Maria Amalia di Borbone-Napoli, Reine de France (1782 - 1866) MP

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Nicknames: "Maria /Amelie/", "Princess /Maria/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Caserta, Caserta, Campania, Italy
Death: Died in Esher, Surrey, UK
Managed by: Dag Lundqvist
Last Updated:

About Maria Amalia di Borbone-Napoli, Reine de France

Links:

The Peerage: http://thepeerage.com/p11073.htm#i110727

Geneall: http://www.geneall.net/I/per_page.php?id=5436

Wikipedia:

English: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Amalia_of_the_Two_Sicilies

Francais: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie-Am%C3%A9lie_de_Bourbon-Siciles

Maria Amalia Teresa of the Two Sicilies (26 April 1782 – 24 March 1866) was Queen of the French from 1830-1848, consort to King Louis-Philippe.

Not to be confused with Princess Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1818-1857).

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Maria Amalia Teresa of the Two Sicilies (26 April 1782-24 March 1866) was Queen of the French from 1830-1848, consort to King Louis-Philippe.

She was born at Caserta, the daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (1751-1825) and his wife, Marie Caroline of Austria (1752-1814), who was the favorite sister of Marie Antoinette.

She received a careful education which developed the naturally pious and honorable disposition that earned for her in the family circle the nickname of La Santa. Driven from Naples in 1798, the Neapolitan royal family fled to Palermo, and the years from 1800 to 1802 were spent by Marie Amélie with her mother at the Austrian court. In 1806 they were again in flight before the armies of general Masséna, and it was during the second residence of her father's court at Palermo that she met the exiled Louis-Philippe, then duc d'Orléans, eldest son of the previous duke, also named Louis-Philippe (also known as Philippe Égalité).

On 25 November 1809 she married Louis-Philippe, at Palermo in Sicily. Like her mother, Maria had a very large family. Overall she and her husband had 10 children.


Returning to France in 1814, the Duke and Duchess of Orléans had barely established themselves in the Palais-Royal in Paris when the Hundred Days drove them into exile. Marie Amélie took refuge with her four children in England, where she spent two years at Orleans House, Twickenham. Again in France in 1817, her life at Neuilly until 1828 was the happiest period of her existence. Neither then nor at any other time did she take any active share in politics; but she was not without indirect influence on affairs, because her ultra-royalist and legitimist traditions prevented the court from including her in the suspicion with which her husband's liberal views were regarded. Her attention was absorbed by the care and education of her numerous family, even after the revolution of 1830 had made her queen of the French.

During her second exile, from 1848 to the end of her life, she lived at Claremont, where her charity and piety endeared her to the many English friends of the Orleans family. Marie Amélie died in exile, at Claremont in Surrey in England.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Amalia_of_the_Two_Sicilies

Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily

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Not to be confused with Princess Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1818-1857).

Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily

Queen consort of the French

Duchess of Orléans

Tenure 9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848

Spouse Louis Philippe I

among others...

Issue

Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans

Louise, Queen of the Belgians

Princess Marie

Louis, Duke of Nemours

Clémentine, Princess of Kohary

François, Prince of Joinville

Charles, Duke of Penthièvre

Henri, Duke of Aumale

Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

House House of Orléans

House of the Two Sicilies

Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies

Mother Maria Carolina of Austria

Born 26 April 1782(1782-04-26)

Caserta Palace, Italy

Died 24 March 1866 (aged 83)

Claremont, Surrey, England

Burial Chapelle royale de Dreux, Dreux, France

Religion Roman Catholic

Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily, sometimes known as Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies (Maria Amalia Teresa; 26 April 1782 – 24 March 1866) was a Princess of Naples and Sicily[1] and later the Queen of the French from 1830–1848, consort to Louis Philippe I.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Biography
         o 1.1 Early years
   * 2 Tenure as Queen
   * 3 Exile and death
         o 3.1 Issue
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 Titles, styles, honours and arms
         o 5.1 Titles and styles
   * 6 Further reading
   * 7 References
   * 8 Bibliography
   * 9 External links

[edit] Biography

[edit] Early years

Princess Maria Amalia was born on 26 April 1782 at the Caserta Palace outside Naples, Italy. Her parents were the King of Naples and Sicily, Ferdinand IV, and his wife, the Austrian daughter of Empress Maria Theresa, Maria Carolina.

Her mother’s sister, Marie Antoinette, was queen of France at the time of Maria Amalia’s birth.

His brother's included Prince Carlo, Duke of Calabria, who died of smallpox[2] in 1778; the future King Francis and Prince Leopold, Prince of Salerno.

Her older sisters included the future Holy Roman Empress, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Princess Maria Cristina, was the wife of the future Charles Felix of Sardinia and Queen of Sardinia; Maria Cristina's twin Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died in 1783 of smallpox. The last surviving daughter was the future Princess of Asturias.

His cousin's included the Duke of Parma, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Holy Roman Emperor, Queen of Portugal, King of Spain and a Duchess of Calabria, the first wife of his brother Francis[3] .

As a young Italian princess, she was educated in the Catholic tradition which she appears to have taken to heart. Her mother, Maria Carolina, like her famous mother before her[2], Empress Maria Theresa, made an effort to be a part of her daughter’s life, though she was cared for daily by her governess, Donna Vicenza Rizzi.[4] As a child, Maria Amalia’s mother and her aunt, Marie Antoinette, arranged for her to be engaged to Marie Antoinette’s son, the future king of France, due to which, her mother encouraged her to remember that she would someday be his queen.[5] Tragically, her young fiance died in 1789.[6]

Maria Amelia faced chaos and upheaval from a young age. The death of her aunt Marie Antoinette during the French Revolution and her mother’s subsequent dramatic actions emblazoned the event in the young girl’s memory.[7]

On the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 the Neapolitan court was not hostile to the movement. When the French monarchy was abolished and her aunt and uncle were executed, her parents joined the First Coalition against France in 1793.

Although peace was made with France in 1796, by 1798 conflict was again fierce. It was decided that the royal family flee to the Kingdom of Sicily. The family left Naples on 21 December 1798 on board the HMS Vanguard, a British Royal navy vessel which was in turn protected by two Neapolitan warships.

It was on board the warship that her younger brother Alberto died of exhaustion on Christmas Day aged 6, 1798.[2] He was buried in Palermo soon after the family arrived there; his funeral was the first official engagement his family attended in Sicliy.[2]

She was forced to leave her home at the age of 18 and spent the next few years jumping from various royal dwellings to escape turbulent times in Italy.

While in flight, she encountered her future husband, Louis Philippe d'Orléans, also forced from his home in France due to political complications of the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon. Louis-Philippe's father, the previous Duke of Orléans, had been guillotined during the French Revolution, though he had advocated it in the early years.[8]

The two were married in 1809, three years after they met in Italy whereupon Marie-Amelie became the Duchess of Orléans. Unfortunately for Marlie-Amelie, she went to France with her new husband in 1814, where she attempted to make a home with her growing family, but with Napoleon’s brief return, she was forced to flee yet again. Prior to her husband’s rise to power, Maria Amalia and her husband had to cope with a persistent money problem due to the fact that they had no income aside from that which they were given by the English crown.[9] This must have been particularly difficult for Maria Amalia given her ideas about the superiority of royals and the ways in which they were to conduct themselves.

During the d’Orléans’ time in France prior to Louis-Philippe’s coronation, the family lived in the Palais-Royal which had been the home of Louis Philippe’s father, the previous Duke of Orléans. Despite the monetary worries of the family, in total, the house was returned to its original splendor at cost to the couple of eleven million francs.[10]

[edit] Tenure as Queen

In 1830, following what is known as the July Revolution, Louis-Philippe became king of France, with Maria Amalia as his consort and queen of the July Monarchy. Maria Amalia did not play an active role in politics and in fact made a concerted effort to remove herself from it.[11] This seems to have been the result of her personality, training, and conception of the role of monarchy. She may also have been aware of the backlash in France against women asserting power over politics where, it was thought, they had undue influence. This became painfully clear with the example of her late aunt, Marie Antoinette. Though she was not a political woman, as a queen known to be a staunch supporter of monarchy in its traditional conception, Maria Amalia was able to escape the suspicion of many of the French who worried that her husband’s ideology was not monarchical enough and tended toward middle class, bourgeois, values at the expense of the proper treatment and conduct of royalty.

[edit] Exile and death

After her husband was forced from kingship in the extremely turbulent events of the Revolution of 1848, the royal family fled to England. Louis-Philippe died two years later. After the death of her husband, Maria Amalia continued to live in England where she attended daily Mass and was well known to Queen Victoria.[12] Queen Maria Amalia died on 24 March 1866.[13] After her death, the dress she had kept since 1848 when her husband had left France was put on her, according to her last wishes.[14]

[edit] Issue

   * Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (3 September 1810-1842) married Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b.1814–d.1858)
   * Louise d'Orléans (3 April 1812–1850) later Queen consort of Léopold I of Belgium. Children included Leopold II and Carlota of Mexico.
   * Marie d'Orléans (12 April 1813–1839) married Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1804-1881).
   * Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Nemours (25 October 1814–1896) married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary.
   * Princess Françoise d'Orléans (28 March 1816–1818)
   * Clémentine d'Orléans (3 June 1817–1907) married Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
   * François d'Orléans, Prince of Joinville (14 August 1818–1900) married Princess Francisca of Brazil.
   * Charles d'Orléans, Duke of Penthièvre (1 January 1820–1828)
   * Henri d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale (16 June 1822–1897) married Princess Maria Carolina of the Two Siciles (b.1822–d.1869), daughter of Leopold, Prince of Salerno.
   * Antoine d'Orléans (31 July 1824–1890) became a prince of Spain after marrying Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain (b.1832–d.1897), daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and sister of Isabella II of Spain.

Titles and styles

   * 26 April 1782 – 25 November 1809 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
   * 25 Nov 1809 – 9 August 1830 Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Orléans
   * 9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848 Her Majesty the Queen of the French
         o 24 February 1848 – 26 August 1850 Her Majesty the Queen of the French (preteder)
   * 24 February 1848 – 26 August 1850 Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Orléans
   * 26 August 1850 – 24 March 1866 Her Royal Highness the Dowager Duchess of Orléans
         o 26 August 1850 – 24 March 1866 Her Majesty the Dowager Queen of the French

[edit] Further reading

   * Howarth, T.E.B. Citizen-King, The Life of Louis-Philippe, King of the French. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1961.
   * Margadant, Jo Burr. "The Duchesse de Berry and Royalist Political Culture in Postrevolutionary France. History Workshop Journal, No. 43, (Spring, 1997).
   * Margadant, Jo Burr. “Gender, Vice, and the Political Imagery in Postrevolutionary France: Reinterpreting the Failure of the July Monarchy 1830-1848.” American Historical Review 104.5, (1995).
   * Paris, Isabelle comtesse de. La Reine Marie-Amelie, Grand-mere de l'Europe. Paris: Perrin, 1998.

[edit] References

  1. ^ The joint kingdoms of Naples and Sicily were later known as the Kigdom of the Two Sicilies
  2. ^ a b c d Dyson. C.C, The Life of Marie Amelie Last Queen of the French, 1782-1866, BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2008, p. 50.
  3. ^ They were the parents of the famous duchesse de Berry
  4. ^ Dyson, p. 31.
  5. ^ Dyson, p. 35.
  6. ^ Dyson, p. 37.
  7. ^ Dyson, p. 39.
  8. ^ Dyson, p. 100.
  9. ^ Dyson, p. 112.
 10. ^ Dyson, p. 153.
 11. ^ "Marie-Amélie de Bourbon". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1357132/Marie-Amelie-de-Bourbon. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
 12. ^ Dyson, p. 295.
 13. ^ Dyson, p. 306.
 14. ^ Dyson, p. 307.

[edit] Bibliography

   * Dyson, C. C. (1910). The life of Marie-Amélie. New York, New York: D. Appleton and Company. OCLC 526786. 
   * This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

This page was last modified on 26 July 2010 at 01:04.

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Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maria Amalia Teresa of the Two Sicilies (26 April 1782 – 24 March 1866) was Queen of the French from 1830-1848, consort to King Louis-Philippe.

Early Years

Marie-Amelie was born on 26 April 1782 at the Caserta Palace outside Naples, Italy. Her parents were the King of Naples and Sicily, Ferdinand IV, and his wife, Maria Carolina. Her mother’s sister, Marie-Antoinette, was queen of France at the time of Marie-Amelie’s birth and her grandmother was Maria-Theresa [1]. As a young Italian princess, she was educated in the Catholic tradition which she appears to have taken to heart [1]. Her mother, Maria Carolina, like her famous mother before her, Marie-Therese, made an effort to be a part of her daughter’s life, though she was cared for daily by her governess, Donna Vicenza Rizzi [2] As a child, Marie-Amelie’s mother and her aunt, Marie-Antoinette, arranged for her to be engaged to Marie-Antoinette’s son, the future king of France, due to which, her mother encouraged her to remember that she would someday be his queen [3]. Tragically, her young fiance died in 1789 [4].

[edit]Marriage and Life Prior to Assension

Marie-Amelie faced chaos and upheaval from a young age. The death of her aunt Marie-Antoinette during the French Revolution and her mother’s subsequent dramatic actions emblazoned the event in the young girl’s memory [5]. She was forced to leave her home at the age of 18 and spent the next few years jumping from various royal dwellings to escape turbulent times in Italy. While in flight, she encountered her future husband, Louis-Philippe, also forced from his home in France due to political complications of the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon [1]. Louis-Philippe's father, the previous Duc d’Orleans, had been guillotined during the French Revolution, though he had advocated it in the early years [6]. The two were married in 1809, three years after they met in Italy whereupon Marlie-Amelie became the Duchess d’Orleans [1]. Unfortunately for Marlie-Amelie, she went to France with her new husband in 1814, where she attempted to make a home with her growing family, but with Napoleon’s brief return, she was forced to flee yet again [1]. Prior to her husband’s rise to power, Marie-Amelie and her husband had to cope with a persistent money problem due to the fact that they had no income aside from that which they were given by the English crown [7]. This must have been particularly difficult for Marie-Amelie given her ideas in the superiority of royals and the ways in which they were to conduct themselves. During the d’Orleans’ time in France prior to Louis-Philippe’s coronation, the family lived in the Palais-Royal which had been the home of Louis-Philippe’s father, the previous Duc d’Orleans. Despite the monetary worries of the family, in total, the house was returned to its original splendor at cost to the couple of eleven million francs [8].

[edit]Children

Prince Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans (3 September 1810-1842) married Duchess Helene Louise Elizabeth of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b.1814-d.1858)

Princesse Louise Marie d'Orléans (3 April 1812-1850) later Queen consort of Léopold I of Belgium. Children included Leopold II and Carlota of Mexico.

Princess Marie (12 April 1813-1839) married Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1804-1881).

Prince Louis d'Orléans, duc de Nemours (25 October 1814-1896) married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary.

Princess Françoise d'Orléans (28 March 1816-1818)

Princesse Clémentine d'Orléans (3 June 1817-1907) married Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Prince François d'Orléans, prince de Joinville (14 August 1818-1900) married Princess Francisca of Brazil.

Prince Charles d'Orléans, duc de Penthièvre (1 January 1820-1828)

Prince Henri d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale (16 June 1822-1897) married Princess Maria Carolina Augusta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (b.1822-d.1869), daughter of Leopold, Prince of Salerno.

Prince Antoine d'Orléans (31 July 1824-1890) became a prince of Spain after marrying Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain (b.1832-d.1897), daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and sister of Isabella II of Spain.

[edit]Reign as Queen

In 1830, following what is known as the July Revolution, Louis-Philippe became king of France, with Marie-Amelie as his consort and queen of the July Monarchy. Marie-Amelie did not play an active role in politics and in fact made a concerted effort to remove herself from it[9]. This seems to have been the result of her personality, training, and conception of the role of monarchy. She may also have been aware of the backlash in France against women asserting power over politics where, it was thought, they had undue influence. This became painfully clear with the example of her late aunt, Marie-Antoinette. Though she was not a political woman, as a queen known to be a staunch supporter of monarchy in its traditional conception, Marie-Amelie was able to escape the suspicion of many of the French who worried that her husband’s ideology was not monarchical enough and tended toward middle class, bourgeois, values at the expense of the proper treatment and conduct of royalty [1].

[edit]Exile and Death in England

After her husband was forced from kingship in the extremely turbulent events of the Revolution of 1848, the royal family fled to England. Louis-Philippe died two years later. After the death of her husband, Marie-Amelie continued to live in England where she attended daily Mass and was well known to Queen Victoria[10]. Queen Marie-Amelie died on 24 March 1866[11]. After her death, the dress she had kept since 1848 when her husband had left France was put on her, according to her desire[12].

view all 14

Maria Amalia di Borbone-Napoli's Timeline

1782
April 26, 1782
Caserta, Caserta, Campania, Italy
1809
November 25, 1809
Age 27
Palermo, Italia
1810
September 3, 1810
Age 28
Palermo, Sicilia, Italia
1812
April 3, 1812
Age 29
Palermo, Due Sicilie
1813
April 12, 1813
Age 30
Palermo, Sicilia, Italia
1814
October 25, 1814
Age 32
Paris, Seine, France
1816
March 28, 1816
Age 33
Twickenham, Middlesex, England
1817
June 3, 1817
Age 35
Seine, France
1818
August 14, 1818
Age 36
Neuilly-sur-Seine, Ile-de-France, France
1820
January 1, 1820
Age 37
Palais Royal, Paris, Seine, France