About Samuel Bancroft, Jr.
FOUNDER OF GRANVILLE MA.
Daughters of American Revolution Ancestor #: A005654
Service: MASSACHUSETTS Rank: SECOND LIEUTENANT
Birth: 4-22-1737 WEST SPRINGFIELD MASSACHUSETTS
Death: 1-2-1820 GRANVILLE MASSACHUSETTS
Service Description: 1) CAPT. WILLIAM COOLEY, 2) COL. JOHN MOSELEY MILITIA.
Notes for LT. SAMUEL BANCROFT IV: From Hubert Howe Bancroft Memoirs of his grandfather Samuel:
He was a tall, thin, voluble old gentlemen, fond of company, jokes and anecdotes.
He served in the French and Indian war, and afterward in the Revolutionary war with the rank of Lieutenant. He responded to the Lexington Alarm as a private and in 1776, and served in Captain William Cooley's company and Col. John Moseley's regiment in the northern army.
He was paid in continental money, receiving it in sheets, which he never cut apart. It was valued as an historical Revolutionary War document, and as such, he valued it very highly. He was very fond of relating incidents of the war, and was never happier than when surrounded by old comrades and neighbors, talking over different campaigns, with a mug of cider warming before the fire.
His nick-name was "Slim-legs", his being tall and slim.
He died in 1820 and is buried beside his father in Granville, MA. "Son of the American Revolution" is engraved on his grave stone.
More About LT. SAMUEL BANCROFT IV: Baptism: August 30, 1738, First Congregational Church, W. Springfield, MA Burial: West Cemetery, Granville Center, MA
SAMUAL BANCROFT: FIRST SETTLER OF GRANVILLE MASSACHUSETTS:
On Jan. 25, 1754, Granville Massachusetts was incorporated as a village. The early settlers were pleased with the soil, which was rich and fruitful. This area was claimed owned by an Indian named Toto, who sold the land to James Cornish of Westfield on June 10,1686 for 16 brass buttons and an old flintlock gun. Cornish sold part of the land to Atherton Mathers of Sheffield, Massachusetts. Mathers later sold to 44 "proprietors" who purchased areas varying from 100 acres to 3500 acres in extent. (Note: this is a tradition, land was sold for good and loving considerations). The General Court of Massachusetts gave their approval with certain "zoning laws". "The persons mentioned (must) within 3 years from the present session build so many dwelling houses thereon of 18 feet square and 7 feet stud at the least, as shall, with what are already built, make 70 in the whole; and have 70 families settled therein; and for each family have 6 acres of land brought to and plowed, or brought to English grass and fitted to mowing; and do also within said time build a meeting house for the public worship of God and settle a learned, orthodox minister." (From "Early History of Granville", a pamphlet given me to the library at Granville in 1966.) By 1750 there were 76 settlers with families in the township. The meetinghouse had been built but had burned and another was "a-building".
The first settler was Samuel Bancroft of Springfield who had fought in the Revolutionary War. Then came Daniel Cooley, Jonathan Rose, Samuel Gillet, Thomas Spelman, John Root, Ephraim Munson, Phineas Pratt and Thomas Brown. The next group was Jabez Dunham, Peter Gibbons, Jonathan Church and Asa Seymour. From Durham, Connecticut came 24 men with wives and children. Among these were the Roses, Baldwins, Bates, Bartletts, Coes, Curtises, Robinsons, Parsons, Stewarts, Graves, Hitchcocks and John Tibbals.
The Phelps and Gorham Purchase was the purchase in 1788 of the pre-emptive right to some 6,000,000 acres (24,000 km2) of land in western New York State for $1,000,000 (equivalent to $20,000,000,000 in 2005).
The purchase included the region around Granville MA, whereupon the residents of Granville MA decided to move within a decade the entire town population when the lands opened in Ohio. The town sent forth a party to Ohio to buy land, plant crops and build houses, which were built in the familiar New England style of homes they had in Massachusetts. The townspeople in Massachusetts then traveled together by ox cart with all of their worldly goods and animals, to found the town of Granville Ohio.