Marie Thérèse Antoinette Raphaëlle de Bourbon, infanta de España (1726 - 1746) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Death: Died in Versailles, Île-de-France, France
Cause of death: She died in childbirth.
Occupation: Dauphine of France, Infanta of Spain, Enfanta de Espana
Managed by: Douglas Nimmo
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About Marie Thérèse Antoinette Raphaëlle de Bourbon, infanta de España

Maria Teresa Antonietta Rafael de Borbón, Infanta de España (1) F, #105791, b. 11 June 1726, d. 22 July 1746 Last Edited=21 Sep 2009

Maria Teresa Antonietta Rafael de Borbón, Infanta de España was born on 11 June 1726 at Madrid, Spain. (1) She was the daughter of Felipe V de Borbón, Rey de España and Isabella Elizabeth Farnese. (1) She married Louis Ferdinand de Bourbon, Dauphin de France, son of Louis XV, Roi de France and Marie Charlotte Sophie Leszczynska, Princess of Poland, on 23 February 1745 at Versailles, Île-de-France, France. (1) She married Louis Ferdinand de Bourbon, Dauphin de France, son of Louis XV, Roi de France and Marie Charlotte Sophie Leszczynska, Princess of Poland, on 18 December 1744 at Madrid, Spain, in a proxy marriage. (1) She died on 22 July 1746 at age 20 at Versailles, Île-de-France, France, in childbirth. (1) She was buried at Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France. (1)

Maria Teresa Antonietta Rafael de Borbón, Infanta de España was a member of the House of Bourbon. She gained the title of Infanta de España. Child of Maria Teresa Antonietta Rafael de Borbón, Infanta de España and Louis Ferdinand de Bourbon, Dauphin de France -1. Marie Thérèse de Bourbon (1) b. 19 Jul 1746, d. 27 Apr 1748

thepeerage.com... ; en.wikipedia.org... ; Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain) Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle Dauphine of France Marie Thérèse in 1745 by Louis Tocqué Spouse Louis, Dauphin of France Issue Marie Thérèse de France Full name French: Marie Thérèse Antoinette Raphaëlle d'Espagne Spanish: María Teresa Antonia Rafaela de España House House of Bourbon Father Philip V of Spain Mother Elisabeth Farnese Born 11 June 1726 La Granja Palace, San Ildefonso, Spain Died 22 July 1746 (aged 20 ) Palace of Versailles, France Burial Basilica of St Denis, France

Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain (María Teresa Antonia Rafaela; 11 June 1726 – 22 July 1746) became Dauphine of France when she married Louis, Dauphin of France. She died in childbirth aged 20, leaving no surviving descendants. Contents [show]

   * 1 Biography
         o 1.1 Marriage
   * 2 Ancestors
   * 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms
         o 3.1 Titles and styles
   * 4 References
   * 5 See also

Biography

María Teresa Antonia Rafaela de Borbón at La Granja Palace, she was one of seven children of King Philip V of Spain, and Elisabeth Farnese, and thus an Infanta of Spain (infanta de España) by birth.

As the daughter of the King of Spain, she was granted the style of address of Royal Highness.

Prior to the marriage, the Spanish and French royal courts had been on poor terms: the Spanish had been greatly insulted by the French, when the engagement between Louis XV of France and Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain, elder sister of Maria Teresa, had been broken off in 1725. (Louis had instead married Marie Leszczyńska, and by her fathered the Dauphin, Louis-Ferdinand)

Marriage

The marriage was thus partially intended to heal the division between the French and Spanish branches of the Bourbon family. Accordingly, Maria Teresa was married by proxy at Madrid on 18 December 1744 before her departure for France where, on 23 February 1745, she married Louis-Ferdinand. Her name was then modified to Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle.

On 24 February, one of many a lavish balls was held at Versailles; it was attended by the King, the Queen, Madame Henriette, Madame Adélaïde; the Duchess of Chartres[1]; the Dowager Princess of Conti (mother of Madame de Chartres); Duchess of Modena (first cousin of Madame de Conti); Mademoiselle (sister of Madame de Conti) and Mesdemoiselles de Sens and de La Roche-sur-Yon[2].

As the Dauphine of France, she was the highest ranking female in the kingdom after Queen Marie Leszczyńska.

She was the first Dauphine of France since 1712 when Princess Maria Adelaide of Savoy died at Versailles during an outbreak of an epidemy which killed many members of the royal family.

The marriage did not get off on a good start as it was not consummated on the first night. This was a major embarrassment to Marie, which undermined her position at court. Although she was described as beautiful, of a dignified bearing and pious, some negative remarks were made because of her red hair. Very shy, and not interested in games, Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle preferred to remain most of the time in her apartments. These apartments, officially called appartement de la Dauphine de France were located on the ground floor of the Palace of Versailles, under the petit appartement de la reine, and overlooked the parterre du Midi[3] and the Orangerie.

Finally, the marriage was consummated in September 1745, putting an end to all the gossip. The couple became very close and devoted to each other, spending most of their time together. This was in strong contrast to the King, who had recently taken as his official mistress Madame de Pompadour. The favourite had been presented formally at court during the ball celebrating the marriage of the new couple. It was called the Ball of the Clipped Yew. The Dauphin and Dauphine disliked the royal mistress for the way she drew attention away from the Queen, Marie Leszczyńska. The Dauphine was also hostile to the King himself for not participating in Holy Communion and ignoring her.

On 19 July 1746, Marie Thérèse gave birth to a girl:

   * Marie Thérèse de France, fille de france (19 July 1746 - 27 April 1748), known as Madame Royale.

Three days later, on 22 July, Marie Thérèse Raphaëlle died. Her death caused an intense sorrow to the Dauphin, a sorrow which persisted into his second marriage. Louis XV had had to physically drag his son away from the death bed of his wife...[4]

Baptised Marie Thérèse, in honour of her mother, Madame Royale died at Versailles twenty-one months after her mother.

Both were buried at the Basilica of St Denis, the French royal necropolis near Paris.

In 1747, the widowed Dauphin married Maria Josepha of Saxony, the daughter of Augustus III of Poland, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, and Maria Josepha of Austria, the daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.

Marie-Thérèse was painted by Jean-Marc Nattier. Titles and styles

   * 11 June 1726 – 23 February 1745 Her Royal Highness Dona Maria Teresa Antonia Rafaela, Infanta of Spain
   * 23 February 1745 – 22 July 1746 Her Royal Highness the Dauphine of France (Madame la Dauphine de France)

[edit] References Biography portal Europe portal

  1. ^ wife of the Louis Philippe d'Orléans and mother of Philippe Égalité
  2. ^ Bal paré donné à Versailles le 24 février 1745
  3. ^ http://versailles1687.free.fr/parterremidi.htm
  4. ^ Mitford, Nancy, Madame de Pompadour, Sphere, London, 1964, p. 80

This page was last modified on 15 July 2010 at 13:12. -------------------- Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maria Teresa Antonia Rafaela of Spain (June 11, 1726 - July 22, 1746), was an infanta of Spain and, by her marriage to Louis, Dauphin of France, was Dauphine of France. She was a daughter of King Philip V of Spain, and Elisabeth of Parma. Prior to the marriage, the Spanish and French royal courts had been on poor terms: the Spanish had been greatly insulted by the French, when the engagement between Louis XV and Infanta Mariana Victoria, elder sister of Maria Teresa, had been rudely broken off in 1725 (Louis had instead married Maria Leszczyńska, and by her fathered the Dauphin, Louis-Ferdinand). The marriage was thus partially intended to heal the division between the two branches of the Bourbon family. Accordingly, on February 23, 1745, Maria married Louis-Ferdinand. The marriage began badly, when the Dauphin failed to consummate the marriage. This was a major embarrassment to Maria which undermined her position at court. Although she received some flattering descriptions, being noted as beautiful and dignified, some made negative remarks about her pronounced red hair. Very shy and distant and not interested in games, Maria preferred to remain most of the time in her apartments. Finally, the marriage was consummated in September 1745, putting an end to all the gossip and insinuations. The couple became very close and mutually devoted, spending most of their time together. This was in strong contrast to the King, who had recently begun his famous affair with Madame de Pompadour. The Dauphin and Dauphine hated the royal mistress for the way she drew attention away from the King's wife, Queen Maria Leszczyńska. The Dauphine was also hostile to the King himself for not participating in Holy Communion and ignoring her. Maria eventually became pregnant, being due to deliver in the beginning of July 1746. But the child, a girl, was not born until July 19, which exasperated the impatient Dauphin. The daughter, named Marie-Thérèse, died in April 1748. Her mother failed to recover from the childbirth and died three days later on July 22. Her death caused intense sorrow in the Dauphin, a sorrow which persisted even into his second marriage.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infanta_Maria_Teresa_Rafaela_of_Spain

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Marie de Bourbon, dauphine de France's Timeline

1726
June 11, 1726
Madrid, Spain
1745
February 23, 1745
Age 18
Versailles, France
1746
July 19, 1746
Age 20
Versailles, France
July 22, 1746
Age 20
Versailles, Île-de-France, France
1746
Age 19
Basilique Saint Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France