Malfia of Meliteme, queen of Jerusalem

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Morphia de Mélitene

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Melitene, Armenia
Death: Died in Jerusalem, Israel
Place of Burial: Israel
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Gabriel, prince of Mélitene and Daughter of Constantine
Wife of Baudouin II de Bourcq, King of Jerusalem and Baudouin II, King of Jerusalem
Mother of Alix de Rethel, Regent of Antioch; Mélisende d'Édesse, Reine de Jerusalem; Hodierne de Jérusalem, comtesse de Tripoli and Ioveta de Rethel

Occupation: Princesse, d'Arménie
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Malfia of Meliteme, queen of Jerusalem

Era filha de um nobre arménio, Gabriel (ou Khoril, em arménio), governador da cidade de Melitene, com a sua esposa, filha do príncipe Constantino I da Arménia. Apesar de etnicamente arménia, a família segui a Igreja Ortodoxa grega.

Melitene era um território vizinho do Condado de Edessa, e em pouco tempo Gabriel tornara-se vassalo desse estado cruzado. O então conde Balduíno II de Edessa consolidou a sua posição política no seu território ao casar com Morfia em c.1101. Gabriel, um nobre abastado, deu um dote de 50.000 bezantes (moedas) de ouro.

Quando Balduíno ascendeu ao trono de Jerusalém em 1118, Morfia e as filhas permaneceram em Edessa. Mas aquando da victória muçulmana na batalha de Ager Sanguinis em 1119, o rei voltou ao condado do norte para assegurar o controlo do território. Ao voltar à Cidade Santa no ano seguinte, trouxe a família e Morfia foi coroada rainha. Quando o rei foi aprisionado enquanto patrulhava as fronteiras de Edessa em 1123, Morfia voltou ao norte para ajudar a assegurar a sua libertação, oferecendo a sua filha Ioveta como refém. Sem herdeiros varões, Balduíno II designou Melisende como sua herdeira, tendo combinado o seu casamento com Fulque V de Anjou.

É provável que Morfia tenha sido pelo menos parcialmente responsável pelas influências culturais gregas e arménias que surgiram no Reino Latino. A arte da época, como o saltério de Melisende de Jerusalém, revela frequentemente uma mistura de estilos orientais e ocidentais, revelando que os cruzados se começaram a acustomar à cultura local. Segundo o saltério de Melisende, Morfia morreu a 1 de Outubro, mas o ano é uma incógnita: provavelmente 1126, mas talvez 1127. Foi sepultada numa abadia nos arredores de Jerusalém.

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Barn

1 . Melesend de Edesse+ b. c 1109 , d. 12 Sep 11606

2 . Hodierna av Jerusalem b. c 11092 
3 . Alice av Jerusalem+ b. c 1110 , d. c 11364 
4 . Joveta Abbedissa från Betania b. c 11122 

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Morphia of Melitene, or Morfia, or Moraphia (died c. 1126 or 1129) was the wife of Baldwin II, king of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Morphia was the daughter of an Armenian nobleman named Gabriel (or Khoril, in Armenian), the ruler of the city of Melitene, and wife, of unknown name, daughter of Prince Constantine I of Armenia. Although ethnically Armenian, the family practised the Greek Orthodox faith. Melitene was a neighbour of the crusader County of Edessa, and Gabriel soon became a vassal of the county. The future Baldwin II of Jerusalem was also count of Edessa after 1100, and he consolidated his position in the county by marrying Morphia around 1101. Gabriel, who was very wealthy, gave 50,000 gold bezants as a dowry. Baldwin and Morphia had four daughters: Melisende, Alice, Hodierna, and Ioveta.

When Baldwin became King of Jerusalem in 1118, Morphia and her children remained in Edessa. After the Muslim victory at the Battle of Ager Sanguinis in 1119, Baldwin returned to the north to respond to the threat. After having secured the crusader territories, he returned home in 1120 with his family, and Morphia was finally crowned as queen. Morphia went back north when Baldwin was taken captive while patrolling the borders of Edessa in 1123, and helped ensure his release by offering their young daughter Ioveta as a hostage.

According to the Melisende Psalter, Morphia died on October 1, but the year is unknown; it was either 1126 or 1127, more likely 1126. With no male heir, Baldwin II designated Melisende, his oldest daughter, as his heir, and married her to Fulk V of Anjou. Two of their other daughters also married influential crusader lords: Alice married Bohemund II of Antioch, and Hodierna married Raymond II of Tripoli. Ioveta became a nun.

Morphia was probably partially responsible for the Greek and Armenian cultural influences that appeared in the Latin kingdom. Art from the kingdom, such as the Melisende Psalter, often shows a mixture of eastern and western styles, just as the western crusaders had begun to accustom themselves to eastern culture. Morphia was buried at the abbey of St. Mary Josaphat, just outside of Jerusalem.

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Morphia of Melitene

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Morphia of Melitene, or Morfia, or Moraphia (died c. 1126 or 1129) was the wife of Baldwin II, king of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Morphia was the daughter of an Armenian nobleman named Gabriel (or Khoril, in Armenian), the ruler of the city of Melitene, and wife, of unknown name, daughter of Prince Constantine I of Armenia [1]. Although ethnically Armenian, the family practised the Greek Orthodox faith. Melitene was a neighbour of the crusader County of Edessa, and Gabriel soon became a vassal of the county. The future Baldwin II of Jerusalem was also count of Edessa after 1100, and he consolidated his position in the county by marrying Morphia around 1101. Gabriel, who was very wealthy, gave 50,000 gold bezants as a dowry. Baldwin and Morphia had four daughters: Melisende, Alice, Hodierna, and Ioveta.

When Baldwin became King of Jerusalem in 1118, Morphia and her children remained in Edessa. After the Muslim victory at the Battle of Ager Sanguinis in 1119, Baldwin returned to the north to respond to the threat. After having secured the crusader territories, he returned home in 1120 with his family, and Morphia was finally crowned as queen. Morphia went back north when Baldwin was taken captive while patrolling the borders of Edessa in 1123, and helped ensure his release by offering their young daughter Ioveta as a hostage.

According to the Melisende Psalter, Morphia died on October 1, but the year is unknown; it was either 1126 or 1127, more likely 1126. With no male heir, Baldwin II designated Melisende, his oldest daughter, as his heir, and married her to Fulk V of Anjou. Two of their other daughters also married influential crusader lords: Alice married Bohemund II of Antioch, and Hodierna married Raymond II of Tripoli. Ioveta became a nun.

Morphia was probably partially responsible for the Greek and Armenian cultural influences that appeared in the Latin kingdom. Art from the kingdom, such as the Melisende Psalter, often shows a mixture of eastern and western styles, just as the western crusaders had begun to accustom themselves to eastern culture. Morphia was buried at the abbey of St. Mary Josaphat, just outside of Jerusalem. -------------------- Morphia of Melitene, or Morfia, or Moraphia (died c. 1126 or 1129) was the wife of Baldwin II, king of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Morphia was the daughter of an Armenian nobleman named Gabriel (or Khoril, in Armenian), the ruler of the city of Melitene, and wife, of unknown name, daughter of Prince Constantine I of Armenia. Although ethnically Armenian, the family practised the Greek Orthodox faith. Melitene was a neighbour of the crusader County of Edessa, and Gabriel soon became a vassal of the county. The future Baldwin II of Jerusalem was also count of Edessa after 1100, and he consolidated his position in the county by marrying Morphia around 1101. Gabriel, who was very wealthy, gave 50,000 gold bezants as a dowry. Baldwin and Morphia had four daughters: Melisende, Alice, Hodierna, and Ioveta.

When Baldwin became King of Jerusalem in 1118, Morphia and her children remained in Edessa. After the Muslim victory at the Battle of Ager Sanguinis in 1119, Baldwin returned to the north to respond to the threat. After having secured the crusader territories, he returned home in 1120 with his family, and Morphia was finally crowned as queen. Morphia went back north when Baldwin was taken captive while patrolling the borders of Edessa in 1123, and helped ensure his release by offering their young daughter Ioveta as a hostage.

According to the Melisende Psalter, Morphia died on October 1, but the year is unknown; it was either 1126 or 1127, more likely 1126. With no male heir, Baldwin II designated Melisende, his oldest daughter, as his heir, and married her to Fulk V of Anjou. Two of their other daughters also married influential crusader lords: Alice married Bohemund II of Antioch, and Hodierna married Raymond II of Tripoli. Ioveta became a nun.

Morphia was probably partially responsible for the Greek and Armenian cultural influences that appeared in the Latin kingdom. Art from the kingdom, such as the Melisende Psalter, often shows a mixture of eastern and western styles, just as the western crusaders had begun to accustom themselves to eastern culture. Morphia was buried at the abbey of St. Mary Josaphat, just outside of Jerusalem.

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Malfia of Meliteme, queen of Jerusalem's Timeline

1075
1075
Melitene, Armenia
1101
1101
Age 26
Armenia?
1105
June 2, 1105
Age 30
Bourg, Rethel (France) - dtr of Baldwin II
1110
1110
Age 35
Tripoli, Libya
1110
Age 35
Jerusalem, Palestine
1120
1120
Age 45
Bethany, Israel
1126
October 1, 1126
Age 51
Jerusalem, Israel
????
????
????
Israel