About Luigi Jacobini
- catholic-hierarchy.org... ; it.wikipedia.org... + lithographie ; 2.fiu.edu... ; Ludovico Jacobini - picture with signature ;
- a priest for 32.4 years
- a bishop for 12.9 years
- a cardinal for 7.4 years
- knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece - Spanish Branch - 1886
(13) 3. JACOBINI, Lodovico (1832-1887)
Birth. January 6, 1832, Genzano, diocese of Albano. Son of Andrea Raimondo Jacobini and Ottavia Jacobini, who were counsins in the second degree. Cousin of Cardinal Angelo Jacobini (1882).
Education. Seminary of Albano, Albano. Sapienza University, Rome (doctorate in theology, July 20, 1857; doctorate in utroque iuris, both civil and canon law, June 25, 1858).
Priesthood. Ordained, September 23, 1854, Rome. Further studies, Rome, 1854-1858. Staff member of the secretariat of Ecclesiastical Affairs. Domestic prelate of His Holiness. Secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, Oriental rites. Secretary of the first commission for the preparation of the Syllabus, 1862. Ablegato in Spain. Canon of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. Protonotary apostolic de numero participantium. Charged with the gathering and publication in one volume of the answers of the world bishops to the questionnaire for the preparation of the ecumenical council, 1867. Secretary of the preparatory commission for the church discipline of the First Vatican Council; under secretary of the council, 1869-1870.
Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tessalonica, March 20, 1874. Consecrated, March 24, 1874, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Costantino Patrizi, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, assisted by Pietro de Villanova Castellacci, titular archbishop of Petra, and by Antonio Rossi Vaccari, titular archbishop of Colosse. Nuncio in Austria, March 27, 1874.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1879; received red hat and title of S. Maria della Vittoria in the consistory of December 16, 1880. Decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan, 1880. Secretary of State and administrator of the Wealth of the Holy See, December 16, 1880 until his death.
Death. February 28, 1887, a few minutes after noon, Rome, after suffering from gout for nearly two years and which eventually caused his death after affecting his chest; the illness had greatly diminished la possibilità di governo ed azione (1). Exposed in his cardinalitial title; and buried in the Chapel of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, Campo Verano Cemetery, Rome. The solemn funeral, celebrated by Alessandro Sanminiatelli Zabarella, titular archbishop of Tiana, papal almoner, took place on March 6, 1887 at 10 a.m., in the church of S. Maria Traspontina with the attendance of twenty-one cardinals.
Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche = Gratianus series. Série Instruments de recherche; Variation: Collection Gratianus.; Série Instruments de recherche), p. 487-490; L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, XXVII, n. 48 ( March 1, 1887), p. 3; XXVII, n. 49 (March 2, 1887), p. 1; XXVII, n. 53 (March 6, 1887), p. 3; Squicciarini, Donato. Nunzi apostolici a Vienna. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1998, pp. 222-224.
Links. Biography by Rainer Witt, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; his engraving and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia
Volume II (1990) columns from 1404 to 1405 Author: Rainer Wittmann
Jacobini, Lodovico, papal diplomat, Cardinal, * 6.1. 1832 in Genzano (Lazio), + 28.2. 1887 in Rome. - J. was born into a wealthy family that could afford him an excellent education. He attended the theological seminary of Albano and business legal studies, then in Rome. J. then enters the service of the Curia, where he quickly runs through the office hierarchy. In 1862 he is secretary of the 1st Commission on the editorial staff of the Syllabus of Pius IX., Shortly after Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Church discipline of 1 Vatican. As during the first Vatican the first Council Secretary, Joseph Fessler ill, his successor enters J.. This position allows him to get in the shortest time insights into the ramified structure of the universal Church. On 24 March 1874 is appointed J. Nuncio in Vienna. Although he has little international experience, he demonstrates extraordinary diplomatic skills. to him succeeds a balance between the Curia and Austria-Hungary, which had denounced the Concordat of 1870 and wanted to win in 1874, three bills, the guardianship of the church. More important still is its role in the settlement of the culture war with Prussia and the German Empire had been. J., of the German Centre Party was very fond rendered, in his talks with Windthorst (December 1878) and Bismarck (September 1879) important educational work. Leo XIII. J. then visited with more power from wealth - 19 September 1879 appointment as cardinal, 16 December 1880 appointment as Secretary of State - so that J was able to continue the initiated relaxation in the culture war. But despite the success achieved was formed in opposition to Vatican J., had great influence on the Pope, so that J's position more and more weakened. In the summer of 1886, J. seriously ill and retires to Genzano back to the headquarters of his family. Although coming up fast speculation about his replacement and succession, J. stands in January 1887 again in the middle of church politics. That case involved the granting of the Army budget for seven years in the German Reichstag (Septennat), which is the center - against the wishes of the mansion - did not want to give. In two famous notes J. reached directly into the so-called Septennatsstreit between the center and the Curia. The first Jacobi niche note of 3.1. 1887 called the center to join in the Septennat, while the second Jacobi niche Note of 21.1. In 1887, the need for the continued existence of the Centre Party (and thus their right to unlimited freedom of action) said. This paved the way for communication between J. Curia, center, and national government. But he should no longer experience this success, J., died on 28.2. 1887 in Rome.