About Josephine Beatrice Bowman
Josephine Beatrice Bowman, commonly known as Beatrice Bowman, was born in Des Moines, Iowa on December 19, 1881 and died on January 3, 1971 at the age of 89. After graduating from the Medico Chiruical Hospital in Philadephia, Pennsylvania in 1904, she joined the American Red Cross service. She participated in the first Red Cross relief operation when Hattiesburg, Mississippi faced disaster caused by a tornado. She joined the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps soon after its establishment in 1908. She was 1 of its first 20 members known as the “Sacred Twenty.” During World War 1, she was promoted to the position of Chief Nurse in the Naval Hospital in Great Lakes, Illinois. She guided her staff through the 1918-19 influenza pandemic.