Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Parma

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Margarethe von Habsburg, Duchesss of Piacenza

German: Margarethe von Habsburg, Herzogin von Piacenza, French: Marguerite de Habsbourg, duchezze de Piacenza, Italian: Margherita d'Asburgo, duchessa di Piacenza, Dutch: Margaretha van Habsburg, hertogin van Piacenza
Also Known As: "von Parma", "von Oesterreich", "Margaret"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Oudenaarde, East Flanders, Flanders, Belgium
Death: Died in Ortona, Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
Place of Burial: Chiesa San Sisto, Piacenza, Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Carlos V, rey de España y emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst
Wife of Alessandro de' Medici, duca di Firenze and Ottavio Farnese, II duca di Parma
Mother of Alessandro Ignazio Farnese, III. duca di Parma
Half sister of Tadea de Austria; Johann von Österreich, gobernador de los Países Bajos; Isabelle de Foix; Philip II "the Prudent", King of Spain & Portugal; María de España Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches and 10 others

Occupation: Gouverneur des Pays-Bas
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Parma

Margaret of Parma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spouse Alessandro de' Medici

Ottavio Farnese

Issue

Alexander Farnese

House House of Habsburg

Father Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Mother Johanna Maria van der Gheynst

Born 28 December 1522(1522-12-28)

Died 18 January 1586 (aged 63)

Margaret, Duchess of Parma (28 December 1522 – 18 January 1586) governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, was the illegitimate daughter of Charles V.

Her mother, Johanna Maria van der Gheynst, a servant of Charles de Lalaing, Seigneur de Montigny, was a Fleming. Margaret was brought up by the Douwrin family, and later by her great-aunt, Archduchess Margaret of Austria, and her aunt, Maria of Austria, who were successively governors of the Netherlands from 1507 to 1530 and from 1530 to 1555, respectively. In 1533 she was acknowledged by her father and allowed to assume the name Margaret of Austria.

In 1527, in the year she turned five, she became engaged to the Pope's nephew, Alexander de Medici, Duke of Florence. In 1533, she married her betrothed but he was assassinated in 1537. On 4 November 1538 she became the wife of Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, the grandson of Pope Paul III. He was thirteen years old, she sixteen. The union, which proved an unhappy one, produced twin sons, one of whom died in infancy.

Like her aunts, who trained her, Margaret was a woman with many abilities. Philip II acted wisely in appointing her governor of the Netherlands when he left them in 1559 for Spain. In ordinary times she would probably have proved as successful a ruler as her two predecessors in that post, but her task was very different from theirs. She had to face the rising storm of discontent against the Inquisition and Spanish despotism, and Philip left her but nominal authority. He was determined to pursue his own arbitrary course, and the issue was the revolt of the Netherlands.

In 1567 Margaret resigned her post into the hands of the duke of Alva and retired to Italy. She had the satisfaction of seeing her son Alexander Farnese appointed to the office she had laid down, and to watch his successful career as governor-general of the Netherlands. She died in Ortona in 1586.

See also

   * "What, madam, is your highness afraid of these beggars (ces gueux)?"

References

   * This article incorporates text from the article "Margaret of Austria" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

MARGARET OF AUSTRIA (1522-1586), duchess of Parma and regent of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, was a natural daughter of Charles V. Her mother, Margaret van Ghent, was a Fleming. She was brought up by her aunts Margaret of Austria and Maria of Hungary, who were successively regents of the Netherlands from 1507 to 1530 and from 1S30 to 1555. In 1533 she was married to Alexander de' Medici, duke of Florence, who was assassinated in 1537, after which she became the wife of Ottavio Farnese, duke of Parma, in 1542. The union proved an unhappy one. Like her aunts, who had trained her, she was a woman of masculine abilities, and Philip II., when he left the Netherlands in 1559 for Spain, acted wisely in appointing her regent. In ordinary times she would probably have proved as successful a ruler as her two predecessors in that post, but her task was very different from theirs. She had to face the rising storm of discontent against the Inquisition and Spanish despotism, and Philip left her but nominal authority. He was determined to pursue his own arbitrary course, and the issue was the revolt of the Netherlands. In 1567 Margaret resigned her post into the hands of the duke of Alva and retired to Italy. She had the satisfaction of seeing her son Alexander Farnese appointed to the office she had laid down, and to watch his successful career as governor-general of the Netherlands. She died at Ortona in 1586.

See L. P. Gachard, Correspondance de Marguerite d'Autriche avec Phillippe II. 1554-1568 (Brussels, 1867-1887); R. Fruin, Het voorspel van den tachtig jarigen vorlog (Amsterdam, 1856); E. Rachfahl, Margaretha von Parma, Statthalterin der Niederlande, 1 5591567 (Munich, 1895); also bibliography in Cambridge Modern History, iii. 795 -80 9 (1904).

-------------------- Margaret, Duchess of Parma (28 December 1522 – 18 January 1586), governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, was the illegitimate daughter of Charles V.

Her mother, Johanna Maria van der Gheynst, a servant of Charles de Lalaing, Seigneur de Montigny, was a Fleming. Margaret was brought up by the Douwrin family, and later by her great-aunt, Archduchess Margaret of Austria, and her aunt, Maria of Austria, who were successively governors of the Netherlands from 1507 to 1530 and from 1530 to 1555, respectively. In 1533 she was acknowledged by her father and allowed to assume the name Margaret of Austria.

In 1527, in the year she turned five, she became engaged to the Pope's nephew, Alexander de Medici, Duke of Florence. In 1533, she married her betrothed but he was assassinated in 1537.

Über Margarethe von Österreich, Herzogin von Parma (Deutsch)

About Marguerite d'Autriche, duchesse de Parme (Français)

About Margherita di Austria, duchessa di Parma (italiano)

Over Margaretha van Oostenrijk, hertogin van Parma (Nederlands)

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Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Parma's Timeline

1522
December 28, 1522
Oudenaarde, East Flanders, Flanders, Belgium
1536
1536
Age 13
Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
1538
November 4, 1538
Age 15
1545
August 27, 1545
Age 22
Rome, Province of Rome, Lazio, Italy
1586
January 18, 1586
Age 63
Ortona, Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
????
Oudenaarde, East Flanders, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
????
????
Austria - aka Margarete von Ostereich
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Piacenza, Piacenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy