Martin Pierre LeJeune dit Briard

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Martin Pierre LeJeune dit Briard

Also Known As: "Briard", "Breillard", "Bréard", "Briars"
Birthplace: Martaizé, Poitou, France
Death: Died in Port-Royal, Acadia, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of unknown dit Briard Lejeune (I) and Marie dit Briard Lejeune (I)
Husband of Marie Anne Kagijonais (Mi'kmaq)
Father of Edmée dite Aimée Lejeune; Pierre Lejeune dit Briard and Catherine-Jeanne Lejeune Lejeune, (Le Jejeune)

Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Martin Pierre LeJeune dit Briard



There have been many misconceptions about this man's name, but his full name is Martin Pierre Lejune dit Briard. He is often known as Pierre, or Martin. There has been large confusion about him, and some records show a Pierre Lejeune marrying another woman a few generations later. This is a different Pierre Lejeune however. Martin Pierre Lejeune dit Briard had a son named Pierre Lejeune, sometimes dubbed Pierre Lejeune II. The second had a son named Pierre Lejeune as well, who is also known as Pierre Lejeune III. Martin Pierre Lejeune dit Briard emigrated over from France in the early 17th century. He was born circa 1595 and is one of the earliest Acadian forefathers.

Sources: Une colonie feodale en Amerique: L'Acadie (1604-1881). Tome 2. Pgs 318-320, Edme Rameu de St-Pere.

The following has been added as pure speculation and not necessarily proof.

Pierre LEJEUNE was born 1595 in Martaize, Poitou, Vienne, France, died in Port Royal, Acadia, Canada. He married Unknown on or Bef. 1624.

More About Pierre LEJEUNE I: Arrival: 1611, Port Royal, Acadia with Pointrincourt & Biencourt. If this is true then this puts Pierre b. 1595 in Acadia at the tender age of 16.

More About Pierre LEJEUNE I and Unknown: Marriage: Bef. 1624 This shows he must of got married before or around his 28th birthday and his arrival date would mean that he got married in Acadia and not in France as so many speculate.

In the early days, men often married women in their teens or at least 10-15 yrs younger then themselves. (This would explain all the graves that have teenage mothers buried along with their infant children) If the age difference holds true for Pierre Lejeune Sr.who would have been abt. 28 when he got married, then it would mean his wife must of been born somewhere between 1605 and 1610.

The fact that Edmee (aka Aimee) & Catherine are often referred to as Savages, along with their haplogroup of U6a, leads me to believe that they were in fact Metis (Amerindian & Portuguese). It is a known fact that the Portuguese arrived in the eastern part of Canada long before the French so their European haplogroup would be understandable. It is also rumoured or speculated that Henri Membertou himself was the child of a Mi'kmaq woman & either a Portuguese or Basque fisherman.

Basque sailors from Wikipedia regarding the History of the Basque.

Basque fishing sites in Canada in the 16th and 17th centuries Basques played an important role in early European ventures into the Atlantic Ocean. The earliest document to mention the use of whale oil or blubber by the Basques dates from 670. In 1059, whalers from Lapurdi are recorded to have presented the oil of the first whale they captured to the viscount. Apparently the Basques were averse to the taste of whale meat themselves, but did successful business selling it, and the blubber, to the French, Castilians and Flemings. Basque whalers used longboats or traineras which they rowed in the vicinity of the coast or from a larger ship. Whaling and cod-fishing are probably responsible for early Basque contact with both the North Sea and Newfoundland. The Basques began cod-fishing and later whaling in Labrador and Newfoundland as early as the first half of the 16th century. In Europe, the rudder seems to have been a Basque invention, to judge from three masted ships depicted in a 12th century fresco in Estella (Navarre; Lizarra in Basque), and also seals preserved in Navarrese and Parisian historical archives which show similar vessels[citation needed]. The first mention of use of a rudder was referred to as steering "à la Navarraise" or "à la Bayonnaise".[28] Magellan's exploration around the world was sailored by Basques[citation needed], and when Magellan was killed in the Philippines, his Basque second-in-command, Juan Sebastián Elcano took the ship all the way back to Spain, making the Basques the first people to circumnavigate the globe.

In short this proves we had visitors long before the arrival of the French. The term Metis applies to any European culture that mixed with the Amerindian. I am adding the following (that I got off the net) to show the nearest proof I can find that would support the idea that the earliest settlers came here with their families not just men alone; otherwise, Why would they need a church?

The History Of The Basque In Placentia Bay

The first visitors to Placentia Bay were Basque fishermen, followed by French fishermen and officials. The Portuguese were present as early as 1500, the first of Gaspar and Miguel Corte-Real's visits. Gaspar charted the first map of Newfoundland in 1501 following his 1500 voyage, and the 1504 Revial and 1541 Mercator maps both show Placentia Bay as "Insulae Cortrealis". The first mention of "Isle de Plazienca" was on the Kallard map of 1547. The Basque name means "a harbor within a womb of hills". This seems to refer to the level beach set among towering hills. The first settlement was behind the beach which had a number of stages.

The community's name is possibly derived from the Basque town of Placenza on the River Tagus near Lisbon, Portugal. In 1524, the King of France sent a Florentine captain, John Verozzani, to find new lands, and he explored the south coast of Newfoundland. The community of Plaisance was included on a Portuguese map of 1546, but French settlement did not officially take place until much later.

The first church in the area and in Newfoundland was built by the Portuguese in the early 1500's, rebuilt by the French as early as 1650, and again by the English in the 1700's. A Basque priest was stationed in Newfoundland, probably at Placenza, in 1549, close to the centre of the Basque fishery employing 6,000 men. Both Portuguese and Spanish ships were very active throughout the 1500's.

Sir Humphrey Gilbert wanted to attack the French, Spanish and Portuguese fishing fleets in Newfoundland but Queen Elizabeth I was unwilling to risk a naval expedition, although in 1585 she did authorize Sir Bernard Drake to capture or destroy the Spanish fishing fleet in Newfoundland.

The first church in the area and in Newfoundland was built by the Portuguese in the early 1500's, rebuilt by the French as early as 1650, and again by the English in the 1700's. A Basque priest was stationed in Newfoundland, probably at Placenza, in 1549, close to the centre of the Basque fishery employing 6,000 men. Both Portuguese and Spanish ships were very active throughout the 1500's.

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Lejeunes immigrated via interesting path By Damon Veach Genealogycolumnist/The Times-Picayune April 12, 1998

The first Lejeune to arrive in Acadia from France was Pierre LeJeune, along with his wife, whose name is not known, and their three children, Edmee or Aimee, Pierre II and Catherine. This LeJeune family was from the Poitou region of France. By the census of 1671, Edmee was married to Francois Gautrot (Gautreaux), and Catherine was married to Francois Scavois (Savoie). Pierre II is not mentioned in the census of 1671. However, in the census of 1686, two LeJeune men are listed, Pierre III (age 28) and Martin Lejeune dit Briard (age 25). They are listed as brothers, and because of their young ages, the Pierre III of this census could not be the same Pierre II listed as having arrived in Acadia in the 1630s. (Were these two LeJeune men the sons of the young Pierre Lejeune II who arrived with his sisters, Edmee and Catherine?) Father Clarence-Joseph D'Entremont, in his book, LeCanada-Francais Documents sur l'Acadie, asserts that the Pierre II who arrived in Acadia as a child married a MicMac woman. The census of 1686 listed Pierre Lejeune III as being married to Marie Thibodeau and Martin LeJeune as being married to Marie-Jeanne Kagijonias, a member of the MicMac tribe. After Marie-Jeanne's death, Martin married Marie Gaudet,the daughter of Jehan (Jean) Gaudet an d Marie-Jeanne Henry. A 1693 censuslists a sister to Pierre III and Martin named Jeanne, who was married to Francois Joseph, a member of the MicMac tribe. Pierre III and MarieThibodeau had nine children, four boys and five girls. The five girls were: Marie-Marguerite, who was born in 1686 and married in 1708 to Jean-Joseph Boutin; Jeanne, born about 1690, who was married in 1712 to Jean Roy II; Marguerite, who was born in 1695 and married in 1714 to Alexandre Trahan; Anne LeJeune, who was born in 1696; Catherine LeJeune, who was born in 1698 and married first Antoine LaBauve dit LaNoue, later Claude-Antoine Duplessis. The boys were: Pierre IV, who was born in1689 and was married in 1712 to Jeanne Benoit; Germain, who was born in1693 and married Anne-Marie Trahan; Jean, born in 1697, who married Francoise Guedry or Guidry ; and Joseph, who was born in 1704 and married to Cecile Pitre in about 1724. Martin LeJeune dit Briard had four children with his first wife, Marie-Jeanne Kagijonias, and eight children with his second wife, Marie Gaudet. The three sons born of his first marriage were: Claude, who was born about 1685 and was married in 1705 to Anne-Marie Gaudet; Germain, born in 1689, who married Marie Guedry or Guidry in about 1729; and Bernard, who was born in 1693 and married to Isabelle Saulnier or Sonnier in about 1720. Their only daughter was Anne Lejeune, who was born in 1686 and married in 1702 to Rene LaBouve. Following the death of his first wife, Martin Lejeune dit Briard married Marie Gaudet in 1700. It is interesting to note that Martin's son, Claude, married his stepmother's sister two years later. Martin Lejeune and Marie Gaudet's eight children were: Theodore; Paul, who was born in 1702 and married in 1727 to Marie Benoit; Martin, Paul's twin, who was married in 1729 to Marie Renaud; Eustache, who was born in 1714 and married in 1747 to Marie-Anne Barriot or Barrilleaux; and Pierre. The three remaining children were girls named Claire, who was born in 1706 and married Francois Viger; Marguerite I; and Marguerite II. In order to escape the encroaching and increasingly hostile British , a number of the LeJeune families left for Ile-Royale, present day Cape Breton Island, which was protected by the French fort at Louisbourg. For example, Paul Lejeune and Marie Benoit are shown on the 1752 census at Baie-des-Espagnols, Ile-Royale. The Acadians living on Ile-Royale were not affected by the Acadian deportations of 1755. However, after the fall of Fort Louisbourg to the English during the summer of 1758, there was another round of deportations from Ile-Royale and Ile St-Jean. One of the sons of Paul Lejeune and Marie Benoit was named Jean-Baptiste. He was born in 1728 and was married in about 1748 to Marguerite Trahan, the daughter o f Etienne Trahan and Francoise Roy. They were listed in the1752 census as living at Baie-des- Espagnols. The census showed that they lived between the homesteads of Jean-Baptiste's parents and Marguerite's parents. In 1752, they had three children - Jean-Baptiste II, Blaise and Marguerite. A mystery surrounds the eventual deportation of Jean-Baptiste Lejeune and his famil y. The 1763 census of Port Tobacco, Md., shows that the children of Jean-Baptiste and Marguerite were living there at that time. Jean-Baptiste and Marguerite were deceased. However,the census showed that they had two children between 1752 and 1763, both probably born in exile after the deportation. These two children were named Joseph and Nanette. The children were all listed as orphans and living with relatives or friends. The mystery is that the Acadians deported from Ile-Royale were all sent to England or France. For example, Jean-Baptiste's mother, Marie Benoit, and at least one of his sisters were deported to France. It is not known why Jean-Baptiste and Margueritewere deported to Maryland. Perhaps they had moved back to the Nova Scotia mainland between 1752 and 1755 and were caught up in the initial round of deportations. Most of the initial deportees of 1755 were scattered among the American colonies. In any event, Jean-Baptiste, Blaise, Joseph, Marguerite, and Nanette all eventually left Maryland en route to Louisiana with their uncle, Honore Trahan and his wife, aboard the English schooner Britain. This ship, ill-equipped and barely seaworthy, eventually ran aground near present-day Goliad, Texas. Eventually, the Acadians and the Germans were given Spanish passports for an overland journey to Louisiana. They traveled by land from Goliad to Natchitoches. Somewhere along the way, Nanette Lejeune left the travel party, although it is not known why.

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Martin Pierre LeJeune dit Briard's Timeline

Martaizé, Poitou, France
Age 29
Merligoueche, Acadie
Age 33
May 1633
Age 38
Cap-de-Sable, Nova Scotia, Canada
Age 41
Port-Royal, Acadia, Canada