About Alexander Williams Biddle
Alexander Biddle (April 29, 1819 – May 2, 1899) was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
His father was Thomas A. Biddle (1776–1857), the son of American Revolutionary War soldier Clement Biddle (1740–1814). His mother was the former Christine Williams (1780–1861). Their fourth child, he was educated in Pennsylvania, enrolling at the University of Pennsylvania in 1834 and graduating in 1838. In 1842, he joined his father's company, where he worked until the beginning of the Civil War.
In 1849, he joined the first troop of the Philadelphia City Cavalary in which he served until 1858. In 1855 he married Julia Williams Rush (1833–1898) daughter of Samuel Rush (1795–1859) and granddaughter of Benjamin Rush. On September 1, 1862, he joined the 121st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, serving under his cousin Chapman Biddle, with whom he fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg (under Abner Doubleday) and the Battle of Bristoe Station.
After the war he retired from Thomas Biddle & Company, and in 1874 he was named a director of the Pennsylvania Railroad. He also served as a director for the Philadelphia Savings Fund Company and the Lehigh Navigation Company among others, and as executor of the estate of James Rush (1786–1869), was instrumental in the erection of the Ridgway Library (part of the Library Company of Philadelphia).
His name is inscribed on the 121st Pennsylvania's monument along South Reynolds Avenue in the Gettysburg National Military Park. He and his wife had seven children:
1.Alexander Williams Biddle was born July 4, 1856, married Anne McKennan on 1879, had five children, and died on September 16, 1916.
2.Henry Rush Biddle was born March 15, 1858 and died January 2, 1877.
3.Julia Rush Biddle was born July 25, 1859 and died February 24, 1885.
4.James Wilmer Biddle was born November 22, 1861, married first Cora Rowland, then Elizabeth Southall Clarke, and died November 22, 1927.
5.Louis Alexander Biddle was born March 12, 1863, married Rene H. A. Docobu and died in Vichy, France during World War II on October 1, 1940.
6.Mariamne Biddle was born November 8, 1866 and died March 4, 1917.
7.Lynford Biddle was born August 26, 1871 and died January 24, 1941.
Birth: Apr. 29, 1819 Death: May 2, 1899
Civil War Union Army Officer. Served as Major, then Lieutenant Colonel and commander of the 121st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, with whom he fought at the Battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Bristoe Station.
He commanded his unit at the Battle of Gettysburg, where it was one of the first Union Infantry units to deployed on the field on the first day of the fight. Major Biddle's regiment initially were successful in repulsing attacks from Confederate forces, but collapsed under the growing pressure from superior numbers the Confederates were able to bring to bear around the McPherson House. Today, his name is inscribed on the 121st Pennsylvania's monument along South Reynolds Avenue in the Gettysburg National Military Park. (bio by: Russ Dodge)