Henry Shippen Huidekoper (1839 - 1918)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Meadville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States
Death: Died in Meadville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States
Managed by: Doug Robinson
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About Henry Shippen Huidekoper

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Henry Shippen Huidekoper (July 17, 1839 – November 9, 1918) was a general from Pennsylvania in Union Army who received the United States military's highest decorations for bravery, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the American Civil War.


After graduating from Harvard he accepted a commission as an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. While fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg he was wounded twice and had to have his arm amputated due to the wounds. For his actions during this battle he was presented with the Medal of Honor. He attempted to rejoin the war but was forced to resign due to his injuries and accepted an appointment as a major general in the Pennsylvania National Guard.


In 1877 was sent to help put an end to a severe railroad strike in Pennsylvania. He accepted a job as the postmaster of Philadelphia and the worked for a few years in the telephone industry until becoming an overseer at Harvard college. He died in 1918 and is buried in Meadville, Pennsylvania.


Family and education


Huidekoper was born in Meadville, Pennsylvania July 17, 1839, the son of Edgar Huidekoper and Frances (Shippen) Huidekoper and the grandson of Harm Jan Huidekoper, the founder of Meadville Theological School. He received his A.B. from Harvard College in 1862, and received his A.M. from the same college in 1872. In 1864, Huidekoper married his cousin, Emma Gertrude Evans, the daughter of Thomas Wallis Evans and Anne De Costa Yard Evans of Germantown, Philadelphia. They had one daughter, Gertrude, born in 1865, who later married Professor Munroe Smith of Columbia University, and one son, Thomas, born in 1870. His great-great-granddaughter is Meg Whitman, former CEO of eBay and candidate for Governor of California.


Civil War and National Guard


After graduating from Harvard, Huidekoper served in the American Civil War as captain, lieutenant-colonel and colonel with the 150th Pennsylvania Infantry. On July 1, 1863, while in command of his regiment at the Battle of Gettysburg he was wounded twice, losing his right arm. He later received the Medal of Honor as a result of the action that day as, according to the citation, "while engaged in repelling an attack of the enemy, [he] received a severe wound of the right arm, but instead of retiring remained at the front in command of the regiment."


He returned to service in September 1863 but because of the severity of his wounds, he was compelled to resign from the army in 1864 at Culpeper, Virginia. He was appointed major general in the Pennsylvania National Guard by Governor John W. Geary in 1870, and, was active in the suppression of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 under Governor John F. Hartranft, where he was involved in "solving at Scranton a question between the civil and military powers with such tact and firmness as to establish himself strongly in the confidence of the governor and the people."


Later career


Upon reorganization of the National Guard, with Governor Hartranft as the major general, Huidekoper was appointed the senior brigadier general in the guard. In 1879, he compiled and published a Manual of Service, which became an accepted authority on military matters. From 1880 to 1886, he was postmaster of Philadelphia, where he was credited with having organized and carried through the ounce measure for letters, instead of the former half ounce. Afterward, he was employed by the Metropolitan Telephone and Telegraph Company from 1886 to 1887, and by the Bell Telephone Company from 1887 to 1913.


From 1898 to 1910, he served as one of the overseers of Harvard College. He died November 9, 1918 in a Philadelphia hospital. and was buried at Greendale Cemetery Meadville, Pennsylvania. His grave can be found in the mausoleum in section 2, lot 5.


Medal of Honor citation


Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 150th Pennsylvania Infantry.

Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863.

Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.

Born: 17 July 1839, Meadville, Pa.

Date of issue: 27 May 1905.


Citation:


While engaged in repelling an attack of the enemy, received a severe wound of the right arm, but instead of retiring remained at the front in command of the regiment.

http://www.cmohs.org/recipient-detail/669/huidekoper-henry-s.php

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7223535

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Lt. Col. Henry S. Huidekoper, Medal of Honor's Timeline

1839
July 17, 1839
Meadville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States
1865
October 12, 1865
Age 26
1870
February 2, 1870
Age 30
Germantown, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States
1918
November 9, 1918
Age 79
Meadville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States
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Meadville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States