Maj. Nathan Gold, of Milford and Fairfield

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Nathan Gold (Gould)

Birthplace: Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England
Death: Died in Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
Place of Burial: Old Buying Ground, Faiffield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Unknown father of Nathan Gold Gould and Unknown mother of Nathan Gold
Husband of Martha Gold Harvey and Sarah Gold Phippen
Father of Sarah Thompson Gold; Lt. Nathan Gold, Jr., Governor of Connecticut; Deborah Clark (Gould); Abigail Seleck Gold or Gould and Martha Davenport Gould

Occupation: Farmer
Managed by: Hatte Anne Blejer Rubenstein
Last Updated:

About Maj. Nathan Gold, of Milford and Fairfield

Disconnected from parents, John Gould and Judith Gould. I don't believe we know who his parents were. - Hatte Blejer Aug. 4, 2014

Came to US in 1646-1647 from St Edmund Bury (or Bury St Edmund) Co, Suffolk, England. Purchased land in Milford, Conn 1647 & 1649. Sold land in Milford, Conn Dec 31 1949/50 & moved to Fairfield. Bought land in Fairfield in 1657. Town Clerk in Fairfield, served as judge of the "sea-side" Courts. 1657 was made an assistant and appointed as Magistrate by General Assembly.

He with Gov. Winthrop & others (19 in all) joined in the petition to Charles II of England to grant charter to Connecticut and he was named Assistant to the Governor in that new charter which was granted in 1662. 1664 he was made commander in chief of the military forces in Fairfield Co to provide against attacks by the Dutch.

Married (1) Martha Harvey, widow of Edmund Harvey in 1652 and (2) Sarah Pippen Yeo, widow of Thomas Yeo circa 1663. He died on 4 Mar 1693 in Fairfield, Conn. He was buried in Old Burying Grounds, Fairfield, Conn.


"GENEALOGICAL AND PERSONAL HISTORY OF NORTHERN PENNSYLVANIA" Under the Editorial Supervision of John W. Jordan, LL.D. Volume II, page 895-896. (1913)

"The GOULD family has been established in America since its earliest colonial days. Nathan Gould, or, as he was known, Major Nathan Gold, removed from Saint Edmondson, Cambridge, England, to Fairfield, Connecticut, during the reign of Charles II, and was one of the first settlers of that town; rendered much military service; was a wealthy landowner in 1649-1653; a member of council, 1657-1694; died March 4, 1694."


Came from St. Edmundsburg, England, in 1646. Moved to Fairfield in reign of Charles II. Was one of the first settlers of the town. He was a wealthy and educated gentleman, and is often mentioned in Smith's History of New York. He was one of the nineteen petitioners named in the Charter of Connecticut, dated April 12, in the fourteenth year of the reign of Charles II, 1646, which petition was signed by no gentleman unless he had a high reputation in England before he came to New England. Inventory of his estate, œ400. 3s. 6d.

Was member of Committee of Defence against the Dutch, 1662. Representative to First Colonial Congress in New York, 1690. Major of Dragoons, 1675.

Settled in Fairfield, Connecticut, in 1649. Chosen member of the Council in 1657, and held the office for many years. His name is mentioned in the Connecticut Royal Charter of 1662. Died March 4, 1694, "greatly revered and beloved by the people of the town, and honored throughout Connecticut, New England, and in fact throughout the country, for his christian character, sterling worth, and great influence and usefulness."

Assistant 1657; Member of the Committee of War 1665; Major 1673; commanding troops from Fairfield County in King Phillip's War. Will was dated March 1, 1693. Among other bequests he gave to Abigail his daughter, wife of Jonathan Selleck, certain property.

Nathan Gold is approved by this Court to bee put to election at the next Gen'l Court of Election, for to bee a Magistrate in this Jurisdict for the yeare ensuing Apl 9. 1657

May 1657 This court doth confirm Mr Gold to bee Leitent at Fairfield.

May 1660 This Court doth appoint Mr Gold (and two others) to hear and determine ye difference twix Norwolk inhabit and ye Indians there.

The Charter of Connecticut as sent by Charles II, King of England, appoints a Body Pollitique and Corporate by the name of Governor and company of the English Colony of Connecticut with a common seal -- to have one Governor, one Deputy Governor and twelve Assistants.

This article covers ten pages of instructions and authority for the government of the Colony, Nathan Gold being one of the twelve Assistants.

Oct 10. 1667 This Court grants to Mr Nathan Gold the sume of Three Hundred Acres of land for a farm, whereof there may be forty acres of meadow if it may be found -- provided it may not be prejudicial to a plantation or any former grant.

June 26. 1672 And it is hereby declared that till farther order be taken Capt Nathan Gold shall be deemed Cheif military officer of the County of Fayrefield.

Aug 7 1673 Capt Nathan Gold is chosen Major for the County of Fayerfield.

Aug 6. 1675 The Indians still proceeding in their hostile attempts (against) the English: it is ordered by the Council that there be forthwith raysed in the County of Fayrefield, seventy dragoons to be in readiness for a march with their armes and ammunition compleate, upon an houers warning: Maj Gold and the Comds of that County or so many of them as shall meet together, to proportion the members to be raysed in each plantation, and to appoint a Lut. Ensgn. and two Sarjnt for the Company

Nov 22. 1675 The Council did order and empower Maj Gold to take special order that the souldiers returned to that County under conduct of Capt Seely be forthwith prepared with accomodations of cloathing, armes and horss, sufficient for the march: and that ten hatchets be purchased for ten of the souldiers of that County to be worn by their sides instead of swords.

Nov 14. 1683 Nathan Gold (and four others) were appointed a Committee to visit New York to meet Col. Tho. Dungan Esq. Gov. of his Highness the Duke of Yorke, to congratulate him on his safe arrival in these parts according to your commission, which you may show him.

In treating with him about settlement of bounds between that Territory and this Colony, you shall not exceed his demands of twenty miles eastward from Hudson River, but get him to take up with as little as may be.

You are to see his power to treat and conclude, or if that appear not to your satisfaction, then you must treat and conclude only conditionally, and with this proviso, that his Magesty and the Duke's Higness shall please to ratify it.

You are to remember all along to make his Honor sensible how firm and legal the former settlement was, and that our varying from it, is to oblige his Honor and promote a perpetual good correspondence between this his majesty's colony and his royal Heighness' territories and the successive Governors of them both.

May 8. 1684 The Court having heard the agreement made by the Committee, to settle the bounds between this Colony and New York, they approve of what was done and appoint Maj Nathan Gold, Jonathan Selleck and John Bur. who are hereby commissioned to attend the service of laying out the line.

May 13. 1680 This Court upon good reasons given by Maj Nathan Gold, to the satisfaction of the court do free him from building upon that home lot that lyeth between Mr Nathan Burrs home lot and his own, without any penalty, any law to the contrary notwithstanding.

April 11. 1690 Owing to war with French and Indians and what opportunities to plant and sow being uncertain, and danger of transportation to Boston by reason of pirates, it is ordered that no corn or provisions of any sort be shipped on board any vessel, in any part of this Colony to be transported out of the Colony, for the space of three months, without special licence from the Governor or two assistants -- upon penalty of Confiscation or forfeiture. Assistants in Fairfield County Maj Nathan Gold and John Burr.

Oct 8 1691 Whereas there has been a long and continued controversy between Isaac Hall and Samuel Hall that hath made much trouble, it is recommended to our Hon. Gov. that Maj Gold and Mr John Bur take the pains and use their best endeavors to settle them in a good and peaceful way according to the rules of riteousness. If that does not do they are to put each of them in peaceful possession of their respective rights, and whoever disturbes the peace of the other, shall forthwith be secured and punished according to law

In the Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, the name of Major Nathan Gold appears over sixty times in connection with public documents, relating to the laws and government of the Colony.

Jay Gould, the prominent New York financier, was a sixth descendant of Major Nathan Gold.

Major Nathan Gold was in Milford, Connecticut, as early as 1647, in which year he purchased George Hubbard's dwellinghouse and home lot at Milford and all his upland and meadow.

On thirty-first of next December he sold the same and moved to Fairfield.

Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Vol. i, pp. 294, 299, 353.

Lamb's Biographical Dictionary, p. 317.

Schenck's History of Fairfield County, p. 370.

Selleck's History of Norwalk.

Society of Colonial Wars, District of Columbia, p. 12.

Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Vol. ii, pp. 3, 77, 183, 206, 347, 382. Vol. iii, p. 135.

Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, Vol. iii, pp. 60, 141. Vol. iv, pp. 16, 63.

Genealogical and Family History of the State of Connecticut, Vol. ii, p. 257.

National Cyclop‘dia American Biography, Vol. vii, p. 218.


Lived in Milford, New Haven Co, CT and Fairfield, Fairfield Co, CT

Magistrate; Asst Judge for General Court Assistant of CT Colony 1659-87, 1689-94 Patentee of the Royal Charter 1663

Major of Fairfield troups

Helped settle the boundary between CT and NY states Signer of Royal Charter of CT in 1662 One of richest men in colony at death. Some family members use name Gould.


Major Nathan Gold was one of nineteen petitioners named in the Charter of Connecticut, dated April 12, 1646

Additional information is available from Cliff Gould at


NATHAN GOLD (in the records, he dropped the "u" from the English spelling of Gould) immigrated from Bury Saint Edmunds, county Suffolk, England around 1643 settling in Milford first where he bought and sold land.

He removed to Fairfield around 1650 and married his first wife, the widow Martha Harvey. They were the parents of one known daughter, Sarah (married Deacon John Thompson). Martha died about 1658. John married second Sarah (Phippen) Yeo, the widow of Thomas Yeo, on May 14, 1660 in Milford. They were the parents of two of my ancestors, DEBORAH (GOLD) CLARK and the HON. NATHAN GOLD, Lieut. Gov. of the Colony of Conn. Their other children: Abigail (Gold) Sellick, and Martha (Gold) Sellick Davenport.

By 1670, he was the richest inhabitant with the most land in Fairfield. For many years, he served as assistant to the Governor of the Colony of Conn. & deputy to the General Court in Hartford representing Fairfield. He was one of the nineteen petitioners name in the Charter of Connecticut.

On behalf of Fairfield he signed a land grant between the Indians and Fairfield for a tract of land between Fairfield and Stratford. He was a member of the Committee on Defense against the Dutch and was a reprsentative to the First Colonial Congress in New York in 1690.

From the Fairfield Town records: "Major Nathan Gold parted this life into the mansions of rest, upon the day of rest, on the Sabbath, it being the 4th of March, 1693-4." His will was proved March 4, 1693/4.

Rev. Joseph Webb preached his funeral sermon. In all probability his remains lie near his son, Nathan Gold, Jr.

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Maj. Nathan Gold, of Milford and Fairfield's Timeline

December 14, 1623
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England
April 14, 1660
Age 36
Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
June 14, 1660
Age 36
Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony
Age 36
Fairfield, Fairfield Co, Connecticut,
January 1661
Age 37
Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony, (Present USA)
December 8, 1663
Age 39
Probably Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony, (Present USA)
Age 41
Fairfield, Fairfield Co, Connecticut,
Age 44
Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut
March 4, 1694
Age 70
Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
March 4, 1694
Age 70
Faiffield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA