Lyman Hall, M.D. (1724 - 1790) MP

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Birthplace: Wallingford, New Haven, Connecticut
Death: Died in Augusta, Richmond, Georgia, United States
Occupation: Physician; clergyman; Gov. of Georgia, physician, clergyman, and statesman
Managed by: John W. Dowling
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About Lyman Hall, M.D.

Lyman Hall (April 12, 1724 – October 19, 1790), physician, clergyman, and statesman, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Georgia. Hall County is named for him.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyman_Hall

Hall graduated from Yale College in 1747 and studied theology with his uncle, Rev Samuel Hall (1695–1776; Yale 1716) in Cheshire, CT. In 1749, he was called to the pulpit of Stratfield Parish (now Bridgeport, CT). His pastorate was a stormy one: an outspoken group of parishioners opposed his ordination; in 1751, he was dismissed after charges against his moral character which, according to one biography, "were supported by proof and also by his own confession." He continued to preach for two more years, filling vacant pulpits, while he studied medicine and taught school.

In 1752, he married Abigail Burr of Fairfield, Connecticut, however, she died the following year. In 1757, he married again to Mary Osborne. He migrated to South Carolina and established himself as a physician at Dorchester, South Carolina, near Charleston, a community settled by Congregationalist migrants from Dorchester, Massachusetts decades earlier. When these settlers moved to the Midway District – now Liberty County – in Georgia, Hall accompanied them. He soon became one of the leading citizens of the newly founded town of Sunbury.

On the eve of the American Revolution, St. John's Parish, in which Sunbury was located, was a hotbed of radical sentiment in a predominantly loyalist colony. Though Georgia was not initially represented in the First Continental Congress, through Hall's influence, the parish was persuaded to send a delegate – Hall himself – to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to the Second Continental Congress. He was admitted to a seat in Congress in 1775, a seat that he held until 1780. He was one of the three Georgians to sign the Declaration of Independence.

In January 1779, Sunbury was burned by the British. Hall's family fled to the North, where they remained until the British evacuation in 1782. Hall then returned to Georgia, settling in Savannah. In January 1783, he was elected an early governor of the state – a position that he held for one year. While governor, Hall advocated the chartering of a state university, believing that education, particularly religious education, would result in a more virtuous citizenry. His efforts led to the chartering of the University of Georgia in 1785. At the expiration of his term as governor, he resumed his medical practice.

In 1790, Hall removed to a plantation in Burke County, Georgia, on the Carolina border, where he died on October 19 at the age of 66. Hall's widow, Mary Osborne, survived him, dying in November 1793. His one son, John, died shortly after and left no children of his own.

Lyman Hall is memorialized in Georgia where Hall County, Georgia bears his namesake; and in Connecticut, his native state, where the town of Wallingford honored him by naming a high school after its distinguished native son. Elementary schools in Liberty County, Georgia and in Hall County, Georgia are also named for him.

Signers Monument, a granite obelisk in front of the courthouse in Augusta, Georgia, memorializes Hall and the other two Georgians who signed the Declaration of Independence. His remains were re-interred there from his original grave on his plantation in Burke County.

Lyman Hall is portrayed in the 1969 Broadway musical 1776 and in the 1972 film of the same name by Jonathan Moore. As presented in the play and in the film, at a critical point in the struggle of John Adams to convince his fellow delegates to the Second Continental Congress to choose independence, Hall re-enters the chamber to change Georgia's vote. He says he has been thinking: "In trying to resolve my dilemma I remembered something I'd once read, 'that a representative owes the People not only his industry, but his judgment, and he betrays them if he sacrifices it to their opinion.' It was written by Edmund Burke, a member of the British Parliament." Hall then walks over to the tally board and changes Georgia's vote from "Nay" to "Yea."

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History of Wallingford, Conn. by Charles Henry Stanley Davis

Genealogies - Part 1, pg. 756, 766, 767

"Lyman Hall, son of John and Mary Street Hall, was graduated at Yale college in 1747, Representative in Congress from the state of Georgia, signer of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He died in 1791, he left no children, was Governor of the state of Georgia in 1790." -------------------- (WIKIPEDIA): Lyman Hall (April 12, 1724 - October 19, 1790), was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Georgia. Hall County is named for him.

EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY: Born in Wallingford, Connecticut, on April 12, 1724, Lyman Hall was the son of John Hall and Mary Street. Hs paternal grandfather, Hon. John Hall (1670-1730), was a member of the Governor's Council and a Justice of the colony's supreme court. His maternal grandfather was Rev. Samuel Street (Harvard 1664), Wallingford's first pastor.

Hall graduated from Yale College in 1747 and studied theology with his uncle, Rev. Samuel Hall (1695-1776; Yale 1716) in Cheshire, CT. In 1749, he was called to the pulpit of Stratfield Parish (now Bridgeport, CT). His pastorate was a stormy one: an outspoken group of parishoners opposed his ordination; in 1751, he was dismissed after charges against his moral character which, according to one biography, "were supported by proof and also by his own confession." He continued to preach for two more years, filling vacant pulpits, while he studied medicine and taught school.

In 1752, he married Abigail Burr of Fairield, Connecticut, however, she died the following year. In 1757, he married again to Mary Osborne. He migrated to South Carolina and established himself as a physician at Dorchester, South Carolina, near Charleston, a community settled by Congregationalist migrants from Dorchester, Massachusetts decades earlier. When hese settlers moved to the Midway District -- now Liberty County -- in Georgia, Hall accompaniedthem. He soon became one of the leading citizens of the newly founded town of Sunbury.

REVOLUTIONARY WAR: On the eve of the American Revolution, St. John's Parish, in which Sunbury was located, was a hotbed of radical sentiments, where the rest of the young colony was mostly loyalist on its sympathies. Though Georgia was not initially represented in the First Continental Congress, through Hall's influence, the parish was persuaded to send a delegate -- Hall himself -- to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to the Second Continental Congress. He was admitted to a seat in Congress in 1775, a seat that he held until 1780. He was one of the three Georgians to sign the Declaration of Independence.

In January 1779, Sunbury was burned by the British. Hall's family fled to the North, where they remained until the British evaculation in 1782. Hall then returned to Georgia, settling in Savannah. In January 1783, he was elected an early governor of the state - a position that he held for one year. While governor, Hall advocated the chartering of a state university, believing that education, particlarly religious education, would result in a more virtuous citizenry. His efforts led to the chartering of the University of Georgia in 1785. At the expiration of his term as governor, he resumed his medical practice.

DEATH AND LEGACY: In 1790, Hall removed to a plantation in Burke County, Georgia, on the Carolina border, where he died on October 19 at the age of 66. Hall's widow, Mary Osborn, survived him, dying in November 1793. His one son, John, died shortly after and left no children of his own.

Lyman Hall is memorialized in Georgia and in Connecticut, his native state, where the town of Wallingford honored him by naming a high school after its distinguished native son. There are also elementary schools named for him in Liberty County, Georgia, and in Hall County, Georgia, which is also named for him.

Signers Monument, a granite obelisk in front of the courthouse in Augusta,Georgia, memorializes Hall and the other two Georgians who signed the Declaration of Independence. His remains were re-interred there from his original grave on his plantation in Burke County -------------------- Signer of the Declaration of Independence.

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Lyman Hall, signer of the "Declaration of Independence"'s Timeline

1724
April 12, 1724
Wallingford, New Haven, Connecticut
1760
1760
Age 35
1790
October 19, 1790
Age 66
Augusta, Richmond, Georgia, United States
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Augusta, Richmond, Georgia, United States