Marthinus Johannes Herbst (1895 - d.)

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Death: (Date and location unknown)
Managed by: Pieter Johannes Taljaard
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Marthinus Johannes Herbst

Hy is gedoop 'n maand na sy moeder se dood.

Heilbron Refugee Camp

Personal Details

Name: Master Martinus Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: male

Race: white

Marital status: single

Nationality: Free State

Registration as child: Yes

Unique ID: 121971

Camp History

Name: Heilbron RC

Age arrival: 7

Date arrival: 12/07/1902

Farm History

Name: Leeuwfontein / Leewfontein / Lieuwfontein

District: Heilbron


Title: SRC 81 Heilbron CR

Type: Camp register

Location: Free State Archives Repository

Reference No.: SRC 81

Notes: p.048

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Marthinus Johannes Herbst's Timeline

April 10, 1895
June 9, 1895
Heilbron, Northern Free State, Free State, South Africa
- 1902
Age 4
South Africa

Although it was a small camp, Heilbron was unusual in several respects. This area in the northern Free State might appear flat and uninteresting – the The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Heilbron district commissioner complained that nearby Viljoen’s Drift was ‘Just a lot of tin houses on both sides of the Railway the whole in the midst of a sandy desert’ - but it was the heart of the maize growing area. Coal mining took place at nearby Viljoen’s Drift and the Vereeniging Estates included relatively prosperous black tenant farmers. In July 1900 the newly-appointed assistant district commissioner reported that there were about five hundred Africans employed on the mines as well. They were ‘unruly’, he complained. Uneasiness about the black population continued with reports of ‘impertinence’ towards unprotected women; some farm labourers were unwilling to work, it was said.