Marthinus Wessel Pretorius (1819 - 1901) MP

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Birthplace: Pretorius Kloof, Graaff-Reinet, Cape, South Africa
Death: Died in Potchefstroom, Transvaal, South Africa
Occupation: President of the ZAR and OFS
Managed by: Y.
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About Marthinus Wessel Pretorius

Voortrekker to Natal on 1 OCT 1838.

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The son of the famous Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius, Marthinus Wessel Pretorius (17 September 1819 - 19 May 1901) was the first president of the South African Republic, and also compiled the constitution of the Republic.

After the death of his father in 1853, he was appointed as the Commandant-General of the ZAR (South African Republic) and moved from his farm Kalkheuwel, near Broederstroom, to the city of Potchefstroom. He was the last Head of State of Potchefstroom between 1853 and 1856.

In an endeavor to establish a new town, he bought two farms named Elandspoort en Daspoort between 1854 and 1855, on which he founded the city of Pretoria in 1855.

He originally named the town Pretoria Philadelphia, in honour of his father and his father's brothers, but the name of the town was later shortened to just Pretoria.

Five years later the capital of the ZAR (South African Republic) was moved from Potchefstroom to Pretoria.

He served as the first president of Transvaal from 1857 to 1860. However in 1859, in an effort to create closer bonds of relationship with the Orange Free State, he simultaneously held the office of State President of the Orange Free State and that of president of the ZAR (South African Republic).

This however created tension in Transvaal and he resigned the presidency of the South African Republic in 1860.

After serving in the presidency of the Orange Free State until 1863, he was reelected as president of the ZAR (South African Republic) in 1864 and served a second term until 1871.

Finally, he served a third term as joint head of state (triumvirate) of Transvaal between 1880 and 1883. He died in 1901 at Potchefstroom.

ref: http://www.kormorant.co.za/2009/11Nov/26Nov/Pretorius.htm -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Could you also please add to the profile:

Pretorius, Marthinus Wessel, eerste president van die Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. 1819: Gebore op die plaas Pretoriuskloof, Graaff¬Reinet, op 17 September. 1838: Vergesel sy ouers na die oostekant van die Drakensberge en bereik in November die laers by die Tugela-vallei. 1853: Die Volksraad van die Z.A.R. stel horn op 8 Augustus aan as kommandant-generaal van Rusten¬burg en Potchefstroom. 1857: Word op 6 Januarie gekies en ingesweer as eerste staatspresident van die Zuid-Afrikaansche Re¬publiek. 1860: Aanvaar ook die presidentskap van die Oran-je-Vrystaat met die oog op nouer vereniging van die twee Republieke. 1868: Hy vaardig op 29 April 'n proklamasie uit waardeur die grense van die Zuid-Afrikaansche Re¬publiek vasge1e word. 1869: Hy word vir die derde keer tot president ge¬kies. 1871: Hy tree as president uit. 1901: Oorlede op 18 Mei.

Afrikaanse Kinder Ensiklopedie Deel XI 1962

Sincerely,

Hans Peter Silbernagl JUNE 2011

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President Marthinus Wessel Pretorius's Timeline

1819
September 17, 1819
Graaff-Reinet, Cape, South Africa
October 4, 1819
Graaff-Reinet, Western District, Eastern Cape, South Africa
1841
December 19, 1841
Age 22
1843
April 9, 1843
Age 23
1846
April 30, 1846
Age 26
1848
January 26, 1848
Age 28
1850
January 2, 1850
Age 30
1853
October 7, 1853
Age 34
1855
September 19, 1855
Age 36
1857
March 22, 1857
Age 37