Presley Neville O'Bannon (c.1776 - 1850) MP

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Birthplace: Virginia, United States
Death: Died in Kentucky, United States
Managed by: Geoffrey Warner
Last Updated:

About Presley Neville O'Bannon

The sword that all US Marines carry is based upon the sword that was given to Presley at the battle of Tripoli.

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=actims&id=I0756

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Everything you wanted to know about PRESLEY NEVILLE O'BANNON:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presley_O%27Bannon

Presley Neville O’Bannon (1776 – September 12, 1850) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps, famous for his exploits in the First Barbary War. In recognition of his bravery, he received a sword for his role in attempting to restore Prince Hamet Karamali to his throne at Tripoli. That sword became the model for the Mameluke Sword adopted in 1825 as the Marine officers' sword that is still part of the dress uniform today.[2]

Biography

Born in Fauquier County, Virginia, O'Bannon entered the Marine Corps January 18, 1801. As a first lieutenant assigned to the USS Argus (1803), he commanded a detachment of seven Marines in General William Eaton’s little force in the War with Tripoli. During the combined operations with the U.S. Navy, he led the successful attack in the Battle of Derna April 27, 1805, giving the Marines' Hymn its immortal “to the shores of Tripoli”. Although some sources maintain that at this battle Presley O'Bannon became the first man to raise the American flag over foreign soil,[3][4] his superior William Eaton had in fact done so a few months earlier while traveling on the Nile from Alexandria to Cairo. According to tradition, Hamet Karamanli was so impressed with O'Bannon's bravery that, following the attack, he presented Lt. O'Bannon with his personal Mameluke sword as a gesture of gratitude. Upon his return to the States, the state of Virginia presented him with a silver-hilted sword featuring an eaglehead hilt and a curved blade modeled after the original Mameluke given him by Hamet. Its blade is inscribed with his name and a commemoration of the battle of Tripoli.[1]

After resigning from the Marine Corps as a captain on March 6, 1807, O’Bannon moved to Logan County, Kentucky, where he built a home in Russellville. He served in the Kentucky State Legislature in 1812, 1817 and 1820-21, as well as in the Kentucky State Senate from 1824 to 1826. He died on September 12, 1850 at the age of 74 in Franklin County, Kentucky. In 1991 his remains were moved to the Frankfort Cemetery.

Mameluke sword

Perhaps due to the Marines' distinguished record during this campaign, including the capture of the Tripolitan city of Derna after a long and dangerous desert march, Marine Corps Commandant Archibald Henderson adopted the Mameluke sword in 1825 for wear by Marine officers. After initial distribution in 1826, Mameluke swords have been worn except for the years 1859-75 (when Marine officers were required to wear Army M1850 foot officers' swords). Since that time, Mameluke swords have been worn by Marine officers in a continuing tradition to the present day.[5]

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Presley Neville O’Bannon (1776 – September 12, 1850) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps, famous for his exploits in the First Barbary War. In recognition of his bravery, he received a sword for his role in attempting to restore Prince Hamet Karamali to his throne at Tripoli. That sword became the model for the Mameluke Sword adopted in 1825 as the Marine officers' sword that is still part of the dress uniform today.[2]

Born in Fauquier County, Virginia, O'Bannon entered the Marine Corps January 18, 1801. As a first lieutenant assigned to the USS Argus (1803), he commanded a detachment of seven Marines in General William Eaton’s little force in the War with Tripoli. During the combined operations with the U.S. Navy, he led the successful attack in the Battle of Derna April 27, 1805, giving the Marines' Hymn its immortal “to the shores of Tripoli”. Although some sources maintain that at this battle Presley O'Bannon became the first man to raise the American flag over foreign soil,[3][4] his superior William Eaton had in fact done so a few months earlier while traveling on the Nile from Alexandria to Cairo. According to tradition, Hamet Karamanli was so impressed with O'Bannon's bravery that, following the attack, he presented Lt. O'Bannon with his personal Mameluke sword as a gesture of gratitude. Upon his return to the States, the state of Virginia presented him with a silver-hilted sword featuring an eaglehead hilt and a curved blade modeled after the original Mameluke given him by Hamet. Its blade is inscribed with his name and a commemoration of the battle of Tripoli.[1]

After resigning from the Marine Corps as a captain on March 6, 1807, O’Bannon moved to Logan County, Kentucky, where he built a home in Russellville. He served in the Kentucky State Legislature in 1812, 1817 and 1820-21, as well as in the Kentucky State Senate from 1824 to 1826. He died on September 12, 1850 at the age of 74 in Franklin County, Kentucky. In 1991 his remains were moved to the Frankfort Cemetery.

Mameluke sword

Perhaps due to the Marines' distinguished record during this campaign, including the capture of the Tripolitan city of Derna after a long and dangerous desert march, Marine Corps Commandant Archibald Henderson adopted the Mameluke sword in 1825 for wear by Marine officers. After initial distribution in 1826, Mameluke swords have been worn except for the years 1859-75 (when Marine officers were required to wear Army M1850 foot officers' swords). Since that time, Mameluke swords have been worn by Marine officers in a continuing tradition to the present day.[5]

[edit] Namesakes

Three Navy ships have been named USS O'Bannon in his honor:

the USS O'Bannon (DD–177), a Wickes class destroyer which was launched in 1919 and struck in 1936;[6]

the USS O’Bannon (DD–450), a Fletcher-class destroyer which was launched in 1942 and struck in 1970;[7]; and

the USS O'Bannon (DD-987), a Spruance-class destroyer, which was launched in 1978 and struck in 2005.[8]

O'Bannon Hall, at the Basic School in Quantico, Virginia is named in honor of Presley O'Bannon.[4]

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Major Presley O'Bannon (USMC) ["Hero of Derna"]'s Timeline

1776
1776
Virginia, United States
1850
September 8, 1850
Age 74
Kentucky, United States
????
Frankfort Cemetery, Kentucky, United States