Madeleine Renee Du Bois (de Croix) (c.1565 - 1633) MP

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Birthplace: Angers, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France
Death: Died in Leiden, Leiden, South Holland, The Netherlands
Managed by: Elizabeth Ellen Prince
Last Updated:

About Madeleine Renee Du Bois (de Croix)

Further research at the Stanford Library resulted in this i nformation fr om "Les Plus Anciennes Familles du Monde" b y J.H. de Randeck, Editions Sla trme Geneve 1984: de Croi x Ancienne chevalerie de la Flandre wallonne ou elle possed a le fief de Cro ix situe en la chatellenie de Lille. Son p remiere auteur, I. Eustache, Seigneur de Croix et de Mandr es, Chevalier, suivit son princ e, le Comte de Flandre et d e Hainaut, Baudouin IX, dan l'expedition en Ter re Sainte . Mais les fatigues d'un si long voyage lui couterent l a v ie et il mourut a Constantinople en 1202. De Mathilde , il avait laisse. II. a) Gilles Chevalier,

b) Jean I, Chevalier, et

c) Wauthier, Chanoine, puis Eveque de Tournai en 1251 , mort en 126 6. Le fils de Jean I et de sa femme nee Isab eau de Lannoy. III. Jean II, laissa de jeanne de la Viervi lle, entre autres, IV. Olivier, Seigneur de Durnez, qui ep ousa Agnes de Langlee, d'ou. X. Pierre, Seigneur de Bus et c., epoux d'Esther Herlin, fille du Seigne ur de Jeullain , dont. XI. Baudoin II de Croix, Chevalier, Seigneur de He uchin, etc., qui se tro uva aux batailles de Rocroy et de T ournai et mourut en 1637. Il abait epo use en 1613 Anne d e Locquenghien, fille du sire d'Oudenarde. Leur arriere -a rriere-petit-fils, XV. Alexandre, Marquis de Croix, Cheval ier de Saint Louis, espousa en 17 50 la Comtessa Marie Ann e de Groesbeck, dont. XVI. Charles, Marquis de Croix, depu te de la noblesse de la province d'Ar tois en 1789, alors a ge de 29 ans. Pair de France en 1814, il avait epous e, l e 22 novembre 1802, Augustine, fille du Marquis de Vasse, v idame du Ma ns. Ils sont les ancetres directs de l'actuel . XXI. Marquis de Croix et des autres agnats, residant e n Belgique et en Fr ance.

I believe the gentleman below is probably related to the Fr ench de Croix f amily, though he is certainly not in our di rect line:

From the Encyclopedia Brittanica: Clerfayt, Charles Josep h de Croix, Graf von (1733-1798), Austrian field ma rshal , was born at Bruille in Hainaut on Oct. 14, 1733. He ente red the Au strian Army in 1753, distinguished himself durin g the Seven Years' War (17 56-63) and also took part in th e Turkish War of 1787. In 1792, he was giv en command of t he Austrian contingent in the duke of Brunswick's army . H is corps was conspiciously successful at Croix-sous-Bo is and inflicted a h eavy defeat on the French.

In the Netherlands in 1793 he had initial successes at A ldenhoven a nd at the siege of Maestricht and a decisive vi ctory at Neerwinden (Mar ch 18, 1793). After that his fort unes changed: he was defeated at Wattig nies, and his camp aign in West Flanders in the following year was also uns uc cessful. Clerfayt succeeded the Duke of Saxe-Coburg as com mander in chi ef, but his troops were outclassed by the Fre nch and withdrew east of t he Rhine.

By 1795, he had become a field marshal and was commandin g on the midd le Rhine against Jourdan, whom he defeated a t Hochst (Oct. 11, 1795) and M ainz. The armistice terms w hich he concluded were badly received in Vien na and he res igned.

It is my conclusion that it is likely that Madeline was i n fact not a daug hter of the Count of Anjou, but rathe r a daughter of the de Croix fami ly in the Chatelleine o f Lilly. The reasoning is that Wicres, the du Bo is home , is located in the immediate vicinity to the southwest bet ween Lil le and Basse. The city of Croix is located just n orth of Lille. Thus, t he surname, de Croix. Contradictin g this conclusion is her birthplace, A ngers, which has alw ays been the Anjou home. I believe the information be lo w supports my conclusion.

Importance: A good portion of the royalty of the time wa s related in so me fashion or another to Anjou. The Cape t first were Counts of Anjou. S ee Jadwiga of Anjou and hi s importance in the renaissance of Eastern Centr al Europe . In the 10th century, an adventurer of Frankish origin ar riv ed in Anjou and was made Forester of the King's lands . He did a good j ob and was gradually promoted. He or hi s son became Count d'Anjou. His d ecendents were Fulk le R echin (the Red), Fulk le Jeune, then Geoffrey Plan tagenet . The later members of this line are directly decended fro m Charle magne. Geoffrey married Matilda, the daughter o f Henry I, of England, t he son of William the Conqueror, t he son of Robert I, the Demon, Son of Ri chard II, Son of R ichard I, son of William Longsword, son of Rollo, Du ke o f Normandy. The son of Geoffrey and Matilda became the Eng lish King H enry II and married Eleanor of Acquitaine, of w hom you no doubt have hear d. This started the 100 years w ar. Some notable decendents of this li ne are Edward the B lack Prince, King Richard I the Lionheart, King John, K in g Henry III, John of Gaunt. Henry's son Geoffrey and his so n Arthur beca me Counts of Anjou.

Henry III assumed the title, then renounced claim to Anjo u in 1259.

Charles then became Count of Anjou. He was the son of Isab elle of Arag on and Philip III de Valois (1270-1285). Th e succession was as follows: P hilip VI (1328-1350), who be came King of France when his cousin, the la st Capetian die d in 1328, John II, King of France (1350-64), Louis I, Du k e of Anjou, d 1384, Louis II, Duke of Anjou, d 1417. The l ast of this li ne was Rene, who died in 1480. He had fou r legitimate daughters, Margar et d'Anjou, Queen of England , Yolanda, Yvonne, and Yvette, as well as an i llegitimat e son and daughter. Yolanda became Duchess of Lorraine an d ulti mately founded the line which caused our Protestan t ancestors extreme grie f, both in France (the Duke of Gui se and his brother the Cardinal) a nd in England (Mary, Que en of Scots.) Margaret was kicked out of Engla nd after t he Lancaster side lost in the War of the Roses and then wa s forc ed to "sell" Anjou to Louis the Spider in return fo r an annual stipen d. I am not sure what happened to th e third daughter and the illegitima te children "disappeare d," if they survived, which which is doubtful giv en the a ctive interest of Louis the Spider.

The succession then "devolved upon the crown," which mean t essentially th at members of the Royal Family became th e Dukes d'Anjou. Henry III (1551- 1589), son of King Henr y II and Catherine de Medici, became Duke of Anjo u, probab ly at a young age. He then became King of Poland, which h e aband oned, then King of France (1574-1589). He was marr ied to Louise de Lorrai ne, a daughter of the Duke of Guise . Francois (1554-1584), Duke of Alenc on then became Duk e of Anjou. Henry de Navarre, who had married Margueri t e de Valois, divorced her when he became King of France an d married Mar ie de Medici. This ended the Valois line i n France.

However, note that Catherine of Valois (1401-37) daughter o f Charl es VI of France, married Henry V of England, becam e the mother of Henry V I, and married Owen Tudor after Hen ry V's death, from which the House of T udor (Henry VIII, L ady Jane Grey, Elizabeth I) is decended. Note also th at s he supported the Lancastrian side in the War of Roses and w as execute d. Her daughter was married to Maximillien I, Em peror of Austria. Also, t he House of Valois founded the V alois-Durazzo line (Kings of Naples & Sici ly) and also mar ried into the Hungarian Royal Family. Other notable rela t ives were Philip the Fair and Philip the Bold, Dukes of B urgundy .

Problem: Madeleine de Croix was born in 1565 and her paren ts in the 1530 s. Henry III was born in 1551, which woul d have made him 14 years of a ge at the time of Madeleine' s birth. Francois was born in 1554, which wou ld have mad e him 11. There is strong evidence that Henry III possesse d li ttle interest in women. It is logical to assume tha t the parents of Madel eine, if in fact Count and Countes s of Anjou, must have been install ed by an earlier King.

Louis XI (1461-83) the Spider was King when Rene died. Cha rles VIII succe eded him (1483-98). Louis XII succeeded hi m and was married to a sist er of King Henry VIII. Francis (1494-1547) succeeded him. Francis had sev en children. L ouise (1515-1517), Charlotte (1516-24), Francis (1518-36 ) , Henry II, King of France (1519-59), Madeleine (1520-37) , Charles (1522- 45), and Margaret (1523-74). Louis XI ha d two daughters. I am not su re of the decendents of Charle s VIII. Of the seven children of Francis, o nly Francis wa s old enough to be a grandparent of Madeleine and he di e d at age 18. Henry II had a mistress, who he loved. His a ge during t he 1530s would have been from 11 to 21. Again , possible, but unlikely. T his leaves some decendent of L ouis XI, XII, or Charles VIII. None of th em have appropria te decendents.

This brings up the issue of Catherine de Medici. She plann ed Saint Bartho lomew's Day Massacre in 1572 by inviting th e Protestant nobility to the we dding of her daughter Margu erite de Valois to King Henry of Navarre. T he Marquis Jac ques Louis Wallerund du Bois was born in 1560 and would h a ve been age 12 at the time. He died in Leyden, Holland , so he was certain ly a Protestant. Thus, his presence i n France at any time after 1572 wou ld have been unpleasan t both to the de Medici and the Guise. So how d id he beco me a Marquis? This is not a trivial title. In the ranks o f Eng lish nobility, it is above Earl and below Duke. Th e same is the case f or French nobility. The Du Bois wer e located near the City of Lille, Fran ce which was changin g hands during the relevant era.

The next 40 years of European history were dominated by a d iplomatic strug gle between the Valois and the Hapsburg fam ilies. Obviously, Lille w as in the middle of all of this . Thus, du Bois or De Croix mig ht be at a given time Bur gundian, French, or Spanish or Austrian. A lo ok at the ma ps of the time indicate that this area of France did not su ppo rt the Burgundians, even though it was part of their do main. Thus their a bsence in Burgundian records. On the o ther hand, French nobility might n ot consider Lille nobili ty French etc.

With this background given, I state that I have not yet fou nd a connecti on between Du Bois and Anjou. The first prob lem I have experienced is th at the source documentation a t Stanford University is in French and I do n ot speak or r ead French. The second problem is that D'Anjou is not docu me nted as well as Bourbon in the Encyclopedias because th e time concern ed is earlier. What I have found indicate s that Madeleine de Croix h as no connection with Anjou.

Father: Anjou De Croix b: Abt 1530 in Angers, Anjou, France

Marriage 1 Jacques Louis Wallerund Dubois b: 1560 in Wicres, France

•Married: 1583 in Nord, Wicres, France 3 2

•Change Date: 5 Nov 2007

Children

1. Sarrentje De Croix Dubois b: 1587 in Wicres, Artois, France

2. Louis Coyne Dubois b: 1590 in Wicres, Artois, France

3. Martella Dubois b: 1594 in Wicres, Artois, France

4. Chretien Dubois b: 1597 in Wicres, La Bassa, Artois, France

Sources:

1.Abbrev: World Family Tree Vol. 10, Ed. 1

Title: World Family Tree Vol. 10, Ed. 1

Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.

Publication: Release date: May 6, 1997

Note:

Customer pedigree.

Repository:

Name: Norvan L. Johnson

178 th St.

Tinley Park, IL 60477 USA

Page: Tree #3592

Quality: 3

Text: Date of Import: Jun 7, 1999 2.Abbrev: 10-3592.ftw

Title: 10-3592.ftw

Repository:

Name: Norvan L. Johnson

178 th St.

Tinley Park, IL 60477 USA

Text: Date of Import: Jun 8, 1999 3.Abbrev: World Family Tree Vol. 10, Ed. 1

Title: World Family Tree Vol. 10, Ed. 1

Author: Brøderbund Software, Inc.

Publication: Release date: May 6, 1997

Note:

Customer pedigree.

Repository:

Name: Norvan L. Johnson

178 th St.

Tinley Park, IL 60477 USA

Page: Tree #3592

Text: Date of Import: Jun 7, 1999 -------------------- Wallerund DU BOIS [Parents] was born about 1547 in Des Finnes, France. He died in Crusades. He was sealed to his parents submitted 26 May 2004. Wallerund was baptized submitted 26 May 2004. He was endowed submitted 26 May 2004. Wallerund married Antionette DE COYNE about 1559 in , , Of France.

Antionette DE COYNE was born about 1530. She married Wallerund DU BOIS about 1559 in , , Of France.

--------------------

from "Les Plus Anciennes Familles du Monde" by J.H. de Randeck, Editions Slatrme Geneve 1984: de Croix Croix situe en la chatellenie de Lille.

prince, le Comte de Flandre et de Hainaut, Baudouin IX, dan l'expeditionen Terre Sainte. Mais les fatigues d'un si long voyage lui couterent lavie et il mourut a Constantinople en 1202. De Mathilde, il avait laisse.

1266. Le fils de Jean I et de sa femme nee Isabeau de Lannoy.

Seigneur de Jeullain, dont. trouva aux batailles de Rocroy et de Tournai et mourut en 1637. Il abaitepouse en 1613 Anne de Locquenghien, fille du sire d'Oudenarde. Leurarriere-arriere-petit-fils, 1750 la Comtessa Marie Anne de Groesbeck, dont. d'Artois en 1789, alors age de 29 ans. Pair de France en 1814, il avaitepouse, le 22 novembre 1802, Augustine, fille du Marquis de Vasse, vidamedu Mans. Ils sont les ancetres directs de l'actuel. France. family, though he is certainly not in our direct line:

marshal, was born at Bruille in Hainaut on Oct. 14, 1733. He entered the Austrian Army in 1753, distinguished himself during the Seven Years' War(1756-63) and also took part in the Turkish War of 1787. In 1792, he was given command of the Austrian contingent in the duke of Brunswick's army. His corps was conspicuously successful at Croix-sous-Bois and inflicted a heavy defeat on the French. at the siege of Maestricht and a decisive victory at Neerwinden (March18, 1793). After that his fortunes changed: he was defeated at Wattignies, and his campaign in West Flanders in the following year was also unsuccessful. Clerfayt succeeded the Duke of Saxe-Coburg as commander in chief, but his troops were outclassed by the French and withdrew east of the Rhine. middle Rhine against Jourdan, whom he defeated at Hochst (Oct. 11, 1795) and Mainz. The armistice terms which he concluded were badly received in Vienna and he resigned. daughter of the Count of Anjou, but rather a daughter of the de Croix family in the Chatelleine of Lilly. The reasoning is that Wicres, the DuBois home, is located in the immediate vicinity to the southwest between Lille and Basse. The city of Croix is located just north of Lille.Thus, the surname, de Croix. Contradicting this conclusion is her birthplace, Angers, which has always been the Anjou home. I believe the information below supports my conclusion. some fashion or another to Anjou. The Capet first were Counts of Anjou. See Jadwiga of Anjou and his importance in the renaissance of Eastern Central Europe. In the 10th century, an adventurer of Frankish origin arrived in Anjou and was made Forester of the King's lands. He did a good job and was gradually promoted. He or his son became Count d'Anjou. His decedents were Fulk le Rechin (the Red), Fulk le Jeune,then Geoffrey Plantagenet. The later members of this line are directly decended from Charlemagne. Geoffrey married Matilda, the daughter o Henry I, of England, the son of William the Conqueror, the son of Rober tI, the Demon, Son of Richard II, Son of Richard I, son of William Longsword, son of Rollo, Duke of Normandy. The son of Geoffrey and Matilda became the English King Henry II and married Eleanor of Acquitaine, of whom you no doubt have heard. This started the 100 years war. Some notable decedents of this line are Edward the Black Prince, King Richard I the Lionheart, King John, King Henry III, John of Gaunt. Henry's son Geoffrey and his son Arthur became Counts of Anjou.

and Philip III de Valois (1270-1285). The succession was as follows: Philip VI (1328-1350), who became King of France when his cousin, the last Capetian died in 1328, John II, King of France (1350-64), Louis I, Duke of Anjou, D 1384, Louis II, Duke of Anjou, D 1417. The last of this line was Rene, who died in 1480. He had four legitimate daughters ,Margaret d'Anjou, Queen of England, Yolanda, Yvonne, and Yvette, as wellas an illegitimate son and daughter. Yolanda became Duchess of Lorraine and ultimately founded the line which caused our Protestant ancestors extreme grief, both in France (the Duke of Guise and his brother the Cardinal) and in England (Mary, Queen of Scots.) Margaret was kicked out of England after the Lancaster side lost in the War of the Roses and then was forced to "sell" Anjou to Louis the Spider in return for an annual stipend. I am not sure what happened to the third daughter and the illegitimate children "disappeared," if they survived, which which is doubtful given the active interest of Louis the Spider. that members of the Royal Family became the Dukes d'Anjou. Henry III (1551-1589), son of King Henry II and Catherine de Medici, became Duke of Anjou, probably at a young age. He then became King of Poland, which he abandoned, then King of France (1574-1589). He was married to Louise de Lorraine, a daughter of the Duke of Guise. Francois (1554-1584), Duke of Alencon then became Duke of Anjou. Henry de Navarre, who had married Marguerite de Valois, divorced her when he became King of France and married Marie de Medici. This ended the Valois line in France. of France, married Henry V of England, became the mother of Henry VI, and married Owen Tudor after Henry V's death, from which the House of Tudor( Henry VIII, Lady Jane Grey, Elizabeth I) is decended. Note also that she supported the Lancastrian side in the War of Roses and was executed. Her daughter was married to Maximillien I, Emperor of Austria. Also, the House of Valois founded the Valois-Durazzo line (Kings of Naples & Sicily) and also married into the Hungarian Royal Family. Other notable relatives were Philip the Fair and Philip the Bold, Dukes of Burgundy . 1530s. Henry III was born in 1551, which would have made him 14 years of age at the time of Madeleine's birth. Francois was born in 1554, which would have made him 11. There is strong evidence that Henry III possessed little interest in women. It is logical to assume that the parents of Madeleine, if in fact Count and Countess of Anjou, must have been installed by an earlier King. succeeded him (1483-98). Louis XII succeeded him and was married to a sister of King Henry VIII. Francis (1494-1547) succeeded him. Francis had seven children. Louise (1515-1517), Charlotte (1516-24), Francis(1518-36), Henry II, King of France (1519-59), Madeleine (1520-37),Charles (1522-45), and Margaret (1523-74). Louis XI had two daughters. I am not sure of the decedents of Charles VIII. Of the seven children of Francis, only Francis was old enough to be a grandparent of Madeleine and he died at age 18. Henry II had a mistress, who he loved. His age during the 1530s would have been from 11 to 21. Again, possible, but unlikely. This leaves some decendent of Louis XI, XII, or Charles VIII. None of them have appropriate decedents. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in 1572 by inviting the Protestant nobility to the wedding of her daughter Marguerite de Valois to King Henry of Navarre. The Marquis Jacques Louis Wallerund du Bois was born in 1560 and would have been age 12 at the time. He died in Leyden, Holland, so he was certainly a Protestant. Thus, his presence in France at any time after 1572 would have been unpleasant both to the de Medici and the Guise. So how did he become a Marquis? This is not a trivial title. In the ranks of English nobility, it is above Earl and below Duke. The same is the case for French nobility. The Du Bois were located near the City of Lille, France which was changing hands during the relevant era. struggle between the Valois and the Habsburg families. Obviously, Lille was in the middle of all of this. Thus, du Bois or De Croix might be at a given time Burgundian, French, or Spanish or Austrian. A look at the maps of the time indicate that this area of France did not support the Burgundians, even though it was part of their domain. Thus their absence in Burgundian records. On the other hand, French nobility might not consider Lille nobility French etc. connection between Du Bois and Anjou. The first problem I have experienced is that the source documentation at Stanford University is in French and I do not speak or read French. The second problem is that D'Anjou is not documented as well as Bourbon in the Encyclopedias because the time concerned is earlier. What I have found indicates that Madeleine de Croix has no connection with Anjou.

-- http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=chan83&id=I022019

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Madeleine Renee Du Bois's Timeline

1565
1565
Angers, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France
1583
December 13, 1583
Age 18
La Basse, Lilli, Artois, Normandie, Wicres, France
1587
1587
Age 22
Wicres, La Basse, Artois, France
1591
1591
Age 26
Anjou, Isere, Rhone-Alpes, France
1593
1593
Age 28
Wicres, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
1594
1594
Age 29
Wicres, La Basse, Artois, France
1595
1595
Age 30
Wicres, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
1597
1597
Age 32
Wicres, Lille, Artois, France
1600
September, 1600
Age 35
Jacques DuBois, born 1600 in Tournai, Flanders, France
1602
1602
Age 37
Xavier DuBois, born 1602 in Tournai, Flanders, France (Belguim).