Maria Christina of Austria, Queen consort of Spain

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Maria Christine Désirée Henriette Felicitas Rainiera von Österreich, Habsburg-Lothringen, Reina consorte y reina regente de España

Also Known As: "Maria Christina Désirée Henriette Felicitas Rainiera von Habsburg-Lothringen"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Židlochovice Castle, near Brno, in Moravia, Czechoslovakia
Death: Died in Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Karl Ferdinand, Erzherzog von Österreich and Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia
Wife of Alfonso XII, Rey de España
Mother of María de las Mercedes de Borbón y Hasburgo-Lorena, Infanta de España; María Teresa de Borbón y Hasburgo-Lorena, Infanta de España and Alfonso XIII León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio King of Spain, Rey de España
Sister of Franz Josef Erzherzog von Österreich; Friedrich, Erzherzog von Österreich Teschen; Karl Stephan von Habsburg-Lothringen, Erzherzog von Österreich; Eugen Ferdinand, Erzherzog von Österreich and Maria Eleonora Habsburg-Lorraine, Erzherzogin von Österreich
Half sister of Franz Josef Erzherzog von Österreich; Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1849–1919), Queen consort of Bavaria; Karl Stephan von Habsburg-Lothringen, Erzherzog von Österreich; Eugen Ferdinand, Erzherzog von Österreich and Maria Eleonora Habsburg-Lorraine, Erzherzogin von Österreich

Occupation: Queen of Spain 1879-1885, Archduchess of Austria
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About Maria Christina of Austria, Queen consort of Spain

21/07/1858 en Groes -Sedowitc (Moravia) 08/02/1929 en Madrid

Padre/madre: Carlos Fernando de Austria / María Isabel de Austria-Módena

Esposo/hijos: Alfonso XII / María de las Mercedes, María Teresa y Alfonso XIII

Biografía: Nacida en cuna real se educa en lo más selecto de la época: humanidades, filosofía e idiomas.

En sus años jóvenes (1876) fue nombrada abadesa del Capítulo de Nobles Canonesas de Praga que, por mucho que despiste, no es un convento ni nada parecido sino una residencia donde se alojaban las mujeres de alta nobleza al estar solas o abandonadas. Para pertenecer a este Capítulo se tenía que tener unos cuantos ascendientes de rancio abolengo. La abadesa siempre era una archiduquesa, excepto en esta ocasión.

Tuvo su mejor oportunidad en el año 1878 en el que la reina de España muere seis meses después de la boda y deja a Alfonso XII viudo con toda una vida por delante. Las cortes se ponen manos a la obra y buscan a una dama de alta alcurnia, educada y sin pasado oscuro.

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Maria Christina of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maria Christina, Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (Maria Christina Désirée Henriette Felicitas Rainiera von Habsburg-Lothringen, 21 July 1858 – 6 February 1929) was the second Queen consort of King Alfonso XII of Spain and was Queen Regent of Spain during the minority of her son Alfonso XIII and during the abeyancy of the throne before his birth, from November 25, 1885 - 7 May 1902.

Known to her family as Christa, she was born at Židlochovice Castle (Groß Seelowitz), near Brno, in Moravia, a daughter of Archduke Karl Ferdinand and his wife, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria.

Her paternal grandparents were Archduke Charles of Austria and Princess Henriette Alexandrine of Nassau-Weilburg.

Maria Christina married King Alfonso XII of Spain on 29 November 1879 at the Royal Palace in Madrid, and became the mother of his only three legitimate children: Infanta Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain, and Alfonso (born posthumously). His previous wife was Mercedes of Orléans, who had died half a year after their marriage, leaving no issue.

When the King died, Maria Christina was pregnant, so the throne was in abeyancy, depending on whether Maria Christina's unborn child was a male or a female; a male would make that child king, while a female would place her elder daughter, Infanta Maria Mercedes, on the throne. During this period, Maria Christina ruled as regent until her child, a son, was born, who was Alfonso XIII of Spain from birth. Maria Christina continued as regent until Alfonso XIII attained his majority in 1902.

She died at the Royal Palace in Madrid and is buried at El Escorial.

Bibliography

Campos y Fernández de Sevilla, Francisco-Javier. María Cristina de Habsburgo y la Regencia, 1885-1902. San Lorenzo de El Escorial: Estudios Superiores del Escorial, Real Colegio Universitario "María Cristina", 1994.

Cancio R. Capote, Rita Maria. The Function of Maria Christina of Austria's Regency, 1885-1902, in Preserving the Spanish Monarchy. México: Ediciones Botas, 1957.

Figueroa y Torres, Alvaro de, Conde de Romanones. Doña María Cristina de Habsburgo Lorena, la discreta regente de España. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1934.

Martín Alonso, Aurelio. Diez y seis años de regencia, María Cristina de Hapsburgo-Lorena, 1885-1902. Barcelona: L. Tasso, 1914.

Thoma, Helga. Habsburgs letzte Herrscherin: Maria Christine, Erzherzogin von Österreich, Königin-Regentin von Spanien. Wien-Klosterneuburg: Edition Va Bene, 2003.

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Maria Christina of Austria, Queen consort of Spain's Timeline

1858
July 21, 1858
Židlochovice Castle, near Brno, in Moravia, Czechoslovakia
1879
November 29, 1879
Age 21
Madrid, Spain
1880
September 11, 1880
Age 22
Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, España
1882
November 12, 1882
Age 24
Madrid, España
1886
May 17, 1886
Age 27
Madrid, España
1929
February 6, 1929
Age 70
Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain
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