About Marte Gregersdatter Raatikainen
Morten Danielsen of Trysil marries Marte Gregersdatter Harsneset:
Kildeinformasjon: Hedmark fylke, Elverum i Elverum, Ministerialbok nr. 3 (1757-1776), Ekteviede 1759-1761, side 8-9.
Permanent bildelenke: http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:NBN:no-a1450-kb20070603300008.jpg
Witnesses: Ole Larsen Grøtting and Morten Harnesset.
Predicted mt-DNA haplogroup for Marte and her direct female descendants (pure maternal line): U5b1b1a:
"Haplogroup U5 arose among early colonizers of Europe around 40,000 years ago; maternal descendants of those early colonizers persist in the region to this day. After the last Ice Age two subgroups of U5 expanded across Europe and into northern Africa and the Near East. U5b1b, is shared by groups as diverse as the northern African desert-dwelling Berbers and the Scandinavian Arctic-dwelling Saami." (23andMe)
Among the oldest mtDNA haplogroups found in European remains of Homo sapiens is U5. The age of U5 is estimated at 50,000 but could be as old as 60,500 years. Approximately 11% of total Europeans and 10% of European-Americans are in haplogroup U5.
The presence of haplogroup U5 in Europe pre-dates the expansion of agriculture in Europe. Bryan Sykes' popular book The Seven Daughters of Eve calculated that it arose 45,000-50,000 years ago in Delphi, Greece and named the originator of haplogroup U5 Ursula. However the details related to location and age are speculative. Barbujani and Bertorelle estimate the age of haplogroup U5 as about 52,000 years ago, being the oldest subclade of haplogroup U.
U5 has been found in human remains dating from the Mesolithic in England, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal and Russia.
Haplogroup U5 and its subclades U5a and U5b form the highest population concentrations in the far north, in Sami, Finns, and Estonians, but it is spread widely at lower levels throughout Europe. This distribution, and the age of the haplogroup, indicate individuals from this haplogroup were part of the initial expansion tracking the retreat of ice sheets from Europe ~10kya.
Haplogroup U5 is found also in small frequencies and at much lower diversity in the Near East and parts of Africa, suggesting back-migration of people from northern Europe to the south.
* U5b1b: has been found in Fulbe and Papel people in Guinea-Bissau and Yakuts people of northeastern Siberia.