Marthinus Wessel Herbst, b11c10d4 (1879 - 1938)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hartsrivier, Klerksdorp, South Africa
Death: Died in South Africa
Occupation: Farmer
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:

About Marthinus Wessel Herbst, b11c10d4

c10 Pieter Gerhardus * 1853 Oorlede 30 Januarie 1919 x Neeltje Cornelia Sophia Jacobs

d4 Marthinus Wessel * 28 December 1879 Oorlede 23 Mei 1938 x Diena Gertruida Maria Herbst

e1 Neeltjie Cornelia Sophia

e2 Maria Magdalena

e3 Diena Gertruida Maria

e4 Martina Wesselina

Irene Refugee Camp

Personal Details

Name: Mr Marthinus Wessel Herbst

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: male

Race: white

Marital status: single

Nationality: Transvaal

Unique ID: 127212

Camp History

Name: Irene RC

Age arrival: 21

Date arrival: 03/04/1902

Age departure: 21

Date departure: 09/07/1902

Reason departure: returned home

Destination: farm

Tent number: RT 2210

Farm History

Name: Onderstepoort

District: Pretoria

Relationships

Mr Marthinus Wessel Herbst is the son of Mr Pieter Gerhardus Herbst

Sources

Title: DBC 62 Irene CR

Type: DBC 62

Reference No.: DBC 62

Notes: p. H 08

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Marthinus Wessel Herbst, b11c10d4's Timeline

1879
December 28, 1879
South Africa
1880
February 15, 1880
South Africa
1900
1900
- 1902
Age 20

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Irene has received more attention than any other camp, for a number of reasons. Because it was located so close to Pretoria, it was under the eye of the senior camp authorities. The presence of a group of Boer women from Pretoria who nursed in the camp and who expressed themselves strongly on conditions there, at the time and later, gave it additional notoriety. But there were other factors as well. The Irene camp superintendents and medical officers wrote long, detailed reports reflecting on many aspects of life in the camp. Taken with the accounts of the Pretoria women, we have perspectives on Irene camp from many different standpoints. These accounts have to be interpreted carefully but they give us a valuable sense of the life in Irene.

Even before the British reached Pretoria, the capital was overflowing with refugees and the arrival of the British triggered a fresh influx. As a result, Pretoria was forced to supply relief to a substantial number of people from the start of the war. Some of the Boer families were housed in a camp on the banks of the Apies River, where Henrietta Armstrong, one of the Pretoria women, worked already in 1900. Irene camp may have been formed shortly after Kitchener’s notice of 22 September 1900 that camps should be established in Pretoria and Bloemfontein; it was certainly in existence in December 1900 and the Apies River families were then moved to Irene. At this stage, in December 1900, when there were 891 inmates, the camp was managed by the military under Capt Hime-Haycock.

http://www2.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Irene/

1938
May 23, 1938
Age 58
South Africa
1938
Age 58
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