About Marthinus Johannes Herbst
Hy is gedoop 'n maand na sy moeder se dood.
Heilbron Refugee Camp
Name: Master Martinus Herbst
Born in camp? No
Died in camp? No
Marital status: single
Nationality: Free State
Registration as child: Yes
Unique ID: 121971
Name: Heilbron RC
Age arrival: 7
Date arrival: 12/07/1902
Name: Leeuwfontein / Leewfontein / Lieuwfontein
Title: SRC 81 Heilbron CR
Type: Camp register
Location: Free State Archives Repository
Reference No.: SRC 81
Marthinus Johannes Herbst's Timeline
April 10, 1895
June 9, 1895
Heilbron, Northern Free State, Free State, South Africa
Although it was a small camp, Heilbron was unusual in several respects. This area in the northern Free State might appear flat and uninteresting – the The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.
Heilbron district commissioner complained that nearby Viljoen’s Drift was ‘Just a lot of tin houses on both sides of the Railway the whole in the midst of a sandy desert’ - but it was the heart of the maize growing area. Coal mining took place at nearby Viljoen’s Drift and the Vereeniging Estates included relatively prosperous black tenant farmers. In July 1900 the newly-appointed assistant district commissioner reported that there were about five hundred Africans employed on the mines as well. They were ‘unruly’, he complained. Uneasiness about the black population continued with reports of ‘impertinence’ towards unprotected women; some farm labourers were unwilling to work, it was said.