democracy and reinstating absolute monarchy, which was a great satisfaction to her. At the time of the coup, she was in Berlin with her daughter. She was present in Swedish Pomerania when the Province gave their allegiance to the new constitution. When her brother told her that the neighboring countries would now attack Sweden, she wrote to him that she would defend the province of Pomerania against him with her own blood.
However, she could never settle with the position of dowager queen, and her last years were spent in bitterness. She had expected to be the real ruler behind the throne, and when her son made it clear that he would rule independently from her, their relationship worsened. In 1772, he prevented her plans to marry of her second son Charles to Philippine of Brandenburg-Schwedt; in 1774, Charles was married to Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp instead, and Gustav paid her debts with the condition that she established her own separate court at Fredrikshof. In 1777, she was forced to sell Drottningholm Palace to her son Gustav. She did not get along with either of her daughter-in-law's, calling Sophia Magdalena of Denmark "cold and shy" and Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp "flirtatious."
In 1777-78, the conflict with her ruling son erupted and she was a central figure in the great succession scandal regarding the legitimacy of the crown prince. In 1777, her two younger sons visited her. They claimed all women at court had lovers, and that except their mother, they could not think of even one who did not. Louisa Ulrika suggested that they make another exception; surely the queen must also be an exception? Her sons then laughed and asked her if she had not heard the rumors that Sophia Magdalena had an affair with Fredrik Munck. She became very upset and ordered prince Charles to investigate if this where true, as his inheritance to the throne would be endangered by "the common offspred of a common nobleman". Charles talked to Munck, Munck talked to king Gustav, Gustav talked to Charles who claimed the whole thing was the fault of the queen dowager, and mother and son had a huge argument. When the son of the king was born in 1778, everyone thought he was the son of Munck. Louisa Ulrika accused the king of having another man father his child. A great scandal erupted, during which the king even threathened to exile her to Pomerania. In the following conflict, her youngest children, Sofia Albertina and Frederick, who had always been her favourites, were on her side. She was forced to make a formal statement during which she withdrew her accusation, a repetition of the humiliation of 1756. The statement was signed by the entire adult royal family except the royal couple; two princes, the princess, the Duchess, and six members of parliament. The relationship with Gustav was not repaired until her death bed.
She had the following children:
Gustav III of Sweden (1746-1792)
Charles XIII of Sweden (1748-1818)
Frederick Adolf (1750-1803)
Sophia Albertine (1753-1829)
Louisa Ulrika was also a maternal grandchild of the King George I of Great Britain.
Louisa Ulrika Queen Consort of Sweden's Timeline
July 24, 1720
Berlin, Brandenburg, Deutschland(HRR)
July 17, 1744
Berlin, Preussen, Deutschland(HRR)
February 18, 1745
January 24, 1746
October 7, 1748
July 18, 1750
Drottringholm Castle, Stockholm, Sweden
October 8, 1753