Subbulakshmi Madurai Shanmukhavadivu (1916 - 2004)

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Records for Subbulakshmi Shanmukhavadivu

720 Records

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Birthplace: Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Death: Died in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Managed by: Shrinivasan V
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Subbulakshmi Madurai Shanmukhavadivu

Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi (Tamil: மதுரை சண்முகவடிவு சுப்புலட்சுமி, Madhurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi ? 16 September 1916 – 11 December 2004), also known as M.S., was a renowned Carnatic vocalist. She was the first musician ever to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.[1] She is the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award, often considered Asia's Nobel Prize,[2] in 1974 with the citation reading "Exacting purists acknowledge Srimati M. S. Subbulakshmi as the leading exponent of classical and semi-classical songs in the Karnataka tradition of South India. Subbulakshmi (Kunjamma to her family) was born in Madurai, Madras Presidency, India to veena player Shanmukavadiver Ammal and Subramania Iyer. Her grandmother Akkammal was a violinist.

She started learning Carnatic music at an early age and trained in Carnatic music under the tutelage of Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and subsequently in Hindustani music under Pandit Narayanrao Vyas. She also learned Sanskrit and Telugu under Dr. Nedunuri Krishnamurthy.

Her mother, from the devadasi community, was a music exponent and a regular stage performer, and Subbulakshmi grew up in an environment very conducive to musical learning. Her musical interests were also shaped by regular interactions with Karaikudi Sambasiva Iyer, Mazhavarayanendal Subbarama Bhavathar and Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar.[5] Subbulakshmi gave her first public performance in 1929 when she was 13 years old at the prestigious Madras Music Academy. The performance consisted of singing bhajans (Hindu hymns).[6] The academy was known for its discriminating selection process, and they broke tradition by inviting a young girl as a key performer. Her performance was described as spellbinding and earned her many admirers and the moniker of musical genius from critics. Soon after her debut performance Subbulakshmi became one the leading Carnatic vocalists. In 1936 Subbulakshmi moved to Madras (now Chennai).[8] She also made her film debut in Sevasadan in 1938,.[9] M.S. Subbulakshmi began her Carnatic classical music training under her mother Shanmugavadivu; and later in Hindustani classical training under Pandit Narayan Rao Vyas. Subbulakshmi first recording was released when she was 10 years old. She gave her first public performance, at the age of eleven, in the 100 pillar hall inside the Rockfort Temple, Tiruchirappalli; with Mysore Chowdiah on the violin and Dakshinamurthy Pillai on the mriganga.[10] By the age of 17, Subbulakshmi was giving concerts on her own, including major performances at the Madras Music Academy, a prestigious centre for the study and promotion of Carnatic music. Performance in Carnatic music concerts, was until then, a domain, traditionally reserved for men. She performed a vast variety of devotional musical forms in different languages including Tamil, Kannada, Sanskrit, Panjabi, Hindi, Malayalam, Telugu, Bengali, Gujarati and Marathi.

When the governor of Madras wanted the famous spiritual leader, Mata Sri Anandamayi Ma, to reside in his residence, Anandamayi Ma replied, "I will stay in the house of Subbulakshmi. She is Meera to me." Within two days, Sadasivam had special quarters built in their garden for Mata to give darshan and arranged for a new well to be dug nearby for fresh drinking water. Every evening thousands of people gathered there.

She traveled to London, New York, Canada, the Far East, and other places as India's cultural ambassador. Her concerts at

   Edinburgh International Festival of Music and Drama in 1963
   Carnegie Hall, New York; the UN General Assembly on UN day in 1966
   Royal Albert Hall, London in 1982
   Festival of India in Moscow in 1987

were significant landmarks in her career.[11] In 1969 she was accompanied by Indian Railways Advisor SN Venkata Rao to Rameshwaram, where she famously sang several songs in front of each idol in the Rameshwaram temple.

After the death of her husband Kalki Sadasivam in 1997, she stopped all her public performances. Films

M.S. also acted in a few Tamil films in her youth. Her first movie Sevasadanam was released in 1938. MS Subbulakshmi also played the male role of Narada in "Savitri" (1941) to raise money for launching Kalki, her husband's nationalist Tamil weekly. Her title role of the Rajasthani saint-poetess Meera in the eponymous 1945 film gave her national prominence. This movie was re-made in Hindi in 1947. The movie had M.S Subbulakshmi. sing the famous Meera bhajans, with Dilipkumar Roy as the music director. Later, she quit films and turned wholly to concert music. Awards and honours

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had this to say about M.S. Subbulakshmi- "Who am I, a mere Prime Minister before a Queen, a Queen of Music". While Lata Mangeshkar called her Tapaswini (the Renunciate), Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan termed her Suswaralakshmi (the goddess of the perfect note), and Kishori Amonkar labeled her the ultimate eighth note or Aathuvaan Sur, which is above the seven notes basic to all music. The great national leader and poet Sarojini Naidu called her "Nightingale of India". Her many famous renditions of bhajans include the chanting of Bhaja Govindam, Vishnu sahasranama (1000 names of Vishnu), Hari Tuma Haro and the Venkateswara Suprabhatam (musical hymns to awaken Lord Balaji early in the morning).

She was widely honored, praised and awarded. Some of the more popular ones include[12]

   Padma Bhushan in 1954
   Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1956
   Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1968 (literally, Treasure Chest of Music. She was the first woman recipient of the title)
   Ramon Magsaysay award (often considered Asia's Nobel Prize) in 1974
   Padma Vibhushan in 1975
   Kalidas Samman in 1988
   Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration in 1990
   Bharat Ratna in 1998.

She was honored as the court-singer[Asthana Vidhwan] of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams.[13] Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) has installed a bronze statue of M.S. Subbulakshmi at the Poornakumbham circle in the temple town. It was unveiled by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy on 28 May 2006.[14]

The famous Kancheepuram Saree shade known as MS Blue was named after her[15] by the well known Congress party member and philanthropist, Sri Muthu Chettiyar when they met at the residence of Sri R. Aiyadurai and Smt. Thangam Aiyadurai at Lady Desikachari Road, Madras, who were close friends of MS and Sadasivam.

She was bestowed with enormous prize moneys with these awards, she donated most of them to charity. She has given more than 200 charity concerts and raised well over Rs. 10,000,000. She was awarded honorary degree degrees from several Universities.

She was an ardent devotee of Kanchi Mahaswamigal and she rendered his composition Maithreem Bhajatha (O World! Cultivate peace) in her concert at the UN in 1966. Venkatesa Suprabhatam in Gramaphone record of HMV, the royalty from which goes to the Veda Patasala run by the Tirupati Tirumala Devasthanam.[16] She donated many of the royalties on several best sold records to many charity organizations.

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M S Subbulakshmi's Timeline

1916
September 16, 1916
Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
1947
April 4, 1947
Age 30
CHENNAI, INDIA, TAMILNADU, INDIA

ON FRIDAY, 4TH APRIL 1947 AT 8.00 PM AT INDIAN GYMKHANA GROUNDS, BHARATHANATYAM AND ABHINAYAM BY RADHA & ANANDHI.
THE TWO WERE A WERY POPULAR DANCE DEO WITH MUSIC, SUNG BY M S SUBBULAKSHMI AND SONG COMPOSED BY BHARATHIAR.

1980
1980
Age 63
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Annamacharya Pancharatna Album released
Read article on Kadayanallur Venkatraman
Release of Balaji Pancharatnamala recording
Childhood in Madurai
Childhood details enumerated in the book Past Forward as told to her grand neice Gowri Ramnarayan.
MS recounts her childhood in Past Forward by Gowri Ramnarayan
 « Previous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Next »

1981
1981
Age 64

VISWA BHARATAUNIVERSITY IN SHANTINIKETAN, AWARDING TITLE OF DESIKOTAMMA.

1997
1997
Age 80
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
1998
1998
Age 81
Delhi, India

M S S RECEIVES THE BHARAT RATNA, INDIA'S HIGHEST CIVILIAN HONOUR. SHE IS THE FIRST MUSICIAN TO RECEIVE THIS AWARD.

2004
June 21, 2004
Age 87
Delhi, India

THE DELHI CHIEF MINISTER SHEILA DICSHIT, CONFERED THE 'LIFE TIME ACHEIVEMENT AWARD' ON RENOWNED VOCALIST AND BHARAT RATNA RECEIPIENT M S SUBBULAKSHMI

December 11, 2004
Age 88
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
????
????
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

1962
Aug 05: Mother Shanmugavadivu passes away
Madurai Shanmugavadivu

1963
Concert in the Festival of Arts at Edinburgh, Scotland

See article about Edinburgh Music Festival 1963
The Sadasivams travel to Edinburgh


Album with Venkatesha Suprabhatam released

"Her first full-length album for the Gramophone Company of India (GCI), which was recorded over 40 years ago, still manages to sell over 2 lakh copies every year. The album - 'Sri Venkatesa Suprabhatam,' which is a wake-up call for Lord Venkateswara - was recorded in 1963 by GCI, Saregama India's earlier avatar, in the LP (or long playing) format. The company says it manages to sell at least 15,000 cassettes and CDs each month in South India, with between 2,000 and 3,000 more coming from the rest of the country."

Read Article

1966
UN Concert

See article about UN concert

See PDF booklet and brochure here
The UN Tour Group.
(L to R) T. K. Murthy,
T.H. Vinayakaram, Vijaya,
MS, Radha and
V.V. Subramaniam

1967
1967 - Ravindra Bharathi Cultural Academy's Award
1968
1968 - MS becomes the first woman to receive the title of Sangeetha Kalanidhi from Chennai Music Academy.

MS Acceptance Speech

Photograph of MS giving the presidential address
Music Academy Group photograph with MS as Sangeetha Kalanidhi

MS giving her Sangita Kalanidhi acceptance speech

1970
1970 - Isai Periaringar Virudhu conferred on MS by Tamil Isai Sangam

Vishnu Sahasranamam & Bhaja Govindam Album released
MSS Vishnu Sahasranamam & Bhaja Govindam Album Cover


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