Mark Hopkins (1802 - 1887)

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Birthplace: Stockbridge, Berkshire, MA, USA
Death: Died in Williamstown, MA, USA
Occupation: President of Williams College, 1836-1872, President of Williams College BET 1836 AND 1872
Managed by: Michael Reid Delahunt, art teacher & lexicographer
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About Mark Hopkins

[The following was downloaded 2010 from Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Hopkins_%28educator%29]

Mark Hopkins (February 4, 1802 – June 17, 1887) was an American educator and theologian. President Garfield at a dinner of Williams College alumni, defined a university as 'Mark Hopkins on one end of a log and a student on the other. "

Life and career

Great-nephew of the theologian Samuel Hopkins, Mark Hopkins born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. He graduated in 1824 at Williams College, where he was a tutor in 1825-1827, and where in 1830, after having graduated in the previous year at the Berkshire Medical College at Pittsfield, he became professor of Moral Philosophy and Rhetoric. In 1833 he was licensed to preach in Congregational churches. He was president of Williams College from 1836 until 1872. He was one of the ablest and most successful of the old type of college president. He married Mary Hubble in 1832 and together they parented ten children.

According to the biographical article on Hopkins that appears in American Authors 1600-1900, "It was President Garfield who first, at a dinner of Williams alumni, defined a university as 'Mark Hopkins on one end of a log and a student on the other.' " (p. 384).

His volume of lectures on Evidences of Christianity (1846) was delivered as a series of lectures at the Lowell Institute in January 1844. The book became a favorite text-book in American Christian apologetics being reprinted in many editions up until 1909. Although not trained as a lawyer Hopkins held a lifelong interest in the law and aspects of his argument in Evidences of Christianity reflects legal metaphors and language about the veracity of eyewitness testimony to the events in the life of Jesus Christ. Much of his apologetic arguments though were a restatement of views that had been previously presented by earlier apologists such as William Paley and Thomas Hartwell Horne. The popularity of Hopkins' book in the Nineteenth century is somewhat paralleled by Josh McDowell's book Evidence that Demands a Verdict.

Of his other writings, the chief were Lectures on Moral Science (1862), The Law of Love and Love as a Law (1869), An Outline Study of Man (1873), The Scriptural Idea of Man (1883), and Teachings and Counsels (1884). Dr Hopkins took a lifelong interest in Christian missions, and from 1857 until his death was president of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (the American Congregational Mission Board). He died at Williamstown, on 17 June 1887.

His son, Henry Hopkins (1837-1908), was also from 1903 till his death president of Williams College.

Mark Hopkins's brother, Albert Hopkins (1807-1872), was long associated with him at Williams College, where he graduated in 1826 and was successively a tutor (1827-1829), professor of mathematics and natural philosophy (1829-1838), professor of natural philosophy and astronomy (1838-1868) and professor of astronomy (1868-1872). In 1835 he organized and conducted a Natural History Expedition to Nova Scotia, said to have been the first expedition of the kind sent out from any American college. In 1837, at his suggestion and under his direction, an astronomical observatory was built at Williams College. It was said to have been the first in the United States built at a college exclusively for purposes of instruction.

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Mark Hopkins's Timeline

1802
February 4, 1802
Stockbridge, Berkshire, MA, USA
1832
December 25, 1832
Age 30
Williamstown, Berkshire, MA, USA
1833
1833
Age 30
Williamstown, MA, USA
1835
1835
Age 32
Williamstown, MA, USA
1837
November 27, 1837
Age 35
Stockbridge, Berkshire, Massachusetts, United States
1839
1839
Age 36
1842
February 20, 1842
Age 40
Williamstown, Berkshire, MA, USA
1843
1843
Age 40
Williamstown, MA, USA
1845
1845
Age 42
Williamstown, MA, USA
1850
1850
Age 47
Williamstown, MA, USA