Maria Adelaide of Austria, Queen of Sardinia

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About Maria Adelaide di Savoia-Carignano (Habsburg-Lorraine), Queen of Sardinia

Full name German: Adelheid Franziska Marie Rainera Elisabeth Clotilde

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Adelaide_of_Austria -------------------- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelheid_von_%C3%96sterreich Adelheid von Österreich aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche Adelheid von Österreich, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1841. Erzherzogin Adelheid von Österreich, Königin von Sardinien-Piemont

Adelheid von Österreich, vollständiger Name Adelheid Franziska Marie Rainera Elisabeth Clotilde von Österreich (* 3. Juni 1822 in Mailand; † 20. Januar 1855 in Turin) war Königin von Sardinien. Leben [Bearbeiten]

Sie kam als Tochter von Erzherzog Rainer Joseph, Vizekönig von Lombardo-Venetien und Bruder von Kaiser Franz II., und der Prinzessin Elisabeth von Savoyen-Carignan in Mailand zur Welt.

Am 12. April 1842 wurde sie in Stupinigi mit ihrem Cousin, dem Kronprinzen und späteren König von Sardinien (ab 1861 König von Italien), Viktor Emanuel II., vermählt. Ihr Gemahl änderte jedoch nach der Vermählung sein ausschweifendes Leben nicht und hatte zahlreiche Liebschaften, uneheliche Kinder und führte nebenbei eine dauerhafte Beziehung zu seiner langjährigen Mätresse Rosa Vercellana.

Das Paar hatte zusammen acht Kinder:

   * Clothilda Maria (* 2. März 1843; † 25. Juni 1911) - verheiratet mit Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte (1822-1891), gen. Plon-Plon
   * Umberto I. (* 14. März 1844; † 29. Juli 1900), König von Italien,
   * Amadeus I. Ferdinand Maria (* 30. Mai 1845; † 18. Januar 1890), König von Spanien,
   * Oddone Eugenio (* 11. Juli 1846; † 22. Januar 1866), Herzog von Montferrat,
   * Maria Pia (* 16. Oktober 1847; † 5. Juli 1911) - 1862 verheiratet mit Ludwig I., König von Portugal,
   * Carlo Alberto (* 2. Juni 1851; † 28. Juni 1854), Herzog von Chablais,
   * Vittorio Emanuele (*/† 7. Juli 1852), Prinz von Savoyen, und
   * Vittorio Emanuele (* 8. Januar 1855; † 17. Mai 1855), Herzog von Chablais

Nach der Geburt ihres sechsten Sohnes Vittorio Emanuele starb Adelheid erst 32-jährig im Kindbett und wurde in Turin in der Basilica di Superga bestattet.

Ihr Gemahl heiratete nach ihrem Tode seine Geliebte Rosa Vercellana. Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Adelheid, Erzherzogin von Österreich, in Constant von Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich
   * Brigitte Hamann: Die Habsburger, ein biographisches Lexikon. Verlag Carl Ueberreuter, Wien 1988.

Weblinks [Bearbeiten] Commons Commons: Adelheid von Österreich – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

Vorgängerin

Maria Theresia von Österreich-Toskana Königin von Sardinien 1849-1855 Nachfolgerin

Margarethe von Italien

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 5. März 2010 um 13:44 Uhr geändert. -------------------- Maria Adelaide of Austria From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maria Adelaide (3 June 1822 - 20 January 1855) was the first wife of Vittorio Emanuele II and as such became Queen of Sardinia from 1849 until her death. She was born in Milan to Archduke Rainer of Austria, Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, and to the Princess Elisabeth of Savoy-Carignano, sister of Vittorio Emanuele’s father (and predecessor as King of Sardinia) King of Sardinia Carlo Alberto. On 12 April 1842 at Stupinigi she married her cousin Vittorio Emanuele who would become the first post-unification King of Italy in 1861, half a dozen years after her death. The marriage lasted thirteen years. Maria Adelaide died in Turin at the age of 32, two days after giving birth to her eighth child. The children were: Princess Maria Clotilde, born at Turin, 2 March 1843. She married Napoleon Joseph (the Prince Napoleon); their grandson Louis was the pretender of Bonaparte from 1926. She died at Moncalieri Castle, 25 June 1911. Prince Umberto, born at Turin, 14 March 1844. He was Prince of Piedmont (1849-1878), and King of Italy from 1878 until his assassination at Monza on 29 July 1900. Prince Amedeo, born at Turin, 30 May 1845. Duke of Aosta (1845-1890) and King of Spain (1871-1873). His second wife, Leticia, was the daughter of his sister Maria Clotilde. He died in Turin on 18 January 1890. Prince Oddone Eugenio Maria of Savoy, born at Turin, 11 July 1846, Duke of Montferrat. He died in Turin on 22 January 1866. Princess Maria Pia, born at Turin, 14 February 1847. She married Luís I of Portugal in 1862, becoming Queen Dowager on his death in 1889. After the 5 October 1910 revolution she returned to Italy and died at Stupinigi on 5 July 1911. Prince Carlo Alberto, born at Moncalieri Castle, 2 June 1851. Duke of Chablais, he died at Stupinigi on 22 June 1854, shortly after his third birthday. Prince Vittorio Emanuele, born and died at Turin, 6 July 1852. Prince Vittorio Emanuele, born at Turin, 18 January 1855. His mother died two days later. He survived for four months, being made Count of Genoa. He died Turin, on 17 May 1855.

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Maria Adelaide of Austria, Queen of Sardinia's Timeline

1822
June 3, 1822
Milano, Lombardia, Italia
1842
April 12, 1842
Age 19
Nichelino, Piedmont, Italy
1843
March 2, 1843
Age 20
Torino, Sardegna
1844
March 14, 1844
Age 21
Torino, Turin, Piemonte, Italy
1845
May 30, 1845
Age 22
Torino, Italy
1846
July 11, 1846
Age 24
Torino, Piemonte, Italia
1847
February 14, 1847
Age 24
Torino, Italia
1851
June 2, 1851
Age 28
1852
July 6, 1852
Age 30
1855
January 8, 1855
Age 32