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Märta av Danmark
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Kungaparets grav i Ringsted
Märta (Margrethe) av Danmark, född 1277, död 3 oktober 1341, var drottning av Sverige 1298–1318, gift med kung Birger Magnusson. Hennes ursprungliga namn var Margarethe, men hon blev i Sverige känd som drottning Märta.
Märta var dotter till kung Erik Klipping av Danmark och Agnes av Brandenburg. Hon trolovades med Birger redan som barn och tycks ha befunnit sig i Sverige sedan åtminstone år 1295. Hennes bror Erik Menved gifte sig med Birgers syster Ingeborg på samma sätt som Märta blev bortgift med kung Birger. De svenska och danska kungarna blev alltså gifta med varandras systrar och därmed svågrar till varandra. Bröllopet firades med torneringar 1298 och Märta fick Falköping och hela Fjädrundaland som morgongåva.
Märta blev sedan krönt 1302 och tillhör de mer betydelsefulla av Sveriges medeltida drottningar, eftersom hon, med rätt eller orätt, ryktas ha varit politiskt aktiv, ha haft inflytande över sin makes politik och själv deltagit i många politiska händelser. Hon har ibland, vare sig det är med sanningen överensstämmande eller inte, angetts som konstruktören av planen bakom Nyköpings gästabud 1317, där hennes makes bröder fängslades, och skildras som blodtörstig av Erikskrönikan. Då maken avsattes flydde hon 1318 med honom till Danmark. 1326-1329 befann hon sig i Tyskland och återvände sedan till Danmark. Hon tillbringade sina sista år som nunna i Sankt Peters kloster i Næstved och fick sin grav invid med makens stoft i Sankt Bendts kyrka i Ringsted på Själland.
* Magnus (avrättad i Stockholm år 1320)
* Herman Lindqvist : Historien om Sverige. Från islossning till kungarike
* Svensk Upslagsbok. 1947 års Utgåva.
* Märta av Danmark i Wilhelmina Stålberg, Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor (1864)
* Åke Ohlmarks : Sveriges drottningar
* Dick Harrison: Jarlens sekel
Sidan ändrades senast den 22 juli 2010 kl. 23.45.
Martha of Denmark
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Martha of Denmark
Queen consort of Sweden
Spouse Birger of Sweden
Father Eric V
Mother Agnes of Brandenburg
convent of Saint Peter in Naestved, Denmark
Burial Ringsted, Denmark
Martha, Swedish: Märta, officially Margaret (originally Margrethe) Eriksdatter of Denmark, (1277-1341) was a Medieval Swedish Queen consort, spouse of king Birger of Sweden. She was a politically influential queen, and played a part in the Håtuna games and in the Nyköping Banquet.
Märta was born the daughter of King Eric V of Denmark and Agnes of Brandenburg and sister of King Eric VI. Her father was murdered in 1286, and her mother, who was made regent, remarried in 1293. Märta was married to King Birger of Sweden in 1298; two years before, her brother had been married to her husband's sister, Princess Ingeborg of Sweden. The marriage was decided when she was a child - the dispensation from the Pope was obtained in 1284 - and she had in fact spent a lot of her childhood in Sweden; engaged to the Swedish crown prince as a child, she had been largely brought up at the Swedish court by her future mother-in-law, the queen dowager Helwig of Holstein. She is confirmed to have lived in Sweden permanently from at least 1295.
Märta and Birger grew up together, and their marriage was to become a happy one, which was perhaps the reason to why she was to have a such a large influence on him. In 1298, it was decided that it was time to celebrate their formal wedding, which is described as very grand, with processions of knights, theatre played by nobles, and the title of duke given by her husband to his brothers. She herself asked for prisoners to be let free, which was granted, and given the city of Falköping and large territories. She was crowned in 1302.
Queen Martha had great political influence on her husband and participated in many the intrigues of his court. In 1299, she gave birth to a son, who was proclaimed heir to the throne in 1304. In 1306, however, the brothers of the king took the actual power away from the royal couple in the famous Håtuna games. Märta sent her son and heir to her brother and her husband's sister, the king and queen of Denmark.
In Swedish history, queen Märta had a bloodthirsty reputation, given to her by the chronicles Erikskrönikan. In the second of her husband's controversies with his brothers the dukes - the king and Queen had, during the first one, the Håtuna games in 1306, been captured and imprisoned by them, and forced to hand over the real power to them - the royal couple invited the dukes to great festivities, during which the dukes vere captured and imprisoned, and left to starve to death. The festivitys is described in a famous medieval song: Everyone danced all the way from indoors to outdoors, the Queen had never looked so happy before, which was seen as a cruel sign of excitement, as she was aware of the plans on capturing them in the middle of the festivities, that she and her husband would now get their revenge. She is also suggested as the creator of the entire plan of event; she is mentioned as the creator of the Nyköping Banquet together with minister Johann Brunkow.
When her husband was deposed in 1318 and Nyköpingshus castle was taken, she fled to her brother in Denmark, were she spent the rest of her life. Her husband joined her, and she became a widow in 1321, after having witnessed her son's murder in 1320 and her brother's death in 1319. she arranged for the marriages of her daughters and spent 1326-1329 in Germany. The last years of her life was spent as a nun in the convent of Saint Peter in Naestved. She was buried in the church of Saint Bent in Ringsted.
Prince Magnus Birgersson of Sweden (1300-1320)
Prince Eric Birgersson of Sweden
Princess Agnes Birgersdotter of Sweden
Princess Katarina Birgersdotter
Herman Lindqvist: Historien om Sverige. Från islossning till kungarike. (History of Sweden. From Ice break to kingdom) (1997) (Swedish)
Svensk Uppslagsbok, 1947 års utgåva. (Swedish dictionary, 1947 edition) (1947) (Swedish)
 Wilhelmina stålberg: Anteqningar om svenska qvinnor (Notes on Swedish women) (Swedish)
Ohlmarks, Åke: Alla Sveriges drottningar. (All the queens of Sweden) (Swedish)
Dick Harrison: Jarlens sekel. (The century of the jarl) (Swedish)
Christer Öhman: "Helgon, bönder och krigare. Berättelser ur den svenska historien" (Saints, peasants and warriors. Stories from the Swedish history) (1994)
Margrete / Märta Eriksdotter av Danmark's Timeline
Stockholm County, Sweden
March 2, 1341