Maria Elizabeth Herbst, b3c5d12e4

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About Maria Elizabeth Herbst, b3c5d12e4

d12 Charles Petrus * 29.7.1863 = Ladysmith 8.11.1863

e4 Maria Elizabeth * 17 Oktober 1890 Gedoop 7 Desember 1890

Middelburg Refugee Camp 27 April 1901 – 2 August 1902

Personal Details

Name: Miss Maria Elizabeth Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: single

Nationality: Transvaal

Registration as child: Yes

Unique ID: 80455

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Age arrival: 10

Date arrival: 27/04/1901

Date departure: 02/08/1902

Destination: BC Volksrust

Tent number: I

Farm History

Name: Breda

District: Piet Retief


Miss Maria Elizabeth Herbst is the daughter of Mr Sarel Petrus Herbst


Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 47

Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83 Notes: p. 47

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Maria Elizabeth Herbst, b3c5d12e4's Timeline

October 17, 1890
December 7, 1890
South Africa
- 1902
Age 9
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’. An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease.