Maj. Joseph Croshaw

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Joseph Croshaw

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Probably Virginia Colony
Death: Died in York County, Virginia Colony
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Raleigh Croshaw, Ancient Planter and Unity Ursula Croshaw (Daniels)
Husband of Elizabeth Croshaw; Anne Croshaw; Margaret Tucker Croshaw and Mary Croshaw
Father of Mary Taylor (Croshaw); Richard Croshaw; Rachel Barnes; Ursula Unity West; Benjamin Croshaw and 1 other
Brother of Katherine Graves; Noah Croshaw; Benjamin Croshaw and Captain Richard Croshaw

Occupation: Member House of Burgesses 1659-60
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Joseph Croshaw

Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667) was the son of Capt. Raleigh Crowshaw, Ancient Planter. He was born in Bruton Parish, Virginia, in the area that is now Williamsburg. He married five times and had six children.

(Ben M. Angel notes: Bruton Parish and Williamsburg were not settled until the 1630s. He may have been born in Virginia, as Jamestown had been a functional - albeit poorly functional - settlement since April 1607. But he wasn't born in Bruton Parish or Williamsburg in 1610.)

Croshaw was a substantial planter living near Williamsburg. On December 10, 1651, he patented land which became the plantation known as Poplar Neck. Maj. Joseph Croshaw was an attorney. He was Burgess 1677, Justice 1659, Sheriff 1656 and a member of the Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg.

Croshaw died by April 10, 1677, when his will was recorded in York County, Virginia. The inventory of his estate included two pewter candlesticks, forty-two pewter dishes, four porringers, thirty-six spoons, one bedpan, and one still. It also listed a silver sack-cup; twenty-four silver spoons; and a silver tankard of the largest size, valued at four pounds sterling. The inventory also listed the Croshaw estate as having 1000 bricks manufactured either by their own servants or by transient laborers.

Children and wives of Maj. Joseph Croshaw:

First wife - name not known

  • Mary Croshaw (1632-1687), married 1. Henry White; 2. Thomas Taylor.
  • Rachel Croshaw (1635-1670), married 1. Ralph Graves; and 2. Richard Barnes.
  • Unity Croshaw (1636-1669), married Colonel John West.
  • Benjamin Croshaw (1640-1645), died young.
  • Joseph Croshaw (1642-1650), died young.

Second wife - Widow Finch

  • No known children of this marriage.

Third wife - Mrs. Anne Hodges (d.1663), widow of Augustine Hodges

  • No known children of this marriage

Fourth wife - Mrs. Margaret Tucker (d.1664), widow of Daniel Tucker

  • No known children of this marriage

Fifth wife - Mrs. Mary Bromfield (d. bef. 28 May 1673), widow of Thomas Bromfield

  • Joseph Croshaw (1667-1682)

Links to additional material:

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Major Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667) was a substantial planter living near Williamsburg in the Colony and Dominion of Virginia.

Crowshaw was born in probably 1610-1612, the son of Captain Raleigh Croshaw. He became a substantial planter and lived just a few miles from present-day Williamsburg, Virginia. On December 10, 1651, he patented land which became the plantation known as Poplar Neck:

  • 1000 a. in York Co., upon the side of York River, commonly known by the name of Poplar Neck, abutting n. w. upon the mouth of St. Andrew's Creek" (later called Carter's Creek) "n. e. upon York River, s. e. upon a small creek called Croshaw's Desire dividing this land & the land now in possession of Richd. Croshaw into the woods, w. s. w. & by s. and s. w. along the Indian Field upon the land of Jas. Harris, w. by n. upon the land of Samuel Snead, n. w. by w. upon a line of marked trees leading along to St. Andrew's Creek.[1]

Poplar Neck subsequently came to Col. John West through West's marriage to Joseph Croshaw's daughter Unity.

Croshaw married five times and had six children:[2]

1. Elizabeth Yeardley (b.1615 in James City, Va.; died 1666 in Bruton Parish, York Co., Va.), daughter of Gov.and Capt. George Yeardley, and his wife, Temperence Flowerdew.

  • Mary Croshaw (1632-1687), married 1. Henry White; 2. Thomas Taylor.
  • Richard Croshaw (1633- )
  • Rachel Croshaw (1635-1670), married 1. Ralph Graves (grandson of Captain Thomas Graves); and 2. Richard Barnes.
  • Betty Croshaw (1636-1637)
  • [Ursula][Unity Croshaw(1636-1669), married Colonel John West.
  • Benjamin Croshaw (1640-1645), died young.
  • Joseph Croshaw (1642-1650), died young.

2. Widow Finch

3. Mrs. Anne Hodges (d.1663), widow of Augustine Hodges

4. Mrs. Margaret Tucker (d.1664), widow of Daniel Tucker

5. Mrs. Mary Bromfield (d. bef. 28 May 1673), widow of Thomas Bromfeild

  • Joseph Croshaw (1667-1682)

Croshaw died by April 10, 1677, when his will was recorded in York County, Virginia. The inventory of his estate included two pewter candlesticks, forty-two pewter dishes, four porringers, thirty-six spoons, one bedpan, and one still. It also listed a silver sack-cup; twenty-four silver spoons; and a silver tankard of the largest size, valued at four pounds sterling (equal in purchasing power to about 330 pounds[3] or $530 in modern currency).[4]

The inventory of 1668 also listed the Croshaw estate as having 1000 bricks manufactured either by their own servants or by transient laborers.[5]

References

  • 1. ^ Land Patent Bk 2, p.352, transcribed in Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, p.222
  • 2. ^ Dorman, John Frederick, Adventurers of Purse and Person, 4th ed., v.1, p.770)
  • 3. ^ http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/currency/results.asp#mid
  • 4. ^ Bruce, Philip Alexander, Economic History of Virginia, Chapter XII
  • 5. ^ Records of York County, Croshaw, vol. 1664-1672

Sources

  • "Crowshaw", by Martha Woodroof Hiden; William and Mary Qtrly (2), XXI, pp265 70.
  • "General Historie", by John Smith, 1624, Vol III, pp 78 81, Vol IV, pp. 151 154.
  • "The Complete Works of Captain John Smith", edited by Philip L. Barbour; Vol II, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 1986.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Croshaw

_______________________

  • Major Joseph Croshaw1
  • M, #15065, b. circa 1612, d. 10 April 1667
  • Father Raleigh Croshaw, Capt., Gentleman d. bt 22 Nov 1624 - 27 Dec 1624
  • Major Joseph Croshaw Had legal training in England. A Royalist, Sheriff of York Co., VA. He Ursula is from 1st wife. He Mary may be daughter of 3rd wife (sister of first wife). He was born circa 1612. He married Ursula Daniels, daughter of Peter Daniel, Esq. and Christian Grosvenor, circa 1632. Major Joseph Croshaw married Margaret Tucker circa 1635. Major Joseph Croshaw married Mary Daniels, daughter of Peter Daniel, Esq. and Christian Grosvenor, circa 1640. Major Joseph Croshaw married Anne Hodges on 24 July 1661. Major Joseph Croshaw married Mary Bromfield between 1663 and 1667. Major Joseph Croshaw died on 10 April 1667 at Brurton, York, VA.
  • Family 1 Ursula Daniels b. c 1615, d. b 1635
  • Child
    • Ursula/Unity Croshaw+ b. c 1633
  • Family 2 Mary Daniels b. c 1619, d. 26 Jan 1679
  • Child
    • Mary Croshaw b. c 1641, d. 18 Jul 1687
  • Citations
  • 1.[S3943] Unknown author, Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-1624/5, by Meyer, p. 217.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p501.htm#i15065

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Maj. Joseph Croshaw's Timeline

1610
1610
Probably Virginia Colony
1630
1630
Age 20
Virginia Colony
1631
1631
Age 21
Brurton Parish, (Present York County), Virginia Colony, (Present USA)
1632
1632
Age 22
Brorton, (Present York County), Virginia Colony, (Present USA)
1633
1633
Age 23
1636
1636
Age 26
Bruton Parish, James City, Virginia
1640
1640
Age 30
Brurton Parish, York County, Virginia Colony, (Present USA)
1642
1642
Age 32
Brurton Parish, York County, Virginia Colony, (Present USA)
1661
July 24, 1661
Age 51
1667
April 10, 1667
Age 57
York County, Virginia Colony