Lt. Joseph Judson

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Joseph Judson

Also Known As: "Joshua Judson"
Birthplace: Kirby Mooreside, Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Woodbury, Fairfield County, Province of Connecticut, (Present USA)
Place of Burial: Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of William Judson, JR. and Grace Porter Judson
Husband of Sarah Judson (Porter)
Father of Sarah Howell; John Judson, Sr; Capt. James Judson; Grace Judson; Joseph Judson and 6 others
Brother of Grace Judson; Jeremiah Judson, Sr. and Joshua Judson

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Lt. Joseph Judson

From the English Wikipedia page on Joseph Judson:

Joseph Judson (born 1619 in Kirby Mooreside, Yorkshire, England, died October 8, 1690) was a Connecticut settler, local official and militia officer.

He emigrated from England to Concord, Massachusetts, in New England in 1634 with his father William, his mother Grace and his two brothers Jeremiah and Joshua. In 1638, he and his father and brother moved to Stratford, Connecticut, being among the first Europeans to arrive at that place.[1]

Joseph Judson became so prominent in the development of the town and his name so frequent in the records that historians thought he was the first of the name in Stratford.[2] He was elected as a freeman in 1658.[3] He was elected a Deputy in 1659 and served in the workings of the Colony of Connecticut for the next 30 years.

In 1671, he received permission from then Governor John Winthrop, Jr. to create a new town called Woodbury and removed from Stratford with other families to settle the newly created town the same year. Judson had a disagreement with Joseph Hawley and the majority of elders at Stratford as he tried to introduce the half way covenant. This led to a major rift which lasted for many years and split the church and the town.[4]

Personal life

On October 24 1644, Judson married Sarah Porter who was born Mar 15 1624 in Felsted Essex England. She was the daughter of John Porter and Anna (Rosanna) White of Windsor, Connecticut. They raised eleven children.

In November 1660, Judson inherited the stone house that had been built by his father ca. 1639 on Academy Hill in Stratford. He maintained a farm on Mischa Hill located in the present-day village of Nichols in the town of Trumbull. His son John inherited the farm and sold part of it to Abraham Nichols in 1696 at which time it was described as Lt. Joseph Judson's old farm and the parcel had a barn on it.[5][6] In 1662, Judson and his brother Jeremiah inherited their father's iron works located near Stony River in New Haven, Connecticut.[7]

Judson died October 8 1690 and his wife Sarah died March 16 1696 at Woodbury, Connecticut. They are buried in the Stratford Congregational Burying Ground.[8]


  • 1. Sarah, born 1645, married Edmund Howell in 1688 and raised three children in Southampton, New York.
  • 2. John, born 1647, married Elizabeth Chapman in 1674 and raised ten children, second wife Hannah Hawkins, third wife Mary Tudor in 1699 and raised four children. Original founder of Woodbury.[9]
  • 3. Captain James, born 1650, married Rebecca Welles in 1680, granddaughter of Connecticut Colony Governor Thomas Welles and raised nine children in Stratford.
  • 4. Grace, born in 1651, married Samuel Prudden in 1669 and raised five children in Milford, second husband Thomas Clark and had one more child.
  • 5. Joseph, born in 1654, raised seven children in Stratford.
  • 6. Hannah, born in 1657, married Samuel Wadsworth in 1680 and raised three children in Farmington.
  • 7. Esther, born in 1660, married Benjamin Curtiss in 1680 resided in Trumbull and raised ten children.
  • 8. Joshua (twin), born in 1664, died young.
  • 9. Ruth, (twin), born in 1664, married Samuel Welles in 1688, grandson of Connecticut Colony Governor Thomas Welles and raised six children in Hartford.
  • 10. Phoebe, born in 1666, married Thomas Uffoot (Ufford) in Stratford.
  • 11. Abigail, born in 1669, married Josiah Curtiss in 1692 and raised four children in Stratford.


  • Gerald R. Ford (1913–2006), 38th President of the United States, 7th great grandson[10]
  • Captain David Judson, grandson through Captain James.[11]

Indian deeds

Judson was instrumental in negotiating or trading with and buying large tracts of land from the Native American tribe named the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation. The Paugussett's had resided in Connecticut as a self-sustaining community for several thousand years before the English arrived at Stratford in the late 1630s.[12] Since the first volume of Stratford land records has been lost or destroyed by fire, no written records exist prior to 1648 or 1650 to record earlier Indian deeds.[13]

After twelve to fifteen years after the onset of the Stratford settlement, the settlement had grown so much in size that the displaced Indian Nation began to ask for compensation for land north of an east to west line 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Long Island Sound.[14] The Stratford proprietors agreed and began to make several large purchases from the Indians.

Mohegan Hills purchase

In 1661, Judson negotiated with Amantaneag, Akenotch and Ansantaway of the Paugussett Indians for a large tract of land known to the English as Mohegan Hills and to the Indians as Ackquunokquahou. The land was situated between the two branches of the Farmill River and was 5,000 acres (20 km2) in size and was bounded on the northwest by the lower part of Moose Hill and the south with Trap Falls. The land is located in what is now the towns of Shelton and Monroe.[15]

This purchase led to a disagreement with the Stratford selectmen and the town petitioned the Court at the Colony of Connecticut to settle differences with Judson over the ownership of the land. The Court appointed a time to hear the matter, but it seems, according to Stratford town records, to have been amicably settled without the help of the Court by the following town record;

The Town upon ye 6th December, 1672, sufficient consideration moving thereunto doe grant and allow to Lt. Joseph Judson the peacable improvement of so much land, good and bad altogether lying at ye place commonly called ye Mohegan Hills, ye hop-garden, meadow and lowland on both sides ye East Spraine of ye Far Mill River as high on that Sprayne as this accommodation reacheth, as is the proportion of an eight acre meadowed inhabitant to ye whole bounds, with this provision that it shall not be expected to be all laid out at present but successively as other proprietors.[16]

Long Hill purchase

In 1662, Judson negotiated a deed with the Indians for the territory of a considerable part of what is now the townships of Trumbull, Monroe and Easton, lying west of the land which the town of Stratford had previously purchased, or west of the Pequonnock River, extending to Fairfield line and from a line crossing the township east and west about at the Trumbull Church, or possibly a little further south, then north to Newtown. This was known as the Long Hill purchase.[17]

Public service

  • May 1661, asked by the Court at the Colony of Connecticut to set the town line between the shoreline settlements of Fairfield and Stratford.[18]
  • May 1675, appointed to a committee to view the lands of Derby, Woodbury, Mattatuck, Pootatuck and Wyantenock. [19] Judson was to measure the distance between place and place and to consider what may be suitable bounds for each town and present same to Court in October next.[20]
  • May 1678, appointed to a committee to view lands between Milford and Derby.[21] Also moved that the Court should order inhabitants of Woodbury to settle permanently within a month or lose all rights to lands there.[22]
  • October 1680, entered signed statement and agreement of town boundary for Woodbury, Derby and Mattatuck to the Court at the Colony of Connecticut.[23]
  • May 1684, named Deputy to the Court of the Colony of Connecticut and Lieutenant of the Train Band for Woodbury.[24]
  • October 1684, named Deputy to the Court of the Colony of Connecticut for Woodbury.[25]
  • May 1685, named Deputy to the Court of the Colony of Connecticut for Woodbury.[26] and appointed to a committee to run the line or bounds between Fairfield and Norwalk.[27]
  • October 1685, appointed Deputy for Woodbury.[28]
  • May 1686, appointed Deputy for Woodbury.[29]
  • October 1686, appointed Deputy for Woodbury.[30]
  • May 1687, appointed Commissioner for Woodbury.[31]
  • May 1689, appointed Commissioner or Justice of the Peace for Woodbury.[32]

Military service

  • In July 1665, appointed to a committee to prepare the colony against attack from the Dutch during the Second Anglo-Dutch war.[33]
  • June 1672, appointed Lieutenant of the Stratford Train Band.[34]
  • January 1675, Major Robert Treat and Major Nathan Gold asked the colony for officers in the army being raised in Fairfield County, Connecticut. Judson's name was hand written into the records by William Leete who suggested that Judson was such a suitable person.[35] The colony was raising troops to fight against the Narragansett Indians during the King Philip's War.
  • May 1676, appointed Captain of the eighty-two men raised in Fairfield County should Captain Jonathan Silleck be disinabled. Each soldier was ordered to have a pound of powder and three pounds of bullets and were to assemble at Norwich, Connecticut 27 May.[36]

Captain David Judson House was built by David Judson, a resident of Stratford, Connecticut, in 1723.[2] The new house was built on the stone foundation and incorporates the chimney of the original house built on the site in 1639 by Judson's great grandfather William.[3] William left the house to his son Joseph Judson in November 1660 when he removed to New Haven.[4][5][6] Nine generations of Judson's lived in the house until 1888.


  • 1.^ Orcutt Vol. 1 p. 110
  • 2.^ A complete history of Connecticut: civil and ecclesiastical, from the emigration of its first planters, from England, in the year 1630, to the year 1764 ; and to the close of the Indian wars, Volume 1, Benjamin Trumbull, Maltby, Goldsmith and Co. and Samuel Wadsworth, 1818 [1]
  • 3.^ The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut Vol. 1 p. 315[2]
  • 4.^ History of Ancient Woodbury Connecticut From the First Indian Deed 1659 to 1872, William Cothren, 1872, Vol. 2 p. 916
  • 5.^ History of Stratford 1639-1969, William Howard Wilcoxson, Stratford Tercentenary Commission, Stratford, Connecticut, 1939, p. 734
  • 6.^ Stratford Land Records Vol. 2, p. 82
  • 7.^ Orcutt Vol. 1, p. 111
  • 8.^ CTGENWEB website retrieved on 2011-04-11[3]
  • 9.^ History of Ancient Woodbury, Connecticut, William Cothren, 1854, p. 61[4]
  • 10.^ website retrieved 2011-04-03[5]
  • 11.^ HMDB Historical Marker database website retrieved 2011-04-04[6]
  • 12.^ Orcutt, Vol. 1, p. 22
  • 13.^ Orcutt Vol. 1 p. 92
  • 14.^ Orcutt, Vol. 1 p. 269
  • 15.^ Orcutt Vol. 1, p. 22
  • 16.^ Orcutt Vol. 1, p. 270
  • 17.^ Orcutt Vol., 1 p. 271
  • 18.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 1 p. 367
  • 19.^ The Connecticut Magazine Vol. 5 p. 499, October 1899, [7]
  • 20.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 2 p. 253
  • 21.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 3
  • 22.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 10-11
  • 23.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 70
  • 24.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 139
  • 25.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 156
  • 26.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 169
  • 27.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 175
  • 28.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 181
  • 29.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 195
  • 30.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 214
  • 31.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 230
  • 32.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 252
  • 33.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 2 p. 21
  • 34.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 2 p. 180
  • 35.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 2 p. 395
  • 36.^ Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 2 p. 279


  • Reverend Samuel Orcutt, A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut, Volume 1, Fairfield Historical Society, 1886
  • Reverend Samuel Orcutt, A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut, Volume 2, Fairfield Historical Society, 1886
  • History of Trumbull Dodrasquicentennial 1797–1972 Commemorative Book, Trumbull Historical Society, 1972
  • Connecticut General Assembly, The Public records of the Connecticut Colony 1636–1776, Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1885
  • William Cothren, History of Ancient Woodbury Connecticut, Bronson Brothers, Waterbury, 1854
  • Frederick Haines Curtiss, A Genealogy of the Curtiss Family, Rockwell and Churchill Press, Boston, 1903
  • William Richard Cutter, New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial, Lewis Historical Publishing, NY, 1914
  • Elias Sill Hawley, The Hawley Record, Press of E. H. Hutchinson & Co., Buffalo, NY, 1890


  • The descendants of William and Elizabeth Tuttle, who came from old to New England in 1635, and settled in New Haven in 1639, with numerous biographical notes and sketches : also, some account of the descendants of John Tuttle, of Ipswich; and Henry Tuthill, of Hingham, Mass. (1883)
  • In 1661-2 another assignment of seats was made. In the third long seat Mr. Goodenhausen, (Samuel Van Goodenhausen, who married the widow of Capt. Nathaniel Turner), Mr. Tuttle, William Judson (grandfather of 'James Judson, who married William Tuttle's granddaughter, Rebecca Wells'), John Gibbs and Lieut. Nash.
  • 24. Rebecca Welles, b. May, 1655; d. Nov. 5, 1717; m. Aug. 13, 1680, James Judson, b. April 24, 1650, s. of Lieut. 'JOSEPH and SARAH (PORTER) JUDSON of Windsor, Conn'. He was a deputy to the gen. court. Lieut. of dragoons, and Capt; res. Stratford, Conn. He d. Feb. 25, 1721; m. (2) Nov. 20, 1718 (a cous. of his 1st wf.), Ann, dau. of Samuel Wells and wid. of James Steel of Wethersfield; s. i.
  • ------------------------------
  • New England families, genealogical and memorial: a record of the ..., Volume 2 edited by William Richard Cutter
  • Pg.1069
  • Willam Judson, the immigrant ancestor, was born in England, in Yorkshire, according to tradition, and came to America in 1634, to Concord, Massachusetts, where he lived for four years. Then he located at Hartford, Connecticut, ......He died July 29, 1662. His wife Grace died at New Haven, September 29, 1659 and he married (second) Elizabeth, widow of Benjamin Wilmot. The will of Elizabeth was dated January or February, 1685, and the inventory was taken November 10, 1685. Children, born in England: 1. 'JOSEPH, 1619, lived in Roxbury, Massachusetts, four years, then moved to Wethersfield, Connecticut, where he was made a freeman in May 1638; elected representative to general assembly, 1639; lieutenant of train band of Stratford, June, 1672, and served in King Philip's war in 1676; was very prominent in town affairs, and owned a large amount of land in Stratford, of which he was a founder; was deputy from that place to general assembly several times; commissioner of the town, also; married SARAH, daughter of John PORTER, and had ten children. 2. Jeremiah. 3. Joshua, mentioned below.
  • (II) Joshua, son of William Judson, was born October 27, 1624. He married Ann, daughter of John Porter, of Windsor. He died in 1661. She married (second) John Hurd, son of Adam Hurd, in 1662. Children of Josua and Ann Judson, born at Stratford: Ann, 1656; Joshua, December 3, 1658; Samuel, mentioned below.
  • ----------------------
  • A history of the old town of Stratford and the city Bridgeport ..., Volume 2 By Samuel Orcutt, Fairfield County Historical Society, Bridgeport
  • Pg. 1228
  • Lieut. 'JOSEPH, son of William and Grace JUDSON, came with his father to Stratford when nineteen years of age, in 1639. He m. SARAH, dau. of John PORTER (?), of Windsor, Oct. 24, 1644. She died mar. 16, 1696-7, aged 70. He died Oct. 8, 1690, aged 71. It is also stated that John Porter, of Windsor, had no daughter SARAH. (See sketches on pages 110 and 250.)
  • Sarah, b. Mar. 2, 1645; m. Edmund Howell, of Southampton, L. I., in 1664.
  • John, b. Dec. 10, 1647.
  • James, b. Apr. 24, 1650.
  • Grace, b. Feb. 19, 1651; m. Samuel Prudden, 1669.
  • Joseph, b. mar. 10, 1654; d. Feb. 1, 1678, unm.
  • Hannah, b. Dec. 13, 1657; m. Samuel Wadsworth, of Farmington, in 1689, and had Hannah, Sarah and Samuel.
  • Esther, b. Aug. 20, 1660; m. Benjamin Curtis.
  • Joshua, twins, b. Oct. 27, 1664; d. y.
  • Ruth, twins, b. Oct. 27, 1664, m. Samuel Wells, of hartford.
  • Phebe, b. Oct. 29, 1666; d. Nov. 1, 1676.
  • Abigail, b. Sep. 15, 1669; m. Josiah Curtis.
  • ------------------------
  • History of ancient Woodbury, Connecticut: from the first ..., Volume 2, Part 1 By William Cothren
  • Pg.588
  • Lt. 'JOSEPH, (2) eldest son of William, was fifteen years of age when his father came to New England. He lived with him at Concord, Mass., four years, removed thence to Stratford, Conn., married in 1644, in his 25th year, SARAH, dau. of John PORTER of Windsor, she being 18 years of age. He was a leading man in the early days of the colony, being frequently called to sustain the duties of public office. He d. Oct. 9, 1690, and was buried in Stratford. His widow d. March 16, 1696. Children,
  • I. Sarah, b. March 2, 1645; m. Edward Howel of South Hampton, L. I., in 1664.
  • II. John, b. Dec. 2, 1647; d. Jan. 12, 1709, aged 62.
  • III. James, b. April 24, 1650; m. Rebecca Wells of Stratford.
  • IV. Grace, b. Feb. 19, 1651; m. Samuel Prudden of Milford.
  • V. Joseph, b. march 10, 1654; d. Feb., 1678.
  • VI. Hannah, b. Dec. 13, 1657; m. Samuel Wadsworth of Farmington.
  • VII. Joshua, b. Dec. 3, 1658. (THIS IS STATED AS INCORRECT, THIS JOSHUA BEING THE SON OF JOSHUA AND ANN PORTER in History of ancient Woodbury, Connecticut: from the first Indian ..., Volume 2 By William Cothren, , Pg.1510 Corrections & Additions)
  • VIII. Esther, b. Aug. 20, 1660; m. Benjamin Curtiss of Stratford.
  • IX. Joshua, b. Oct. 27, 1664.
  • X. Ruth, b. Oct. 27, 1664; m. Samuel Wells of Hartford.
  • XI. Phebe, b. Oct. 29, 1666; d. Nov. 1, 1676.
  • XII. Abigail, b. Sept. 15, 1669; m. Josiah Curtiss of Stratford, and d. Nov. 21, 1697.
  • ---------------------


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Lt. Joseph Judson's Timeline

Kirby Mooreside, Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)
October 24, 1644
Age 25
Stratford, New Haven Colony (Present Fairfield County), (Present Connecticut), (Present USA)
March 2, 1645
Age 26
Stratford, Fairfield, Ct
December 10, 1647
Age 28
Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA
April 24, 1650
Age 31
Stratford, New Haven Colony (Present Fairfield County), (Present Connecticut), (Present USA)
February 19, 1651
Age 32
Stratford, Fairfield, CT
March 10, 1654
Age 35
Stratford, Fairfield, Ct
December 13, 1657
Age 38
Stratford, Fairfield, Ct
August 20, 1660
Age 41
Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA
October 27, 1664
Age 45
Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA