Margarita Teresa von Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches

Is your surname de Habsburgo?

Research the de Habsburgo family

Margarita Teresa von Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Margarita Teresa de Habsburgo, Emperatriz consorte del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico

Also Known As: "She is a central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Death: Died in Vienna, Austria
Place of Burial: Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Felipe IV el Grande, rey de España y Portugal; Phillip IV of Spain; Mariana de Austria, Reina consorte de España and Maria of Austria Anna Habsburg
Wife of Leopold I von Österreich, Kaiser HRR
Mother of Ferdinand Wenzel av Österrike Habsburg; Maria Antonia von Österreich; Jan Leopold av Österrike Habsburg; Neznámý; Maria Anna Anna Antonie von Österreich Habsburg and 2 others
Sister of Maria Ambrosia de la Concepcion Infanta of Spain; Felipe Próspero de Austria Habsburg; Tomáš Karel av Spanien Habsburg; Carlos II, rey de España; Elizabeth Charlotte and 1 other
Half sister of María Margarita, Infanta de España; Margarita María Catalina, Infanta de España; María Eugenia, Infanta de España; Isabel María Teresa, Infanta de España; Baltasar Carlos de España, Príncipe de Asturias and 4 others

Occupation: Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess Consort of Austria, Queen Consort of Hungary, Queen Consort of Croatia & Slavonia, Queen Consort of Bohemia
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Margarita Teresa von Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches

Margaret Teresa Habsburg, Infanta de España (1) F, #103061, b. 12 July 1651, d. 1673 Last Edited=1 Jul 2003 Consanguinity Index=26.47%

    Margaret Teresa Habsburg, Infanta de España was born on 12 July 1651. She was the daughter of Felipe IV von Habsburg, Rey de España and Maria Anne Erzherzogin von Österreich. 

She married Leopold I von Österreich, Holy Roman Emperor, son of Ferdinand III von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Anna von Habsburg, Infanta de España, in 1666. (1)

She died in 1673.

    

Margaret Teresa Habsburg, Infanta de España was also known as Margarita von Habsburg. She gained the title of Infanta Rey de España. (1) Children of Margaret Teresa Habsburg, Infanta de España and Leopold I von Österreich, Holy Roman Emperor -1. Ferdinand Wenzel von Habsburg b. 1667, d. 1668 -2. Maria Antonia Erzherzogin von Österreich+ b. 1669, d. 16923 -3. Johann Leopold von Habsburg b. 1670, d. 1670 -4. Maria Anna von Habsburg b. 1672, d. 1672

Forrás / Source: http://thepeerage.com/p10307.htm#i103061 ---------------------------------------- Margarita Teresa of Spain From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Margaret Theresa of Spain (Spanish: Margarita Teresa, German: Margarete Theresia; 12 July 1651 – 12 March 1673) was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess consort of Austria, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. She was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. She was the elder sister of Charles II the Bewitched, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. She is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez, and subject of many of his later paintings. Life Despite the extensive history of inbreeding between the Austrian and Spanish Habsburg family branches, Margaret Theresa exhibited few or none of the genetic defects inherited by her brother and some other relatives. She was the favourite child of her father, Philip IV of Spain, who referred to her as "my joy" in his private letters. She was an extraordinarily beautiful child, with porcelain skin, blue eyes, and blond hair.

For political reasons, Margaret Theresa was betrothed as a child to her maternal uncle and paternal cousin, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Her father stipulated that she should maintain her position in the line of succession to the Spanish throne and would pass her succession rights to her descendants, something Leopold I gladly accepted.

In the summer of 1666, saddened by her father's death, the fifteen-year-old infanta left her native Spain and traveled to Austria. She was accompanied by several Spanish attendants, and was solemnly welcomed by her future husband/uncle, Leopold. Their wedding took place in the city of Vienna, one of Europe's most beautiful capitals, on 12 December 1666. Despite the difference in their ages and Leopold's unattractive appearance, they were very happy together, as they shared a number of interests, especially theatre and music. She called him "Uncle" (even after they were married); he called her "Gretl", a German nickname for Margaret.

One of the most outstanding events during their reign was the splendid performance of the opera Il pomo d'oro ("The golden apple") by the Italian composer Antonio Cesti. It was performed as a celebration of Margarita's 17th birthday in July of 1668. This magnificent performance is frequently considered to be the peak of Baroque opera in Vienna during the seventeenth century.

After giving birth to six children, and weakened by many miscarriages, Margaret Theresa died at the young age of twenty-one — leaving Leopold heartbroken. Her only surviving child was the Archduchess Maria Antonia. She was buried in the Imperial Crypt, in Vienna.

Children Margaret Theresa and Leopold were parents to four children:

-1. Ferdinand Wenzel (1667 - 1668), Archduke of Austria. -2. Maria Antonia (1669 - 1692), Archduchess of Austria, who inherited her mother's claims to the Spanish throne and married Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and were parents of Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria, Prince of Asturias. -3. Johann Leopold (1670), Archduke of Austria. -4. Maria Anna (1672), Archduchess of Austria.

Forrás / Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margarita_Teresa_of_Spain

-------------------- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margarita_Teresa_von_Spanien Margarita Theresa von Spanien aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie (Weitergeleitet von Margarita Teresa von Spanien) Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche Margarita Teresa von Spanien im Alter von acht Jahren. Gemälde von Diego Velázquez. Infantin Margarita Teresa von Spanien

Margarita Theresa (spanisch: Margarita Teresa de Austria) (* 12. August 1651 in Madrid; † 12. März 1673 in Wien) war Infantin von Spanien aus der spanischen Linie der Habsburger und römisch-deutsche Kaiserin. Sie war die erste Gemahlin Kaiser Leopolds I. und Schwester des letzten spanischen Königs aus dem Haus Habsburg, Karl II. von Spanien. Inhaltsverzeichnis [Anzeigen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Nachkommen
   * 3 Vorfahren
   * 4 Literatur
   * 5 Weblinks

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Die Eltern Margarita Teresas waren König Philipp IV. von Spanien und dessen fast dreißig Jahre jüngere Nichte Erzherzogin Maria Anna von Österreich. Diese wurde in Spanien Mariana de Austria genannt und war die Tochter von Kaiser Ferdinand III. und Schwester Kaiser Leopolds. Die Mutter von Maria Anna war also wiederum die jüngere Schwester von König Philipp IV. Aus der Ehe von Philipp IV. und Maria Anna gingen sechs Kinder hervor, von denen nur zwei erwachsen wurden, Margarita Teresa und der Thronfolger Karl. Margarita Teresa war das Lieblingskind ihres Vaters, der sie in seinem Briefen als „meine Freude“ bezeichnete. Im Gegensatz zu ihrem jüngeren Bruder litt Margarita nicht so sehr unter den Folgen der Inzucht, die zwischen den spanischen und österreichischen Habsburgern herrschte. Sie wurde als Kind mehrmals von spanischen Malern porträtiert.

Margarita Theresa heiratete im Zuge der habsburgischen Heiratspolitik – nach langen Eheverhandlungen – zu Ostern 1666 per procurationem ihren Onkel (zugleich Cousin) Leopold. Erst im Dezember desselben Jahres traf die spanische Braut als 15-Jährige in Wien ein, wo die offizielle Hochzeit mit großem Prunk gefeiert wurde. Anlässlich der Hochzeit wurde die eigens dafür von Antonio Cesti komponierte Oper „Il pomo d'oro“ (Der goldene Apfel) aufgeführt, als erste italienische Oper nördlich der Alpen. Für die Aufführung ließ Leopold ein eigenes Theater bauen, auf der Cortina (dem Platz der heutigen Nationalbibliothek, gleich neben der Wiener Hofburg). Diese neunstündige Aufführung, deren Kosten sich auf 100.000 Gulden beliefen, war noch jahrelang Gesprächsstoff in ganz Europa. Einen Teil der Oper hatte der musikalische Kaiser selber für seine Braut geschrieben. Insgesamt dauerten die Hochzeitsfeierlichkeiten den ganzen Winter über bis zur Fastenzeit.

Margarita Teresa nannte den Kaiser auch während ihrer Ehe „Onkel“, während er „Gretl“ zu ihr sagte. Die Verbindung des Paares war lange geplant und aus diesem Anlass ließ der Madrider Hof drei Gemälde von Diego Velázquez anfertigen und nach Wien schicken, welche die junge Infantin im Alter von drei, fünf und acht Jahren zeigen. Die Gemälde hängen heute im Kunsthistorischen Museum in Wien.

Die junge Kaiserin war von strenger Frömmigkeit und veranlasste Leopold I. zur Vertreibung der Juden aus Wien, weil sie diesen die Schuld an ihren zahlreichen Fehlgeburten gab. Margarita Teresa von Spanien

Sie teilte das Interesse ihres Gatten für Musik. Die Ehe verlief harmonisch und in sechs Ehejahren gebar die Kaiserin sechs Kinder, von denen aber nur eine Tochter, Maria Antonia (1669–1692), spätere Frau von Maximilian II. Emanuel, überlebte. Grab der Kaiserin Margareta Theresa in der Kapuzinergruft

Margarita Teresa war sehr zart. Sie litt seit ihrer Jugend an einer Struma, einer krankhaften Veränderung der Schilddrüse.

Bedingt durch die Unnahbarkeit und Arroganz des spanischen Gefolges der jungen Kaiserin begann sich am Hof eine antispanische Stimmung breitzumachen, die sich auch gegen Margarita Teresa wendete. Die Höflinge gaben ungeniert ihrer Hoffnung Ausdruck, dass die kränkelnde Kaiserin bald sterben würde, um Leopold den Weg zu einer zweiten Ehe zu ebnen. Diese unerträgliche Situation belastete Margarita Teresa sehr und kurz nach der Geburt ihres sechsten Kindes starb sie geschwächt von den vielen Schwangerschaften im Alter von nur 21 Jahren. Ihr Anspruch auf das spanische Erbe ging damit auf Kaiser Leopold I. über. Da von Margarita Teresa im Gegensatz zu ihrer mit König Ludwig XIV. von Frankreich verheirateten Halbschwester María Teresa (1638–1683) kein Verzicht auf das spanische Erbe gefordert worden war, begründete Leopold I. später im Rahmen des Spanischen Erbfolgekrieges mit dieser Ehe seinen Anspruch auf Spanien. Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

In der Ehe mit Leopold I. gebar sie folgende Kinder:

   * Ferdinand Wenzel (1667–1668)
   * Maria Antonia von Österreich (1669–1692) ∞ 1685 Kurfürst Maximilian II. Emanuel von Bayern
   * Johann Leopold (*/†1670)
   * Maria Anna (*/†1672)
Literatur [Bearbeiten]
   * Helga Widorn: Die spanischen Gemahlinnen der Kaiser Maximilian II., Ferdinand III. und Leopold I. Dissertation, Wien 1959
   * Brigitte Hamann: Die Habsburger – Ein biographisches Lexikon. Ueberreuter Verlag, Wien 1988
   * Irmgard Smidt-Dörrenberg: Margarita Maria. Des Velázquez lieblichstes Modell. Bergland-Verlag, Wien 1966
   * Konrad Kramar: Petra Stuiber: Die schrulligen Habsburger – Marotten und Allüren eines Kaiserhauses. Ueberreuter Verlag, Wien 1999, ISBN 3-8000-3742-4
   * Gigi Beutler: Die Kaisergruft. Wien 1998

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * Margarita Theresa von Spanien. In: Österreich-Lexikon von aeiou.
   * Beschreibung des Roßballetts anläßlich der Hochzeit von Margarita Teresa von Spanien mit Kaiser Leopold I in der Wiener Hofburg 1667 (PDF-Datei; 231 kB)

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 1. Februar 2010 um 01:12 Uhr geändert. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margarita_Teresa_of_Spain -------------------- 9th cousin 11 times removed of PVD thru Pedro the Cruel King of Castile, PVD's 19th great grandfather, Margaret's 8th great grandfather.

Margaret Theresa of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Margaret Theresa of Spain (Spanish: Margarita Teresa de España), (German: Margarete Theresia von Spanien) (12 August 1651, Madrid, Spain - 12 March 1673, Vienna, Austria), Infanta of Spain and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. She was the elder sister of Charles II the Bewitched, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. She is a central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez.

Despite the extensive history of inbreeding between the Austrian and Spanish Habsburg family branches, Margarita exhibited little or none of the mental and physical defects inherited by her brother and other relatives. She was the favorite child of her father, Philip IV, who referred to her as "my joy" in his private letters.

For political reasons, Margarita Teresa was betrothed as a child to her maternal uncle and paternal cousin, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Her father stipulated that she should maintain her position in the line of succession to the Spanish throne and would pass her succession rights to her descendants, something Leopold I gladly accepted.

In the summer of 1666, the fifteen-year-old Spanish infanta left Spain and traveled with several Spanish attendants to Austria, where she was solemnly welcomed by Leopold I. Their wedding took place in Vienna on 5 December 1666. Despite the difference in their ages and Leopold's unattractive appearance, the couple were very happy together since they shared a number of interests, especially theatre and music. She called him "Uncle" (even after they were married); he called her "Gretl".

One of the most outstanding events during their reign was the splendid performance of the opera Il pomo d'oro ("The golden apple") by the Italian composer Marco Antonio Cesti in order to celebrate Margaret Theresa's seventeenth birthday in July 1668. This magnificent performance is frequently considered as the peak of the Baroque opera in Vienna during the seventeenth century.

After giving birth to six children and weakened by many miscarriages, Margarita Teresa died at the age of twenty-one — leaving Leopold heartbroken. Her only surviving child was the Archduchess Maria Antonia.

Children

Margarita Teresa and Leopold were parents to four children:

Ferdinand Wenzel (1667 - 1668), Archduke of Austria.

Maria Antonia (1669 - 1692), Archduchess of Austria, who inherited her mother's claims to the Spanish throne and married Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria. They were the parents of Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria, Prince of Asturias.

Johann Leopold (1670), Archduke of Austria.

Maria Anna (1672), Archduchess of Austria.

Depictions in art

Margarita Teresa is the lovely blonde princess depicted in the Spanish painter Diego Velázquez' masterpiece Las Meninas ("The Maids of Honor", 1656), where she is surrounded by her ladies-in-waiting and other persons of the Spanish court.

There are other pictures of her, also painted by Velázquez at various stages of her childhood, where she is shown wearing magnificent Baroque dresses, which were typical of the court of Madrid during the Spanish Golden Age. These portraits were usually sent by King Philip IV to the court of Vienna in order to keep Leopold apprised of how young Margarita Teresa looked and how she was doing at the distant Spanish court.

Margarita Theresa also features in a number of Pablo Picasso's 58 interpretations of Diego Velázquez' Las Meninas, which he produced between August and December 1957. These currently occupy the Las Meninas room of the Museu Picasso in Barcelona, Spain.

It is possible that Maurice Ravel was thinking of her when he wrote Pavane pour une infante défunte (Pavane for a Dead Princess). The Irish writer Oscar Wilde found inspiration in Las Meninas when he wrote his tale The Birthday of the Infanta.

PVD's 12th cousin 10 times removed. -------------------- Margaret Theresa of Spain; (August 12, 1651 - March 12, 1673), Infanta of Spain and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. She was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. She was the elder sister of Charles II the Bewitched, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. She is famously the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez, and subject of many of his later paintings.

Despite the extensive history of inbreeding between the Austrian and Spanish Habsburg family branches, Margarita exhibited little or none of the genetic defects inherited by her brother and some other relatives. She was the favorite child of her father, Philip IV, who referred to her as "my joy" in his private letters. She was an extraordinaringly beautiful child, with porcelain skin, blue eyes, and blond hair.

For political reasons, Margarita Teresa was betrothed as a child to her maternal uncle and paternal cousin, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Her father stipulated that she should maintain her position in the line of succession to the Spanish throne and would pass her succession rights to her descendants, something Leopold I gladly accepted.

In the summer of 1666, saddened by her father's death, the fifteen-year-old infanta left her native Spain and traveled to Austria. She was accompanied by several Spanish attendants, and was solemnly welcomed by her future husband/uncle, Leopold. Their wedding took place in the city of Vienna, one of Europe's most beautiful capitals, on December 5, 1666. Despite the difference in their ages and Leopold's unattractive appearance, they were very happy together, as they shared a number of interests, especially theatre and music. She called him "Uncle" (even after they were married); he called her "Gretl", a German nickname for Margarita.

One of the most outstanding events during their reign was the splendid performance of the opera Il pomo d'oro ("The golden apple") by the Italian composer Marco Antonio Cesti. it was performed as a celebration of Margarita's 17th birthday in July of 1668. This magnificent performance is frequently considered to be the peak of Baroque opera in Vienna during the seventeenth century.

After giving birth to six children, and weakened by many miscarriages, Margarita Teresa died at the young age of twenty-one — leaving Leopold heartbroken. Her only surviving child was the Archduchess Maria Antonia. She was buried in the Imperial Crypt, in Vienna.

view all 12

Margarita Teresa von Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches's Timeline

1651
July 12, 1651
Madrid, Spain
1666
December 5, 1666
Age 15
Vienna, Austria
1666
- 1666
Age 14
Vienna, Wien, Austria
1667
1667
Age 15
Vienna, Wien, Austria
1669
January 18, 1669
Age 17
Vienna, Wien, Austria
January 18, 1669
Age 17
Vienna, Austria
1670
1670
Age 18
1672
1672
Age 20
1673
March 12, 1673
Age 21
Vienna, Austria
March 15, 1673
Age 21
Vienna, Austria