Maj. General "Mad" Anthony Wayne (Cont. Army)

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Anthony Wayne

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Easttown, PA, USA
Death: Died in PA, USA
Cause of death: Complications from gout
Place of Burial: St. David's (Radnor) Episcopal Church cemetery, Erie, PA, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Isaac Wayne and Elizabeth Wayne
Husband of Mary Wayne
Father of Margretta Atlee and Isaac Wayne, US Congress
Brother of Hannah VanLeer; William Wayne; Anne Hayman and Margaret Penrose Holstein
Half brother of Mad Anthony Whayne

Managed by: Kendall P Weis
Last Updated:

About Maj. General "Mad" Anthony Wayne (Cont. Army)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Wayne

Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 – December 15, 1796) was a United States Army general and statesman. Wayne adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his military exploits and fiery personality quickly earned him a promotion to the rank of brigadier general and the sobriquet of Mad Anthony.

Early life

Wayne was born to Isaac Wayne in Waynesborough, Chester County, Pennsylvania, near present-day Paoli. He was educated as a surveyor at his uncle's private academy in Philadelphia, as well as at the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania), Class of 1765, although he did not earn a degree. He was sent by Benjamin Franklin and some associates to work for a year surveying land they owned in Nova Scotia, after which he returned to work in his father's tannery, while continuing his surveying. He became a leader in Chester County and served in the Pennsylvania legislature in 1774–1780. His son Isaac Wayne, future U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania, was born in 1772.

American Revolution


A statue of General "Mad" Anthony Wayne stands in Fort Wayne's Freimann Square.At the onset of the war in 1775, Wayne raised a militia and, in 1776, became colonel of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. He and his regiment were part of the Continental Army's unsuccessful invasion of Canada where he was sent to aid Benedict Arnold, during which he commanded a successful rear-guard action at the Battle of Trois-Rivières, and then led the distressed forces at Fort Ticonderoga. His service resulted in a promotion to brigadier general on February 21, 1777.

Later, he commanded the Pennsylvania Line at Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown. After winter quarters at Valley Forge, he led the American attack at the Battle of Monmouth. During this last battle, Wayne's forces were pinned down by a numerically superior British force. However, Wayne held out until relieved by reinforcements sent by Washington. This scenario would play out again years later, in the Southern campaign.

The highlight of Wayne's Revolutionary War service was probably his victory at Stony Point. On July 15, 1779, in a nighttime, bayonets-only assault lasting thirty minutes, three columns, one personally led by Wayne, overcame British fortifications at Stony Point, a cliffside redoubt commanding the southern Hudson River. The success of this operation provided a boost to the morale of an army which had at that time suffered a series of military defeats. Congress awarded him a medal for the victory.

Subsequent victories at West Point and Green Spring in Virginia, increased his popular reputation as a bold commander. After the British surrendered at Yorktown, he went further south and severed the British alliance with Native American tribes in Georgia. He then negotiated peace treaties with both the Creek and the Cherokee, for which Georgia rewarded him with the gift of a large rice plantation. He was promoted to major general on October 10, 1783.

Political career


Statue of Wayne at Valley ForgeAfter the war, Wayne returned to Pennsylvania and served in the state legislature for a year in 1784. He then moved to Georgia and settled upon the tract of land granted him by that state for his military service. He was a delegate to the state convention which ratified the Constitution in 1788.

In 1791, he served a year in the Second United States Congress as a U.S. Representative of Georgia but lost his seat during a debate over his residency qualifications and declined running for re-election in 1792.[1]

Frontier general


General Wayne with the Legion of the United States, 1794.President George Washington recalled Wayne from civilian life in order to lead an expedition in the Northwest Indian War, which up to that point had been a disaster for the United States. Many American Indians in the Northwest Territory had sided with the British in the Revolutionary War. In the Treaty of Paris that had ended the conflict, the British had ceded this land to the United States. The Indians, however, had not been consulted, and resisted annexation of the area by the United States. The Western Indian Confederacy achieved major victories over U.S. forces in 1790 and 1791 under the leadership of Blue Jacket of the Shawnees and Little Turtle of the Miamis. They were encouraged and supplied by the British, who had refused to evacuate British fortifications in the region as called for in the Treaty of Paris.

Washington placed Wayne in command of a newly-formed military force called the "Legion of the United States". Wayne established a basic training facility at Legionville to prepare professional soldiers for his force. Wayne's was the first attempt to provide basic training for regular U.S. Army recruits and Legionville was the first facility established expressly for this purpose.

He then dispatched a force to Ohio to establish Fort Recovery as a base of operations. On August 3, a tree fell on Wayne's tent. He survived, but was rendered unconscious. By the next day, he had recovered sufficiently to resume the march.[2] On August 20, 1794, Wayne mounted an assault on the Indian confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, in modern Maumee, Ohio (just south of present-day Toledo), which was a decisive victory for the U.S. forces, ending the war. Wayne then negotiated the Treaty of Greenville between the tribal confederacy and the United States, which was signed on August 3, 1795. The treaty gave most of what is now Ohio to the United States, and cleared the way for that state to enter the Union in 1803.


His grave.

"Mad" Anthony Wayne statue in Valley Forge National Historical Park.Wayne died of complications from gout during a 1796 return trip to Pennsylvania from a military post in Detroit, and was buried at Fort Presque Isle (now Erie, Pennsylvania) where the modern Wayne Blockhouse stands. His body was disinterred in 1809 and, after boiling the body to remove the remaining flesh, as many of the bones as would fit in two saddlebags were relocated to the family plot in St. David's (Radnor) Episcopal Church cemetery in Radnor, Pennsylvania. A legend says that many bones were lost along the roadway that encompasses much of modern U.S. Route 322, and that every January 1 (Wayne's birthday), his ghost wanders the highway searching for his lost bones.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Anthony_Wayne

Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 – December 15, 1796) was a United States Army general and statesman. Wayne adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his military exploits and fiery personality quickly earned him a promotion to the rank of brigadier general and the sobriquet of Mad Anthony.

American Revolution

At the onset of the war in 1775, Wayne raised a militia unit and, in 1776, became colonel of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. He and his regiment were part of the Continental Army's unsuccessful invasion of Canada where he was sent to aid Benedict Arnold, during which he commanded a successful rear-guard action at the Battle of Trois-Rivières, and then led the distressed forces at Fort Ticonderoga. His service resulted in a promotion to brigadier general on February 21, 1777.

Later, he commanded the Pennsylvania Line at Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown. After winter quarters at Valley Forge, he led the American attack at the Battle of Monmouth. During this last battle, Wayne's forces were pinned down by a numerically superior British force. However, Wayne held out until relieved by reinforcements sent by Washington. This scenario would play out again years later, in the Southern campaign.

The highlight of Wayne's Revolutionary War service was probably his victory at Stony Point. In July 1779 Washington named Wayne to command the Corps of Light Infantry, a temporary unit of four regiments of light infantry companies from all the regiments in the Main Army. On July 16, 1779, in a bayonets-only night attack lasting thirty minutes, three columns of light infantry, the main attack personally led by Wayne, stormed British fortifications at Stony Point, a cliffside redoubt commanding the southern Hudson River. The success of this operation provided a boost to the morale of an army which had at that time suffered a series of military defeats. Congress awarded him a medal for the victory.

On January 1, 1781, Wayne, then the commanding officer of the Pennsylvania Line of the Continental Army, was faced with a mutiny over pay and conditions that was one of the most serious of the war. The mutiny was successfully resolved by dismissing about one half of the line, which Wayne then had to rebuild. This work was largely completed by May 1781, but it delayed his departure to Virginia, where he had been sent to assist the Marquis de Lafayette against British forces operating there. The line's departure was delayed once more when the men again complained about being paid in the nearly-worthless Continental currency.

In Virginia, Wayne led Lafayette's advance forces in an action at Green Spring, where he led a bayonet charge against the numerically superior British forces after stepping into a trap set by Charles Cornwallis. This increased his popular reputation as a bold commander. After the British surrendered at Yorktown, he went further south and severed the British alliance with Native American tribes in Georgia. He then negotiated peace treaties with both the Creek and the Cherokee, for which Georgia rewarded him with the gift of a large rice plantation. He was promoted to major general on October 10, 1783.

Political career

After the war, Wayne returned to Pennsylvania and served in the state legislature for a year in 1784. He then moved to Georgia and settled upon the tract of land granted him by that state for his military service. He was a delegate to the state convention which ratified the United States Constitution in 1788.

In 1791, he served a year in the Second United States Congress as a U.S. Representative of Georgia but lost his seat during a debate over his residency qualifications and declined to run for re-election in 1792.

President George Washington recalled Wayne from civilian life in order to lead an expedition in the Northwest Indian War, which up to that point had been a disaster for the United States. Many American Indians in the Northwest Territory had sided with the British in the Revolutionary War. In the Treaty of Paris that had ended the conflict, the British had ceded this land to the United States. The Indians, however, had not been consulted, and resisted annexation of the area by the United States. The Western Indian Confederacy achieved major victories over U.S. forces in 1790 and 1791 under the leadership of Blue Jacket of the Shawnees and Little Turtle of the Miamis. They were encouraged and supplied by the British, who had refused to evacuate British fortifications in the region as called for in the Treaty of Paris.

Washington placed Wayne in command of a newly-formed military force called the "Legion of the United States". Wayne established a basic training facility at Legionville to prepare professional soldiers for his force. Wayne's was the first attempt to provide basic training for regular U.S. Army recruits and Legionville was the first facility established expressly for this purpose.

He then dispatched a force to Ohio to establish Fort Recovery as a base of operations. On August 3, a tree fell on Wayne's tent. He survived, but was rendered unconscious. By the next day, he had recovered sufficiently to resume the march. On August 20, 1794, Wayne mounted an assault on the Indian confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, in modern Maumee, Ohio (just south of present-day Toledo), which was a decisive victory for the U.S. forces, ending the war. Wayne then negotiated the Treaty of Greenville between the tribal confederacy and the United States, which was signed on August 3, 1795. The treaty gave most of what is now Ohio to the United States, and cleared the way for that state to enter the Union in 1803.

Wayne died of complications from gout on December 15, 1796 during a return trip to Pennsylvania from a military post in Detroit, and was buried at Fort Presque Isle (now Erie, Pennsylvania) where the modern Wayne Blockhouse stands. His body was disinterred in 1809 and, after boiling the body to remove the remaining flesh, as many of the bones as would fit in two saddlebags were relocated to the family plot in St. David's Episcopal Church cemetery in Radnor, Pennsylvania. A legend says that many bones were lost along the roadway that encompasses much of modern U.S. Route 322, and that every January 1 (Wayne's birthday), his ghost wanders the highway searching for his lost bones.

Legacy

On September 14, 1929 the US Post office issued a stamp honoring General Wayne and which commemorated the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The post office issued a series of stamps often referred to as the 'Two Cent Reds' by collectors, issued to commemorate the 150th Anniversaries of the many events that occurred during the American Revolution and to honor people such as General Wayne and those others who were there during these times of struggle.

Municipalities and institutions

There are many political jurisdictions and institutions named after Wayne, especially in Ohio, Michigan, and Indiana, the region where he fought many of his battles.

Boroughs

The Borough of Waynesboro, Pennsylvania The Borough of Waynesburg, Pennsylvania

Businesses, structures

Anthony Wayne Suspension BridgeThe former Anthony Wayne Bank in Fort Wayne Anthony Wayne Barber Shop in Maumee, Ohio Anthony Wayne, a campsite at Woodland Trails Scout Reservation in Camden, Ohio is named after Anthony Wayne. The Anthony Wayne Movie Theater in Wayne, Pennsylvania Anthony Wayne Recreation Area in Harriman State Park, New York AWS, formerly Anthony Wayne Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped and Blind, Inc. in Fort Wayne, Indiana Anthony Wayne Restaurant, defunct, in Wayne, New Jersey Anthony Wayne Suspension Bridge near downtown Toledo, Ohio Anthony Wayne Terrace Housing Association Baden, Pennsylvania Mad Anthony Brewing Company, in Fort Wayne, Indiana Fort Wayne in Fort Wayne, Indiana Fort Wayne in Detroit, Michigan General Wayne Inn in Merion, Pennsylvania "Mad Anthony's", a local pub in Waterville, Ohio, is named after Anthony Wayne Wayne Corporation defunct school bus manufacturer, originally Wayne Agricultural Works, then Wayne Works Wayne Hospital in Greenville, Ohio Anthony Wayne Hotel in Akron, Ohio, demolished in 1996

Cities

The City of Fort Wayne, Indiana The City of Wayne, Michigan The City of Wayne, Nebraska The City of Waynesboro, Georgia The City of Waynesboro, Mississippi The City of Waynesboro, Tennessee The City of Waynesboro, Virginia

Communities

The community of Wayne, Pennsylvania The community of Waynedale, Fort Wayne, Indiana

Counties

Wayne County, Illinois Wayne County, Indiana Wayne County, Iowa Wayne County, Kentucky Wayne County, Georgia Wayne County, Michigan Wayne County, Mississippi Wayne County, Missouri Wayne County, Nebraska Wayne County, New York Wayne County, North Carolina Wayne County, Ohio Wayne County, Pennsylvania Wayne County, Tennessee Wayne County, West Virginia

Forests

Wayne National Forest in Ohio

Towns

The Town of Wayne, New York The Town of Wayne, Oklahoma The Town of Waynesville, Missouri The Town of Waynesville, North Carolina The Town of Fort Wayne, Indiana

Rivers

The Mad River, a tributary of the Great Miami River, Dayton, Ohio

Schools

Anthony Wayne Elementary School in Defiance, Ohio Anthony Wayne Elementary School in Franklin, Ohio Anthony Wayne Middle School in Wayne, New Jersey Anthony Wayne School District in Whitehouse, Ohio, whose sports teams are known as the "Fighting Generals." General Wayne Elementary School, in Malvern, Pennsylvania Wayne Community Schools in Corydon, Iowa Wayne County Community College in Detroit, Michigan Wayne Elementary School Erie, Pennsylvania Wayne High School, Huber Heights, Ohio Wayne High School (Oklahoma), Wayne, Oklahoma Wayne High School, Fort Wayne, Indiana Wayne State College, Wayne, Nebraska Wayne State University, Detroit Waynesboro High School in Waynesboro,Virginia Waynesburg University in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania Waynesfield-Goshen Schools, Waynesfield, Ohio

Streets and Highways

Anthony Boulevard, Fort Wayne, Indiana Anthony Wayne Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio (Anthony) Wayne Avenue, Ticonderoga, New York Anthony Wayne Drive, in Detroit, Michigan Anthony Wayne Drive, in Baden, Pennsylvania Anthony Wayne Drive, in Chesterbrook, Pennsylvania Anthony Wayne Drive, Warminster, Pennsylvania Anthony Wayne Trail, in Toledo, Ohio Anthwyn Road, Merion, Pennsylvania (across from the inn) Mad Anthony Street, Cincinnati, Ohio Mad Anthony Street, Millersburg, Ohio North Wayne Avenue in Lockland, Ohio South Wayne Avenue, Fort Wayne, Indiana South Wayne Avenue in Lockland, Ohio Southwest Anthony Wayne Drive, Fort Wayne, Indiana Wayne Avenue, Bronx, New York Wayne Avenue, Chicago, Illinois Wayne Avenue, Dayton, Ohio Wayne Avenue (Rte 112), Stony Point, New York Wayne Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wayne Street, Fort Wayne, Indiana Wayne Trace, Fort Wayne, Indiana Mad River Road, in Hillsboro, Ohio


Townships

Wayne Township, Illinois Wayne Township, Allen County, Indiana Wayne Township, Indianapolis, Indiana The former Wayne Township, Montgomery County, Ohio (now the City of Huber Heights) Wayne Township, New Jersey Wayne Township, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania the former Mad River Township and Mad River Township Local School District (now Riverside, Ohio)

Villages

The Village of Wayne, Illinois The Village of Waynesfield, Ohio The Village of Waynesville, Illinois The Village of Waynesville, Ohio The Village of Wayne City, Illinois [edit] Popular cultureWayne's legacy has extended to American popular culture in a number of ways.

In literature and publications

Wayne is mentioned in Donald Barthelme's novel, The King.

Contrary to the popular belief that Bruce Wayne (the real name of the superhero character Batman) was named after John Wayne, comic book writer Bill Finger named Batman's alter ego after Robert the Bruce and Anthony Wayne. In the DC Comics, Bruce Wayne is depicted as General Wayne's direct descendant. Furthermore, the property on which Wayne Manor is built was given to General Wayne for his service during the Revolution. Rumours that Bruce's middle name is "Anthony" have yet to be confirmed by DC Comics.

In The Catcher in the Rye, Mr. Spencer, one of the teachers at (fictitious) Pencey Prep School, lives across the street from campus on Anthony Wayne Avenue. Anthony Wayne is one of the main characters in Ann Rinaldi's historical novel, A Ride into Morning.

In Tender Is the Night, Dick Diver mentions his descent from Mad Anthony Wayne. [edit] In music"Mad" Anthony Wayne is the namesake of a classic/progressive rock band in Missoula, Montana. Two of the founding members of Mad Anthony are from areas of the midwest where General Wayne had a great influence during his post-revolutionary war career.

In products

Mad Anthony Ale (Mad Anthony's APA), an American Pale Ale (APA) brewed by the Erie Brewing Companyin Erie, Pennsylvania

In transportation

The Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, a side-wheel steamboat, sank in April 1850 in Lake Erie while en route from the Toledo, Ohio area to Buffalo, New York. 38 out of 93 passengers and crew on board died. On June 21, 2007, it was announced that the wreck had been discovered by Thomas Kowalczk, an amateur shipwreck hunter.

Major General Anthony Wayne, U.S. Army tugboat based at Southampton, UK [edit] OnscreenActor Marion Robert Morrison was initially given the stage name of Anthony Wayne, after the general, by Raoul Walsh, who directed The Big Trail (1930), but Fox Studios changed it to John Wayne instead, saying 'Anthony' sounded "too Italian". John Wayne was leading man in 142 of his 153 movies, more than any other actor in history. In "Guy Walks Into a Psychiatrist's Office...", the Season Two premiere of The Sopranos, the character of Dr. Jennifer Melfi is shown seeing patients at the "Anthony Wayne Motel" in Wayne, New Jersey while on the lam, in fear for her life.

Other uses

The Mad Ants basketball team represents Ft. Wayne, Indiana in the NBA Development League.

In 1987, artist Mark Cline lobbied the Waynesboro, Virginia city council to erect a 60 ft (18 m) bust of "Mad" Anthony Wayne atop the city's capped landfill.

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Maj. General "Mad" Anthony Wayne (Cont. Army)'s Timeline

1745
January 1, 1745
PA, USA
1766
March 30, 1766
Age 21
1770
1770
Age 25
Easttown, Chester, Pennsylvania,
1772
1772
Age 27
1796
December 15, 1796
Age 51
PA, USA
????
Erie, PA, USA