About Lt. Arthur F. Anders (USN)
Arthur F. Anders was an officer of the United States Navy gunboat Panay who took command despite serious wounds after Japanese warplanes attacked it on the Yangtze River in China in 1937.
Lieutenant Anders, nicknamed Tex, was the Panay's executive officer when the attack, which became known as the Panay incident, came on a clear Sunday, Dec. 12, 1937. It was an ominous event in the turbulent years preceding World War II. Japan had invaded China in July of that year, and its troops had seized Nanjing, on the Yangtze in east central China, in November.
Mr. Anders, whose deeds that day won him the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart, recalled in a 1989 interview that at first, the Japanese government said bad visibility was the cause of the attack on the Panay, but that the assault was deliberate and planned.
Japan later apologized for the attack and offered reparations.