About Martin N. Johnson, U.S. Senator
Martin Nelson Johnson (March 3, 1850 – October 21, 1909) was a North Dakota politician who served as a United States Representative and Senator from North Dakota.
Born in Racine County, Wisconsin, he moved with his parents to Decorah, Iowa, the same year. He was taught at home and attended the country schools; in 1873 he graduated from the law department of the University of Iowa at Iowa City, and taught two years in the California Military Academy at Oakland, California. He returned to Iowa in 1875, was admitted to the bar in 1876 and commenced practice in Decorah. He was a member of the Iowa House of Representatives in 1877 and a member of the Iowa Senate from 1878 to 1882. He was a presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1876.
Johnson moved to Dakota Territory in 1882 and engaged in agricultural pursuits; he was prosecuting attorney of Nelson County from 1886 to 1890 and was a member of the constitutional convention of North Dakota in 1889. In 1889 he was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for election to the U.S. Senate, and was elected a Representative to the Fifty-second and to the three succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1891 to March 4, 1899. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1898, having become a candidate for Senator; his candidacy was unsuccessful 1899, but he was later elected and served from March 4, 1909, until his death in Fargo, North Dakota in 1909. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee to Investigate Trespassers Upon Indian Lands (Sixty-first Congress). Interment was in the City Cemetery, Petersburg, North Dakota.