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Nicknames: "Maria Elizabeth Oliver"
Birthdate:
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Managed by: Erica Howton, (c)
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About Maria Boston

Maria Boston, the "ancestral matriarch" of Nantucket's African-American women, was a part of a small, close-knit community of manumitted slave families. Sometime before the Revolution, William Swain offered freedom to Maria and her husband Boston. But it was not until 1760 that Maria, Boston, and their youngest son, Peter, were manumitted, "For and in consideration of the many good & faithful services. . . ." The couple's six other children were to remain in slavery until they reached twenty-eight years of age, with the exception of Tobias, an adult, who was to be freed at the age of twenty-five. By the 1790s, all of the children had been freed through the process of gradual manumission. Destined for success by virtue of strong family ties, perseverance, and hard work, the Boston freedmen became mariners, merchants, and craftsmen. As pioneers of a new community, they took the lead in setting examples for other freed slaves to follow. They purchased land in the West Monomoy shares near the Old Mill; during the first half of the next century they married and with their wives built their homes, raised their children, and amassed their fortunes. After the death of Boston, Maria remarried into the Pompey family and in her declining years was cared for by her sons. (1)

Sources

  1. African-American Women in Nineteenth-Century Nantucket: Wives, Mothers, Modistes, and Visionaries. By Gloria Davis Goode. Historic Nantucket, Vol 40, no. 4 (Winter 1992), p. 76-78
  2. Black-White Relations on Nantucket by Robert Johnson. Spring 2002 issue of Historic Nantucket

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Хронология Maria Boston

1725
1725
1739
May 9, 1739
Age 14
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1741
July 8, 1741
Age 16
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1742
March 13, 1742
Age 17
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1744
March 17, 1744
Age 19
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1750
March 15, 1750
Age 25
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1752
June 28, 1752
Age 27
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1752
Age 27
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1755
June 20, 1755
Age 30
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States
1762
June 8, 1762
Age 37
Nantucket, Nantucket, Massachusetts, United States