Robert Beverley, Sr
|Birthplace:||Beverley, Yorkshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia|
Son of Peter Beverley and Susanna Beverley
|Occupation:||Lawyer, Surveyor, Milita|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Maj. Robert Beverley
Birth: 1641 Beverley East Riding of Yorkshire, England Death: Mar. 15, 1687 Jamestown James City County Virginia, USA
Son of Peter Beverly and Susannah Hollis Married April 1666 Jamestown VA
Children: Peter Beverley (1667 - 1727)* Robert Beverely (1673 - 1722)*
- Calculated relationship
Burial: Jamestown Church Cemetery Jamestown James City County Virginia, USA Plot: Possibly buried here ?
Created by: P Fazzini Record added: Sep 16, 2011 Find A Grave Memorial# 76586248
About 3 years after his move to the colonies, Robert married his first wife, Mary, whose surname is a matter of much conjecture and debate. She has been listed as Maria Carter, Mary Carter, Mary Whitby, Mary Keeble, Margaret (Mary) Boyd, and there is even an Elizabeth Unknown in the list. Most researchers agree that whoever Mary was, she was a widow when she married Robert, and she had had seven children with her first husband before she was widowed at age 29. (The consensus leans toward George Keeble as Mary’s first husband. Keeble was a prominent man, serving as a justice in Lancaster County and as a vestryman of Pianketank parish. See note below about vestry.) April Fool’s Day of 1666 was the wedding date for Robert and Mary. If the date had any sinister meanings for the couple or caused them to be wary, their concern was evidently groundless as their married life seemed to progress well. They began with a “ready made” family of Keeble children (Walter, George, Mary, and Margaret) and soon had an even larger family as they added five more children to those Mary brought from her first marriage: Peter (1668-1728), Robert, Jr. (1673-1722), Henry called “Harry” (1675-1730), John (1675-1742), and Mary (c1677-?).
Robert and Mary Beverley made their family home in the farmlands of Middlesex County, about 20 miles outside Jamestown. Within a very short time Robert was involved in the colony's civic affairs, military concerns, and religious matters. He soon held the rank of Major in the Virginia Militia, and it is by this title that he is usually remembered. He was elected Clerk of the House of Burgesses in 1670 and was also appointed by the Governor as a member of the Governor’s Council. (In a simple analogy, the House [elected] was similar to England’s House of Commons, and the Council [appointed] was similar to England’s House of Lords.) In addition to these responsibilities, Robert was “a lawyer of learning and ability.” (Most lawyers in the colonies were “self educated,” and learned by reading law under the tutelage of an established attorney—if one were handy.) This background or interest in law may have helped him to be elected Justice in 1670, and his legal knowledge also probably held him in good stead while he served as a vestryman of Christ Church parish. (Note: The vestry in an Anglican or Episcopal parish is made up of the rector and a group of elected parishioners who handle the secular or “earthly” affairs of the parish.) Thus in addition to being a planter, Robert was involved in a great many aspects of colonial life. His reputation was good, and his neighbors held him in high esteem. As the years passed, Robert and Mary became quite prosperous. During the 12 years of their marriage, they acquired a great deal of land and possessions. In 1678, Mary died at the age of 41. She was buried under the floor of the lower church of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex, VA. During a renovation many years later, her tomb was found and the inscription could still be read: Here lyeth interred the Bodi of Mrs. Mary Beverley, Wife of Major Robert Beverley Mother of nine sons and three daughters Who departed this life the last day of June 1678 aged fortie one years and three Months, having been married to him 12 years & 2 Months—and was A Careful Mother teaching Virtuous Life Happy and making happy when a wife Religious to Example, May all strive To imitate her Virtues whilst alive (If you enjoy counting and working out the 9 sons and 3 daughters, here’s some help: Keebles: Walter, George, Mary, Margaret, John, Thomas, and William. Keeble/Beverleys: Peter, Henry, Robert, John, and Mary. [John, Thomas, and William Keeble may have died before Mary and Robert wed since they are not listed as coming with her to the new marriage. Likewise, Mary Keeble may have died after the Keeble/Beverley wedding, suggesting Mary Beverley may have been named in honor of her step sister, Mary Keeble.]) Second Marriage With such a large family, even if some children were grown, it should not be surprising that very shortly after Mary’s death, Robert married his second wife, Catherine (1643-1692). Their wedding took place 28 Mar 1679. Like Mary, Catherine’s surname is in dispute. She is variously called Catherine (or Katherine) Hone, Armistead, Keeble, and other names. Many believe she was born Catherine Armistead—vehemently denied by others—who then married Theophilus Hone, Sr. (Others say she was Catherine Hone, [daughter of Theophilus Hone, Sr.] who married William Armistead.) When Theophilus died, Catherine married our Robert Beverley who needed help with his children. She brought with her to the marriage at least one child, Theophilus Hone, Jr. She and Robert had four more children: William, Thomas, Christopher, and Catherine. In 1680, the children in the Robert and Catherine Beverley household would have included: Walter, Mary, George, and Margaret Keeble; Theophilus Hone, Jr.; and William Beverley, the first of Robert and Catherine’s four children. (Later, when our Robert died, Catherine Armistead?-Hone-Beverley married Christopher Robinson who had had some children with his first wife, Agatha Bertram Obert (1652-1686): Anne [1679-1712], Clara [1683-1697], John [1683-1749], and Christopher [1681-1727]. [The names and number of these Robinson-Obert children vary in different accounts. Many list only one child for Agatha and Christopher—John] In any event, Catherine and Christopher are said to have had 4 more children named Agatha [c1687-?], Elizabeth [1688-1695], Benjamin [1690-1761], and Theophilus [1691-1691].) Let’s just run through this: Robert Beverley was married at least twice (Mary and Catherine); Mary was married twice (George Keeble and Robert Beverley); Catherine was married at least three times (Theophilus Hone and/or William Armistead [depending on what her maiden name was], Robert Beverley, and Christopher Robinson.) Christopher Robinson was married twice (Agatha Obert and Catherine Whoever). The surviving minor offspring of all these marriages eventually ended up with the longest-surviving adult. Catherine died 23 Apr 1692 and her husband Christopher Robinson died about 10 months later on 13 Feb 1693. Thus, for almost a year all the children were technically under his care. Hopefully the children from all these marriages were in the most part grown by the time Catherine/Katherine married Christopher Robinson. Otherwise, the Robinson household must have been teeming with children of various ages and surnames. [Maybe that 1 Apr 1666 marriage date was significant after all.]) (Another note: This marital situation was not extremely unusual. Remember, lifespans were short; people married fairly young and remarried quickly. These children, although they were all at some time orphans and/or stepchildren, were actually lucky. Had they been from poor families, they would probably have been “apprenticed out” to help with family finances; as it was, they stayed with their families.) (I tried for months to get enough evidence to figure out the surnames of Mary and Catherine because I did not want to lose whole branches of our family tree—which is what happens whenever we run into an unknown last name. We won’t be able to claim any of the maternal surnames in this mess. We have ancestors from both Mary’s and Catherine’s lines: Harry Beverley [1669-1730] from Mary whatever her name was, and Catherine Beverley [1686-1726] from Catherine/Katherine Whozit. In addition, we have the Hon. John Robinson (son of Christopher) who married Catherine Beverley, child of Robert Beverley. Isn’t genealogy fun?) (Note: Please remember that almost all of this information comes from secondary sources; thus names, dates, and other facts are all suspect.) Life with Catherine Robert and Catherine added to the plantation life he and his first wife started. He even sent some of his sons back to England for schooling. (Son Thomas, unfortunately, died at school in England—some say of an accident—and was buried there. When Robert himself died in 1687, the year after Thomas, he owned more land in Virginia than any other person had owned up to that time—38,000 acres. (Some say 50,000 acres) He owned several plantations, plus all that goes with them. All this was accomplished in the fairly short life span of 46 years—actually, it was accomplished in the even shorter span of 24 years that Robert had lived in the colonies. A description of the plantation of Col. William Fitzhugh, Robert’s friend and his attorney during the “plant cutting” trials, [see below] might give us an idea of what Robert’s own plantation would be like: “On [the land] was a comfortable dwelling, dairy, dovecot, stable, barn, henhouse, and kitchen, an orchard of 2,500 apple trees, a garden one hundred feet square, large tobacco fields, and a good stock of cattle, hogs, horses, and sheep.” As far as possessions inside the Beverley house are concerned, the 1674 inventory of Ambrose Fielding, a well-to-do Virginia planter who lived at about the same time as our Robert, might give us an idea of what we might expect to find in a Seventeenth Century Virginia plantation. If we toured Fielding’s house we might see a “great room” containing “a dining table, a serving table, another small table, fourteen rush-bottom chairs, two chests, a cupboard, a bottle case and bottles, some linen, earthenware, glassware, pewter, two brass candlesticks, a silver bowl, and a silver tankard. In one chamber” [we might see] “a ‘great bed’ with damask canopy, curtains, silk counterpane, feather mattress, and blankets; two chairs, a chest, a pewter basin and ewer, a looking glass, a warming pan, and a brass candlestick. In the parlor…two tables, twelve chairs, a couch, a cupboard, several books, a Turkey carpet, a pair of silver candlesticks, and four family portraits.” It would seem that after a Spartan beginning, the Virginia planters “did all right” in the long run. Even so, we must remember that at that time: “Matches had not been invented; there was no running water in the house, no gas for lighting and heating, no sewer to carry off the waste matter, no central heating, and no powered washing [or cleaning] machines. “ As Governor William Berkeley said in a letter describing the living conditions in Virginia, “We live after the simplicity of the past age.” Into every idyllic life, some rain must fall. Two major events were to occur that would change Robert’s life forever. Bacon’s Rebellion When Bacon’s Rebellion broke out in 1676, Major Robert defended his friend, the Royal Governor William Berkeley, and the Governor in turn appointed him in charge of all the government’s forces. Beverley was so successful and zealous in his defense and the governor was so pleased with his service that he said of our Robert, “Major Beverley has proved himself to be most loyal, circumspect and courageous in his majesties service." (For information about Bacon’s Rebellion, see the AOM for our ancestor William Hatcher, who was on Bacon’s side) When Bacon and his followers attacked and burned Jamestown, Major Robert accompanied the Governor to the Eastern Shore to protect him. The governor sent him back to Jamestown with a force of 20 to 30 men, and Major Robert distinguished himself in battle. Beverley did receive some criticism, too, for he felt that “war should support war,” and because of this belief plundered and seized property and land belonging to the dissidents who had aided Bacon. The court later held that this property and land had been justifiably seized and that Major Robert and his militiamen could keep what they had taken. After Bacon was forced to flee and after his horrible death, (See the Hatcher AOM) both Beverley and Governor Berkeley expected more praise than they received from the King. Beverley had always been a supporter of the king, and he was irritated when the King Charles did not seem to recognize his contributions. This may have been a turning point, for as someone once said, “Times change and men change with them.” King Charles II sent a group of Commissioners to VA to investigate the uprising, recalled Berkeley to England, and appointed a new governor. By the time the soldiers and Commissioners arrived, the rebellion was over. Although he had backed the Governor (and thus, the King), Major Beverley refused to turn over the records of the House of Burgesses without the permission of the House. Though Governor Berkeley had been recalled to England, he died in his rooms there in 1677 without having an audience with the King. However, according to Robert’s son and namesake in his writings about Bacon’s Rebellion, “his majesty declared himself well satisfied with his [Berkeley’s] conduct in Virginia, and was very kind to him during his sickness, often enquiring after his health, and commanding him not to hazard it by too early an endeavor to come to court.” On the other hand, as far as Major Robert’s friendship with Berkeley was concerned, by this time, the two men had had a falling out, for Robert believed that Governor Berkeley had committed illegal acts in regard to his office, especially in passing on land and valuables to his cronies. The “Plant Cutters” Adding to the situation and making matters even worse was the so-called “plant cutting.” Virginia economy of the time was built on tobacco. Unfortunately, in the early 1680’s tobacco had dropped in price. Our Robert and several others pointed out that having less tobacco would raise the product’s price. He encouraged planters not to plant tobacco and/or to cut back the crops they had already planted. The low prices caused riots, and with Beverley’s encouragement, groups of men raided tobacco fields to cut the plants. The new royal Governor Lord Thomas Culpepeper was in England, so the Lieutenant and Acting Governor, Henry Chichley had to handle the situation. Proclamations were issued stating that “unlawful Assembling to cut up pull up or otherwise destroying tobacco Plants to be open Rebellion,” and that people who did so would be “prosecuted as Rebels.” Many were arrested, some punished, and a few executed. Chichley was more easygoing than Culpeper, however, and he pardoned a number of the “plant cutters’ as they came to be called in VA history. When Culpeper returned, he was livid. In Virginia the King’s Commissioners—originally sent after the Bacon Rebellion—had the House of Burgesses’ records seized. (The King had sent word—seize the records even if the men have to kick the doors down.) Members of the House supported Beverley in his defiance of withholding the records—since in a way doing so protected them—thus, they sent a protest to Parliament. This protest angered the king who ordered Beverley removed from both his position as Clerk and his position on the Governor’s Council. Beverley thus lost his seat and office but was reinstated some time later. In addition, during the next election, the people re-elected Robert Beverley to the House. Imprisonment Because of his refusal to hand over the Legislative Journals, Beverley was charged with sedition and arrested in May of 1682 . He was held prisoner aboard the Duke of York in the Rappahannock River. He claimed the right of a “free borne Englishman “ and was transferred under guard to another ship, The Concord. Next he was moved to “Colonel Curtis’ sloop” with the intention of him being taken to Northampton for confinement. All this moving about permitted Beverley to escape from the Sheriff of York during the transfer from the sloop. He made it back to his home in Middlesex, but was recaptured and sent to the Eastern Shore. He applied for a writ of habeas corpus but was refused and escaped again. In January of 1683 he was again captured and newly charged with sedition. The specific charges were: 1. breaking open letters addressed to the Secretary’s office; 2. making up the journal he had refused to hand over to officials, and 3. refusing to give copies of the journal to the Governor and Council “saying he might not do it without leave of his masters [the Burgesses].” Our ancestor had also incurred governmental wrath for being largely instrumental in instigating the plant cutting, and in stirring up the discontent caused by the government’s “foolish attempt to force the people of Virginia to trade at certain towns.” Major Robert Beverley was found guilty of the charges. On his knees “the formerly gallant” Beverley begged for pardon, and it was granted. After he was forced to pay ₤2,000 in fines to insure his “good behavior,” he was released, but for the remainder of his life, he was restricted to Middlesex County. King James II Steps In Although he had fallen from favor with the new governor and new King, Major Robert was still held in high esteem by the colonists. At the next election he was returned to the House of Burgesses and in 1685 was again elected Clerk of that Body. In addition, the House began protesting against the actions of the governor and king, passing proclamations and resolutions against them. The new King, James II, who assumed the crown in 1685, was most upset and blamed Robert Berkeley for “these democratical [sic] proceedings” in the House. The King commanded that Beverley “be incapable of holding any office, and that he should be prosecuted and that in future the appointment of [the House of Burgesses’ Clerk] should be made by the governor.” Shortly after all this political strife, Robert Beverley died 16 Mar 1687. Since his wife Catherine was pregnant when he wrote his will on 26 Aug 1686, he included his unborn child as one of his heirs. This child is probably Christopher, who was not mentioned in the will and who was born 19 Mar 1687, three days after his father’s death. (Some sources give conflicting dates for Christopher’s birth.) Major Robert’s will is the well-thought-out, lengthy document of a very wealthy man. Considering all his honors, contributions, and adventures, Robert Beverley’s greatest gift to America was probably the influence he had on his children and on Americans who would come later. His oldest son, Colonel Peter Beverley was Clerk of the House of Burgesses from 1691-1699. He was Clerk of Gloucester County from 702-1714. He served as Treasurer of Virginia and was appointed as a member of the Council in 1719. His second son, Robert Beverley, Jr., was Clerk of the General Court, Clerk of Council and Clerk of the General Assembly. As a freeholder of Jamestown he served in the House of Burgesses, in the Assemblies of 1699. He wrote "History of Virginia in Its Present State” and is considered one of Virginia’s foremost historians. Thomas Jefferson read Beverley, and it is said that Beverley, Jr.’s writings include “the seeds of political ideas that were to flower in the prose of Thomas Jefferson.” Jefferson considered Robert, Sr. “a forerunner of the American Revolution by creating antagonism with the British government.” Major Robert’s third son, Captain Harry Beverly, served as a Justice and Burgess of Middlesex County and was elected Clerk of the House of Burgesses. He was a surveyor of King and Queen Co. and King William County 1702-1714; he assisted in surveying the Virginia-North Carolina boundary line with Col. William Byrd. In 1716 VA Governor Spotswood sent Capt Harry to search for pirates and Spanish wrecks in the Bahamas. Harry was captured by a Spanish man-of-war and held prisoner in Vera Cruz for seven months without a trial before he managed to escape. He returned to VA before August 1717. About 1720, he moved to Spotsylvania County, where he was Presiding Justice of Spotsylvania County for a number years. Harry is our ancestor. Although it was difficult for a woman of the time to become a “leader,” Major Robert’s daughter, Catherine may have become a woman of influence since she married the Honorable John Robinson, member of the House of Burgesses, member of Council between 1720 and 1749, and Acting Governor of Virginia in 1749. When he died, Robert Beverley was considered by his neighbors as a great patriot of Virginia. History remembers him as ”a man loyal to the king, yet an ardent supporter of the liberties of the Colony of Virginia and of the House of Burgesses, of which he was long a faithful and useful officer, a courageous and active soldier, a true and stanch friend, and the possessor of a very general popularity and influence among the people.” Sources: BEVERLEY FAMILY http://www.geocities.com/whatupchuck1942/otherfamily.html Beverley Family http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~marshall/esmd25.htm Beverley Family Genforum genforum.genealogy.com/beverly/ Beverley, Robert. The History and Present State of Virginia. London, England: n.p. , 1705. Reprint Richmond, VA: J.W. Randolph, www.archive.org/stream/historyofvirgini00beve/historyofvirgini00beve_djvu.txt Descendent Register of J. Peter Bev. Hawley Davis Stowell Payton Family Association http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=hdspfa&id=I4806 Description of The Beverley Family of Virginia: Descendants of Major Robert Beverley (1641-1687) and Allied Families, by John McGill (Columbia, South Carolina, 1956), 8vo, 1118 pages, with twelve interleaved images and 112 pages of index http://www.digital-editions.com/BEVERLEY.htm Endnotes to: REGISTER CONTAINING THE BAPTISMS MADE IN THE CHURCH OF THE FRENCH REFUGEES AT MANNIKIN-TOWN IN VIRGINIA, IN THE PARISH OF KING WILLIAM, IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD, 1721, THE 25TH MARCH. 82-DONE BY JAMES SOBLET, 83 CLERK http://manakin.addr.com/brock4.htm Faber, Temple Christian. Caste and Christianity: A Looking-glass for the Times. Published by Robert Hardwicke, 1857 Original from the University of California Digitized Dec 11, 2007 books.google.com/books?id=Td9LAAAAIAAJ... "Fitzhugh, William." Edited Appleton’s Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM http://famousamericans.net/williamfitzhugh Kennedy, Mary Selden. Seldens of Virginia and Allied Families. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin. Reprint. Frank Allaben Genealogical Company, 1911. Digitized Nov 29, 2007 pp336-345 http://books.google.com/books?id=y61RAAAAMAAJ&output=textssss Robert Beverley On Bacon's Rebellion, 1704 http://www.etsu.edu/cas/history/docs/bevbacon.htm Stanard, W. G. Major Robert Beverley and His Descendants. http://www.jstor.org/pss/4241849 Tate, Thad W., and David Ammerman. The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1979. pp. 155-156. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography By Virginia Historical Society Published by Virginia Historical Society, 1910 Item notes: v. 18, pp. 252-256. www.ancestorbibliography.org/page_bev.htm Warner, Charles Willard Hoskins. “Robert Beverley,” in Ancestor Sketches: A Closer Look at Our Ancestors. Prepared by Members of the Chesapeake Bay Company. http://jamestownechesapeakebaycompany.com/Ancestor_Sketches_Of_Members_Of_The_Chesapeake_Bay_Company_Of_The_Jamestowne_Society.htm(1) "Dictionary of American Biography," p.233. Biography of son Robert Beverley. (2) "Virginia Historical Magazine," Vol. 2,3,20,21,22. "Major Robert Beverley and His Descendants," by W.G. Standard. Cites: (a) "Burke's Landed Gentry." (b) Hening II, p.489; III, p.258-259,543-549,561-567,570-571. (c) Beverley's "History of Virginia." (d) Sainsbury Abstracts. (e) Parish register of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex Co., VA. (3) "Cavaliers and Pioneers - Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants," by Nell Marion Nugent (VA State Lib., Richmond, 1977) Vol. 2, p.159. Cites: (a) Patent Bk 6, p.544. (4) "Virginia Vital Records from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, the William and Mary College Quarterly, and Tyler's Quarterly" (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1984), "Inscriptions on Old Tombs in Gloucester Co., Virginia," p.72. Cites: (a) Barradall's Reports, MSS, VA Hist. Soc. and Law Lib. Birth: (1) c.1641. Of a "cavalier" family of the minor gentry of Yorkshire. (2a) Of the branch of the Yorkshire Beverley family from the town of Beverley. (2) Probably a near relative of Maj. John Beverley of Yorkshire, a Royalist. (2e) Yorshire. Marriage to Mary __: (1) 1666, widow of George Keeble. Probably d/o a Hull merchant. (2) Probably widow of George Keeble. Marriage to Catherine __: (2) m. Madam Katherine Hone, Gloster, 28 Mar 1679. "Madam" was not commonly applied to unmarried women. Death: (1) 1687. (2) About 16 Mar 1687. (2e) 15 Mar 1686. Burial: (1) 19 Mar 1686. (2b) He states that his "heart had been filled from his youth up with loyalty to his King." (2a) His Yorkshire estate was sold to the Pennyman family, whose seat, Beverley Park, was near Beverley. (1) 1663: His family emigrated to VA. (2b) Came to VA in 1663. (2) Settled in Middlesex Co., VA. (2) 1666, 22 Sep: Robert Beverley gave a receipt in Lancaster Co. for hogs, the property of his "daughter-in-law" (stepdaughter) Mary Keeble. Mary Keeble, who afterwards married, mentioned in her will her "father-in-law" Robert Beverley. (2) 1670: Elected clerk of the House of Burgesses. He soon obtained great influence and became one of the leading men of the colony. (2) 1673: Justice of Middlesex Co. (3) 1674, 21 Sep: Capt. Robert Beverly and Richard Barber were granted 600 acres in Rappahannock Co., on the S. side of Rappahannock River or Co., adjacent to Henry Jermaine, William Gray and Thomas Page, beginning about 3 miles from the river near Mattapony Path, corner to Blackburn & Wm. Gray, to Occapation runn. Granted to James Coggill 17 Apr 1667, deserted, & now granted for transportation of 12 persons: Geo. Jeffers, Jo. Feild, Wm. Nicholas, Jno. Bywater, Jno. Pearson, Jno. Fugill, Tho. Hallat, Michll. Hurst, Jno. Johnson, Hugh Hughson, James Jackson, Amy Blissard. (2) 1676, 11 Jul: William Whitby of Middlesex, by his will dated this date, gave 100 lbs. to Maj. Robert Beverley and 100 lbs. and half his land on Potomac Creek to Mrs. Mary Keeble. (2) At the outbreak of Bacon's Rebellion he was a strong supporter of Gov. Berkeley. One of Bacon's early proclamations included Beverley among the "wicked and pernitious Councellors, aiders and Assistors (of Berkeley) against the Commonality in these our Cruell Commotions." (2) He went with Gov. Berkeley to the Eastern Shore. (2c) Was sent back across the bay with a force of 20 or 30 men to do what he could towards suppressing the insurgents. In this he was very active and successful. (1) Played a major role in quelling Bacon's Rebellion. (2) There were many complaints of plundering committed by Maj. Beverley's forces. The "Grievances of Gloucester County" were submitted to commissioners sent from England to supress the rebellion, complaining that when the 60 men raised in Gloucester as an out-guard for the governor could not find the governor or their commander, Maj. Robert Beverley ordered them to "fall trees and maule and toat railes, which many of them refusing to doe, be presently disbanded them and sent them home at a tyme when the countrey were infested by the Indians." The grievances asked reparation against Beverley and the Governor's pardon for their defection. The commissioners agreed that Beverley had committed a notorious abuse by taking away the people's arms while their families were cut off by the Indians. (2) 1676, 3 Nov: Gov. Berkeley gave him a commission, addressed to officers of all ships in VA, as a "faithful and principall soldier." (2b) 1676, 13 Nov: Gov. Berkeley appointed him commander of all Berkeley's forces. It read in part, "Major Robert Beverley hath approved himself to be most loyall, circumspect, and curagious in his Majesties service for the good of his countrey, and the suppressing this late horrid Rebellion, began by Bacon, and continued since his (Bacon's) death by Ingram, Lawrence, Hansford and others, the last of which he, the said Robert Beverley, with courage and admirable conduct, never to be forgotten, this day brought to me." (2) Among the leading rebels captured by Beverley were Harris, Wilsford and Hansford. Col. Hansford and his party had been at a house where Col. Reade had once lived. Maj. Beverley was secretly dispatched with a select number of men to capture him. (2) Gov. Berkeley made him a member of his Council. (2) 1677, Feb: The House of Burgesses, replying to the petition of grievences from Gloucester, concluded that Robert Beverley had justified himself, and the Gov. declared that what Beverley had done was by his order, that the rails were not for Beverley's private use, and it had been right to take away the arms of the Gloucester men, who were obviously discontented and in a few days might have joined the rebellion. (2) The Commissioners from England became bitter enemies of Beverley, partly from his association with Berkeley and partly because they were thwarted in their answer to the petition. They reported to the King that Maj. Berverley "clerk of the Assembly a person being active and serviceable in surprising and beating up Quarters and small Guards about the Country," had plundered estates without distinction as to whether the owners were loyal or otherwise, and had the confidence to say "in the hearing of Mr. Wiseman our Clerke" that he had not plundered enough, and that the rebellion had ended too soon for his purpose. The commissioners said that they themselves had observed him to have been "the Evil Instrument that fomented the ill humours betweene the two Governors there on the Place, and was a great occasion for their clashing and Difference." The two Governors were Berkeley and Jeffreys, the first strongly objecting to resign his authority to the latter. Col. Francis Moryson wrote to Thomas Ludwell that Thomas' brother Philip Ludwell and Robert Beverley were the chief causes of the rebellion. (2) 1677, Apr: When Gov. Berkeley returned to England, his adherents, supported by the Burgesses, continued the contest with Gov. Jeffreys and the commissioners. The commissioners directed Beverley to give them the journals of the House, which Beverley refused to do without the consent of the body. The Commissioners seized the books by force, against which the House passed a resolution of remonstrance which was sent to England and caused the King to become indignant. (2) 1677: Late in the year the Committee of Trades and Plantations in England decided to remove Beverley and Col. Edward Hill from the VA Council. Beverley denied the authority of the commission and called their proceedings unjust and illegal. (2) 1678/9, 10 Feb: The English Privy Council ordered that Beverley and Hill, both "of evil fame," should be put out of all their offices. (2) 1680, 8 Jun: Beverley had not been removed from his office, but was elected as Clerk of the House. (2) Lord Culpepper, on taking over as governor, decided to withhold Beverley's and Hill's removal from office, and recommended the order be rescinded. The English government did rescind the order. (2) 1682, 9 May: The price of tobacco was low, and recently an act had been passed compelling all goods for shipping to be sent to certain towns which existed only on paper. In hopes of getting the assembly to pass an act ordering a cessation of tobacco culture, Robert Beverley and others secured petitions from various counties to Governor Chichley to call an assembly. When the assembly did nothing and dissolved. In Gloucester and New Kent a number of people cut down tobacco plants, not confining themselves to their own plantations. Robert Beverley was charged with having incited the plant cutting and was arrested by order of the Council and confined to a ship in the Rappahannock. (2) 1682, 15 Jun: He was ordered to be sent as a prisoner to the Eastern Shore. (2) 1682, 17 Jun: The King, in council, gave order that Lord Culpepper, on his arrival in VA (from England, where he had been visiting), should cause Robert Beverley to be immediately put out of all his employments. Beverley himself described his employment as "pleading as an attorney and practicing the misery of a surveyor", Clerk of the Assembly, and Deputy to the Auditor General, for which he received a total of 425 lbs. yearly, a considerable amount for that time. (2) 1682, 19 Jun: He escaped from the custody of the sheriff of York, who was conveying him to Northampton, and had been taken again at his own house in Middlesex. An order issued this date directed that he be brought to James City. (2) 1682, 24 Jun: He was once more ordered to be sent to Northampton. (2) 1682, 25 Sep: Beverley petitioned by his counsel, William Fitzhugh, for a habeas corpus, but it was denied on account of "the whole proceeding being transmitted to his majesty, and his pleasure not yet known." (2) 1682, 11 Nov: The Council stated that Beverley was again at large. A few days later they committed him to the sheriff of York. (2) 1682, 2 Dec: He gave bond for 2,000 lbs. sterling, with Abraham Weeks and Christopher Robinson of Middlesex and Henry Whiting and John Buckner of Gloucester as securities, to be of good behavior, not to exercise any office, and not to go out of the bounds of Middlesex and Gloucester. He was then released. (2) 1682/3, Jan: He was accused of breaking open letters directed to the Secretary's office containing writs for calling the Assembly of Apr 1862, and of making up the journal of the House, inserting in it the King's letter, and refusing copies of the journal of the house of Burgesses in 1682 to the Lt. Gov. and the Council, saying he needed permission of the Burgesses. (2) 1683, 25 Apr: He was called into court, was admonished for his ill behavior by Gov. Chichley, his former bond discharged, and required to give bond for good behavior for a year and a day. He was to appear before the Council when ordered or be fined 2000 lbs. sterling. He gave bond with Christopher Robinson of Middlesex and John Armistead and John Smith of Gloucester as securities. (2) 1683, May: He was summoned before the Council and examined as to opening the writs of election. He entirely cleared himself. A few days later Lord Culpeper issued a proclamation pardoning the plant-cutters, excepting Beverley and several others. (2) 1684, 9 May: The Council record states that "Robert Beverley, being found guilty of high misdemeanors upon an information of the attorney general, his judgement being respited, and now asking pardon on his bended knees, his crime is remitted, giving security for his good behavior. His apology is given in the most humble terms. This was immediately after the arrival of Gov. Lord Howard of Effingham, who had been ordered by the King to examine Beverley's case abd to proceed against him if there was proof or release him. (2) 1685, 1 Oct: The copies of the journals of the session of the House of Burgesses were transmitted to England by "Robert Beverley, Clerk of the Assembly." (2) 1686: Was Clerk of the Assembly. Effingham tried to get the House of Burgesses to authorize him and the Council to lay a tax, a demand which the House viewed as illegal and refused. (2) 1686, 1 Aug: King James II wrote to Effingham denouncing the action of the Assembly, ordering him to dissolve it. "Whereas Robert Beverley, Clerk of the house of burgesses, appears to have chiefly occasioned and promoted those disputes and contests, Our will and pleasure is that he be declared incapable of any office or public employment within our Collony of Virginia, and that he be prosecuted according to the utmost severity of the law for altering the records of the Assembly, if you shall see cause." Beverley's surveyor's place was given to Beverley's son. (2) 1686, 26 Aug: Robert BEVERLEY of Middlesex Co., VA wrote his will. Calls himself "in Sound and perfect health, minde and memorie." Gives to oldest son Peter BEVERLEY land in Gloucester Co. lying on Pianketank River between Chiescake Creek and Hoccadey's (alias Baysey's) Creek, adjoining to and included in a Patent with 500 acres formerly sold by me and passed away to Mr. John MANN of Gloucester Co.. If Peter to die without heirs of his body lawfully begotten, then the land to descend to 2nd son Robert BEVERLEY. Gives to 2nd son Robert BEVERLEY his plantation and divident of land on Poropotank Creek in Gloster Co. containing 920 acres. Gives to 3rd son Harry BEVERLEY all his plantation and devident of land situated in Rappahannock Co. on Gilson's Runne "on which I now a quarter situated and on which formerly Ralph BODIS was seated by me," containing by estimation according to the Patent 1600 acres. Gives to son John BEVERLEY 3000 acres in Rappahannock Co., part of the Devident on both sides a great runne and commonly called and known by the name of Beverley Parke and adjoining Buttons Rainge, the 3000 acres to be contiguous and in a square or long square, for him to choose at the age of 21 out of the whole tract, or within 3 years of my decease. Gives to son William BEVERLEY two plantations and devidents in Middlesex Co., situated on or near the Rappahannock River between the lands and plantations of Maj. Gen. Robert SMITH and Col. Christopher WORMLEY, commonly called Griffin's Neck, all the lands purchased by me of Mr. Tho. EVANS. Gives to son Thomas BEVERLEY 3000 acres of the devident of land situated in Rappahannock Co. and New Kent Co. on both sides a great runne and commonly called "Beverley Parke," adjoining Button's Rainge, to be laid out of the whole tract contigious and in a long square or four square, next after his brother John BEVERLEY's choice as Thomas shall desire to have laid out soon as he shall attain the age of 21, or immediately after his brother John's shall be ascertained. Give to wife Catherine for and during her natural life and in lieu of her full right of dower in his lands, all his plantation and devident of land in Middlesex Co. whereon he now lives, situated on the Rappahannock River, and purchased from Mr. Richard PARROTT, Jr.. Also another plantation in Middlesex Co. situated on Pianketank River, whereon "I late lived" and now called "Old Plantation," containing 165 acres according to the patent. Also his 1/2 part of 100 acres and plantation in Gloster Co., for the whole if I happen to purchase the same before my death, called "North River Quarter," now held in partnership between "my brother Col. John ARMISTEAD and myself," always provided she does accept the same as in full of her right of dower to all other lands. After wife's decease, gives the three plantations to daughter Catherine BEVERLEY. In case she dies without issue, then to son Robert BEVERLEY. Gives to "the Childe that my wife goeth with, be it male or female," all other lands, and for want of such child or heirs of its body lawfully begotten, then to oldest son Peter BEVERLEY, and for for want of such heirs male of his body, then to son Robert BEVERLEY, and for want of such heirs male of his body, then to son William BEVERLEY. Gives to daughter Mary BEVERLEY 150 lbs. sterling to be paid to her within one year after he day of marriage or at age 21, which shall happen first. Gives to daughter Catherine BEVERLEY 200 lbs. sterling with same stipulations as Mary. Lends to wife Catherine BEVERLEY during her lifetime all the household goods at my dwelling plantation and all other stuff belonging to the house, barn, dairy, store and plantation. After he decease gives to daughters Mary and Catherine or the survivor of them to be divided into thirds, 1/3 to Mary and 2/3 to Catherine. All other personal estate, whether in Middlesex Co., Gloster Co., Rappahannock Co., or elsewhere in VA, to be inventoried and appraised appointed by Middlesex Co. Court, out of which debts, funeral expenses and legacies are to be paid. The remainder to be divided and disposed in equal parts to his wife and children, either in "Specificall kinde or in money Ste'lg," within one year after the probate of my will or 18 months after my death, whichever shall happen first. Appoints wife Catherine executrix as long as she shall remain a widow. If she should happen to marry or remove from VA, then she must give bond with at least two securities of 2000 lbs. sterling, and her executorship shall cease, and sons Peter, Robert and William BEVERLEY to be joint executors. Witnessed by Ralph WORMELEY, Robert SMITH, William KITTO, Walter KEOBLE, Thomas BALLARD. (2) He owned large landed estates in various counties. The land books show that he was granted over 50,000 acres. He did not live at "Brandon," as has been stated, for this was the residence of Maj.-Gen. Robert SMITH. (2) 1687, 4 Apr: Will proved, Middlesex Co., VA by all witnessed except Wm. KITTO. (2) 1690, 17 Jul: Christopher ROBINSON and Catherine his wife, executrix of Maj. Robert BEVERLEY, recorded in Middlesex Co. an account, "as well of and for soe much of ye goods and Chattels of ye s'd decedant's as came to their hands, as well as for ye payments and disbursments out of the same." Among the credits to the executrix were payments to Dr. Walter WHITAKER for acc't of Physich, to Dr. David ALEXANDER, Henry WINCHESTER for schooling and boarding William BEVERLEY, Mrs. PERROTT for nursing Christopher BEVERLEY. (2) 1694, 3 Sep: Capt. Peter BEVERLEY and Mr. Robert BEVERLEY, administrators de bonis non of Major Robert BEVERLEY, petition in Middlesex. They state that Maj. Robert BEVERLEY died about 16 Mar 1686/7. The Middlesex Court orders the executors of Christopher ROBINSON, the administrator de bonis non of Major Robert BEVERLEY, who report 251 lbs. money and 60,598 lbs. of tobacco due to BEVERLEY's estate from ROBINSONs, and claim a credit to ROBINSON (among others) 60 lbs. paid Mr. Micajah PERRY and Thomas LANE, merchants in London, for entertaining and accommodating Maj. Robert BEVERLEY's sons, Harry, John, and Robert BEVERLEY. (4a) 1737: Burwell ARMISTEAD and one DUDLEY sued in behalf of John ARMISTEAD, then an infant, who was eldest son and heir of John ARMISTEAD, deceasesd, who was eldest son and heir of John ARMISTEAD, deceased, who was eldest son and heir of John ARMISTEAD, who in 1680 bought land with Robert BEVERLEY, in Gloucester Co., VA. ROBINSON, the plaintiff, was eldest son and heir of John ROBINSON, Esq., who married Catherine, daughter of Robert BEVERLEY. (2) William BEVERLEY of "Blandfield," grandson of Maj. Robert BEVERLEY, stated in 1739 that the arms his father used were a Red Rose seeded and barbed in a field Ermine with an unicorns head for the crest, and not the three bulls heads. (2) 1766, Nov: In an act passed this date, it is stated, "Whereas Robert BEVERLEY, the elder, of the county of Middlesex, gentleman, deceased, was in his lifetime seized of a valuable estate and lands, commonly called and known by the name of Beverley Park, situate in the parish of Drysdale in the counties of King and Queen and Caroline, containing seven thousand six hundred acres," and that 6000 acres of this devised to Thomas and John BEVERLEY, and an adjoining tract called The Plain, containing 1,200 acres which was inherited by Christopher BEVERLEY, had come, in default of any issue of these persons, to William BEVERLEY, Esquire, eldest son and heir to Robert BEVERLEY, son of the first named Robert BEVERLEY; and that the said William BEVERLEY died seized thereof, leaving issue Robert BEVERLEY, Esq., who was now possessed of the same. William Byrd, in his correspondence to Thomas Grendon, from Virginia wrote on May 20th 1684: "Major Beverly was tryed this court for severall high crimes & misdemeanours and found gulty by the jury, but submitting himself on his knees at the barre was promis'd pardon on his future good behaviour." Major Robert Beverly (c1641-1687) was a Cavalier. He emigrated to Virginia in 1663. In 1682, while serving as clerk of the House of Burgesses, he was arrested at the behest of some Council members because he refused to give up some House records without instructions. He was deprived of all offices and kept under arrest until May 4th, 1684, when "by petition supplicating the bench, on his bended knees," his crime was remitted. A great amount of the Ryle data must be credited to Herbert E Ryle & Mayme Rogers Williamson.
Major Robert Beverley was born in 1641 in Beverley, Yorkshire, England, was christened on 5 Jan 1643 in St. Mary Lowgate, Hull, Yorkshire, England died on 15 Mar 1687 in "Blandfield", Middlesex County, Virginia, and was buried on 19 Mar 1687 in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia.
"Burke's Landed Gentry says the Beverleys sold their land in Yorkshire to the Pennymen family about the time Robert Beverley came to Virginia.
"The Immigrant sent at least three of his sons back to England to school and as above stated, according to the Parish Register of St. Mary's in Hull, his son Thomas died there and was buried on the 14th of September, 1680.
"From the position the Immigrant soon took in the Colony, and the offices he held, it is evident he was well educated for those days and a man of culture and attainments but so far as we know, the above fairly well sums up the evidence of his origin."
WILL OF ROBERT BEVERLEY, of Middlesex County in Virginia, Gentl. 16th August 1686. Item I give & bequeath unto my eldest son Peter Beverley...all my land in Gloucester County Lying upon Peanketank River betwixt the creeks called Cheesecake Creek and Hoccadies alias Bayles Creek and adjoining to and including in a patent with 500 acres which (were) formerly by me sold and passed away to Mr. Mann of Gloster County by deed under my hand & seal but in case my said son Peter should happen to die without heirs of his body, my will is that the ...lands above (should go) to my second son Robert Beverley...Item I give to my second son Robert Beverley...my plantation & Devident of Land on Poropotank Creek Glouster County...920 Acres...To Harry Beverley 1600 acres in Rappahannock...To John 3000 acres in Rappahannock & New Kent...on the run commonly known...by the name of Beverley Park..to William Beverley 1 land in Middlesex on Rappahannock River...called Griffin's Neck adj. Mr. Robert Smith and Col. Christo; Wormeley & purchased of Mr. Thos. Elliot...To wife Catherine during her natural life...my plantation in Middlesex County...on Peankatanke River whereon I live...now called Old plantation 165 acres according to patent. Also all one half parte of 100 acres of Land & plantation in Gloster County or the whole if I happen to purchase same before my death commonly called and known by the name of North River quarter and now held in partnership betwixt by Brother Coll John Armistead...Provided by wife...accept same in full of...right of dower...After wife's decease I bequeath all the 3 sd plantations to...my daughter Catherine Beverley...I give to the child my wife now goes with be it male or female...all my other lands & plantations...not household goods at my dwelling plantation...for her life...then to daughters Mary and Catherine...all other property to be disposed in equal parts...betwixt my wife and children either in specifical kind or in money sterling...Wife Catherine executor. Signed, Robert Beverley; witness, Ralph Wormley, Robert Smith, Willm Kitts, Walter Keeble, Thomas Ballard. Recorded, Middlesex, 4th April 1687."
Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia. No. XVIII.
My father, Robert Beverley, married Miss Jane Taylor, of Mount Airy, Richmond county. My grandfather, Robert Beverley, married Miss Maria Carter, of Sabine Hall. My great-grandfather, William Beverley, married Miss Elizabeth Bland,--the sister, I have heard, of the distinguished Colonel Richard Bland, of the Revolution. My great-great-grandfather, Robert Beverley, (the historian,) married Miss --- Byrd, of Westover, I have heard. His father--the first of the name in the Colony of Virginia--settled at Jamestown about the year 1660, and from thence moved to Middlesex county. He was a long time Clerk of the House of Burgesses, a lawyer by profession, and a prominent actor in Bacon's Rebellion, commanding, I think, the King's troops as major. I have never heard the name of the lady he married in Hull, England. I have heard she was the daughter of a merchant of that town. He brought her to Virginia with him. For a more particular account of this individual I must refer you to the third volume of Henning's "Statutes at Large," from page 541 to the end. You will there see an authentic account of some of his services and persecutions. You will also find in vol. viii. of the same work, page 127, an act which gives, I presume, the only true account of the male branch of the family now extant: the act was obtained by my grandfather for the purpose of changing an entail from an estate in Drysdale parish, King and Queen county, (where the historian lived and died,) to one of more value in Culpepper.
• Emigrated to Virginia: Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia, 1663.
• Justice: Middlesex County, Virginia.
• Virginia House of Burgesses: Clerk , 1670.
• He was granted land 8200 acres on both side one of the great Swamps or maine runns of Mattaponie River 14 Jan 1673.
• He was granted land 600 acres on the North side Mattapony River, on the back of Mr. Mady, the said land being formerly due unto John Pigg by Patent 3rd day of Jany 1667. 21 Sep 1674 in New Kent County.
• He was granted land 6500 acres 16 Nov 1674 in New Kent County.
• He was granted land 3000 acres on the South side of Rappahannock River and on the South side of the main swamp of a mill, formerly Andrew Gilsons Mill. 21 Sep 1674 in Old Rappahannock County,Virginia.
• He was granted land 6500 acres 16 Nov 1674 in Old Rappahannock County.
• He was granted land 600 acres on the South side Rappahannock County or river; and adjoining land of Henry Jermaine, William Gray and Thomas Page. 21 Sep 1674 in Old Rappahannock County,Virginia.
• Revolutionary War: In charge of the fortifications of the three main rivers of Virginia, 1681.
• Author: Robert Beverley on Bacon's Rebellion, 1704.
• Author: Historie and Present State of Virginia, 1705. Beverley, Robert 1673-1722, Virginia colonial historian, author of The History and Present State of Virginia (1705). a substantial planter and colonial official, he wrote his book after finding numerous errors in the manuscript of a book on Virginia written by an Englishman. Vigorous, honest, and not without humor, his history was an immediate success; reprinted a number of times, it served to attract immigrants to Virginia.
Robert Beverley was a wealthy planter who saw while in London a poor account of the colony by the British historian and pamphleteer, John Oldmixon, and undertook to write a better. His book, a History of Virginia (1705), was hastily prepared without any study of documents or other respectable sources. Its chief value lies in the shrewd and just observations the author made on Virginia life and history out of his own knowledge. Toward nature: Nature is idealized as benevolent, bountiful, garden of Eden. Virginia planter Robert Beverley expresses utopian ideal (History and Present State of Virginia, 1706) at height of thriving plantation culture. Independent farmer becomes backbone of agrarian democracy in Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia (1785), based on pastoral ideal of bountiful nature and abundance of land and natural resources.
In what may be one of the most appreciative descriptions of Virginia beyond the Tidewater region, Robert Beverley in his History and Present State of Virginia admonishes those who see only the flatness of the coast, because "a little farther backward, there are Mountains, which indeed deserve the name of Mountains, for their Height and Bigness." Notable for its detailed natural historical descriptions, Beverley's History also offers an unusually sympathetic portrait of the Indians, whom Beverley considered fellow Virginians.
• Author: The History of Virginia, in Four Parts, 1722. The history of Virginia, in four parts
I. The history of the first settlement of Virginia, and the government thereof, to the year 1706.
II. The natural productions and conveniences of the country, suited to trade and improvement.
III. The native Indians, their religion, laws, and customs, in war and peace.
IV. The present state of the country, as to the polity of the government, and the improvements of the land, the 10th of June 1720.
Robert Beverley married Mary Whitby Keeble, daughter of William Whitby and Ruth Gorsuch, on 1 Apr 1666 in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia. Mary was born on 3 Jun 1637 in Hull, Yorkshire, England, died on 28 Jun 1678 in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia, and was buried in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Colony.
Their children were:
+ 6 M i. Colonel Peter Beverley was born in 1668 in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia and died in 1728 in Beverly Hundred, Gloucester County, Virginia.
Peter Beverley married Elizabeth Peyton (b. 1678, d. 26 Dec 1723) in 1689 in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia.
+ 7 M ii. Robert Beverley was born in 1673 in Jamestown, Middlesex County, Virginia and died on 21 Apr 1722 in "Beverley Park", King And Queen County, Virginia.
Robert Beverley married Ursula Byrd (b. 9 Nov 1681, d. 11 Oct 1698).
8 F iii. Mary Beverley was born about 1675 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia.
Mary married William Jones, in King & Queen County, Virginia. William was born in King & Queen County, Virginia.
9 M iv. Capt. Harry Beverley was born about 1674 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia died on 12 Feb 1731 in "Newlands" Spotsylvania County, Virginia, and was buried in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
• Resided: "Newlands" Spotsylvania County,Virginia.
• Magistrate: Middlesex County, Virginia, 1702.
• Captain: of the Sloop 'The Virgin' which for the Colony of Virginia went to the Bahamas in search of pirates, 1716.
• Presiding Justice: 1720, Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
• Surveyor: King and Queen and King William Counties, 1702-1714.
Harry married Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Robert, Jr. Smith and Elizabeth (Smith). Elizabeth was born about 1696 in Virginia and died on 6 Aug 1720 in Virginia.
Robert Beverley next married Catherine Hone Armistead, on 28 Mar 1679 in Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia Colony. Catherine was born in 1643 in Middlesex County, Virginia and died on 23 Apr 1692 in Middlesex County, Virginia.
Their children were:
10 M i. William Beverley was born on 4 Jan 1680 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia and died on 22 Oct 1737 in Virginia.
11 M ii. Christopher Beverley was born on 19 Feb 1686 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia and was christened on 19 Mar 1686 in Christ Church Parish, Virginia.
12 M iii. Thomas Beverley was born about 1680 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia and died on 20 Sep 1686.
13 F iv. Catherine Beverley was born in 1680 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia and died in 1726.
Catherine married Hon. John Robinson. John was born in 1683 in Virginia and died in 1749 in "Piscataway" Essex County, Virginia.
• Colonial Virginia: "a staunch supporter of the Established Church".
• Virginia House of Burgesses: 1711-1714.
• Colonial Virginia: Member of the King's Council, 1720-1749.
• Colonial Virginia: Acting Governor of the Colony, 1749.
14 M v. John Beverley was born on 4 Jan 1687 in Blandfield, Middlesex County, Virginia.
Will OF ROBERT BEVERLEY of Middlesex County in Virginia, Gentleman 16th August 1686. Item I give & bequeath unto my eldest son Peter Beverley...all my land in Gloucester County Lying upon Peanketank River betwixt the creeks called Cheesecake Creek and Hoccadies alias Bayles Creek and adjoining to and including in a patent with 500 acres which (were) formerly by me sold and passed away to Mr. Mann of Gloucester County by deed under my hand & seal but in case my said son Peter should happen to die without heirs of his body, my will is that the ...lands above (should go) to my second son Robert Beverley.. Item I give to my second son Robert Beverley...my plantation & Devident of Land on Poropotank Creek Gloucester County...920 Acres... To Harry Beverley 1600 acres in Rappahannock... To John 3000 acres in Rappahannock & New Kent...on the run commonly known...by the name of Beverley Park.. to William Beverley 1 land in Middlesex on Rappahannock River...called Griffin's Neck adj. Mr. Robert Smith and Col. Christopher Wormeley & purchased of Mr. Thos. Elliot... To wife Catherine during her natural life...my plantation in Middlesex County...on Peankatanke River whereon I live...now called Old plantation 165 acres according to patent. Also all one half parte of 100 acres of Land & plantation in Gloucester County or the whole if I happen to purchase same before my death commonly called and known by the name of North River quarter and now held in partnership betwixt by Brother Coll John Armistead...Provided by wife...accept same in full of...right of dower...After wife's decease I bequeath all the 3 said plantations to...my daughter Catherine Beverley... I give to the child my wife now goes with be it male or female...all my other lands & plantations...not household goods at my dwelling plantation...for her life...then to daughters Mary and Catherine...all other property to be disposed in equal parts...betwixt my wife and children either in specific kind or in money sterling...Wife Catherine executor. Signed, Robert Beverley; witness, Ralph Wormley, Robert Smith, Wilialm Kitts, Walter Keeble, Thomas Ballard. Recorded, Middlesex, 4th April 1687."
Maj. Robert Beverley
born: 1641 in Beverley, Yorkshire, England died: 15 March 1687 in Middlesex County, Virginia A lawyer and vestryman of Christ Church parish, Clerk of the House of Burgesses He was placed in command of the royal forces during Bacon's Rebellion. One of Bacon's early proclamations included him among the "wicked and pernicious Counsellors, aides and Assistors [of Berkeley] against the Commonalty in these our cruell Commotions." He received from the Governor high commendation for his zealous and effective service: "Whereas many frequent and successful services to his Sacred Majesty, this Country, and me, his Majesties Governor of it, Major Beverley has proved himself to be most loyall, Circumspect, and courageous inhis majesties Service for the good of his country, and the suppressing of this late horrid Rebellion, began by Bacon, and continued since his death by Ingram, Lawrence, Hansford and others, the last of which he the said Robert Beverley, with courage and admirable conduct, never to be forgotten, this day brought to me." (Proclamation of Governor Berkeley, 13 November 1676) Later he incurred the displeasure of the Governor by refusing to turn over certain legislative journals. He was arrested and kept prisoner on board the ship Duke of York, and then on the Concord. He was transferred to Colonel Custis's sloop, but escaped. He was taken into custody again at his house in Middlesex and sent to Northampton. In 1683 new charges were brought against him, that he had made up the journal and inserted His Majesty's letters therein, notwithstanding it had first been presented at the time of the prorogation, and that he had refused copies of the Journal to the Governor and Council (to which he felt they were not entitled without permission of the House). He died a few months later.
-------------------- Immigrant from England. -------------------- Arrived Jamestown, 1663
Second marriage in 3/28/1679 to Catherine Hone
Maj. Robert Beverley's Timeline
November 30, 1641
Beverley, Yorkshire, England
April 1, 1666
Jamestown, Middlesex, Virginia, United States
Jamestown, Middlesex, Virginia, United States
Jamestown, Middlesex, VA
Middlesex, VA, USA
Jamestown, Middlesex, Virginia, United States
June 28, 1678
Jamestown, Middlesex, Virginia
Middlesex, VA, USA
March 28, 1679
Gloster, Middlesex, Virginia
January 4, 1680
Blandfield, Middlesex, Virginia