Marie Capet de France, comtesse de Champagne

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Marie Capet de France, comtesse de Champagne

Nicknames: "Countess of Champagne", "Marie Capet"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Death: Died in Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
Place of Burial: Meaux Cathedral, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Louis VII le Jeune, roi de France and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England
Wife of Henri I de Blois 'le Libéral', count of Champagne & Brie
Mother of Henri 'le Jeune' de Champagne, comte de Champagne; Scholastique de Champagne; Marie de Champagne and Thibault III de Blois, comte de Champagne
Sister of Alice de France, Comtesse de Blois de France, Comtesse de Blois and Agnes, of France, Capet
Half sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers; Henry "The Young King", King of England; Matilda Plantagenet, Abbess of Barking; Richard the Lionheart, King of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany and 9 others

Occupation: Condessa de Champagne, Countess of Champagne, Reine, de Jérusalem, de Chypre, Regente de Jerusalém (1181(morte de Henry)- 1197) No Ano em que seu filho(Thibaut ) virou Rei de Jerusalém, foi para um convento, e morreu no ano seguinte.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Marie Capet de France, comtesse de Champagne

Marie de France (1145-1198)

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_de_France_(1145-1198)

Marie de France, née en 1145, morte le 11 mars 1198, fille de Louis VII le jeune roi de France et d'Aliénor d'Aquitaine.

Après la séparation de ses parents (1152), son père Louis VII épousa Adèle de Champagne en 1160 et promit ses deux filles aux frères de sa nouvelle femme.

Elle épousa donc en 1164 Henri 1er le Libéral (1127 † 1182), comte de Champagne et de Brie, et eut :

  1. Henri II (1166 † 1197), comte palatin de Champagne, puis roi de Jérusalem
  2. Marie (1174 † 1204), mariée en 1186 à Baudouin IX de Flandre, comte de Flandre et de Hainaut, puis empereur latin de Constantinople († 1206)
  3. Thibaut III (1179 † 1201), comte de Champagne
  4. Scholastique († 1219) mariée à Guillaume IV, comte de Mâcon († 1226)

Elle assuma trois fois la régence du comté de Champagne, au nom de son époux pendant la deuxième croisade puis à celui de son fils aîné pendant sa minorité jusqu'en 1187 et à partir de 1190 lorsqu'il partit combattre en Terre Sainte, épousa la reine de Jérusalem et devint roi de Jérusalem. A la mort d'Henri II en 1197, elle laissa le pouvoir à son second fils Thibaut III et se retira au couvent. Elle mourut l'année suivante. Son tombeau, dans la cathédrale de Meaux, a été détruit au XVIe siècle pendant les guerres de religion.

Elle participa à la cour lettrée d’Aliénor d'Aquitaine à Poitiers (1170-1173) et tint elle-même une cour brillante et protégea ou encouragea plusieurs écrivains, dont Chrétien de Troyes, Gace Brulé, Gautier d'Arras, Guyot de Provins, Huon d'Oisy, Geoffroi de Villehardouin.

--------------------

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I left on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was gone, Marie's father died and her half-brother Philippe became king. He confiscated the dower lands of his mother Adele (also Marie's sister-in-law) and then married Isabelle of Hainaut, who had been previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband returned from the Holy Land, but died almost immediately. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent from 1181 to 1187, when her son Henry came of age. However, Henry II left to go on Crusade, and so Marie once again served as regent in his absence from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

--------------------

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William IX, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

   * Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon
   * Henry II of Champagne (1166–1197)
   * Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople
   * Theobald III of Champagne (1179–1201)

--------------------

Marie of France, Countess of Champagne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I left on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was gone, Marie's father died and her half-brother Philippe became king. He confiscated the dower lands of his mother Adele (also Marie's sister-in-law) and then married Isabelle of Hainaut, who had been previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband returned from the Holy Land, but died almost immediately. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent from 1181 to 1187, when her son Henry came of age. However, Henry II left to go on Crusade, and so Marie once again served as regent in his absence from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

[edit]Sources

Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002

Evergates, Theodore. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, 1999

--------------------

Marie of France, Countess of Champagne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I left on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was gone, Marie's father died and her half-brother Philippe became king. He confiscated the dower lands of his mother Adele (also Marie's sister-in-law) and then married Isabelle of Hainaut, who had been previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband returned from the Holy Land, but died almost immediately. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent from 1181 to 1187, when her son Henry came of age. However, Henry II left to go on Crusade, and so Marie once again served as regent in his absence from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

[edit]Sources

Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002

Evergates, Theodore. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, 1999

--------------------

Marie of France, Countess of Champagne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I left on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was gone, Marie's father died and her half-brother Philippe became king. He confiscated the dower lands of his mother Adele (also Marie's sister-in-law) and then married Isabelle of Hainaut, who had been previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband returned from the Holy Land, but died almost immediately. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent from 1181 to 1187, when her son Henry came of age. However, Henry II left to go on Crusade, and so Marie once again served as regent in his absence from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

[edit]Sources

Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002

Evergates, Theodore. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, 1999

--------------------

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

   * Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon
   * Henry II (1166–1197)
   * Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople
   * Theobald (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I left on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was gone, Marie's father died and her half-brother Philippe became king. He confiscated the dower lands of his mother Adele (also Marie's sister-in-law) and then married Isabelle of Hainaut, who had been previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband returned from the Holy Land, but died almost immediately. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent from 1181 to 1187, when her son Henry came of age. However, Henry II left to go on Crusade, and so Marie once again served as regent in his absence from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

--------------------

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

--------------------

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William IX, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I left on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was gone, Marie's father died and her half-brother Philippe became king. He confiscated the dower lands of his mother Adele (also Marie's sister-in-law) and then married Isabelle of Hainaut, who had been previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband returned from the Holy Land, but died almost immediately. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent from 1181 to 1187, when her son Henry came of age. However, Henry II left to go on Crusade, and so Marie once again served as regent in his absence from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

[edit] Sources

Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002

Evergates, Theodore. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, 1999

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_of_France,_Countess_of_Champagne"

--------------------

Marie of Champagne (c. 1174 - 9 August 1204) was the Empress consort of Baldwin I of Constantinople.

Contents [hide]

1 Family

2 Marriage

3 Empress consort

4 Sources

5 References

6 External links


[edit] Family

She was a daughter of Henry I, Count of Champagne and Marie of France, Countess of Champagne. Her maternal grandparents were Louis VII of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Her brothers were Henry II of Champagne and Theobald III, Count of Champagne. Her sister Scholastique of Champagne married William V of Macon. Both sisters are mentioned by name in the chronicle of Alberic of Trois-Fontaines.

[edit] Marriage

According to the chronicle of Gislebert of Mons, Marie was bethrothed to "Theobald", son of the count of Flanders and Hainaut in 1179. Gislebert is presumed to have misrecorded the name of Baldwin. Her betrothed was a son of Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut and Margaret I, Countess of Flanders.

On 6 January, 1186, Marie and Baldwin were married. They had two known children:

Jeanne, Countess of Flanders (1199/1200 - 5 December 1244).

Margaret II, Countess of Flanders (2 June 1202 - 10 February 1280).

[edit] Empress consort

On 14 April 1202 her husband left Flanders to join the Fourth Crusade. This Crusade was diverted to Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire. The crusaders captured and sacked the city. Then they decided to set up a Latin Empire in place of the fallen Greek one. On 9 May, 1204, Baldwin was elected its first emperor. Making Marie an Empress consort.

Marie herself left Flanders to join her husband but decided to visit Outremer first. According to Geoffrey of Villehardouin she could not join him in the crusade before because of being pregnant. Having given birth to Margaret and sufficiently recovered, she set forth to join him. [1]

She set sail from the port of Marseille and landed in Acre. According to A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades (1954) by Steven Runciman, she there received tribute by Bohemond IV of Antioch. In Acre news reached her of the fall of Constantinople and the proclamation of Baldwin as the new emperor. She wanted to set sail for Constantinople but fell sick and died in the Holy Land. [2]

News of her death reached Constantinople through Crusading reinforcements from Syria. Baldwin was reportedly afflicted by the death of his wife. Villehardouin reports that Marie "was a gracious and virtuous lady and greatly honoured". [3]

Royal titles

Preceded by

Margaret of Hungary Latin Empress consort of Constantinople

1204 Succeeded by

Agnes of Montferrat

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Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey (died 12 July 1203) was an English peeress. She was the only surviving heir of William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey and his wife, Adela, the daughter of William III of Ponthieu.

In 1148, de Warenne inherited her father's lands and the earldom of Surrey and was married to William of Blois, the younger son of King Stephen, that year. The marriage occurred at a critical moment in The Anarchy as part of the king's attempt to control the de Warenne lands. The couple did not have any children and after William's death in 1159, William X, Count of Poitou sought her hand in 1162/3, but Thomas Becket refused a dispensation from affinity on the grounds of consanguinity.

In April 1164, the countess married Hamelin Plantagenet, the half-brother of King Henry II, who became jure uxoris Earl of Surrey. They had four surviving children:

William, later 6th Earl of Surrey (1166-1240)

Adela (born c. 1170), married Robert of Naburn and William FitzWilliam and was also a mistress of King John.

Isabel (died 30 November 1234), married Robert de Lacy and Gilbert de l'Aigle, Lord of Pevensey.

Matilda, married Henry, Count of Eu and Henry de Stuteville.

Hamelin died in 1202 and the countess a year later. She was buried alongside him in the chapter house of Lewes Priory.

[edit] Source

Johns, Susan M. - Warenne, Isabel de, suo jure countess of Surrey (d. 1203), magnate - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabel_de_Warenne,_4th_Countess_of_Surrey"

--------------------

Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey (died 12 July 1203) was an English peeress. She was the only surviving heir of William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey and his wife, Adela, the daughter of William III of Ponthieu.

In 1148, de Warenne inherited her father's lands and the earldom of Surrey and was married to William of Blois, the younger son of King Stephen, that year. The marriage occurred at a critical moment in The Anarchy as part of the king's attempt to control the de Warenne lands. The couple did not have any children and after William's death in 1159, William X, Count of Poitou sought her hand in 1162/3, but Thomas Becket refused a dispensation from affinity on the grounds of consanguinity.

In April 1164, the countess married Hamelin Plantagenet, the half-brother of King Henry II, who became jure uxoris Earl of Surrey. They had four surviving children:

William, later 6th Earl of Surrey (1166-1240)

Adela (born c. 1170), married Robert of Naburn and William FitzWilliam and was also a mistress of King John.

Isabel (died 30 November 1234), married Robert de Lacy and Gilbert de l'Aigle, Lord of Pevensey.

Matilda, married Henry, Count of Eu and Henry de Stuteville.

Hamelin died in 1202 and the countess a year later. She was buried alongside him in the chapter house of Lewes Priory.

[edit] Source

Johns, Susan M. - Warenne, Isabel de, suo jure countess of Surrey (d. 1203), magnate - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Peerage of England

Preceded by

William de Warenne Earl of Surrey

(1st creation)

1148 – 1199 Succeeded by

Hamelin de Warenne

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabel_de_Warenne,_4th_Countess_of_Surrey"

Categories: 12th-century births | 1203 deaths | Earls in the Peerage of England | Hereditary suo jure peeresses | Women of medieval England | Burials at Saint Pancras Priory, Lewes | Earls of Surrey

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_of_France,_Countess_of_Champagne

Marie of France, Countess of Champagne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William IX, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and custody of Marie and her sister, Alix, was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother, Eleanor, married King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father, King Louis, married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

   * Henry II of Champagne (1166–1197)
   * Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople
   * Theobald III of Champagne (1179–1201)

Marie was left as Regent for Champagne when Henry I went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land. While her husband was away, Marie's father died and her half-brother, Philippe, became king. He confiscated his mother's dower lands and married Isabelle of Hainaut, who was previously betrothed to Marie's eldest son. This prompted Marie to join a party of disgruntled nobles -- including Queen Adele and the archbishop of Reims -- in plotting against Philippe. Eventually, relations between Marie and her royal brother improved. Her husband died soon after his return from the Holy Land. Now a widow with four young children, Marie considered marrying Philip of Flanders, but the engagement was broken off suddenly for unknown reasons.

After Henry I's death in 1181, Marie acted as regent until 1187 when her son, Henry, came of age. However, Henry II also went on Crusade and so Marie was regent from 1190 to Henry's death in 1197. She retired to the nunnery of Fontaines-les-Nones near Meaux, and died there in 1198.

Marie is remembered today mainly for her role in the heresy that was the target of the Albigensian Crusade. She was also a patron of literature, including Andreas Capellanus, who served in her court, and Chrétien de Troyes. She was literate in French and Latin and maintained her own library.

Sources

   * Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002
   * Evergates, Theodore. Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, 1999

This page was last modified on 7 March 2010 at 14:52.

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Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Her younger sister was Alix of France.

She was an older paternal half-sister to Marguerite of France, Alys, Countess of the Vexin, Philip II of France and Agnes of France. She was also an older maternal half-sister to William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of England, Joan of England and John of England.

Her parents' marriage was annulled in 1152, and the custody of Marie and her sister Alix was awarded to their father, King Louis. Their mother Eleanor remarried to King Henry II of England, and so left France. In 1160, when her father King Louis married Adele of Champagne, he betrothed both Marie and Alix to Adele's brothers. After her betrothal, Marie was sent to the abbey of Avenay in Champagne for her education.

In 1164, Marie married Henry I, Count of Champagne. They had four children:

Scholastique of Champagne (died 1219), married William V of Macon

Henry II (1166–1197)

Marie of Champagne (died 1204), married Baldwin I of Constantinople

Theobald (1179–1201)

---------------------- Courtly Love and the arthurian romances: Extract from Tannahill, Reay: Sex in History. 1980, Hamish Hamilton, London p266-7: “It was, appropriately enough Guilhelm’s [The Troubadour, of Acquitaine] granddaughter, Eleanor of Acquitaine, who helped to establish the ideal of courtly love in northern France when she married Louis VII in 1137, but it did not entirely suit the northern temperament, which preferred good meaty adventure stories to undiluted sentiment. Eleanor and her daughters therefore turned their attention to encouraging a synthesis of the two. For some centuries, the north had relied for its entertainment on the chansoms de geste (songs of action), which were long assonant poems delivered as a kind of recitative to a simple musical instrument and dealt mainly with the exploits of warriors and heroes, feudal lords, and Christian chevaliers of the time of Charlemagne. In the early twelfth century, the roman (romance) also developed, a tale in rhymed verse designed to be declaimed to a small audience and usually taking for its theme a quest or voyage through a dream world which was the scene of marvellous adventures in love and war. The early romans, reflecting the rediscovery of the Classical World, were historical dramas with such titles as the Romance of Alexander, the Romance of Thebes, and the Romance of Troy, but for political reasons it became desirable to find subjects nearer home. Eleanor, by this time (1170) married to HenryII of Normandy and England, was instrumental in bringing into fashion the Celtic myths of Arthur and his knights of the Round Table, an ‘ideal’ ancient society which lent itself admirably to being gilded with modern dreams and embroidered with the symbols of courtly love. She herself patronized many distinguished troubadors, including Bernart de Ventadorn, while her daughters, notably Marie de Champagne, followed in the family tradition. It was Marie’s chaplain, Andreas, who produced the famous Art of Courtly Love, a treatise that owed something to Ovid as well as to Aquitaine, and it was Marie too, who urged Chretien de Troyes to fuse tales of love with tales of action, to turn love into an adventure, and the knight into a knight-errant. This was the real beginning of the institution of chivalry.”

-------------------- Elle assuma trois fois la régence du comté de Champagne, au nom de son époux pendant la deuxième croisade puis à celui de son fils aîné pendant sa minorité jusqu'en 1187 et à partir de 1190 lorsqu'il partit combattre en Terre Sainte, épousa la reine de Jérusalem et devint roi de Jérusalem. À la mort d'Henri II en 1197, elle laissa le pouvoir à son second fils Thibaut III et se retira au couvent. Elle mourut l'année suivante. Son tombeau, dans la cathédrale de Meaux, a été détruit au XVIe siècle pendant les guerres de religion.

Elle participa à la cour lettrée d’Aliénor d'Aquitaine à Poitiers (1170-1173) et tint elle-même une cour brillante et protégea ou encouragea plusieurs écrivains, dont Chrétien de Troyes, Gace Brulé, Gautier d'Arras, Guyot de Provins, Huon d'Oisy, Geoffroi de Villehardouin.

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Marie Capet de France, comtesse de Champagne's Timeline

1145
April 1145
Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1164
1164
Age 18
France
1166
July 29, 1166
Age 21
Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
1169
1169
Age 23
Champagne, France
1174
1174
Age 28
Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
1179
May 13, 1179
Age 34
Troyes, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France
1198
March 11, 1198
Age 52
Champagne, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France
1198
Age 52
Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France
1933
June 24, 1933
Age 52
October 25, 1933
Age 52