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Madog ap Maredudd

Also Known As: "Prince of Powys", "Madog Maredydd"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Montgomeryshire, Wales
Death: Died in Winchester, Hampshire, England
Place of Burial: St. Tysilio, Meifod, Montgomeryshire, Wales
Immediate Family:

Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Brenin of Powys and Hunydd verch Einudd
Husband of unknown verch Maer and Susanna verch Gruffydd
Father of Madoc; Noe Ap Madog; Owain ap Madog; Llewelyn ap Madog; Elise ap Madog and 9 others
Brother of Cadwgon ap Maredudd; Iorweth Goch ap Maredudd; Gruffudd ou ap Maredudd, Lord of Mawddwy; Dyddgu verch Maredudd and Hywel ap Maredudd
Half brother of Owain Gwynedd and Madog ou ab Maredudd, Brenin of Powys

Occupation: Burial St. Tysilio, Meifod, Montgomeryshire, Wales, aka Madawc ap MEREDITH; Prince/King of POWYS, King of Powys, Prince of Powys
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Madog ap Maredudd

Madog ap Maredudd

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madog_ap_Maredudd

Madog ap Maredudd (died 1160) was the last Prince of the entire Kingdom of Powys and for a time held the Fitzalan Lordship of Oswestry.

Madog was the son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn and grandson of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn. He followed his father on the throne of Powys in 1132. He is recorded as taking part in the Battle of Lincoln in 1141 in support of the Earl of Chester, along with Owain Gwynedd's brother Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd and a large army of Welshmen. In 1149 he is recorded giving the commote of Cyfeiliog to his nephews Owain Cyfeiliog and his brother Meurig. The same year Madog was able to seize Oswestry from William Fitzalan.

Defeat by Gwynedd

At this time the King of Gwynedd, between 1149 to 1150, Owain Gwynedd was exerting pressure on the borders of Powys, despite the fact that Madog was married to Susanna, Owain's sister. Madog made an alliance with Ranulf, Earl of Chester, but Owain defeated them at Coleshill in 1150 and took possession of Madog's lands in Iâl (English="Yale"]. In 1157 when King Henry II of England invaded Gwynedd he was supported by Madog, who was able to regain many of his lands, though he had to return the Lordship of Oswestry to William Fitz Alan. Madog died in 1160, and was buried in the church of St. Tysilio at Meifod, the mother church of Powys.

Succession Shared

Madog's eldest son, Llywelyn, was killed soon after his father's death and Powys was shared between a number of sons and nephews. Powys was never subsequently reunited, being separated into two parts Powys Fadog and Powys Wenwynwyn. Madog's death enabled Owain Gwynedd to annex part of northern Powys. The poet Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr in his elegy on Madog said:

   While Madog lived there was no man
   Dared ravage his fair borders
   Yet nought of all he held
   Esteemed he his save by God's might ...
   If my noble lord were alive
   Gwynedd would not now be encamped in the heart of Edeyrnion 

The Mabinogion

The Mabinogion tale The Dream of Rhonabwy is set during Madog's reign. The central character, Rhonabwy, is one of Madog's retainers sent to bring in Madog's rebellious brother Iorwerth. His titular dream contrasts his own time with the grandeur of King Arthur's period.[1]

Children

   * Llywelyn ap Madog
   * Gruffydd Maelor
   * Gwenllian ferch Madog, married Rhys ap Gruffydd, prince of Deheubarth
   * Marared ferch Madog, married Iorwerth Drwyndwn and was the mother of Llywelyn the Great

Notes

  1. ^ Gantz, Jeffrey (translator) (1987). The Mabinogion, pp. 177–191. New York: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044322-3.

References

   * John Edward Lloyd (1911). A history of Wales: from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest. Longmans, Green & Co. 
   * Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 176B-26

Madog ap Maredudd b abt 1091, Powys, Wales, d 1160, Winchester, Hampshire, England. He md Susanna verch Gruffydd abt 1130, daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan and Angharad verch Owain.

Children of Madog ap Maredudd and Susanna verch Gruffydd were:

Gruffydd-Maelor ap Madog, Lord of Bromfield, b abt 1146.

Marared verch Madog b abt 1150, Aberffraw Castle, Anglesey, Wales. She md Iorwerth-Drwyndwn ap Owain abt 1168, son of Owain-Gwynedd ap Gruffydd and Gwladys verch Llywarch.

Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys1,2,3,4

b. circa 1091, d. 1160

Father Maredudd I ap Bleddyn, Tywysog Powys5,2 b. 1047, d. 1132

Mother Hunydd ferch Einudd of Dyffrin Clwyd6,2 b. circa 1066

    Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys was the successor of Maredudd I ap Bleddyn, Tywysog Powys; Prince of Powys.7,8 Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys was born circa 1091 at Montgomeryshire, Wales. He was the son of Maredudd I ap Bleddyn, Tywysog Powys and Hunydd ferch Einudd of Dyffrin Clwyd.5,2,6 Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys married Susanna ferch Gruffudd ap Cynan o Gwynedd, daughter of Gryffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd and Angharad ferch Owain of Tegeingl, before 1129.9 Prince of Powys Fadog at Wales between 1132 and 1160.2,10 Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur 1160: "In this year Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys died at Winchester."11 Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys died in 1160 at Winchester, Hampshire, England. "Madoc Powysorum princeps obiit."9,2,12,13 He was the predecessor of Llywelyn ap Madog, Prince of Powys; Prince of North Powys.14

Family 1

Children

Llywelyn ap Madog, Prince of Powys b. c 1120?, d. c 116314

Gruffydd Maelor I ap Madog, Prince of North Powys+ b. c 1121, d. c 11915

Family 2

Susanna ferch Gruffudd ap Cynan o Gwynedd b. circa 1095

Children

Margred ferch Madog o Powys+ b. c 11299,2

Gwenllian verch Madog o Powys+ b. c 11291

Citations

[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, 97.

[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.

[S491] Welsh genealogy, manuscript, last quarter of 13th century unknown repository, 3.

[S490] Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and some of his contemporaries, manuscript, early 13th - 14th Century unknown repository, 29.

[S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg. 22, Chart IV, The House of Powys.

[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Elystan ap Gwaithfoed, 86.

[S485] Various, Annales Cambriae, "B" MS. of AC (BL MS. Cotton Domitian A.1), between 1088 and 1103.

[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU, 1075 - 1132.

[S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 176-6.

[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU, King of Powys & Prince of Wales.

[S1383] The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur, online www.webexcel.ndirect.co.uk/gwarnant/hanes/chronicle/chronicleintro.htm, 1160.

[S485] Various, Annales Cambriae, "B" MS. of AC (BL MS. Cotton Domitian A.1) .

[S1383] The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur, online www.webexcel.ndirect.co.uk/gwarnant/hanes/chronicle/chronicleintro.htm.

[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU.

Stories: Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr

Stories: (Welsh: "Cynddelw the Great Poet") 1155-1200 outstanding Welsh poet of the 12th century, court bard to Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys (d. 1160), and then to Madog's enemy Owain Gwynedd, prince of Gwynedd (d. 1170). The extant poems ascribed to him (about 50), composed in the Welsh bardic tradition of deliberate archaism, include a small amount of religious verse and a large number of eulogies to the chief princes throughout Wales. Cynddelw seems, therefore, to have been the chief bard of all of Wales.

-------------------- Madoc ap Maredudd / Madog ap Maredudd was the last king of Powys.

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Madog ap Maredudd's Timeline

1091
1091
Montgomeryshire, Wales
1120
1120
Age 29
Aberffraw Castle,Aberffraw,Anglesey,Wales
1123
1123
Age 32
Montgomeryshire, Wales
1125
1125
Age 34
Mechoin, Montgomeryshire, Wales
1125
Age 34
Mechoin, Montgomeryshire, Wales
1127
1127
Age 36
Montgomeryshire, Wales
1130
1130
Age 39
Montgomeryshire, Wales
1133
1133
Age 42
Wales
1133
Age 42
Montgomeryshire, Wales
1133
Age 42
Wales