Margaretha Johanna Kruger

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Records for Margaretha Johanna Kruger

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About Margaretha Johanna Kruger

Bethulie Refugee Camp

Personal Details

Name: Miss Margarita Johanna Kruger

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: single

Nationality: Free State

Unique ID: 91607

Camp History

Name: Bethulie RC

Age arrival: 19

Date arrival: 13/05/1901

Age departure: 20

Date departure: 02/10/1902

Reason departure: returned home

Destination: Modderfontein, Betulie

Farm History

Name: Essernoord

District: Smithfield


Miss Margarita Johanna Kruger

is the daughter of Mrs Cornelia Petronella Kruger


Title: SRC 74 Bethulie CR

Type: Camp register

Location: Free State Archives Repository

Reference No.: SRC 74

Notes: pg.106

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Margaretha Johanna Kruger's Timeline

October 5, 1882
November 26, 1882
- 1902
Age 17

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Bethulie camp was formed on 22 April 1901, after the civilian administration took over the running of the camps from the military, and was created to take the overflow from Springfontein camp. At first families were housed in the little town (which had a population of hardly more that 550). Initially the camp was located on the koppies above the town, but it was moved twice. In June 1901 it was placed nearer to the river. Unfortunately the lower site meant that the camp often lay in heavy mist, the Ladies Committee observed. As disease increased and the ground became polluted, in March 1902 the camp was moved again, to a site where the ground was less fouled.