MATSYA (VIRATA) KING OF VIRATA

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MATSYA (VIRATA) KING OF VIRATA

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Death: (Date and location unknown)
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Husband of SUDESHNA MATSYA (VIRATA)
Father of UTTAR KUMARA PRINCE VIRATA; UTTARA ABHIMANYU; SHANKHYA MATSYA; SHWETA MATYA and VABHRO
Brother of SATANIKA

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About MATSYA (VIRATA) KING OF VIRATA

KING OF MATSYA WHERE PANDAVAS LIVED DURING 13 tH YEAR OF EXILE.

Matsya or Machcha (Sanskrit for fish), classically called the Mese(pron.: /ˈmiːziː/), was the name of a tribe and the state of the Vedic civilization of India. It lay to south of the kingdom of Kurus and west of the Yamuna which separated it from the kingdom of Panchalas. It roughly corresponded to former state ofJaipur in Rajasthan, and included the whole of Alwar with portions ofBharatpur. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagara (modern Bairat) which is said to have been named after its founder king Virata. In Pāliliterature, the Matsya tribe is usually associated with the Surasena. The western Matsya was the hill tract on the north bank of Chambal. In early 6th century BCE, Matsya was one the solasa (sixteen) Mahajanapadas (great kingdoms) mentioned in the Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya, but its political clout had greatly dwindled and had not much of political importance left by the time of Buddha. The Mahabharata (V.74.16) refers to a King Sahaja, who ruled over both the Chedis and the Matsyas which implicates that Matsya once formed a part of the Chedi Kingdom. Meenas are considered the brothers and kinsmen of Virata, the ruler of Virat Nagar. The descendents of Lav Rama's eldest son ruled this area (from Rajorgarh) led by powerful Bargujar Kings till 11th century CE.

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MATSYA (VIRATA) KING OF VIRATA's Timeline

-3068
December -3068
Dhaka, Dhaka, Dhaka Division, Bangladesh

1) PANIC IN KAURAVA CAMP, AS DURYODHANA'S SPIES NOT LOCATING, THE PANDAVAS IN EXILE DURING THEIR 13TH YEAR.

2) DURYODHANA INVADING MATSYA KINGDOM

3) PANDAVAS IDENTITY REVEALED AND UTTIRA'S WEDDING

December -3068
Dhaka, Dhaka, Dhaka Division, Bangladesh
-3068
India

A) PANDAVAS IN DISGUISE AT KING VIRATA'S PALACE.

PANDAVA --- CASTE --- ASSUMED NAME--- TYPE OF WORK

1) YUDHISTHIRA-- BRAHMANA-- KANKA--- COURTIER

2) BHIMA-- BALLAVA--- COOK

3) ARJUNA--- EUNUCH--- BRIHANNALA---- DANCE & MUSIC

4) NAKULA-- GRANTHIKA- -- LOOK AFTER HORSES

5) SAHADEVA--- CONTAMER-- TANTIPALA-- LOOK AFTER ROYAL HERD

6) DRAUPADI---- SAIRANDHRIS--- MAID TO QUEEN

B) HIDING WEAPONS

C) DRAUPADI'S PROBLEMS AT WORK PLACE, AND HOW BHIMA HELPS TO SOLVE THEM.

-3067
January -3067
Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

1) PANDAVA DISCUSS WAR STRATEGY WITH ALLIES

2) DRUPADA'S PEACE EFFORT THROUGH HIS ROYAL PRIEST SANJAYA

3) ARJUNA SET OUT TO DWARAKA TO SEEK KRISHNA'S HELP

4) KAVRAVAS PEACE MISSION THROUGH SANJAYA

5) BOTH SIDE ALLIES & WAR ARRANGEMENTS

December 4, -3067
Kurukshetra, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Day 13--DEC 4th WEDNESDAY- ABHIMANYU KILLS LAKSHMAN KUMARA (DURYODHANA'S SON); AND ABHIMANYU WAS KILLED BY JAYADRATHA.

Duryodhana summoned King Bhagadatta, the monarch of Pragjyotisha (modern day Assam, India). Bhagadatta had thousands of gigantic elephants in his stable and was considered the strongest warrior on this planet in elephant warfare. Bhagadatta attacked Arjuna with his gigantic elephant named Suprateeka. It was a fierce battle in which Bhagadatta matched Arjuna astra for astra.
On the other side of the battlefield, the remaining four Pandavas and their allies were finding it impossible to break Dronacharya's Chakravyuha formation. As Arjuna was busy fighting with the Trigartadesa princes and the Prajayogastha monarch on the other side of the battlefield, he could not be summoned to break the Chakravyuha formation, which could only be broken by entering and exiting the formation. Yudhisthira instructed, Abhimanyu, one of Arjuna's sons to break the Chakravyuha formation. Abhimanyu knew the secret of entering the Chakravyuh formation, but did not know how to exit it. In the Chakra vyuh, many Kaurava princes attacked Abhimanyu simultaneoursly (against the rules of Dharma yuddh) and killed him.
Upon learning of the death of his son, Arjuna vowed to kill Jayadratha on the morrow before the battle ended at sunset, otherwise he would throw himself into the fire.

ON THE 13TH DAY

A) ENTERING CHAKRAVYUKHA

1) THE SAMSHAPTAHA CHALLENGED ARJUNA TO THE FAR SOUTH OF THE BATTLE FIELD, AWAY FROM THE CHAKRAVYUKHA.
2) GHATOTKACHA, DRUPADA, VIRATA AND OTHERS FROM PANDAVA SIDE TRIED TO PENETRATE THE FORMATION OF CHAKRAVYUKHA BUT IN VAIN.
3) YUDHISTHIRA REQUESTED ABHIMANYU TO BREAK CHAKRAVYUKHA
4) IT WAS FEARFUL BATTLE THAT ABHIMANYU FOUGHT SINGLE HANDEDLY.
5)ABHIMANYU GREATLY TORMENTED THE KAURAVA ARMY.
6) JAYADRATHA OBSTRUCTED THE PATH OF PANDAVA ARMY ENTERING CHAKRAVYUKHA AND CONTAINED THEIR ADVANCES.

B) WITHIN CHAKRAVYUKHA BRAVE ABHIMANYU FIGHTS

1) WITH ONE SHARP ARROW, HE BEHEADED, DURYODHANA'S SON LAKHMANA AND WOUNDED DURYODHANA & KARNA
2) KARNA SHOT ABHIMANYU'S BOW TO PIECES
3)KRITAVARMA KILLED HIS HORSES
4) KRIPA SHOT HIS ATTENDANTS
5) ABHIMANYU PICKED UP A SWORD &SHIELD AND JUMPED INTO THE FRAY
6) SHIELD WAS SHATTERED BY KARNA
7)ABHIMANYU PICKED UP A WHEEL WHICH WAS BROKEN TO PIECES
8) HE TOOK UP A MACE; DUSHASANA'S SON ALSO TOOK UP A MACE; HURT BY EACH OTHERS BLOWS, BOTH COLLAPSED SIMULTANEOUSLY
9) RECOVERING FIRST , SON OF DUSHASANA STRUCK A HEAVY BLOW ON ABHIMANYU'S HEAD AND ABHIMANYU FELL NEVER TO RISE AGAIN.

C)ARJUNA'S VOW

1)YUDHISTHIRA NARRATED, HOW JAYADRATHA WITH THE ASSURANCE OF A BOON GIVEN BY SIVA, RESTRAINED THE PANDAVAS, FROM GOING TO THE HELP OF ABHIMANYU.
2) ANGERED BY THE DEATH OF HIS SON, ARJUNA THUS TOOK THE VOW TO " KILL JAYADRATHA BEFORE SUNDOWN NEXT DAY OR I WILL CONSIGN MYSELF TO FLAMES"

December 5, -3067
- December 5, -3067
Kurukshetra, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

ON THE 14th NIGHT OF THE BATTLE,
1) KAURAVA SOLDERS ENFEEBLED BY LACK OF SLEEP AND TERRIFIED BY THE DARK NIGHT AMOK UNDER ARJUNA'S ONSLAUGHT.
2) GHATOTKACHA TRIED VARIOUS TRICKS AND CREATED ILLUSION AFTER ILLUSION TO SCARE ASHWATTHAMA.
3)THE KAURAVA ARMY RAN HALTER SHELTER IN FEAR OF ARJUNA.
4)ALL THIS WHILE THE BATTLE WAS BEINGWAGED IN THE DEAD OF NIGHT, AIDED BY GUESSWORK AND THE CALLING OUT OF NAMES.
5) DURYODHANA COMMANDED HIS SOLDERS ON FOOT TO CARRY TORCHES AND THE PANDAVA SOLDERS DID LIKEWISE AND SOON THE WHOLE BATTLE FIELD WAS LIT UP.
6) THE TWO RAKSHASAS, GATOTKACHA & ALAMBHUSA FOUGHT WITH VARIOUS WEAPONS AND FINALLY WITH BARE HAND. AT LAST WITH A SWORD & DREADFUL CRY GATOTKACHA CUT OFF HIS OPPONENT'S HEAD.
7) ALTHOUGH KARNA ABLY CONFRONTED HIM, GATOTKACHA'S ONSLAUGHT TERRIFIED THE KAURAVAS.
RELUCTANTLY KARNA TOOK UP THE SHAKTI IN HIS RIGHT HAND AND HURLED IT AT GATOTKACHA; THE SHAKTI PIERCED AND FELLED GATOTKACHA AND A VAST NUMBER OF KAURAVA SOLDERS WERE CRUSHED UNDER HIS WEIGHT.
8) WITH TWO SHARP JAVELINS, DRONA KILLED VIRATA AND DRUPADA. DHRISTADYUMNA WAS STUNNED WITH GRIEF.

-3067
Dhaka, Dhaka, Dhaka Division, Bangladesh

King Virata was very happy to have won the war against Susharma and Duryodhana. He came to know that the five Brahmins who had helped him protect his kingdom were none other than the brave Pandavas. He was very grateful. He also came to know that for one year Arjuna had lived in palace as a servant where he taught music to his daughter, Uttara. He was overwhelmed with gratitude and said, "Brave Arjuna, please accept my daughter's hand in marriage." Arjuna replied, "I have been your daughter's teacher, I am like her father, I can't marry her. Instead of me marry her to my brave son, Abhimanyu." King Virata's joy had no bounds. Arjuna called for his son who was at that time in Dwarka. The wedding was celebrated with great splendour. Abhimanyu's mother, Subhadra; Abhimanyu's uncles, Krishna and Balarama; also graced the occasion.
Read more at http://www.kidsgen.com/fables_and_fairytales/indian_mythology_stori...

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