Rabbi Dr. Marcus Melchior

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Dr. Markus Lazarus Melchior

Also Known As: "Rabbi Marcus Melchior"
Birthplace: Fredericia, Fredericia Municipality, Syddanmark, Denmark
Death: Died in Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Arnold Melchior and Berta Thora Melchior
Husband of Meta Melchior
Father of <private> Melchior; Private User; <private> Melchior; <private> Melchior; <private> Melchior and 1 other
Half brother of Salomon Melchior; Gotthelf Lazarus Melchior; Sophie Melchior; Max Gotthelf Melchior and Betty Melchior

Occupation: Chief rabbi of Denmark
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Rabbi Dr. Marcus Melchior

Marcus Melchior (1897 – 1969) was acting chief rabbi of Denmark in 1943 at the time of the rescue of the Danish Jews. Marcus Melchior came from a prominent Jewish family in Denmark. After a few years as rabbi in Germany, 1934 he became rabbi for the Jewish Community in Copenhagen From 1943 to 1945 he was acting rabbi for the Jewish refugees from Denmark in Sweden, and following the death of Max Friediger in 1947, became chief rabbi in Denmark.

After World War II he pleaded for reconciliation with the new Germany. Though his background was orthodox, his rhetorical skills and his culturally open attitudes made him a popular lecturer also outside Jewish circles.

He fathered four sons and two daughters, two of them are:

  1. Arne Melchior (who became a frontbench Danish politician and government minister) and
  2. Binyamin (Bent) Melchior. In 1969, the latter succeeded his father as chief rabbi in Copenhagen, and is the father of Michael Melchior, who is chief rabbi in Norway and emigrated to Israel in 1986 where he became a member of the Knesset for the Labour-Meimad faction.

He was also the grandfather of Rabbi Ove "Uri" Schwarz who served as the Chief Rabbi of Finland 1982–1987.

  • Ellen Otzen (8 October 2013). "The mass escape of Jews from Nazi-occupied Denmark". BBC News. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
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Rabbi Dr. Marcus Melchior's Timeline

May 26, 1897
Fredericia, Fredericia Municipality, Syddanmark, Denmark
August 23, 1921
Age 24
Dresden, Saxony, Germany
December 22, 1969
Age 72
Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany