Martha Elizabeth de Fortier, b9

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About Martha Elizabeth de Fortier, b9

Carel Louis de Fortier * France 19.9.1827, a rebel exiled from France in 1865 and banished to a prison camp in Australia, jumped ship on the Pondoland coast of South Africa, school teacher at Bethlehem OFS, Bethal and Piet Retief † “Straalsund”, dist. Piet Retief 17.2.1893 x Anna Helena Martha VAN DYK (she xx De Jager)

b9 Martha Elizabeth * c. 1883 x Willem Jacobus Herbst

Middelburg Refugee Camp 27 April 1901 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Willem Jacobus Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Unique ID: 80426

Camp History

Name: Middelburg RC

Date arrival: 27/04/1901

Tent number: I

Farm History

Name: Springbokkraal

District: Piet Retief


Mrs Willem Jacobus Herbst is the wife of Mr Willem Jacobus Herbst


Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 45

Title: DBC 83 Middelburg CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 83

Notes: p. 45

view all 13

Martha Elizabeth de Fortier, b9's Timeline

April 15, 1899
Age 16
November 9, 1900
Age 17
- 1902
Age 17
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Middelburg camp presents a problem in trying to understand why so many people died in the camps. It was the largest camp in the Transvaal system, reaching over 7,000 inmates at one point, and the reports of Dr Kendal Franks and the Ladies Committee suggest that it was very badly run. Dr Franks was critical of the layout of the camp and complained that the administration was ‘lax’, while the Ladies Committee thought it ‘one of the most unsatisfactory we have seen’. An intake of over 3,000 in May 1901 brought in desperately impoverished and debilitated people, which precipitated disease.

November 27, 1902
Age 19
South Africa
July 10, 1904
Age 21
March 16, 1906
Age 23
September 8, 1907
Age 24
April 6, 1909
Age 26
October 9, 1911
Age 28