Marguerite de France, reine consort de Hongrie (1158 - c.1197) MP

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Death: Died in Acre, Palestine
Occupation: Queen Consort of England, Princesse de France, Queen of England, Queen of Hungary
Managed by: Andrew Dean Kemp
Last Updated:

About Marguerite de France, reine consort de Hongrie

Marguerite de France (1158-1197)

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marguerite_de_France_(1158-1197)

Marguerite de France, née en 1158, morte à Acre en 1197, fille de Louis VII, roi de France, et de Constance de Castille.

Elle épouse en premières noces le 21 août 1172 Henri le Jeune (1155-1183), fils du roi Henri II d'Angleterre et d'Aliénor d'Aquitaine

Veuve, elle se remarie en 1186 Béla III (1148 † 1196), roi de Hongrie. Celui-ci s'engage dans la croisade et ils meurent tous les deux en Terre Sainte.

Elle n'eut pas d'enfants de ses deux mariages.

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Marguerite of France (November 1157 – August/September 1197) was the eldest daughter of Louis VII of France by his second wife Constance of Castile.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 First marriage

3 Second marriage

4 Later life


[edit] Early life

Marguerite was a younger half-sister to Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was an older sister to Alys, Countess of the Vexin. Constance died in giving birth to Alys on 4 October 1160. Marguerite and Alys were older half-sisters to Philip II of France and Agnes of France.

Her maternal grandparents were Alfonso VII of Castile and Berenguela of Barcelona. Berenguela was a daughter of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona by his third wife Douce of Provence.

She was betrothed to Henry the Young King of England on 2 November 1160. Henry was the second of five sons born to Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was five years old at the time of this agreement while Marguerite was only two.

[edit] First marriage

Her husband became co-ruler with his father in 1170. They were formally married on 27 August 1172 in Winchester Cathedral. Marguerite became pregnant and gave birth to their only son William on 19 June 1177. The child was born prematurely and died on 22 June of the same year. She was accused in 1182 of having a love affair with William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, although contemporary chroniclers doubted the truth of these accusations. Henry may have started the process to have their marriage annulled, ostensibly due to her adultery but in reality because she could not conceive an heir. Marguerite was sent back to France, according to E. Hallam (The Plantagenets) and Amy Kelly (Eleonore of Aquitaine and the Four Kings), to ensure her safety during the civil war with Young Henry's brother Richard. Her husband died in 1183 while on campaign in the Dordogne region of France.

[edit] Second marriage

After receiving a substantial pension in exchange for surrendering her dowry of Gisors and the Vexin, she became the second Queen consort of Béla III of Hungary in 1186. The difficult delivery of her only known child in 1177 seems to have rendered her sterile, as she had no further children by either Young Henry or Béla.

[edit] Later life

She was widowed for a second time in 1196 and died on pilgimage to the Holy Land at St John of Acre in 1197, having only arrived a few days prior to her death. She was buried at the Cathedral of Tyre, according to Ernoul the chronicler who continued the chronicles of William of Tyre.

Royal titles

Preceded by

Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen consort of the English

27 August 1172 – 11 June 1183

Served alongside: Eleanor of Aquitaine Succeeded by

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Vacant

Title last held by

Agnes of Antioch Queen consort of Hungary and Croatia

1186–1196 Vacant

Title next held by

Constance of Aragon

view all 20

Marguerite de France, reine consort de Hongrie's Timeline

1158
1158
1160
November 2, 1160
Age 2
Neubourg
November 2, 1160
Age 2

Young Henry was betrothed to Marguerite of France, daughter of King Louis VII of France by his second wife Constance of Castile, when he was 5 years of age and she was 2. The marriage was an attempt to settle the long struggle between the Plantagenets and Capetians over the possession of the frontier district of the Norman Vexin, which Louis VII had acquired from Henry II's father, Geoffrey Plantagenet, around 1144. By the terms of the settlement, Marguerite would bring the castles of the Norman Vexin to her new husband. However, the marriage was pushed through by Henry II when Young Henry and Marguerite were small children, so that he could seize the castles. A bitter border war followed between the kings.

1177
June 19, 1177
Age 19
of, England
1182
1182
Age 24

He fell out with William Marshal, the leader of his tournament mesnée. The charge against William was actually one of lèse majesté, brought on by Marshal's own arrogance and greed. It is suggested that William Marshal had an affair with Queen Marguerite but is not likely. The Young King sent his wife early in 1183 to the French court, it was done most likely to keep her safe in the impending war with his brother Richard rather than because she was in disgrace.

1197
September 10, 1197
Age 39
Acre, Palestine
1893
November 7, 1893
Age 39
November 7, 1893
Age 39
November 7, 1893
Age 39
November 7, 1893
Age 39