Margaret of Scotland, dauphine de France

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Margaret Stewart

Also Known As: "Dauphine of /France/", "Of Scotland /Margaret/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Perth, Perthshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Châlons, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Place of Burial: St Laon Abbey, Thouars, Deux-Sevres, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort, Queen Consort of Scots
Wife of Louis XI "le Prudent" de Valois, Roi de France
Sister of Isabella of Scotland, Duchess of Brittany; Eleanor Stewart; Joan of Scotland, Countess of Morton; Mary Stewart, Countess of Buchan; James II of Scotland and 3 others
Half sister of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan; Andrew Moray Stewart and John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl

Occupation: Dauphine de France - Fille de Jacques Ier, roi d'Ecosse, Dauphine of Viennois, AKA "Margaret Stewart"
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Margaret of Scotland, dauphine de France

  • Princess of Scotland
  • By Marriage Queen Consort of France
  • Without issue

Biography

In 1435 she was betrothed to the future Louis XI, King of France. In 1436 an English flotilla, sent to intercept the fleet carrying Margaret to France, was diverted by a convoy of Flemish merchantmen carrying wine. Arriving safely at La Rochelle, Margaret was married at Tours.

As the bride and groom were both still children, she lived with her mother-in-law. However, despite the kind treatment she received from both the King and the Queen, Margaret was not happy in France. Her unhappiness grew when Louis took a dislike to her and said that he had been tricked into the marriage by his father before he was old enough to have any say in the matter.

Disagreements with his father caused Louis to withdraw from court while Margaret remained in Paris. In August 1445 she accompanied the King on a pilgrimage to Notre Dame de l'Epine near Châlons. It was a very hot day and on her return to the Château she sat in a draughty gallery to cool down, developed a chill and, within ten days, was dead from inflammation of the lungs.

Links:

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Margaret Stewart, Dauphine of France

Margaret of Scotland (French: Marguerite d'Écosse) (25 December 1424 – 16 August 1445) was a Princess of Scotland and the Dauphine of France. She was the firstborn child of King James I of Scotland and Queen Joan Beaufort.

She married the eldest son of the king of France, Louis, 9th Dauphin, at eleven years old. Their marriage was unhappy, and she died childless at age 20, apparently of a fever.

She was born in Perth, Scotland to James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort, a cousin of Henry VI of England. Margaret was the first of six daughters and twin sons born to her parents (her surviving brother, James, would become James II of Scotland at six years old).

Margaret was Charles VII of France's diplomatic choice for daughter-in-law.[1] The marriage was forced upon Charles's thirteen-year-old son, Louis, which did not help their relationship. However, royal marriages in the 15th century were always political.[2] There are no direct accounts from Louis or Margaret of their first impressions of each other, and it is mere speculation to say whether or not they actually had negative feelings for each other. Several historians think that Louis had a predetermined attitude to hate his wife. But it is universally agreed that Louis entered the ceremony and the marriage itself dutifully, as evidenced by his formal embrace of Margaret upon their first meeting on 24 June 1436, the day before their wedding.

Margaret and Louis' marriage shows both the nature of medieval royal diplomacy and the precarious position of the French monarchy. The marriage took place 25 June 1436 in the afternoon in the chapel of the castle of Tours and was presided by the Archbishop of Reims. By the standards of the time, it was a very plain wedding.[3] Louis, thirteen, looked clearly more mature than his bride, eleven. Margaret looked like a beautiful “doll,” perhaps because she was treated as such by her in-laws.[3] Charles wore “grey riding pants” and “did not even bother to remove his spurs.”[3] The Scottish guests were quickly hustled out after the wedding reception. This was seen as something of a scandal by the Scots. King Charles’ attire and the speed with which the guests were hustled out was considered an insult to Scotland, which was an important ally in France's war with the English. However, this spoke to the impoverished nature of the French court at this time. They simply could not afford an extravagant ceremony or to host their Scottish guests for any longer than they did.[2]

Following the ceremony, “doctors advised against consummation” because of the relative immaturity of the bride and bridegroom. Margaret continued her studies and Louis went on tour with Charles to loyal areas of the kingdom. Even at this time, Charles was taken aback by the intelligence and temper of his son. During this tour, Louis was named Dauphin by Charles, as is traditional for the eldest son of the king.[2]

Margaret was considered lovely, gracious and very beautiful,[4] with a certain ability to write poesy and rhymes, though no example of her compositions survived destruction at her husband's hands after her death. She was also very interested in the French court's social and gallant life. She was a favourite of her father-in-law Charles VII of France and popular among the courtiers. However, she felt herself alien amongst the French court and became depressed.[citation needed]

She had a strained relationship with her husband, the future king of France, mainly because of Louis' hatred of his father. Charles VII ordered the marriage, and Margaret frequently supported the king against her husband. It is said that she wore a strongly-tied corset because of her fear of pregnancies, ate green apples and drank apple vinegar. Her unhappy marriage furthered her depression, as did the gossip regarding her by supporters of Louis.[citation needed]

On 16 August 1445, between ten and eleven at night, she died in Châlons-sur-Marne, Marne, France at the age of 20. On Saturday, 7 August, she and her ladies had joined the court on a short pilgrimage. It was very hot, and when she returned, she undressed in her stone chamber. The next morning she was feverish, the doctor diagnosed the inflammation of the lungs. She died, raving against a Jamet de Tillay, a Breton soldier, in favour of her father-in-law, King Charles (Jamet surprised Margaret at her habitual poetry reading, when there were no candles, only a good fire in the mantelpiece; he stuck a candle into her face, sniggered and afterwards went around, talking about "wanton princesses". Louis was cold to Margaret, and she attributed his coldness to the gossip spread by Jamet. She died, protesting her faithfulness to her husband, and accused Jamet of killing her with his words). 1 Melancholic and distressed by slander against her, she sank into a final languor before dying. Her last words, in response to others' urgings to rouse herself and live, were supposedly Fi de la vie! qu'on ne m'en parle plus ("Fie on life! Speak no more of it to me").

She was buried in the Saint-Laon church[5] in Thouars, in the Deux-Sèvres department of France.

Five and a half years after her death, her husband married Charlotte of Savoy, by whom he had three surviving children: Charles VIII of France, and two daughters, Anne of France and Jeanne.

Margaret is also famous for the legend that she was kissed or almost kissed by poet Alain Chartier while asleep in her own rooms (another variant of this legend has Anne of Brittany as its protagonist), though her age and location at the time of Chartier's death would have made that impossible.

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Stewart,_Dauphine_of_France

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  • Margaret Stewart1,2,3
  • F, #6502, b. circa 1425, d. 16 August 1445
  • Father James I Stewart, King of Scotland4,5 b. c 25 Jul 1394, d. 21 Feb 1437
  • Mother Joan Beaufort4,5 b. 1398, d. 15 Jul 1445
  • Margaret Stewart was born circa 1425 at of Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; Age 11 in 1436.2,3 She and Louis XI, King of France, Duke of Anjou, Comte de Maine & Provence obtained a marriage license on 23 June 1436.3 Margaret Stewart married Louis XI, King of France, Duke of Anjou, Comte de Maine & Provence, son of Charles VII 'the Victorious", King of France and Marie d' Anjou, on 24 June 1436 at Tours Cathedral, Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France; No issue.2,3 Margaret Stewart died on 16 August 1445 at Chalons-sur-Marne, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France; Buried in the Chapel of St. Sepulcre in the church of the Abbey de St. Laon, Thouars, Vienne.6,2,3
  • Family Louis XI, King of France, Duke of Anjou, Comte de Maine & Provence b. 3 Jul 1423, d. 30 Aug 1483
  • Citations
  • [S11563] The Scots Peerage, Vol. I, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, p. 19.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 579.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 657.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 577-578.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 655-656.
  • [S11569] Europaische Stammtafeln, by Wilhelm Karl, Prinz zu Isenburg, Vol. II, Tafel 23.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p217.htm#i6502

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  • Margaret Stewart1
  • F, #105325, b. circa 25 December 1424, d. 16 August 1444
  • Last Edited=20 Jan 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.04%
  • Margaret Stewart was born circa 25 December 1424.1 She was the daughter of James I Stewart, King of Scotland and Lady Joan Beaufort. She married Louis XI, Roi de France, son of Charles VII, Roi de France and Maria d'Anjou, on 24 June 1436 at Tours Cathedral, Tours, France.2 She died on 16 August 1444 at Châlons, France.2,3 She was buried at Châlons Cathedral, Châlons, France.2 She was buried at Church of St. Léon, Thouars, France.2
  • Citations
  • [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 230. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
  • [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families, page 231.
  • [S323] Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage: founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's The Peerage of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland: David Douglas, 1904), volume I, page 19. Hereinafter cited as The Scots Peerage.
  • From: http://thepeerage.com/p10533.htm#i105325

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She was not the daughter of John Stewart, Earl of Atholl.

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About Margaret of Scotland, dauphine de France (Français)

  • Princess of Scotland
  • By Marriage Queen Consort of France
  • Without issue

Biography

In 1435 she was betrothed to the future Louis XI, King of France. In 1436 an English flotilla, sent to intercept the fleet carrying Margaret to France, was diverted by a convoy of Flemish merchantmen carrying wine. Arriving safely at La Rochelle, Margaret was married at Tours.

As the bride and groom were both still children, she lived with her mother-in-law. However, despite the kind treatment she received from both the King and the Queen, Margaret was not happy in France. Her unhappiness grew when Louis took a dislike to her and said that he had been tricked into the marriage by his father before he was old enough to have any say in the matter.

Disagreements with his father caused Louis to withdraw from court while Margaret remained in Paris. In August 1445 she accompanied the King on a pilgrimage to Notre Dame de l'Epine near Châlons. It was a very hot day and on her return to the Château she sat in a draughty gallery to cool down, developed a chill and, within ten days, was dead from inflammation of the lungs.

Links:

-------------------- Her ancestry is unknown. She was not the daughter of John Stewart, Earl of Atholl.

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Margaret of Scotland, dauphine de France's Timeline

1424
December 25, 1424
Perth, Perthshire, Scotland
1436
June 24, 1436
Age 11
Tours, 37000, Indre-et-Loire, FRANCE
1445
August 16, 1445
Age 20
Châlons, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1479
November 14, 1479
Age 20
St Laon Abbey, Thouars, Deux-Sevres, France
????