Maria Elizabeth Magdalena Vermaak (1875 - 1938)

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Nicknames: "Mrs David Johannes Joubert", "Maria Elizabeth Magdalena Joubert"
Death: Died
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Maria Elizabeth Magdalena Vermaak

Middelburg Refugee Camp 1901 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs David Johannes Joubert

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Registration as head of family: Yes

Unique ID: 81823

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Age arrival: 25

Date arrival: 05/05/1901

Date departure: 19/06/1902

Destination: Left for farm

Tent number: II 327

Farm History

Name: Doornkop

District: Lydenburg

Notes: own a portion

Status of Husband

Type: Surrendered


Mrs David Johannes Joubert

is the mother of Master Frederik Jacobus Joubert

is the mother of Miss Magaretha Aletta Catharina Joubert


Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 118

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Maria Elizabeth Magdalena Vermaak's Timeline

September 6, 1875
October 17, 1875
South Africa
Age 12
August 13, 1895
Age 19
- 1902
Age 25
South Africa

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’.1 An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease. By all these criteria the mortality in Middelburg ought to have been amongst the worst in the system, yet this was not the case, as a comparison with Mafeking camp shows. Indeed, apart from the May peak (a pattern which appeared in almost all the camps) mortality was little worse than the camp average, which was a record few camps achieved.

September 26, 1938
Age 63
Age 62
South Africa