Maj. General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart (CSA)

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Maj. General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart (CSA)'s Geni Profile

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James Ewell Brown Stuart

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Patrick, VA, USA
Death: Died in Richmond, VA, USA
Cause of death: Mortally wounded by a dismounted Federal cavalyman while defending the road to Richmond against Sheridan at Yellow Tavern
Place of Burial: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of Archibald Dabney Stuart and <private> Pannill
Husband of Flora St. George Cooke
Father of Flora Stuart; James Ewell Brown Stuart II; Virginia Pelham Waller and Philip St. George Cooke Stuart
Brother of Anne Dabney Stuart Peirce; Bethenia Pannill Stuart; Mary Tucker Stuart; David Pannill Stuart; William Alexander Stuart and 2 others

Occupation: Confederate Soldier
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About James Ewell Brown Stuart

The loss of this officer was irreparable, and was keenly felt by General Lee, who in General orders paid the following tribute to his memory:

Among the gallant soldiers who have fallen in this war, General Stuart was second to none in valor, in zeal and in unfaltering devotion to his country. His achievements form a conspicuous part of the history of this army, with which his name and services will be forever associated. To military capacity of a high order and all the nobler virtues of the soldier he added the brighter graces of a pure life, guided and sustained by the Christian’s faith and hope. The mysterious hand of an all-wise God has removed him from the scene of his usefulness and fame. His grateful countrymen will mourn his loss and cherish his memory. To his comrades in arms he has left the proud recollection of his deeds and his inspiring influence of his example.

R. E. Lee General

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Jeffry D. Wert wrote about Stuart:

Stuart had been the Confederacy's knight-errant, the bold and dashing cavalier, attired in a resplendent uniform, plumed hat, and cape. Amid a slaughterhouse, he had embodied chivalry, clinging to the pageantry of a long-gone warrior.

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James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart (February 6, 1833 – May 12, 1864) was a U.S. Army officer from Virginia and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image (red-lined gray cape, yellow sash, hat cocked to the side with a peacock feather, red flower in his lapel, often sporting cologne), his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert E. Lee's army and inspired Southern morale.

Stuart graduated from West Point in 1854 and served in Texas and Kansas with the U.S. Army, a veteran of the frontier conflicts with Native Americans and the violence of Bleeding Kansas. He participated in the capture of John Brown at Harper's Ferry. Resigning when his home state of Virginia seceded, he served first under Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley, but then in increasingly important cavalry commands of the Army of Northern Virginia, playing a role in all of that army's campaigns until his death. He established a reputation as an audacious cavalry commander and on two occasions (during the Peninsula Campaign and the Maryland Campaign) circumnavigated the Union Army of the Potomac, bringing fame to himself and embarrassment to the North. At the Battle of Chancellorsville, he distinguished himself as a temporary commander of the wounded Stonewall Jackson's infantry corps.

Arguably Stuart's most famous campaign, Gettysburg, was marred when he was surprised by a Union cavalry attack at the Battle of Brandy Station and by his separation from Lee's army for an extended period, leaving Lee unaware of Union troop movements and arguably contributing to the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg. Stuart received significant criticism from the Southern press as well as the postbellum proponents of the Lost Cause movement, but historians have failed to agree on whether Stuart's exploit was entirely the fault of his judgment or simply bad luck and Lee's less-than-explicit orders.

During the 1864 Overland Campaign, Union Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan's cavalry launched an offensive to defeat Stuart, who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Yellow Tavern.

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Maj. General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart (CSA)'s Timeline

1833
February 6, 1833
Patrick, VA, USA
1855
November 14, 1855
Age 22
Fort Riley, VA
1857
September 15, 1857
Age 24
Ft. Levenworth, , Kansas
1858
1858
Age 24
Ks
1860
June 26, 1860
Age 27
Madison, Riley, KS, USA
1863
October 9, 1863
Age 30
<, Patrick Co., Va.>
1864
May 12, 1864
Age 31
Richmond, VA, USA
May 13, 1864
Age 31
Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia